Aspects of Trading
Most trades on the forex market are a result of traders speculating on price movements. Although good instincts and speculatory skills are invaluable to any trader, there are also other, more scientific indicators that traders use to decide whether they will buy or sell a certain currency. These are found by fundamental and technical analysis. A trader may utilize both technical and fundamental analysis before making any forex trades.
The Importance of Fundamental Analysis
Fundamental factors include economic and political events (i.e. elections, wars) that occur worldwide. Monetary and fiscal policy, government reports such as GDP, CPI, PPI, and measures such as the unemployment rate also fall in this category. A trader that makes his or her market decisions in response to these releases and events is using fundamental analysis. The value of a currency in the forex market is essentially an indication of the state of one nation's economy in comparison to another nation's.
A nation's political condition, along with its inflation and interest rates, impact the price of the nation's currency. Traders that use fundamental analysis can speculate on currency price movements by paying attention to the world news, economic reports, and indicators issued by the government. By interpreting that data, traders become more informed market participants. It is important to note that it is the outlook on an event that impacts the forex market, rather than the actual event itself. If the report or news matches expectations it should have already been factored into the present market price. If a report or news item is unexpected, or is different from the anticipated results, then there will be a reaction by the currency markets to "price in" this new information. We explore fundamental analysis in greater detail in Lesson 6.
The Importance of Technical Analysis
Traders have a second tool to use in trading. Technical analysis, which has become extremely popular in the last two decades, consists of using charts, trend lines, support and resistance levels, technical indicators, and pattern identification to study the market's behavior. Traders use these technical factors to identify buying and selling opportunities. Over long historical periods, currency behavior has produced trends and patterns that are identifiable. We explore the basics of technical analysis in Lesson 7.
Last Modified: 2009/10/27 20:43:08