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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to __________
Commission file number: 001-38597
afin-20220331_g1.jpg
The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland    90-0929989
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)    (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
650 Fifth Ave., 30th Floor, New York, NY                 10019 ____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 415-6500
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbols Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share RTL The Nasdaq Global Select Market
7.50% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share RTLPP The Nasdaq Global Select Market
7.375% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share RTLPO The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Preferred Stock Purchase Rights The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes No
As of May 1, 2022, the registrant had 133,041,093 shares of common stock outstanding.



THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FORM 10-Q
Page
3
4
5
7
9

2

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.
THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
ASSETS  
Real estate investments, at cost:
Land $ 880,799  $ 729,048 
Buildings, fixtures and improvements 3,307,831  2,729,719 
Acquired intangible lease assets 553,854  402,673 
Total real estate investments, at cost 4,742,484  3,861,440 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization (684,177) (654,667)
Total real estate investments, net 4,058,307  3,206,773 
Cash and cash equivalents 82,106  214,853 
Restricted cash 15,131  21,996 
Deposits for real estate investments 40,331  41,928 
Deferred costs, net 20,599  25,587 
Straight-line rent receivable 63,608  70,789 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 18,070  18,194 
Prepaid expenses and other assets 33,573  26,877 
Assets held for sale —  187,213 
Total assets $ 4,331,725  $ 3,814,210 
LIABILITIES, MEZZANINE EQUITY AND EQUITY    
Mortgage notes payable, net $ 1,476,577  $ 1,464,930 
Credit facility 378,000  — 
Senior notes, net 491,338  491,015 
Below market lease liabilities, net 118,957  78,073 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses (including $1,779 and $1,016 due to related parties as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively)
33,143  32,907 
Operating lease liabilities 19,180  19,195 
Derivative liabilities, at fair value —  2,250 
Deferred rent and other liabilities 7,223  9,524 
Dividends payable 6,014  6,038 
Total liabilities 2,530,432  2,103,932 
Mezzanine Equity:
Shares subject to repurchase 53,388  — 
7.50% Series A cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.01 par value, liquidation preference $25.00 per share, 12,796,000 shares authorized, 7,933,711 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
79  79 
7.375% Series C cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.01 par value, liquidation preference $25.00 per share, 11,536,000 shares authorized, 4,594,498 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
46  46 
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 132,994,603(1) and 123,783,060 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
1,265  1,238 
Additional paid-in capital 2,937,262  2,915,926 
Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings (1,204,337) (1,217,435)
Total stockholders’ equity 1,734,315  1,699,854 
Non-controlling interests 13,590  10,424 
Total equity 1,747,905  1,710,278 
Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and total equity $ 4,331,725  $ 3,814,210 
______
(1)Includes 6,450,107 shares subject to repurchase issued to the Seller of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Revenue from tenants
$ 94,943  $ 79,187 
Operating expenses:  
Asset management fees to related party 7,826  7,321 
Property operating expense 19,139  13,439 
Impairment of real estate investments 5,942  — 
Acquisition, transaction and other costs 279  42 
Equity-based compensation
3,498  4,347 
General and administrative 6,833  6,449 
Depreciation and amortization 37,688  32,319 
Total operating expenses
81,205  63,917 
          Operating income before gain on sale of real estate investments
13,738  15,270 
Gain on sale/exchange of real estate investments 53,569  286 
   Operating income
67,307  15,556 
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense (23,740) (19,334)
Other income 18  24 
Gain on non-designated derivatives 2,250  — 
Total other expense, net
(21,472) (19,310)
Net income (loss) 45,835  (3,754)
Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests (64)
Allocation for preferred stock (5,837) (5,663)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders (1)
39,934  (9,411)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Change in unrealized income on derivatives —  2,484 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders (1)
$ 39,934  $ (6,927)
Weighted-average shares outstanding — Basic (2)
128,640,845  108,436,571 
Weighted-average shares outstanding — Diluted (2)
130,048,111  108,436,571 
Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders — Basic and Diluted $ 0.31  $ (0.09)
______
(1)Holders of shares subject to repurchase are considered common stockholders.
(2)Includes 6,450,107 shares subject to repurchase issued to the Seller of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition for the three months ended March 31, 2022.


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
4

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Mezzanine Equity Total Equity
Series A Preferred Stock Series C Preferred Stock Common Stock
  Shares Subject to Repurchase Number of
Shares
Par Value Number of
Shares
Par Value
Number of
Shares (1)
Par Value Additional Paid-in
Capital
Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings Total Stockholders’ Equity Non-controlling Interests Total Equity
Balance, December 31, 2021 $ —  7,933,711  $ 79  4,594,498  $ 46  123,783,060  $ 1,238  $ 2,915,926  $ (1,217,435) $ 1,699,854  $ 10,424  $ 1,710,278 
Issuance of Common Stock, net —  —  —  —  —  2,761,711  27  24,467  —  24,494  —  24,494 
Issuance of Shares subject to repurchase, at fair market value upon closing 49,965  —  —  —  —  6,450,107  —  —  —  —  —  — 
Adjustments to redemption value 3,423  —  —  —  —  —  —  (3,423) —  (3,423) —  (3,423)
Issuance of Series A Preferred Stock, net —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (19) —  (19) —  (19)
Issuance of Series C Preferred Stock, net —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (36) —  (36) —  (36)
Equity-based compensation (2)
—  —  —  —  —  (275) —  310  —  310  3,176  3,486 
Dividends declared on Common Stock,$0.84 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (26,677) (26,677) —  (26,677)
Dividends declared on Series A Preferred Stock, $1.88 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (3,719) (3,719) —  (3,719)
Dividends declared on Series C Preferred Stock, $1.84 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (2,118) (2,118) —  (2,118)
Distributions to non-controlling interest holders —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (159) (159) (37) (196)
Net income (loss) —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  45,771  45,771  64  45,835 
Rebalancing of ownership percentage —  —  —  —  —  —  —  37  —  37  (37) — 
Balance, March 31, 2022 $ 53,388  7,933,711  $ 79  4,594,498  $ 46  132,994,603  $ 1,265  $ 2,937,262  $ (1,204,337) $ 1,734,315  $ 13,590  $ 1,747,905 
(1)Includes shares of Class A common stock subject to repurchase.
(2)Presented net of forfeitures. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, 275 restricted shares with a fair value of approximately $3,000 were forfeited.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Series A Preferred Stock Series C Preferred Stock Common Stock
  Number of
Shares
Par Value Number of
Shares
Par Value Number of
Shares
Par Value Additional Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive income (loss) Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings Total Stockholders’ Equity Non-controlling Interests Total Equity
Balance, December 31, 2020 7,842,008  $ 79  3,535,700  $ 35  108,837,209  $ 1,088  $ 2,723,678  $ (123) $ (1,055,680) $ 1,669,077  $ 30,522  $ 1,699,599 
Issuance of Common Stock, net —  —  —  —  —  —  (89) —  —  (89) —  (89)
Issuance of Series A Preferred Stock, net 91,703  —  —  —  —  —  2,202  —  —  2,202  —  2,202 
Issuance of Series C Preferred Stock, net —  —  564,101  —  —  13,471  —  —  13,477  —  13,477 
Equity-based compensation (1)
—  —  —  —  35,128  1,383  —  (86) 1,298  2,964  4,262 
Dividends declared on Common Stock,0.21 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (23,043) (23,043) —  (23,043)
Dividends declared on Series A Preferred Stock, 0.47 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (3,734) (3,734) —  (3,734)
Dividends declared on Series C Preferred Stock, 0.53 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (2,174) (2,174) —  (2,174)
Distributions to non-controlling interest holders —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (94) (94) (37) (131)
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (3,748) (3,748) (6) (3,754)
Other comprehensive loss —  —  —  —  —  —  —  2,484  —  2,484  —  2,484 
Rebalancing of ownership percentage —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (3) — 
Balance, March 31, 2021 7,933,711  $ 79  4,099,801  $ 41  108,872,337  $ 1,089  $ 2,740,648  $ 2,361  $ (1,088,559) $ 1,655,659  $ 33,440  $ 1,689,099 

(1)Presented net of forfeitures. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, 17,650 restricted shares with a fair value of approximately $121,000 were forfeited.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net income (loss) $ 45,835  $ (3,754)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation 24,407  22,178 
Amortization of in-place lease assets 12,745  9,650 
Amortization of deferred leasing costs 536  491 
Amortization (including accelerated write-off) of deferred financing costs 2,893  2,474 
Amortization of mortgage (premiums) and discounts on borrowings, net (13) (321)
Accretion of market lease and other intangibles, net
(1,098) (935)
Equity-based compensation 3,498  4,347 
Gain on non-designated derivatives (2,250) — 
Gain on sale/exchange of real estate investments (53,569) (286)
Impairment of real estate investments 5,942  — 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Straight-line rent receivable (1,182) (1,798)
Straight-line rent payable 68  71 
Prepaid expenses and other assets 5,505  (2,367)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 4,087  3,295 
Deferred rent and other liabilities (2,301) 1,377 
Net cash provided by operating activities 45,103  34,422 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures (3,188) (908)
Investments in real estate and other assets (786,311) (37,152)
Proceeds from sale of real estate investments 244,208  585 
Deposits for real estate investments (103) (50)
Net cash used in investing activities (545,394) (37,525)
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Payments on mortgage notes payable (8,765) (541)
Proceeds from credit facility 378,000  — 
Payments of financing costs and deposits (286) (46)
Distributions on LTIP Units and Class A Units (219) (131)
Dividends paid on Class A common stock (26,677) (23,128)
Dividends paid on Series A preferred stock (3,719) (3,691)
Dividends paid on Series C preferred stock (2,118) — 
Series A preferred stock offering costs (19) (29)
Series C preferred stock offering costs (36) (334)
Class A common stock offering costs (399) (45)
   Proceeds from issuance of Series A preferred stock, net —  2,275 
   Proceeds from issuance of Series C preferred stock, net —  13,904 
Proceeds from issuance of Class A common stock, net 24,917  — 
Net cash provided by financing activities 360,679  (11,766)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (139,612) (14,869)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash beginning of period 236,849  113,397 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash end of period $ 97,237  $ 98,528 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
7

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 82,106  $ 84,214 
Restricted cash, end of period 15,131  14,314 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash end of period $ 97,237  $ 98,528 
Supplemental Disclosures:
Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized $ 25,755  $ 17,186 
Cash paid for income and franchise taxes 104  365 
Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:
Accrued Series A preferred stock offering costs $ —  $ 44 
Accrued Series C preferred stock offering costs —  93 
Accrued Class A common stock offering costs 24  44 
Series A preferred stock dividend declared 3,719  3,719 
Series C preferred stock dividend declared 2,118  2,174 
Shares subject to repurchase issued in acquisition 49,965  — 
Adjustments to value of shares subject to repurchase 3,423 
Proceeds from real estate sales used to pay off related mortgage notes payable
940  — 
Mortgage notes payable released in connection with disposition of real estate (940) — 
Mortgages assumed in acquisition (including premiums of $276)
19,526  — 
Accrued capital expenditures 269  1,511 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
8

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)

Note 1 — Organization
The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc. (the “Company”), is an externally managed real estate investment trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes (“REIT”) focusing on acquiring and managing a diversified portfolio of primarily service-oriented and traditional retail and distribution-related commercial real estate properties located primarily in the United States. The Company’s assets consist primarily of freestanding single-tenant properties that are net leased to “investment grade” and other creditworthy tenants and a portfolio of multi-tenant retail properties consisting primarily of power centers and lifestyle centers. 
The Company has historically focused its acquisitions primarily on net leased, single-tenant service retail properties, defined as properties leased to tenants in the retail banking, restaurant, grocery, pharmacy, gas, convenience, fitness, and auto services sectors.
On December 17, 2021, the Company signed a purchase and sale agreement to acquire 79 multi-tenant retail centers and two single-tenant properties for a contract purchase price of $1.3 billion (the “CIM Portfolio Acquisition”). The Company has determined that the CIM Portfolio Acquisition will be accounted for as an asset acquisition. The acquisition is closing in multiple transactions in 2022 and the consideration includes cash, assumption of existing mortgage debt securing certain of the properties and the issuance of shares of the Company’s Class A common stock.
In the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company closed on the acquisition of 56 properties of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition for an aggregate contract purchase price of $801.1 million which was funded by $728.4 million in cash, the assumption of $19.3 million of existing mortgage debt and the issuance of $50.0 million in value at issuance ($53.4 million of value subject to repurchase) of the Company’s Class A common stock to certain subsidiaries of the CIM Real Estate Finance Trust, Inc. (the “Sellers”), at its closing value on the respective closing dates on which the common stock was issued. The aggregate contact purchase price does not include $26.7 million of contingent consideration relating to leasing activity subsequent to the respective closing dates of each property acquired. The Company closed on 23 additional properties from the CIM Portfolio Acquisition through April 29, 2022. (see Note 16 — Subsequent Events) and expects to close on the remaining two properties from the CIM Portfolio Acquisition later in the second quarter of 2022. The CIM Portfolio Acquisition represented a strategic shift away from a primary focus on single-tenant retail properties.
In addition, the Company acquired two additional single-tenant properties and one additional multi-tenant retail property in the three months ended March 31, 2022 for an aggregate contract purchase price of $40.9 million.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company owned 1,029 properties, comprised of 26.2 million rentable square feet, which were 91.4% leased, including 939 single-tenant net leased commercial properties (899 of which are retail properties) and 90 multi-tenant retail properties.
Substantially all of the Company’s business is conducted through The Necessity Retail REIT Operating Partnership, L.P. (the “OP”), a Delaware limited partnership, and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Necessity Retail Advisors, LLC (the “Advisor”) manages the Company’s day-to-day business with the assistance of the Company’s property manager, Necessity Retail Properties, LLC, (the “Property Manager”). The Advisor and the Property Manager are under common control with AR Global Investments, LLC (“AR Global”) and these related parties receive compensation and fees for providing services to us. The Company also reimburses these entities for certain expenses they incur in providing these services to the Company.
Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Accounting
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company included herein were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The information furnished includes all adjustments and accruals of a normal recurring nature, which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of results for the interim periods. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The results of operations for the three month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire year or any subsequent interim periods.
9

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of, and for the year ended December 31, 2021, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 24, 2022. Except for those required by new accounting pronouncements discussed below, there have been no significant changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, the OP and its subsidiaries. All inter-company accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. In determining whether the Company has a controlling financial interest in a joint venture and the requirement to consolidate the accounts of that entity, management considers factors such as ownership interest, authority to make decisions and contractual and substantive participating rights of the other partners or members as well as whether the entity is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The Company has determined the OP is a VIE of which the Company is the primary beneficiary. Substantially all of the Company’s assets and liabilities are held by the OP. Except for the OP, as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had no interests in entities that were not wholly owned.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Management makes significant estimates regarding revenue recognition, purchase price allocations to record investments in real estate, and fair value measurements, as applicable.
Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic
During the first quarter of 2020, the global COVID-19 pandemic that has spread around the world and to every state in the United States commenced. The pandemic has had and could continue to have an adverse impact on economic and market conditions, including a global economic slowdown, recession, or period of slow growth. The continued rapid development and fluidity of this situation precludes any prediction as to the ultimate adverse impact of COVID-19 on economic and market conditions. The Company believes the estimates and assumptions underlying its consolidated financial statements are reasonable and supportable based on the information available as of March 31, 2022, however uncertainty over the ultimate impact COVID-19 will have on the global economy generally, and the Company’s business in particular, makes any estimates and assumptions as of March 31, 2022 inherently less certain than they would be absent the current and potential impacts of COVID-19. Actual results may ultimately differ from those estimates.
The financial stability and overall health of tenants is critical to the Company’s business. The negative effects that the global pandemic has had on the economy includes the closure or reduction in activity for many retail operations such as some of those operated by the Company’s tenants (e.g., restaurants). This has impacted the ability of some of the Company’s tenants to pay their monthly rent either temporarily or in the long-term. The Company experienced delays in rent collections in the second, third and fourth quarters of 2020 and the first quarter of 2021. The Company took a proactive approach to achieve mutually agreeable solutions with its tenants and in some cases, in the second, third and fourth quarters of 2020 and throughout 2021, the Company has executed several types of lease amendments. These agreements include deferrals and abatements and also may include extensions to the term of the leases.
For accounting purposes, in accordance with ASC 842: Leases, normally a company would be required to assess a lease modification to determine if the lease modification should be treated as a separate lease and if not, modification accounting would be applied which would require a company to reassess the classification of the lease (including leases for which the prior classification under ASC 840 was retained as part of the election to apply the package of practical expedients allowed upon the adoption of ASC 842, which does not apply to leases subsequently modified). However, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic in which many leases are being modified, the FASB and SEC provided relief that allowed companies to make a policy election as to whether they treat COVID-19 related lease amendments as a provision included in the pre-concession arrangement, and therefore, not a lease modification, or to treat the lease amendment as a modification. In order to be considered COVID-19 related, cash flows must be substantially the same or less than those prior to the concession. For COVID-19 relief qualified changes, there are two methods to potentially account for such rent deferrals or abatements under the relief, (1) as if the changes were originally contemplated in the lease contract or (2) as if the deferred payments are variable lease payments contained in the lease contract. For all other lease changes that did not qualify for FASB relief, the Company is required to apply modification accounting including assessing classification under ASC 842.
10

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Some, but not all of the Company’s lease modifications qualify for the FASB relief. In accordance with the relief provisions, instead of treating these qualifying leases as modifications, the Company has elected to treat the modifications as if previously contained in the lease and recast rents receivable prospectively (if necessary). Under that accounting, for modifications that were deferrals only, there would be no impact on overall rental revenue and for any abatement amounts that reduced total rent to be received, the impact would be recognized ratably over the remaining life of the lease.
For leases not qualifying for this relief, the Company has applied modification accounting and determined that there were no changes in the current classification of its leases impacted by negotiations with its tenants.
Revenue Recognition
The Company’s revenues, which are derived primarily from lease contracts, include rents that each tenant pays in accordance with the terms of each lease reported on a straight-line basis over the initial term of the lease. As of March 31, 2022, these leases had an average remaining lease term of approximately 7.5 years. Because many of the Company’s leases provide for rental increases at specified intervals, straight-line basis accounting requires the Company to record a receivable for, and include in revenue from tenants, unbilled rents receivable that the Company will only receive if the tenant makes all rent payments required through the expiration of the initial term of the lease. When the Company acquires a property, the acquisition date is considered to be the commencement date for purposes of this calculation. For new leases after acquisition, the commencement date is considered to be the date the tenant takes control of the space. For lease modifications, the commencement date is considered to be the date the lease modification is executed. The Company defers the revenue related to lease payments received from tenants in advance of their due dates. Pursuant to certain of the Company’s lease agreements, tenants are required to reimburse the Company for certain property operating expenses, in addition to paying base rent, whereas under certain other lease agreements, the tenants are directly responsible for all operating costs of the respective properties. Under ASC 842, the Company elected to report combined lease and non-lease components in a single line “Revenue from tenants.” For comparative purposes, the Company also elected to reflect prior revenue and reimbursements reported under ASC 842 also on a single line. For expenses paid directly by the tenant, under both ASC 842 and 840, the Company has reflected them on a net basis.
The following table presents future base rent payments on a cash basis due to the Company over the next five years and thereafter. These amounts exclude tenant reimbursements and contingent rent payments, as applicable, that may be collected from certain tenants based on provisions related to sales thresholds and increases in annual rent based on exceeding certain economic indexes among other items:
As of March 31, 2022:
(In thousands) Future  Base Rent Payments
2022 (remainder) $ 248,644 
2023 315,614 
2024 284,842 
2025 260,726 
2026 234,821 
2027 195,662 
Thereafter 1,081,848 
  $ 2,622,157 
The Company owns certain properties with leases that include provisions for the tenant to pay contingent rental income based on a percent of the tenant’s sales upon the achievement of certain sales thresholds or other targets which may be monthly, quarterly or annual targets. As the lessor to the aforementioned leases, the Company defers the recognition of contingent rental income, until the specified target that triggered the contingent rental income is achieved, or until such sales upon which percentage rent is based are known. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, such amounts were $0.4 million and $0.2 million, respectively.
The Company continually reviews receivables related to rent and unbilled rents receivable and determines collectability by taking into consideration the tenant’s payment history, the financial condition of the tenant, business conditions in the industry in which the tenant operates and economic conditions in the area in which the property is located. Under the leasing standard
11

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
adopted on January 1, 2019 (see the “Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements” section below), the Company is required to assess, based on credit risk only, if it is probable that the Company will collect virtually all of the lease payments at lease commencement date and it must continue to reassess collectability periodically thereafter based on new facts and circumstances affecting the credit risk of the tenant. Partial reserves, or the ability to assume partial recovery are not permitted. If the Company determines that it’s probable it will collect virtually all of the lease payments (rent and common area maintenance), the lease will continue to be accounted for on an accrual basis (i.e. straight-line). However, if the Company determines it’s not probable that it will collect virtually all of the lease payments, the lease will be accounted for on a cash basis and a full reserve would be recorded on previously accrued amounts in cases where it was subsequently concluded that collection was not probable. Cost recoveries from tenants are included in operating revenue from tenants beginning on January 1, 2019, in accordance with new accounting rules, on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) in the period the related costs are incurred, as applicable. In the second, third and fourth quarters of 2020 and throughout 2021 and 2022, this assessment included consideration of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the ability of the Company’s tenants to pay rents in accordance with their contracts. The assessment included all of the Company’s tenants with a focus on the Company’s multi-tenant retail properties which have been more negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic than the Company’s single-tenant properties.
In accordance with the lease accounting rules, the Company records uncollectable amounts as reductions in revenue from tenants. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, uncollectable amounts were $0.7 million and $0.8 million, respectively.
The Company entered into lease termination agreements at two and six of its single-tenant properties in the first quarter of 2022 and the fourth quarter of 2021, respectively. Since these leases have remaining occupancy periods for the tenant, these lease termination agreements are treated as lease modifications, and their termination fee income is recognized over the remaining occupancy periods of the respective leases on a straight-line basis. The Company recorded additional lease revenue of $4.5 million in the three months ended March 31, 2022 related to these agreements. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded $0.5 million of lease termination income.
Investments in Real Estate
Investments in real estate are recorded at cost. Improvements and replacements are capitalized when they extend the useful life of the asset. Costs of repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. At the time an asset is acquired, the Company evaluates the inputs, processes and outputs of the asset acquired to determine if the transaction is a business combination or asset acquisition. If an acquisition qualifies as a business combination, the related transaction costs are recorded as an expense in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. If an acquisition qualifies as an asset acquisition, the related transaction costs are generally capitalized and subsequently amortized over the useful life of the acquired assets. See the Purchase Price Allocation section in this Note for a discussion of the initial accounting for investments in real estate.
Disposal of real estate investments that represent a strategic shift in operations that will have a major effect on the Company's operations and financial results are required to be presented as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of operations. No properties were presented as discontinued operations during the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Properties that are intended to be sold are to be designated as “held for sale” on the consolidated balance sheets at the lesser of carrying amount or fair value less estimated selling costs when they meet specific criteria to be presented as held for sale, most significantly that the sale is probable within one year. The Company evaluates the probability of sale based on specific facts including whether a sales agreement is in place and the buyer has made significant non-refundable deposits. Properties are no longer depreciated when they are classified as held for sale. As of March 31, 2022, no properties were considered held for sale, and as of December 31, 2021, the Company had one property classified as held for sale.
In accordance with the lease accounting standard, all of the Company’s leases as lessor prior to adoption of ASC 842 were accounted for as operating leases and the Company continued to account for them as operating leases under the transition guidance. The Company evaluates new leases originated after the adoption date (by the Company or by a predecessor lessor/owner) pursuant to the new guidance where a lease for some or all of a building is classified by a lessor as a sales-type lease if the significant risks and rewards of ownership reside with the tenant. This situation is met if, among other things, there is an automatic transfer of title during the lease, a bargain purchase option, the non-cancelable lease term is for more than major part of remaining economic useful life of the asset (e.g., equal to or greater than 75%), if the present value of the minimum lease payments represents substantially all (e.g., equal to or greater than 90%) of the leased property’s fair value at lease inception, or if the asset so specialized in nature that it provides no alternative use to the lessor (and therefore would not provide any future value to the lessor) after the lease term. Further, such new leases would be evaluated to consider whether they would be failed sale-leaseback transactions and accounted for as financing transactions by the lessor. During the three months ended March 31,
12

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
2022 and the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company had no leases as a lessor that would be considered as sales-type leases or financings under sale-leaseback rules.
The Company is also the lessee under certain land leases which were previously classified prior to adoption of lease accounting and will continue to be classified as operating leases under transition elections unless subsequently modified. These leases are reflected on the balance sheet and the rent expense is reflected on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Purchase Price Allocation
In both a business combination and an asset acquisition, the Company allocates the purchase price of acquired properties to tangible and identifiable intangible assets or liabilities based on their respective fair values. Tangible assets may include land, land improvements, buildings, fixtures and tenant improvements on an as if vacant basis. Intangible assets may include the value of in-place leases and above- and below- market leases and other identifiable assets or liabilities based on lease or property specific characteristics. In addition, any assumed mortgages receivable or payable and any assumed or issued non-controlling interests (in a business combination) are recorded at their estimated fair values. In allocating the fair value to assumed mortgages, amounts are recorded to debt premiums or discounts based on the present value of the estimated cash flows, which is calculated to account for either above or below-market interest rates. In a business combination, the difference between the purchase price and the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired is either recorded as goodwill or as a bargain purchase gain. In an asset acquisition, the difference between the acquisition price (including capitalized transaction costs) and the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired is allocated to the non-current assets. All acquisitions during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were asset acquisitions.
For acquired properties with leases classified as operating leases, the Company allocates the purchase price to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their respective fair values. In making estimates of fair values for purposes of allocating purchase price, the Company utilizes a number of sources, including independent appraisals that may be obtained in connection with the acquisition or financing of the respective property and other market data. The Company also considers information obtained about each property as a result of the Company’s pre-acquisition due diligence in estimating the fair value of the tangible and intangible assets acquired and intangible liabilities assumed.
Tangible assets include land, land improvements, buildings, fixtures, and tenant improvements on an as-if vacant basis. The Company utilizes various estimates, processes and information to determine the as-if vacant property value. The Company estimates fair value using data from appraisals, comparable sales, discounted cash flow analysis and other methods. Fair value estimates are also made using significant assumptions such as capitalization rates, fair market lease rates, discount rates, and land values per square foot.
Identifiable intangible assets include amounts allocated to acquired leases for above- and below-market lease rates and the value of in-place leases. Factors considered in the analysis of the in-place lease intangibles include an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up period for each property, taking into account current market conditions and costs to execute similar leases. In estimating carrying costs, the Company includes real estate taxes, insurance and other operating expenses and estimates of lost rentals at contract rates during the expected lease-up period, which typically ranges from six to 24 months. The Company also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, legal and other related expenses.
Above-market and below-market lease values for acquired properties are initially recorded based on the present value (using a discount rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of the difference between (i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to each in-place lease and (ii) management’s estimate of fair market lease rates for each corresponding in-place lease, measured over a period equal to the remaining initial term of the lease for above-market leases and the remaining initial term plus the term of any below-market fixed rate renewal options for below-market leases.
Gain on Sale/Exchange of Real Estate Investments
Gains on sales of rental real estate are not considered sales to customers and are generally recognized pursuant to the provisions included in ASC 610-20, Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (“ASC 610-20”).
In accordance with ASC 845-10, Accounting for Non-Monetary Transactions, if a nonmonetary exchange has commercial substance, the cost of a nonmonetary asset acquired in exchange for another nonmonetary asset is the fair value of the asset surrendered to obtain it, and a gain or loss shall be recognized on the exchange.
13

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
When circumstances indicate the carrying value of a property may not be recoverable, the Company reviews the property for impairment. This review is based on an estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the property’s use and eventual disposition. These estimates consider factors such as expected future operating income, market and other applicable trends and residual value, as well as the effects of leasing demand, competition and other factors. If an impairment exists, due to the inability to recover the carrying value of a property, the Company would recognize an impairment loss in the consolidated statement of operations to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property for properties to be held and used. For properties held for sale, the impairment loss recorded would equal the adjustment to fair value less estimated cost to dispose of the asset. These assessments have a direct impact on net income because recording an impairment loss results in an immediate negative adjustment to net earnings.
Shares Subject to Repurchase
The Company does not reflect shares subject to repurchase as part of its permanent equity if their repurchase is conditional on events that are outside of the Company’s control. Currently, the shares of Class A common stock issued in connection with the CIM Portfolio Acquisition are reflected as shares subject to repurchase outside of permanent equity. See Note 9 — Stockholder’s Equity for additional information.
Reportable Segments
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company has determined that it has two reportable segments, with activities related to investing in single-tenant properties and multi-tenant properties.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of up to 40 years for buildings, 15 years for land improvements, five years for fixtures and improvements and the shorter of the useful life or the remaining lease term for tenant improvements and leasehold interests.
The value of in-place leases, exclusive of the value of above-market and below-market in-place leases, is amortized to expense over the remaining periods of the respective leases.
The value of customer relationship intangibles, if any, is amortized to expense over the initial term of the lease and any renewal periods in the respective leases, but in no event does the amortization period for intangible assets exceed the remaining depreciable life of the building. If a tenant terminates its lease, the unamortized portion of the in-place lease value and customer relationship intangibles is charged to expense.
Assumed mortgage premiums or discounts are amortized as an increase or reduction to interest expense over the remaining terms of the respective mortgages.
Above and Below-Market Lease Amortization
Capitalized above-market lease values are amortized as a reduction of revenue from tenants over the remaining terms of the respective leases and the capitalized below-market lease values are amortized as an increase to revenue from tenants over the remaining initial terms plus the terms of any below-market fixed rate renewal options of the respective leases. If a tenant with a below-market rent renewal does not renew, any remaining unamortized amount will be taken into income at that time.
Capitalized above-market ground lease values are amortized as a reduction of property operating expense over the remaining terms of the respective leases. Capitalized below-market ground lease values are amortized as an increase to property operating expense over the remaining terms of the respective leases and expected below-market renewal option periods.
Upon termination of an above or below-market lease any unamortized amounts would be recognized in the period of termination.
Equity-Based Compensation
The Company has stock-based plans under which its directors, officers and other employees of the Advisor or its affiliates who are involved in providing services to the Company are eligible to receive awards. Awards granted thereunder are accounted for under the guidance for employee share-based payments. The cost of services received in exchange for these stock awards is measured at the grant date fair value of the award and the expense for such an award is included in the equity-based compensation line item of the consolidated statements of operations and is recognized in accordance with the service period (i.e., vesting) required or when the requirements for exercise of the award have been met.
14

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Effective at the listing of the Company’s Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share (“Class A common stock”) on The Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”) on July 19, 2018 (the “Listing Date ”), the Company entered into a multi-year outperformance agreement with the Advisor (the “2018 OPP”) under which a new class of units of the limited partnership designated as “LTIP Units” (“LTIP Units”) were issued to the Advisor. These awards were market-based awards with a related required service period. In accordance with ASC 718, the LTIP Units were valued at their grant date and that value was reflected as a charge to earnings evenly over the service period. The cumulative expense was reflected as part of non-controlling interest in the Company’s balance sheets and statements of equity until the end of the service period. Following the end of the performance period under the 2018 OPP on July 19, 2021, the compensation committee of the board of directors of the Company determined that none of the 4,496,796 of the LTIP Units subject to the 2018 OPP had been earned, and these LTIP Units were thus automatically forfeited. On that date, the Company reclassified amounts reflected in non-controlling interest for these LTIP Units to additional paid in capital on its balance sheet and statement of equity.
On May 4, 2021, the Company’s independent directors authorized the issuance of a new award of LTIP Units effective after the performance period under the 2018 OPP expired on July 19, 2021, with the number of LTIP Units to be issued to the Advisor to be equal to the quotient of $72.0 million divided by the ten-trading day trailing average closing stock price of the Company’s Class A common stock for the ten trading days up to and including July 19, 2021. On July 21, 2021, the Company entered into the multi-year outperformance agreement with the Advisor (the “2021 OPP”) pursuant to which the Advisor was granted an award of 8,528,885 LTIP Units, representing the quotient of $72.0 million divided by $8.4419. As a result, the LTIP Units issued under the 2021 OPP were reclassified as an equity award with the cumulative expense reflected as part of non-controlling interest in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and equity statements. For additional information, see Note 13— Equity-Based Compensation.
In the event of a modification of any of the awards discussed above, any incremental increase in the value of the instrument measured on the date of the modification both before and after the modification, will result in an incremental amount to be reflected prospectively as a charge to earnings over the remaining service period. For additional information on these awards, see Note 13 — Equity-Based Compensation.
Accounting for Leases
Lessor Accounting
As a lessor of real estate, the Company has elected, by class of underlying assets, to account for lease and non-lease components (such as tenant reimbursements of property operating expenses) as a single lease component as an operating lease because (a) the non-lease components have the same timing and pattern of transfer as the associated lease component; and (b) the lease component, if accounted for separately, would be classified as an operating lease. Additionally, only incremental direct leasing costs may be capitalized under the accounting guidance. Indirect leasing costs in connection with new or extended tenant leases, if any, are being expensed.
Lessee Accounting
For lessees, the accounting standard requires the application of a dual lease classification approach, classifying leases as either operating or finance leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase by the lessee. Lease expense for operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, while lease expense for finance leases is recognized based on an effective interest method over the term of the lease. Also, lessees must recognize a right-of-use asset (“ROU”) and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Further, certain transactions where at inception of the lease the buyer-lessor accounted for the transaction as a purchase of real estate and a new lease, may now be required to have symmetrical accounting to the seller-lessee if the transaction was not a qualified sale-leaseback and accounted for as a financing transaction. For additional information and disclosures related to the Company’s operating leases, see Note 10 Commitments and Contingencies.
15

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Adopted as of January 1, 2021:
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Topic 470) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Topic 815). The new standard reduces the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock, and amends the guidance for the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity's own equity. The standard also amends and makes targeted improvements to the related earnings per share guidance. The Company adopted the new standard as required on January 1, 2021 and its adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.
Pending Adoption:
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848). Topic 848 contains practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, leases, derivatives and other contracts. The guidance in Topic 848 is optional and may be elected over the period March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022 as reference rate reform activities occur. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company elected to apply the hedge accounting expedients related to (i) the assertion that our hedged forecasted transactions remain probable and (ii) the assessments of effectiveness for future LIBOR-indexed cash flows to assume that the index upon which future hedged transactions will be based matches the index on the corresponding derivatives. Application of these expedients preserves the presentation of our derivatives, which will be consistent with our past presentation. The Company will continue to evaluate the impact of the guidance and may apply other elections, as applicable, as additional changes in the market occur.
Note 3 — Real Estate Investments
Property Acquisitions
The following table presents the allocation of real estate assets acquired and liabilities assumed during the periods presented. All acquisitions in both periods were considered asset acquisitions for accounting purposes.
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollar amounts in thousands) 2022 2021
Real estate investments, at cost:
Land $ 154,815  $ 3,447 
Buildings, fixtures and improvements 586,140  29,605 
Total tangible assets 740,955  33,052 
Acquired intangible assets and liabilities: (1)
In-place leases 145,178  4,174 
Above-market lease assets 12,574  — 
Below-market ground lease asset —  (74)
Below-market lease liabilities (42,905) — 
Total intangible assets, net 114,847  4,100 
Liabilities Assumed and Mezzanine Equity Issued:
Mortgage notes payable assumed in acquisitions (including premiums of $276)
(19,526) — 
Shares subject to repurchase issued in acquisitions (49,965) — 
Cash paid for real estate investments $ 786,311  $ 37,152 
Number of properties purchased from the CIM Portfolio Acquisition 56  — 
Number of other properties purchased
________
(1)Weighted-average remaining amortization periods for in-place leases, above-market and below-market lease liabilities acquired during the three months ended March 31, 2022 were 9.8 years 6.2 years and 20.0 years, respectively, as of each property’s respective acquisition date.


16

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
The following table presents amortization expense and adjustments to revenue from tenants and property operating expenses for intangible assets and liabilities during the periods presented:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands) 2022 2021
In-place leases, included in depreciation and amortization $ 12,745  $ 9,650 
Above-market lease intangibles $ (907) $ (689)
Below-market lease liabilities 2,020  1,639 
Total included in revenue from tenants
$ 1,113  $ 950 
Below-market ground lease asset (1)
$ $
Above-market ground lease liability (1)
—  — 
Total included in property operating expenses
$ $
______
(1)Intangible balances related to ground leases are included as part of the operating lease right-of-use assets presented on the consolidated balance sheet and the amortization expense of such balances is included in property operating expenses on the consolidated statement of operations.
The following table provides the projected amortization expense and adjustments to revenue from tenants for intangible assets and liabilities for the next five years:
(In thousands) 2022 (remainder) 2023 2024 2025 2026
In-place leases, to be included in depreciation and amortization $ 46,873  $ 54,604  $ 44,399  $ 36,449  $ 29,748 
Above-market lease intangibles $ 3,389  $ 4,183  $ 3,636  $ 2,963  $ 2,158 
Below-market lease liabilities (6,794) (8,926) (8,438) (8,073) (7,784)
Total to be included in revenue from tenants
$ (3,405) $ (4,743) $ (4,802) $ (5,110) $ (5,626)
Deposits for Real Estate Investments
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had $40.3 million and $41.9 million, respectively, in deposits for future acquisitions of real estate investments of which $40.0 million in each period related to the deposit on the CIM Acquisition.
Real Estate Held for Sale
When assets are identified by management as held for sale, the Company ceases depreciation and amortization of the identified assets and estimates the sales price, net of costs to sell, of those assets. If the carrying amount of the assets classified as held for sale exceeds the estimated net sales price, the Company records an impairment charge equal to the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the Company’s estimate of the net sales price of the assets. For additional information on impairment charges, see “Impairment Charges” section below.
As of March 31, 2022 there were no properties classified as held for sale. As of December 31, 2021, there was one property, the Company’s Sanofi property, classified as held for sale. This property was disposed on January 6, 2022 and did not represent a strategic shift. Accordingly, the operating results of this property remains classified within continuing operations for all periods presented.

17

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
The following table details the major classes of assets associated with the property that has been reclassified as held for sale as of December 31, 2021:
(In thousands) December 31, 2021
Real estate investments held for sale, at cost:
Land $ 16,009 
Buildings, fixtures and improvements 194,288 
Acquired intangible lease assets 46,980 
Total real estate assets held for sale, at cost
257,277 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization (70,064)
Total real estate investments held for sale, net
187,213 
Assets held for sale $ 187,213 
Real Estate Sales/Exchanges
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company sold six properties, including the Company’s Sanofi property which was held for sale as of December 31, 2021, for an aggregate contract price of $265.2 million. These property sales resulted in an aggregate gain of $53.6 million, which is reflected in gain on sale of real estate investments on the consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company sold two properties for an aggregate contract price of $0.6 million, resulting in a gain of $0.3 million, which are reflected in gain on sale of real estate investments in the consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
Real Estate Held for Use
When circumstances indicate the carrying value of a property may not be recoverable, the Company reviews the property for impairment. For the Company, the most common triggering events are (i) concerns regarding the tenant (i.e., credit or expirations) in the Company’s single-tenant properties (ii) significant or sustained vacancy in the Company’s multi-tenant properties and (iii) changes to the Company’s expected holding period as a result of business decisions or non-recourse debt maturities. For all of its held for use properties, the Company had reconsidered the projected cash flows due to various performance indicators and where appropriate, and the Company evaluated the impact on its ability to recover the carrying value of such properties based on the expected cash flows over the intended holding period. See “Impairment Charges” below for discussion of specific charges taken.
If a triggering event for held for use single-tenant properties is identified, the Company uses either a market approach or an income approach to estimate the future cash flows expected to be generated.
The market approach involves evaluating comparable sales of properties in the same geographic region as the held for use properties in order to determine an estimated sale price. The Company makes certain assumptions including, among others, that the properties in the comparable sales used in the analysis share similar characteristics to the held for use properties, and that market and economic conditions at the time of any potential sales of these properties, such as discount rates; demand for space; competition for tenants; changes in market rental rates; and costs to operate the property, would be similar to those in the comparable sales analyzed.
Under the income approach, the Company evaluates the impact on its ability to recover the carrying value of such properties based on the expected cash flows over its intended holding period. The Company makes certain assumptions in this approach including, among others, the market and economic conditions, expected cash flow projections, intended holding periods and assessments of terminal values.
Where more than one possible scenario exists, the Company uses a probability weighted approach. As these factors are difficult to predict and are subject to future events that may alter management’s assumptions, the future cash flows estimated by management in its impairment analysis may not be achieved, and actual losses or additional impairment may be realized in the future.
18

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Impairment Charges
The Company recorded an impairment charge of $5.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, $3.8 million of which related to one single-tenant property formerly leased to United Healthcare, and $2.1 million of which related to three properties leased to Truist Bank. The United Healthcare property has been vacant since June 30, 2021 when the tenant did not renew their lease. The Company previously impaired the United Healthcare property by $26.9 million during the three months ended December 31, 2021. The additional impairments in the three months ended March 31, 2022 reflect consideration of sales prices received from potential buyers. All of the impaired properties were impaired to adjust the properties to their fair values as determined by their respective purchase and sales agreements or non-binding letters of intents. The Company did not record any impairment charges for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
Note 4 — Mortgage Notes Payable, Net
The Company’s mortgage notes payable, net as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consisted of the following:
Outstanding Loan Amount as of
Effective Interest Rate as of
Portfolio
Encumbered Properties
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
March 31,
2022
Interest Rate
Maturity
Anticipated Repayment
(In thousands) (In thousands)
2019 Class A-1 Net Lease Mortgage Notes 98 $ 118,081  $ 118,231  3.83  % Fixed May 2049 May 2026
2019 Class A-2 Net Lease Mortgage Notes 106 120,491  120,644  4.52  % Fixed May 2049 May 2029
2021 Class A-1 Net-Lease Mortgage Notes 36 54,267  54,487  2.24  % Fixed May 2051 May 2028
2021 Class A-2 Net-Lease Mortgage Notes 62 93,733  94,113  2.83  % Fixed May 2051 May 2031
2021 Class A-3 Net-Lease Mortgage Notes 23 35,000  35,000  3.07  % Fixed May 2051 May 2028
2021 Class A-4 Net-Lease Mortgage Notes 36 55,000  55,000  3.65  % Fixed May 2051 May 2031
     Total Net Lease Mortgage Notes 361 476,572  477,475 
Stop & Shop
4 45,000  45,000  3.50  % Fixed Jan. 2030 Jan. 2030
Column Financial Mortgage Notes 365 706,197  715,000  3.79  % Fixed Aug. 2025 Aug. 2025
Bob Evans I
22 22,842  22,842  4.71  % Fixed Sep. 2037 Sep. 2027
Mortgage Loan II
12 210,000  210,000  4.25  % Fixed Jan. 2028 Jan. 2028
Mortgage Loan III
22 33,400  33,400  4.12  % Fixed Jan. 2028 Jan. 2028
Cottonwood Commons (4)
1 19,250  —  4.52  % Fixed Sep. 2023 Sep. 2023
Gross mortgage notes payable
787 1,513,261  1,503,717  3.80  %
 (1)
Deferred financing costs, net of accumulated amortization (2)
(36,832) (38,672)
Mortgage premiums and (discounts), net (3)
148  (115)
Mortgage notes payable, net
$ 1,476,577  $ 1,464,930 
__________
(1)Calculated on a weighted-average basis for all mortgages outstanding as of March 31, 2022.
(2)Deferred financing costs represent commitment fees, legal fees and other costs associated with obtaining financing. These costs are amortized to interest expense over the terms of the respective financing agreements using the effective interest method. Unamortized deferred financing costs are generally expensed when the associated debt is refinanced or repaid before maturity. Costs incurred in seeking financial transactions that do not close are expensed in the period in which it is determined that it is probable the financing will not close.
(3)Mortgage premiums or discounts are amortized as an increase or reduction to interest expense over the remaining terms of the respective mortgages.
(4)The Company assumed this fixed-rate mortgage when it acquired a property in the CIM Portfolio Acquisition during the three months ended March 31, 2022 at a premium of $0.3 million.
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had pledged $2.5 billion and $2.4 billion in real estate investments, respectively, at cost as collateral for its mortgage notes payable. This real estate is not available to satisfy other debts and obligations unless first satisfying the mortgage notes payable on the properties. In addition, as of March 31, 2022, $2.1 billion in real estate investments, at cost were included in the unencumbered asset pool comprising the borrowing base under the Company’s revolving unsecured corporate credit facility (see Note 5 — Credit Facility for more details). The asset pool comprising the borrowing base under the credit facility is only available to serve as collateral or satisfy other debts and obligations if it is first removed from the borrowing base under the credit facility.
19

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Subsequent to March 31, 2022, the Company assumed $171.5 million of fixed-rate mortgage debt to partially fund the acquisition of 23 properties of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition, see Note 16 — Subsequent Events for additional information.
In connection with refinancing certain properties, the Company may incur prepayment penalties relating to its prior debt obligations. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, no such amounts were incurred. These prepayment penalties, when incurred, are included in acquisition, transaction, and other costs in the consolidated statement of operations.
The following table summarizes the scheduled aggregate principal payments on mortgage notes payable based on anticipated maturity dates for the five years subsequent to March 31, 2022 and thereafter:
Future Principal Payments
(In thousands) Mortgage Notes
Credit Facility (1)
Senior Notes (2)
Total
2022 (remainder) $ 2,810  $ —  $ —  $ 2,810 
2023 21,879  —  —  21,879 
2024 1,646  —  —  1,646 
2025 707,867  —  —  707,867 
2026 116,929  378,000  —  494,929 
2027 21,553  —  —  21,553 
Thereafter 640,577  —  500,000  1,140,577 
  $ 1,513,261  $ 378,000  $ 500,000  $ 2,391,261 
________
(1)The Credit Facility matures on April 1, 2026, subject to the Company’s right, subject to customary conditions, to extend the maturity date by up to two additional six-month terms. See Note 5 — Credit Facility for additional information.
(2)The Senior Notes will mature on September 30, 2028. See Note 6 — Senior Notes for additional information.
The Company’s mortgage notes payable agreements require compliance with certain property-level financial covenants including debt service coverage ratios. As of March 31, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all operating and financial covenants under these agreements.
Note 5 — Credit Facility
On April 26, 2018, the Company repaid its prior revolving unsecured corporate credit facility in full and entered into a credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with BMO Harris Bank, N.A. (“BMO Bank”) as administrative agent, Citizens Bank, N.A. and SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc., as joint lead arrangers, and the other lenders from time to time party thereto. On October 1, 2021, Company entered into an amendment and restatement of the Credit Facility with the parties thereto. Also, upon the closing of the Senior Notes (as defined in Note 6 — Senior Notes, Net) on October 7, 2021, the Company used a portion of the proceeds to repay all outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility at the time. The aggregate total commitments after the amendment and restatement of the Credit Facility were increased from $540.0 million to $815.0 million including a $50.0 million sublimit for letters of credit and a $55.0 million sublimit for swingline loans. The Credit Facility includes an uncommitted “accordion feature” permitting the Company, subject to certain exceptions, to increase the commitments under the Credit Facility by up to an additional $435.0 million, subject to obtaining commitments from new lenders or additional commitments from participating lenders and certain customary conditions. The Credit Facility matures on April 1, 2026, subject to the Company’s right, subject to customary conditions, to extend the maturity date by up to two additional six-month terms. Borrowings under the Credit Facility may be prepaid at any time, in whole or in part, without premium or penalty, subject to customary LIBOR breakage costs.
The Credit Facility is supported by a pool of eligible unencumbered properties that are owned by the subsidiaries of the OP that serve as Guarantors. The Company may add or remove properties to or from this pool so long as at any time there are at least 15 eligible unencumbered properties with a value of at least $300.0 million, among other things. The amount available for future borrowings under the Credit Facility depends on the amount outstanding thereunder relative to the aggregate commitments; however, the amount the Company may borrow is limited by the financial maintenance covenants described below.
The amount available for future borrowings under the Credit Facility is based on the maximum amount of total unsecured indebtedness that could be incurred while maintaining a minimum unsecured interest coverage ratio with respect to the borrowing base, in each case, as of the determination date.
20

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company borrowed $378.0 million to fund a portion of the 56 properties acquired from the CIM Portfolio Acquisition. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had a total borrowing capacity under the Credit Facility of $550.8 million based on the value of the borrowing base under the Credit Facility, and of this amount, $378.0 million was outstanding under the Credit Facility as of March 31, 2022 and $172.8 million remained available for future borrowings. Subsequent to March 31, 2022, the Company borrowed $100.0 million under the Credit Facility to partially fund the acquisition of 23 properties of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition, see Note 16 — Subsequent Events for additional information.
The Credit Facility currently requires payments of interest only prior to maturity. Following the amendment and restatement of the Credit Facility, borrowings bear interest at either (i) the Base Rate (as defined in the Credit Facility) plus an applicable spread ranging from 0.45% to 1.05%, or (ii) LIBOR plus an applicable spread ranging from 1.45% to 2.05%, in each case depending on the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio. These spreads reflect a reduction from the previously applicable spreads. In addition, pursuant to the amendment to the Credit Facility, (i) if the Company or the OP achieves an investment grade credit rating, the OP can elect for the spread to be based on the credit rating of the Company or the OP, and (ii) the prior “floor” on LIBOR of 0.25% was removed.
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the weighted-average interest rate under the Credit Facility was 2.19% and 2.79%, respectively.
In July 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority (the authority that regulates LIBOR) announced it intends to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. As a result, the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York organized the Alternative Reference Rates Committee, which identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) as its preferred alternative to LIBOR in derivatives and other financial contracts. On March 5, 2021, the Financial Conduct Authority confirmed a partial extension of this deadline, announcing that it will cease the publication of the one-week and two-month USD LIBOR settings immediately following December 31, 2021. The remaining USD LIBOR settings will continue to be published through June 30, 2023. The Company is not able to predict when there will be sufficient liquidity in the SOFR market. The Company is monitoring and evaluating the risks related to changes in LIBOR availability, which include potential changes in interest paid on debt and amounts received and paid on interest rate swaps. In addition, the value of debt or derivative instruments tied to LIBOR will also be impacted as LIBOR is limited and discontinued and contracts must be transitioned to a new alternative rate. While the Company expects LIBOR to be available in substantially its current form until at least June 30, 2023, it is possible that LIBOR will become unavailable prior to that time. This could occur, for example, if a sufficient number of banks decline to make submissions to the LIBOR administrator. The Credit Facility contains language governing the establishment of a replacement benchmark index to serve as an alternative to LIBOR, when necessary.
Any subsidiary owning property that is included in the borrowing base is required to guarantee the OP’s obligations under the Credit Facility. This includes any wholly owned domestic subsidiary of the OP that directly or indirectly owns or leases a real estate asset added to the pool of eligible unencumbered properties. For any Guarantor subsidiary of the OP, this guarantee will be released if the Company or the OP achieves an investment grade credit rating, but will again be required (i) if either the Company or the OP loses its investment grade credit rating, or (ii) with respect to any Guarantor subsidiary of the OP, for so long as the subsidiary is the primary obligor under or provides a guaranty to any holder of unsecured indebtedness.
The Credit Facility contains various customary operating covenants, including covenants restricting, among other things, restricted payments (including dividends and share repurchases), the incurrence of liens, the types of investments the Company may make, fundamental changes, agreements with affiliates and changes in nature of business. The amended and restated Credit Facility also (i) continues to have financial maintenance covenants with respect to maximum consolidated leverage, maximum consolidated secured leverage, minimum fixed charge coverage, and minimum net worth, (ii) amended the maximum recourse debt to total asset value covenant to refer instead to secured recourse debt, and (iii) added new financial maintenance covenants with respect to maximum consolidated unsecured leverage and adjusted net operating income for the pool of eligible unencumbered properties required to be maintained under the Credit Facility to debt service paid on unsecured indebtedness.
Under Credit Facility, subject to certain exceptions, the Company is not permitted to pay distributions, including cash dividends on equity securities (including the Company’s 7.50% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (“Series A Preferred Stock”) and 7.375% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (“Series C Preferred Stock”)) in an aggregate amount exceeding 95% of AFFO (as defined in the Credit Facility) for any look-back period of four consecutive fiscal quarters without seeking consent from the lenders under the Credit Facility. However, the Credit Facility also permits the Company to pay distributions in an aggregate amount not exceeding 105% of AFFO for any applicable period if, as of the last day of the period, the Company was able to satisfy a
21

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
maximum leverage ratio after giving effect to the payments and also has amounts available for future borrowings under the Credit Facility of not less than $60.0 million. Moreover, if applicable, during the continuance of an event of default under the Credit Facility, the Company could not pay dividends or other distributions in excess of the amount necessary for the Company to maintain its status as a REIT.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company was in compliance with the operating and financial covenants under the Credit Facility.
Note 6 — Senior Notes, Net
On October 7, 2021, the Company and the OP issued $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.50% Senior Notes due 2028 (the “Senior Notes”). The Company, the OP and their subsidiaries that guarantee the Senior Notes entered into an indenture with U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 the amount of the Senior Notes on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet totaled $491.3 million and $491.0 million, respectively, which is net of $8.7 million and $9.0 million of deferred financing costs, respectively.
The Senior Notes, which were issued at par, will mature on September 30, 2028 and accrue interest at a rate of 4.500% per year. Interest on the Senior Notes, which began to accrue on October 7, 2021, is payable semi-annually in arrears on March 30 and September 30 of each year. The Senior Notes do not require any principal payments prior to maturity. The first semi-annual interest payment was made on March 30, 2022.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company was in compliance with the covenants under the Indenture governing the Senior Notes. Additional information on the terms of the Senior Notes can be found in the Company’s 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 24, 2022.
Note 7 — Fair Value Measurements
Fair Value Hierarchy
GAAP establishes a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on the observability of inputs used in measuring assets and liabilities at fair value. GAAP establishes market-based or observable inputs as the preferred sources of values, followed by valuation models using management assumptions in the absence of market inputs. The three levels of the hierarchy are described below:
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.
Level 2 — Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset and liability or can be corroborated with observable market data for substantially the entire contractual term of the asset or liability.
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that reflect the entity’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in the pricing of the asset or liability and are consequently not based on market activity, but rather through particular valuation techniques.
The determination of where an asset or liability falls in the hierarchy requires significant judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability. In instances where the determination of the fair value measurement is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company evaluates its hierarchy disclosures each quarter and depending on various factors, it is possible that an asset or liability may be classified differently from quarter to quarter. However, the Company expects that changes in classifications between levels will be rare.
A review of the fair value hierarchy classification is conducted on a quarterly basis. Changes in the type of inputs may result in a reclassification for certain assets and liabilities. The Company’s policy with respect to transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy is to recognize transfers into and out of each level as of the end of the reporting period. There were no transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.
Financial Instruments Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Derivative Instruments
22

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
The Company’s derivative instruments are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with this derivative utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by the Company and its counterparty. However, as of March 31, 2022, the Company has assessed the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative positions and has determined that the credit valuation adjustments are not significant to the overall valuation of the Company’s derivatives. As a result, the Company has determined that its derivatives valuation in its entirety is classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
The valuation of derivative instruments is determined using a discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, as well as observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves and implied volatilities. In addition, credit valuation adjustments are incorporated into the fair values to account for the Company’s potential nonperformance risk and the performance risk of the counterparties.
Real Estate Investments Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
Real Estate Investments - Held for Sale
The Company has had impaired real estate investments classified as held for sale (see Note 3 — Real Estate Investments for additional information on impairment charges recorded by the Company). There were no impaired real estate investments held for sale as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The carrying value of impaired real estate investments held for sale on the consolidated balance sheet represents their estimated fair value less cost to sell. Impaired real estate investments held for sale are generally classified in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
Real Estate Investments - Held for Use
The Company has had impaired real estate investments classified as held for use at the time of impairment (see Note 3 — Real Estate Investments for additional information on impairment charges recorded by the Company). The carrying value of these held for use impaired real estate investments held for use on the consolidated balance sheet represents their estimated fair value at the time of impairment. The Company primarily uses a market approach to estimate the future cash flows expected to be generated. Impaired real estate investments which are held for use are generally classified in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
Financial Instruments that are not Reported at Fair Value
The carrying value of short-term financial instruments such as cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, prepaid expenses and other assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses and dividends payable approximates their fair value due to their short-term nature.
As of March 31, 2022, the carrying value of advances to the Company under the Credit Facility was $378.0 million and as of December 31, 2021 there were no amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility. The fair value of the advances to the Company under the Credit Facility was $379.4 million as of March 31, 2022, due to the widening of the credit spreads during the period.
The carrying value of the Company’s mortgage notes payable as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 were $1.5 billion in each period, and the fair value were $1.5 billion in each period. The fair value of gross mortgage notes payable is based on estimates of market interest rates. This approach relies on unobservable inputs and therefore is classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company’s Senior Notes had a gross carrying value of $500.0 million in each period and fair values of $453.8 million and $504.4 million, respectively.
Note 8 — Derivatives and Hedging Activities
Risk Management Objective of Using Derivatives
The Company may use derivative financial instruments, including interest rate swaps, caps, options, floors and other interest rate derivative contracts, to hedge all or a portion of the interest rate risk associated with its borrowings. The principal objective of such arrangements is to minimize the risks and costs associated with the Company’s operating and financial structure as well as to hedge specific anticipated transactions. The Company does not intend to utilize derivatives for speculative or other purposes other than interest rate risk management. The use of derivative financial instruments carries
23

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
certain risks, including the risk that the counterparties to these contractual arrangements are not able to perform under the agreements. To mitigate this risk, the Company only enters into derivative financial instruments with counterparties with high credit ratings and with major financial institutions with which the Company and its related parties may also have other financial relationships. The Company does not anticipate that any of the counterparties will fail to meet their obligations.
The Company entered into an interest rate swap on September 1, 2020 in a notional amount of $125.0 million. The interest rate swap became effective on October 13, 2020, and fixed the interest rate on a mortgage loan that was refinanced on September 4, 2020. The interest rate swap fixed interest on the mortgage at an effective interest rate of 3.27% and was to expire in July 2026. This interest rate swap was terminated in the fourth quarter of 2021 when the mortgage loan was repaid and the Company received $2.1 million as a result of the termination. Following the termination, the Company reclassified approximately $2.1 million from AOCI as a reduction to interest expense in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations in the fourth quarter of 2021. As a result, the Company had no derivative financial instruments outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
Cash Flow Hedges of Interest Rate Risk
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 the Company did not have any derivatives that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk, however, the Company did have derivative activity (see table below) during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
The Company’s objectives in using interest rate derivatives have historically been to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish this objective, the Company primarily uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable-rate amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying notional amount. The changes in the fair value of derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCI”) and are subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income related to derivatives are reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable-rate debt.
The table below details the location in the financial statements of the gain or loss recognized on interest rate derivatives designated as cash flow hedges for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands) 2022 2021
Amount of gain (loss) recognized in AOCI on interest rate derivatives $ —  $ 2,421 
Amount of (loss) reclassified from AOCI into income as interest expense $ —  $ (63)
Total amount of interest expense presented in the consolidated income statements
$ 23,740  $ 19,334 
Non-Designated Derivatives
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company did not have any outstanding derivatives that were not designated as hedges under qualifying hedging relationships.
These derivatives have historically been used to manage the Company’s exposure to interest rate movements, but do not meet the strict hedge accounting requirements to be classified as hedging instruments. These derivatives also include other instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting. Changes in the fair value of derivatives not designated in hedging relationships are recorded directly in earnings.
The Company recorded an immaterial loss on non-designated hedging relationships during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The Company did not record any gains or losses during the three months ended March 31, 2022 since the Company did not have any derivatives that were not designated as hedges in qualifying hedging relationships.
Embedded Derivative
The purchase and sale agreement for the CIM Acquisition (see Note 3 — Real Estate Investments for more information) included the planned issuance of shares of the Company’s Class A common stock or Class A Units in the OP of $50.0 million in value at issuance ($53.4 million of value subject to repurchase). The Company ultimately issued 6,450,107 shares of Class A
24

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
common stock to the Seller in the first and second closings of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
The number of shares issued at the applicable closing were based on the value of the shares or units that may be issued at such closing divided by the per-share volume weighted average price of the Company’s Class A common stock measured over a five-day consecutive trading period immediately preceding (but not including) the date on which written notice for the closing was delivered, indicating the seller’s election to receive either shares or units, to the OP (the price of which was to be limited by a 7.5% collar in either direction from the per share volume weighted-average price of the Company’s Class A common stock measured over a ten-day consecutive trading period immediately preceding (but not including) the effective date of the purchase and sale agreement, which was $8.34 per share. The Company had concluded that as of December 31, 2021, this arrangement constituted an embedded derivative which required separate accounting. The initial value of the embedded derivative was an asset upon the signing of the purchase and sale agreement of $1.7 million, and was a liability of $2.3 million as of December 31, 2021. The shares were issued in two closings in the three months ending March 31, 2022 at contract prices within the collar. Accordingly, the value of the embedded derivative was considered to be zero immediately prior to closing. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company reduced the prior liability at December 31, 2021 to zero at closing and recorded a gain on non-designated derivatives of $2.3 million in the consolidated statements of operations.
Note 9 — Mezzanine Equity and Total Equity
Mezzanine Equity
Shares Subject to Repurchase
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, as part of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition, the Company issued a total of 6,450,107 shares of its Class A common stock to the Seller which had a value of $50.0 million, for accounting purposes, using the stock prices at the respective dates of issuance. The Company was required to register the resale of these shares, which it did in April 2022, and is required to subsequently maintain the effectiveness of that resale registration or the Company could be required to repurchase the securities for $53.4 million. If the Seller sells these securities pursuant to the Registration Statement or under Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or if the securities otherwise become qualified for exemption from registration under federal securities law, their repurchase rights terminate. Accordingly, since the ability to maintain the resale registration is not solely in the Company’s control, the securities are reflected as shares subject to repurchase outside of permanent equity until the repurchase rights terminate.
Total Equity
Common Stock
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had 133.0 million and 123.8 million shares (including the shares subject to repurchase discussed above), respectively, of Class A common stock outstanding including restricted shares of Class A common stock (“restricted shares”) and excluding LTIP Units. LTIP Units may ultimately be convertible into shares of Class A common stock in the future if certain conditions are met.
As more fully discussed in Note 8 – Derivative Financial Instruments, the Company issued 6,450,107 shares aggregating to $53.4 million in Class A Common Stock in connection with the CIM Portfolio Acquisition during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
Distribution Reinvestment Plan
Effective on the Listing Date, an amendment and restatement of the then effective distribution reinvestment plan approved by the Company’s board of directors became effective (the “DRIP”). The DRIP allows stockholders who have elected to participate in the DRIP to have dividends payable with respect to all or a portion of their shares of Class A common stock reinvested in additional shares of Class A common stock. Shares issued pursuant to the DRIP represent shares that are, at the election of the Company, either (i) acquired directly from the Company, which would issue new shares, at a price based on the average of the high and low sales prices of Class A common stock on Nasdaq on the date of reinvestment, or (ii) acquired through open market purchases by the plan administrator at a price based on the weighted-average of the actual prices paid for all of the shares of Class A common stock purchased by the plan administrator with all participants’ reinvested dividends for the related quarter, less a per share processing fee.
Shares issued pursuant to the DRIP are recorded within stockholders’ equity in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets in the period dividends are declared. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 all shares acquired by
25

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
participants pursuant to the DRIP were acquired through open market purchases by the plan administrator and not acquired directly from the Company.
ATM Program Class A Common Stock
In May 2019, the Company established an “at the market” equity offering program for Class A common stock (the “Class A Common Stock ATM Program”), pursuant to which the Company may from time to time, offer, issue and sell to the public up to $200.0 million in shares of Class A common stock, through sales agents.
The Company sold 2,761,711 shares of Class A common stock through its Class A Common Stock ATM program during the three months ended March 31, 2022, which generated $24.9 million of gross proceeds, and net proceeds of $24.5 million after commissions, fees and other offering costs incurred of $0.4 million. The Company did not sell any shares under the Class A Common Stock ATM Program during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
Preferred Stock
The Company is authorized to issue up to 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, of which it has classified and designated 12,796,000 as authorized shares of its Series A Preferred Stock, 120,000 as authorized shares of its Series B Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (“Series B Preferred Stock”) and 11,536,000 as authorized shares of its Series C Preferred Stock as of March 31, 2022.
The Company had 7,933,711 shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
No shares of Series B Preferred Stock were issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2022 or December 31, 2021.
The Company had 4,594,498 shares of its Series C Preferred Stock issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
ATM Program Series A Preferred Stock
In May 2019, the Company established an “at the market” equity offering program for its Series A Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock ATM Program”) pursuant to which the Company may, from time to time, offer, issue and sell to the public, through sales agents, shares of the Series A Preferred Stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million which was subsequently increased to $100.0 million in October 2019 and was then increased again to $200.0 million in January 2021.
The Company did not sell any shares of Series A Preferred Stock during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company sold 91,703 shares of Series A Preferred Stock through the Series A Preferred Stock ATM Program for gross proceeds of $2.3 million and net proceeds of $2.2 million, after commissions, fees, and other costs incurred of approximately $0.1 million.
ATM Program Series C Preferred Stock
In January 2021, the Company established an “at the market” equity offering program for its Series C Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred Stock ATM Program”) pursuant to which the Company may, from time to time, offer, issue and sell to the public, through sales agents, shares of the Series C Preferred Stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $200.0 million.
The Company did not sell any shares of Series C Preferred Stock during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company sold 564,101 shares under the Series C Preferred Stock ATM Program for gross proceeds of $14.1 million and net proceeds of $13.5 million, after commissions and fees paid of approximately $0.6 million.
Stockholder Rights Plan
In April 2020 the Company announced that its board of directors approved a stockholder rights plan (the “Plan”) to protect the long-term interests of the Company. The Company adopted the Plan due to the substantial volatility in the trading of the Company’s Class A common stock that has resulted from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The adoption of the Plan is intended to allow the Company to realize the long-term value of the Company’s assets by protecting the Company from the actions of third parties that the Company’s board of directors determines are not in the best interest of the Company. The Company’s Plan is designed to reduce the likelihood that any person or group (including a group of persons that are acting in concert with each other) would gain control of the Company through open market accumulation of stock by imposing significant penalties upon any person or group that acquires 4.9% or more of the outstanding shares of Class A common stock
26

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
without the approval of the Company’s board of directors. In connection with the adoption of the Plan, the Company’s board of directors authorized a dividend of one preferred share purchase right for each outstanding share of Class A common stock to stockholders of record on April 23, 2020 to purchase from the Company one one-thousandth of a share of Series B Preferred Stock for an exercise price of $35.00 per one-thousandth of a share, once the rights become exercisable, subject to adjustment as provided in the related rights agreement. By the terms of the Plan, the rights will initially trade with Class A common stock and will generally only become exercisable on the 10th business day after the Company’s board of directors become aware that a person or entity has become the owner of 4.9% or more of the shares of Class A common stock or the commencement of a tender or exchange offer which would result in the offeror becoming an owner of 4.9% or more of the Class A common stock. In February 2021, the expiration date of these rights was extended to April 12, 2024 unless earlier exercised, exchanged, amended, redeemed or terminated.
Non-Controlling Interest
Non-controlling interests resulted from the issuance of OP Units in conjunction with the merger with American Realty Capital-Retail Centers of America, Inc. (“RCA”) in February 2017 (the “Merger”) and were recognized at fair value as of the effective time of the Merger on February 16, 2017. In addition, under the 2021 OPP, the OP issued LTIP Units, which are also reflected as part of non-controlling interest as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. See Note 13 — Equity Based Compensation - Multi-Year Outperformance Agreement for more information regarding the LTIP Units and related accounting.
On May 4, 2021, the Company’s independent directors, acting as a group, authorized the issuance of a new award of LTIP Units pursuant to the 2021 OPP to the Advisor after the performance period under the 2018 OPP expired on July 19, 2021. Accordingly, these new LTIPs are reflected in non-controlling interest on the Company’s balance sheet or statement of equity as of March 31, 2022. For additional information, see Note 13 — Equity-Based Compensation relating to the accounting impacts of (i) the end of the performance period under the 2018 OPP and the forfeiture of all LTIP Units awarded thereunder, and (ii) the beginning of the performance period under the 2021 OPP and the grant of an award of LTIP Units thereunder.
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, non-controlling interest was comprised of the following components:
(In thousands) March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Non-controlling interest attributable to LTIP Units $ 11,544  $ 8,368 
Non-controlling interest attributable to Class A Units 2,046  2,056 
   Total non-controlling interest $ 13,590  $ 10,424 
Following the end of the performance period under the 2018 OPP on July 19, 2021, the compensation committee of the board of directors of the Company determined that none of the 4,496,796 of the LTIP Units subject to the 2018 OPP had been earned, and these LTIP Units were thus automatically forfeited. On that date, the Company reclassified $34.8 million of amounts reflected in non-controlling interest for these LTIP Units to additional paid in capital on its consolidated balance sheet and consolidated statement of changes in equity.
Note 10 — Commitments and Contingencies
Lessee Arrangements - Ground Leases
The Company is a lessee in ground lease agreements for seven of its properties. The ground leases have lease durations, including assumed renewals, ranging from 15.8 years to 33.4 years as of March 31, 2022.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company’s balance sheet includes operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities of $18.1 million and $19.2 million, respectively. In determining operating ROU assets and lease liabilities for the Company’s existing operating leases upon the initial adoption of the new lease guidance in 2019, as well as for new operating leases entered into after adoption, the Company estimated an appropriate incremental borrowing rate on a fully-collateralized basis for the terms of the leases. Because the terms of the Company’s ground leases are significantly longer than the terms of borrowings available to the Company on a fully-collateralized basis, the Company’s estimate of this rate required significant judgment. The Company did not enter into any additional ground leases during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
The Company’s operating ground leases have a weighted-average remaining lease term, including assumed renewals, of 26.8 years and a weighted-average discount rate of 7.5% as of March 31, 2022. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company paid cash of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for amounts included in the measurement of lease
27

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
liabilities and recorded expense of $0.5 million and $0.5 million, respectively. The lease expense is recorded on a straight-line basis in property operating expenses in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
The following table reflects the base cash rental payments due from the Company as of March 31, 2022:
(In thousands) Future Base Rent Payments
2022 (remainder) $ 1,185 
2023 1,549 
2024 1,560 
2025 1,598 
2026 1,628 
Thereafter 42,730 
Total lease payments 50,250 
Less: Effects of discounting (31,070)
Total present value of lease payments $ 19,180 
Litigation and Regulatory Matters
On February 8, 2018, Carolyn St. Clair-Hibbard, a purported stockholder of the Company, filed a putative class action complaint in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Company, AR Global, the Advisor, and both individuals who previously served as the Company’s chief executive officer and chair of the board of directors (the “Former Chairmen”). On February 23, 2018, the complaint was amended to, among other things, assert some claims on the plaintiff’s own behalf and other claims on behalf of herself and other similarly situated shareholders of the Company as a class. On April 26, 2018, defendants moved to dismiss the amended complaint. On May 25, 2018, plaintiff filed a second amended complaint. The second amended complaint alleges that the proxy materials used to solicit stockholder approval of the Merger at the Company’s 2017 annual meeting were materially incomplete and misleading. The complaint asserts violations of Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act against the Company, as well as control person liability against the Advisor, AR Global, and the Former Chairmen under 20(a). It also asserts state law claims for breach of fiduciary duty against the Advisor, and claims for aiding and abetting such breaches, of fiduciary duty against the Advisor, AR Global and the Former Chairmen. The complaint seeks unspecified damages, rescission of the Company’s advisory agreement with the Advisor (the “Advisory Agreement”) (or severable portions thereof) which became effective when the Merger became effective, and a declaratory judgment that certain provisions of the Advisory Agreement are void. The Company believes the second amended complaint is without merit and intends to defend vigorously. On June 22, 2018, defendants moved to dismiss the second amended complaint. On August 1, 2018, plaintiff filed an opposition to defendants’ motions to dismiss. Defendants filed reply papers on August 22, 2018, and oral argument was held on September 26, 2018. On September 23, 2019, the Court granted defendants’ motions and dismissed the complaint with prejudice, and the plaintiff appealed. On May 5, 2020, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the lower court’s dismissal of the complaint.
On October 26, 2018, Terry Hibbard, a purported stockholder of the Company, filed a putative class action complaint in New York State Supreme Court, New York County, against the Company, AR Global, the Advisor, the Former Chairmen, the Company’s chief financial officer at the time of the Merger and each of the Company’s directors immediately prior to the Merger. All of the directors immediately prior to the Merger, except for David Gong, currently serve as directors of the Company. The complaint alleged that the registration statement pursuant to which RCA shareholders acquired shares of the Company during the Merger contained materially incomplete and misleading information.  The complaint asserted violations of Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) against the Company’s chief financial officer at the time of the Merger and each of the Company’s directors immediately prior to the Merger, violations of Section 12(a)(2) of the Securities Act against the Company and the Company’s current chief executive officer, president and chair of the board of directors, and control person liability against the Advisor, AR Global and the Former Chairmen— under Section 15 of the Securities Act. The complaint sought unspecified damages and rescission of the Company’s sale of stock pursuant to the registration statement.
On March 6, 2019, Susan Bracken, Michael P. Miller and Jamie Beckett, purported stockholders of the Company, filed a putative class action complaint in New York State Supreme Court, New York County, on behalf of themselves and others who purchased shares of common stock through the Company’s then effective distribution reinvestment plan, against the Company,
28

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
AR Global, the Advisor, the Former Chairmen, the Company’s chief financial officer at the time of the Merger and each of the Company’s directors immediately prior to the Merger. The complaint alleged that the April and December 2016 registration statements pursuant to which class members purchased shares contained materially incomplete and misleading information. The complaint asserted violations of Section 11 of the Securities Act against the Company, the Company’s chief financial officer at the time of the Merger and each of the Company’s directors immediately prior to the Merger, violations of Section 12(a)(2) of the Securities Act against the Company and the Company’s current chief executive officer, president and chair of the board of directors, and control person liability against the Advisor, AR Global and the Former Chairmen under Section 15 of the Securities Act. The complaint sought unspecified damages and either rescission of the Company’s sale of stock or rescissory damages.
On April 30, 2019, Lynda Callaway, a purported stockholder of the Company, filed a putative class action complaint in New York State Supreme Court, New York County, against the Company, AR Global, the Advisor, the Former Chairmen, the Company’s chief financial officer at the time of the Merger and each of the Company’s directors immediately prior to the Merger. The complaint alleged that the registration statement pursuant to which plaintiff and other class members acquired shares of the Company during the Merger contained materially incomplete and misleading information. The complaint asserted violations of Section 11 of the Securities Act against the Company, the Company’s chief financial officer at the time of the Merger and each of the Company’s directors immediately prior to the Merger, violations of Section 12(a)(2) of the Securities Act against the Company and the Company’s current chief executive officer, president and chair of the board of directors, and control person liability under Section 15 of the Securities Act against the Advisor, AR Global, and the Former Chairmen. The complaint sought unspecified damages and rescission of the Company’s sale of stock pursuant to the registration statement.
On July 11, 2019, the New York State Supreme Court issued an order consolidating the three above-mentioned cases: Terry Hibbard, Bracken, and Callaway (the “Consolidated Cases”). The Court also stayed the Consolidated Cases pending a decision on the motions to dismiss in the St. Clair-Hibbard litigation pending in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Following the federal court’s decision on the St. Clair-Hibbard motions to dismiss, on October 31, 2019 plaintiffs filed an amended consolidated class action complaint in the Consolidated Cases seeking substantially similar remedies from the same defendants. The Company moved to dismiss the amended consolidated complaint on December 16, 2019. After the parties completed briefing on this motion, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its decision affirming dismissal of the St. Clair-Hibbard action. Plaintiffs moved to amend their complaint, purportedly to limit it to claims still viable in spite of the results of the federal action. The proposed second amended complaint no longer contains direct claims against the Company. Instead, plaintiffs seek to pursue state law claims derivatively against the Advisor, AR Global, the Company’s initial chief executive officer and chair of the board of directors, the Company’s current directors and David Gong, a former director, with the Company as a nominal defendant. On December 20, 2021, the Court denied plaintiffs’ motion to amend and dismissed the litigation. On January 26, 2022, plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal from the Court’s decision.
There are no other material legal or regulatory proceedings pending or known to be contemplated against the Company.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022 the Company did not incur any litigation costs related to the above matters. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company incurred litigation costs of approximately $26,000. A portion of these litigation costs are subject to a claim for reimbursement under the insurance policies maintained by the Company (the “Policies”). There were no such reimbursements recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2022 or 2021. The Policies are subject to other claims that have priority over the Company’s claim for reimbursement, and have been exhausted.
Environmental Matters
In connection with the ownership and operation of real estate, the Company may potentially be liable for costs and damages related to environmental matters. The Company maintains environmental insurance for its properties that provides coverage for potential environmental liabilities, subject to the policy’s coverage conditions and limitations. The Company has not been notified by any governmental authority of any non-compliance, liability or other claim, and is not aware of any other environmental condition that it believes will have a material adverse effect on its financial position or results of operations.
Note 11 — Related Party Transactions and Arrangements
Fees and Participations Incurred in Connection with the Operations of the Company
Summary of Advisory Agreement
The initial term of the Advisory Agreement expires on April 29, 2035. This term is automatically renewed for successive 20-year terms upon expiration unless the Advisory Agreement is terminated (1) in accordance with an Internalization, (2) by the Company or the Advisor with cause, without penalty, with 60 days’ notice, (3) by the Advisor for (a) a failure to obtain a
29

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
satisfactory agreement for any successor to the Company to assume and agree to perform obligations under the Advisory Agreement or (b) any material breach of the Advisory Agreement of any nature whatsoever by the Company, or (4) by the Advisor in connection with a change of control of the Company. Upon the termination of the Advisory Agreement, the Advisor will be entitled to receive from the Company all amounts due to the Advisor, as well as the then-present fair market value of the Advisor’s interest in the Company.
The Advisory Agreement grants the Company the right to internalize the services provided under the Advisory Agreement (“Internalization”) and to terminate the Advisory Agreement pursuant to a notice received by the Advisor as long as (i) more than 67% of the Company’s independent directors have approved the Internalization; and (ii) the Company pays the Advisor an Internalization fee equal to (1) $15.0 million plus (2) either (x) if the Internalization occurs on or before December 31, 2028, the Subject Fees (defined below) multiplied by 4.5 or (y) if the Internalization occurs on or after January 1, 2029, the Subject Fees multiplied by 3.5 plus (3) 1.0% multiplied by (x) the purchase price of properties or other investments acquired after the end of the fiscal quarter in which the notice of Internalization is received by the Advisor and prior to the Internalization and (y) without duplication, the cumulative net proceeds of any equity raised by the Company during the period following the end of the fiscal quarter in which notice is received and the Internalization. The “Subject Fees” are equal to (i) the product of four multiplied by the sum of (A) the actual base management fee (including both the fixed and variable portion thereof) plus (B) the actual variable management fee, in each of clauses (A) and (B), payable for the fiscal quarter in which the notice of Internalization is received by the Advisor, plus, (ii) without duplication, the annual increase in the base management fee resulting from the cumulative net proceeds of any equity raised in respect of the fiscal quarter in which the notice of Internalization is received by the Advisor. Up to 10% of the Internalization fee may be payable in shares of Class A common stock subject to certain conditions.
2019 Advisory Agreement Amendment
On March 18, 2019, the Company entered into Amendment No.2 to the Advisory Agreement, by and among the OP and the Advisor. Amendment No.2 revised the section of the Advisory Agreement specifically related to reimbursable administrative service expenses, including reasonable salaries and wages, benefits and overhead of all employees of the Advisor or its affiliates, including those of certain executive officers of the Company. See the “Professional Fees and Other Reimbursements” section below for details.
2020 Advisory Agreement Amendment
On March 30, 2020, the Company entered into Amendment No.3 to the Advisory Agreement, by and among the OP and the Advisor. Amendment No.3 revised the section of the Advisory Agreement to temporarily lower the quarterly thresholds of Core Earnings Per Adjusted Share (as defined in the Advisory Agreement) the Company must reach on a quarterly basis for the Advisor to receive the Variable Management Fee (as defined in the Advisory Agreement). For additional information, see the “Asset Management Fees and Variable Management/Incentive Fees” section below.
2021 Advisory Agreement Amendment
On January 13, 2021, the Company entered into Amendment No. 4 to the Advisory Agreement with the Advisor to extend the expiration of the modified quarterly thresholds established by Amendment No. 3 to the Advisory Agreement. The Company must reach these thresholds on a quarterly basis for the Advisor to receive the variable management fee from the end of the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2020 to the end of the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2021. For additional information, see the “Asset Management Fees and Variable Management/Incentive Fees” section below.
In-Sourced Expenses
The Advisor is reimbursed for costs it incurs in providing investment-related services, or “in-sourced expenses.” These in-sourced expenses may not exceed 0.5% of the contract purchase price of each acquired property or 0.5% of the amount advanced for a loan or other investment. Additionally, the Company has paid and may continue to pay third party acquisition expenses. The aggregate amount of acquisition expenses, including in-sourced expenses, may not exceed 4.5% of the contract purchase price of the Company’s portfolio or 4.5% of the amount advanced for all loans or other investments and this threshold has not been exceeded through December 31, 2020.
The Company incurred $0.2 million and $14,000 of acquisition expenses and related cost reimbursements for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Asset Management Fees and Incentive Variable Management Fees
30

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
The Company pays the Advisor a base management fee, which includes a fixed and variable portion, and, if certain performance thresholds are met, an incentive variable management fee. Under the Advisory Agreement, the fixed portion of the base management fee is $24.0 million annually. If the Company acquires (whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise) any other REIT, that is advised by an entity that is wholly-owned, directly or indirectly, by AR Global, other than any joint venture, (a “Specified Transaction”), the fixed portion of the base management fee will be increased by an amount equal to the consideration paid for the acquired company’s equity multiplied by 0.0031 for the first year following the Specified Transaction, 0.0047 for the second year and 0.0062 thereafter. The variable portion of the base management fee is a monthly fee equal to one-twelfth of 1.25% of the cumulative net proceeds of any equity raised by the Company and its subsidiaries from and after the initial effective date of the Advisory Agreement on February 16, 2017. Base management fees, including the variable portion, are included in asset management fees to related party on the consolidated statement of operations. The Company incurred $7.8 million and $7.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, in base management fees (including both the fixed and variable portion) and incentive management fees.
In addition, under the Advisory Agreement, the Company is required to pay the Advisor an incentive variable management fee equal to the product of (1) the fully diluted shares of common stock outstanding multiplied by (2) (x) 15.0% of the applicable quarter’s Core Earnings per share in excess of $0.275 per share plus (y) 10.0% of the applicable quarter’s Core Earnings per share in excess of $0.3125 per share, in each case as adjusted for changes in the number of shares of common stock outstanding. The definition of Adjusted Outstanding Shares (as defined in the Advisory Agreement), which is used to calculate Core Earnings per share, is based on the Company’s reported diluted weighted-average shares outstanding. In accordance with Amendment No. 3 to the Advisory Agreement, for the quarters ending June 30, 2020, September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2020, the low and high thresholds were reduced from $0.275 and $0.3125, respectively, to $0.23 and $0.27, respectively. On January 13, 2021, the Company entered into Amendment No. 4 to the Advisory Agreement to extend the expiration of these thresholds from the end of the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2020 to the end of the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2021 in light of the continued economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Core Earnings is defined as, for the applicable period, net income or loss computed in accordance with GAAP excluding non-cash equity compensation expense, the incentive management fee, acquisition and transaction related fees and expenses, financing related fees and expenses, depreciation and amortization, realized gains and losses on the sale of assets, any unrealized gains or losses or other non-cash items recorded in net income or loss for the applicable period, regardless of whether such items are included in other comprehensive loss, or in net income, one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP and certain non-cash charges, impairment losses on real estate related investments and other than temporary impairments of securities, amortization of deferred financing costs, amortization of tenant inducements, amortization of straight-line rent, amortization of market lease intangibles, provision for loss loans, and other non-recurring revenue and expenses (in each case after discussions between the Advisor and the independent directors and the approval of a majority of the independent directors). The incentive management fee is payable to the Advisor or its assignees in cash or shares, or a combination of both, the form of payment to be determined in the sole discretion of the Advisor and the value of any share to be determined by the Advisor acting in good faith on the basis of such quotations and other information as it considers, in its reasonable judgment, appropriate. The Company did not incur any incentive management fees for the three months ended March 31, 2022. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company incurred $0.1 million of incentive management fees.
Property Management Fees
The Company has a property management agreement (the “Multi-Tenant Property Management Agreement”), a leasing agreement (the “Multi-Tenant Leasing Agreement”) and a net lease property management and leasing agreement (the “Net Lease Property Management Agreement”) with the Property Manager. The Multi-Tenant Property Management Agreement, the Multi-Tenant Leasing Agreement and the Net Lease Property Management Agreement each became effective on February 16, 2017. In connection with the Net Lease Mortgage Notes, the Issuers have entered into the Property Management and Servicing Agreement (as amended from time to time, the “ABS Property Management Agreement”), with the Property Manager, KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”), as back-up property manager, and Citibank, N.A. as indenture trustee. See Note 4— Mortgage Notes Payable, Net for additional information regarding the Notes.
The Multi-Tenant Property Management Agreement provides that, unless a property is subject to a separate property management agreement with the Property Manager, the Property Manager is the sole and exclusive property manager for the Company’s multi-tenant properties, which are generally anchored, retail properties, such as power centers and lifestyle centers. In December 2017, in connection with a $210.0 million mortgage loan secured by 12 of the Company’s retail properties, the Company entered into 12 identical property management agreements with the Property Manager, the substantive terms of
31

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
which are substantially identical to the terms of the Multi-Tenant Property Management Agreement, except they do not provide for the transition fees described below.
The Multi-Tenant Property Management Agreement entitles the Property Manager to a management fee equal to 4.0% of the gross rental receipts from the multi-tenant properties, including common area maintenance reimbursements, tax and insurance reimbursements, percentage rental payments, utility reimbursements, late fees, vending machine collections, service charges, rental interruption insurance, and a 15.0% administrative charge for common area expenses.
In addition, the Property Manager is entitled to a one-time transition fee of up to $2,500 for each multi-tenant property managed, a construction fee equal to 6.0% of construction costs incurred, if any, and reimbursement of all expenses specifically related to the operation of a multi-tenant property, including compensation and benefits of property management, accounting, lease administration, executive and supervisory personnel of the Property Manager, and excluding expenses of the Property Manager’s corporate and general management office and excluding compensation and other expenses applicable to time spent on matters other than the multi-tenant properties.
Pursuant to the Multi-Tenant Leasing Agreement, the Company may, under certain circumstances and subject to certain conditions, pay the Property Manager a leasing fee for services in leasing multi-tenant properties to third parties.
The Company’s double- and triple-net leased single- tenant properties are managed by the Property Manager pursuant to the Net Lease Property Management Agreement, unless they are subject to a separate agreement with the Property Manager. The Net Lease Property Management Agreement permits the Property Manager to subcontract its duties to third parties and provides that the Company is responsible for all costs and expenses of managing the properties, except for general overhead and administrative expenses of the Property Manager. In December 2019, in connection with a loan secured by four properties leased to Stop & Shop, the Company entered into a property management and leasing agreement with the Property Manager with respect to the four properties, the substantive terms of which are substantially identical to the terms of the Net Lease Property Management Agreement, except that it limits the fees payable to the Property Manager and any subcontractor to 3.0% of operating income in the event that the Property Manager subcontracts its duties under the agreement.
In July 2020, in connection with the loan agreement with Column Financial, Inc., all but one of the Company’s borrower subsidiaries entered into a new property management and leasing agreement with the Property Manager with respect to all but one of the mortgaged properties, all of which are double- and triple-net leased single-tenant properties. The Company’s other double- and triple-net leased single-tenant properties, including the one mortgaged property excluded from the new property management and leasing agreement, are managed by the Property Manager pursuant to the Net Lease Property Management Agreement. The new property management and leasing agreement is identical to the Net Lease Property Management Agreement, except that the new property management and leasing agreement does not permit the Property Manager to subcontract its duties to third parties.
The current term of the Net Lease Property Management Agreement ends on October 1, 2021, and is automatically renewed for successive one-year terms unless terminated 60 days prior to the end of a term or terminated for cause. On November 4, 2020, in light of the investment to be made by the Property Manager and its affiliates in property management infrastructure for the benefit of the Company and its subsidiaries, the Company amended each of the Multi-Tenant Property Management Agreement and the Multi-Tenant Leasing Agreement to reflect that each agreement will expire on the later of (i) November 4, 2025 and (ii) the termination date of the Advisory Agreement. These agreements with the Property Manager may only be terminated for cause prior to the end of the term. Prior to the amendments, the term of these agreements would have ended on October 1, 2021, with automatic renewals for successive one-year terms unless terminated 60 days prior to the end of a term or terminated for cause.
Additionally, subsequent to March 31, 2022, certain subsidiaries of the OP each entered into a property management agreement with the Property Manager in connection with debt assumptions related to the acquisition of the properties of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition. Each property management agreement entitles the Property Manager to a management fee equal to 4% of the gross rental receipts from the properties, including common area maintenance reimbursements, tax and insurance reimbursements, percentage rental payments, utility reimbursements, late fees, vending machine collections, service charges, rental interruption insurance, and a 15.0% administrative charge for common area expenses. In addition, under these property management agreements, the Property Manager is entitled to a construction fee equal to 6.0% of construction costs incurred, if any, and reimbursement of all expenses specifically related to the operation of a multi-tenant property, including compensation and benefits of property management, accounting, lease administration, executive and supervisory personnel of the Property Manager, and excluding expenses of the Property Manager’s corporate and general management office and excluding compensation and other expenses applicable to time spent on matters other than the properties.
32

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Property Management and Services Agreement - Net Lease Mortgage Notes
Under the ABS Property Management Agreement, the Property Manager is responsible for servicing and administering the properties and leases securing the Net Lease Mortgage Notes under ordinary and special circumstances, and KeyBank, as the back-up property manager, is responsible for, among other things, maintaining current servicing records and systems for the assets securing the Net Lease Mortgage Notes in order to enable it to assume the responsibilities of the Property Manager in the event the Property Manager is no longer the property manager and special servicer. Pursuant to the ABS Property Management Agreement, the Property Manager may also be required to advance principal and interest payments on the Net Lease Mortgage Notes to preserve and protect the value of the applicable assets. The Issuers are required to reimburse any of these payments or advances.
Pursuant to the ABS Property Management Agreement, as amended and restated in connection with the issuance of the 2021 Net Lease Mortgage Notes in June 2021, for all properties that are not specially serviced, the Issuers are required to pay the Property Manager a monthly fee equal to the product of (i) one-twelfth of 0.25% and (ii) the lower of (a) the aggregate allocated loan amounts and (b) the aggregate collateral value of the properties that are a part of the collateral pool. Prior to the amendment and restatement of the ABS Property Management Agreement, for all properties that were not specially serviced, the Issuers were required to pay the Property Manager a monthly fee equal to the product of (i) one-twelfth of 0.25%, and (ii) the aggregate allocated loan amounts of all the properties that serve as part of the collateral for the Net Lease Mortgage Notes. With respect to the specially serviced properties, the Property Manager is entitled to receive a workout fee or liquidation fee under certain circumstances based on 0.50% of applicable amounts recovered, as well as a monthly fee equal to one-twelfth of 0.75% and (ii) the lower of (a) the aggregate allocated loan amounts and (b) the aggregate collateral value of all the specially serviced properties that are part of the collateral pool. Prior to the amendment and restatement of the ABS Property Management Agreement, the monthly fee for specially serviced properties was equal to the product of (i) one-twelfth of 0.75%, and (ii) the aggregate allocated loan amounts of all the specially serviced properties that serve as part of the collateral pool for the Net Lease Mortgage Notes. The Property Manager has retained KeyBank as a sub-manager pursuant to a separate sub-management agreement pursuant to which KeyBank provides certain services that the Property Manager is required to provide as property manager under the ABS Property Management Agreement. Under the ABS Property Management Agreement, the Property Manager has agreed to waive (i) the portion of the monthly fee related to the properties that are not specially serviced that is in excess of the amount to be paid to KeyBank as sub-manager pursuant to the sub-management agreement, (ii) the workout fee, (iii) the liquidation fee and (iv) the monthly fee related to the properties that are specially serviced, although the Property Manager retains the right to revoke these waivers at any time. The Property Manager is also entitled to receive additional servicing compensation related to certain fees and penalties under the leases it is responsible for under the ABS Property Management Agreement.
The services provided by the Property Manager with respect to the double- and triple-net leased single-tenant properties in the collateral pool and related property management fees are separate and independent from the property management services the Property Manager has provided and will continue to provide with respect to those properties pursuant to the Net Lease Property Management Agreement.
Professional Fees and Other Reimbursements
The Company reimburses the Advisor’s costs of providing administrative services, including among other things, reasonable allocation of salaries and wages, benefits and overhead of employees of the Advisor or its affiliates, except for costs to the extent that the employees perform services for which the Advisor receives a separate fee. The reimbursement includes reasonable overhead expenses, including the reimbursement of an allocated portion of rent expense at certain properties that are both occupied by employees of the Advisor or its affiliates and owned by affiliates of the Advisor. These reimbursements are exclusive of fees and other expense reimbursements incurred from and due to the Advisor that were passed through and ultimately paid to Lincoln Retail REIT Services, LLC (“Lincoln”) as a result of the Advisor’s prior arrangements with Lincoln to provide services to the Advisor in connection with the Company’s multi-tenant retail properties that are not net leased. The Advisor’s agreement with Lincoln expired in February 2021 and was not renewed. The expiration of the agreement with Lincoln did not affect the responsibilities and obligations of the Advisor or the Property Manager to the Company under the Company’s agreements with them.
These reimbursements are included as part of Professional fees and other reimbursements in the table below and in general and administrative expense on the consolidated statement of operations. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company incurred $2.7 million and $2.3 million, respectively, of reimbursement expenses to the Advisor for providing administrative services.
33

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Under the agreement, the Company is required to reimburse the Advisor for a portion of the salary, wages, and benefits paid to the Company’s chief financial officer as part of the aggregate reimbursement for salaries, wages and benefits of employees of the Advisor or its affiliates, excluding any executive officer who is also a partner, member or equity owner of AR Global and subject to a limit on certain limitations.
The aggregate amount that may be reimbursed in each fiscal year for salaries, wages and benefits (excluding overhead) of employees of the Advisor or its affiliates (the “Capped Reimbursement Amount”) for each fiscal year is subject to a limit that is equal to the greater of: (a) (the “Fixed Component”); and a (b) variable component (the “Variable Component”).
Both the Fixed Component and the Variable Component increase by an annual cost of living adjustment equal to the greater of (x) 3.0% and (y) the CPI, as defined in the amendment for the prior year ended December 31. Initially, for the year ended December 31, 2019: (a) the Fixed Component was equal to $7.0 million; and (b) the Variable Component was equal to: (i) the sum of the total real estate investments, at cost as recorded on the balance sheet dated as of the last day of each fiscal quarter (the “Real Estate Cost”) in the year divided by four, which amount is then (ii) multiplied by 0.20%. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Fixed Component was $7.7 million and $7.4 million, respectively.
If the Company sells real estate investments aggregating an amount equal to or more than 25% of Real Estate Cost in one or a series of related dispositions in which the proceeds of the disposition(s) are not reinvested in Investments (as defined in the Advisory Agreement), then within 12 months following the disposition(s), the Advisory Agreement requires the Advisor and the Company to negotiate in good faith to reset the Fixed Component; provided that if the proceeds of the disposition(s) are paid to shareholders of the Company as a special distribution or used to repay loans with no intent of subsequently refinancing and reinvesting the proceeds thereof in Investments, the Advisory Agreement requires these negotiations within 90 days thereof, in each case taking into account reasonable projections of reimbursable costs in light of the reduced assets of the Company.
Summary of Fees, Expenses and Related Payables
The following table details amounts incurred and payable to related parties in connection with the operations-related services described above as of and for the periods presented. Amounts below are inclusive of fees and other expense reimbursements incurred from and due to the Advisor that are passed through and ultimately paid to Lincoln as a result of the Advisor’s former arrangements with Lincoln:
Three Months Ended March 31, Payable (Receivable) as of
(In thousands) 2022 2021 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Non-recurring fees and reimbursements:
Acquisition cost reimbursements (1)
$ 203  $ 14  $ 203  $ 32 
Ongoing fees:
Asset management fees to related party 7,826  7,321  —  — 
Property management and leasing fees (2)
1,914  2,999  1,083  901 
Professional fees and other reimbursements (3)
3,294  2,865  493 

83 
Total related party operating fees and reimbursements
$ 13,237  $ 13,199  $ 1,779  $ 1,016 
______
(1)Amounts for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 included in acquisition and transaction related expenses in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
(2)Amounts for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are included in property operating expenses in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss with the exception of approximately $0.3 million and $1.6 million of leasing fees incurred in the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, which were capitalized and are included in deferred costs, net in the consolidated balance sheet. A portion of leasing fees are ultimately paid to a third party.
(3)Amounts for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are included in general and administrative expense in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. Includes amounts for directors’ and officers’ insurance.
34

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Note 12 — Economic Dependency
Under various agreements, the Company has engaged or will engage the Advisor, its affiliates and entities under common control with the Advisor to provide certain services that are essential to the Company, including asset management services, supervision of the management and leasing of properties owned by the Company, asset acquisition and disposition decisions, as well as other administrative responsibilities for the Company including accounting and legal services, human resources and information technology.
As a result of these relationships, the Company is dependent upon the Advisor and its affiliates. In the event that these companies are unable to provide the Company with the respective services, the Company will be required to find alternative providers of these services.
Note 13 — Equity-Based Compensation
Equity Plans
2018 Equity Plan
Effective at the Listing, the Company’s board of directors adopted an equity plan for the Advisor (the “Advisor Plan”) and an equity plan for individuals (the “Individual Plan” and together with the Advisor Plan, the “2018 Equity Plan”). The Advisor Plan is substantially similar to the Individual Plan, except with respect to the eligible participants. Under the Individual Plan, the Company may only make awards to its directors, officers and employees (if the Company ever has employees), employees of the Advisor and its affiliates, employees of entities that provide services to the Company, directors of the Advisor or of entities that provide services to the Company, certain consultants to the Company and the Advisor and its affiliates or to entities that provide services to the Company. By contrast, under the Advisor Plan the Company may only make awards to the Advisor.
The 2018 Equity Plan succeeded and replaced the existing employee and director restricted share plan (the “RSP”). Following the effectiveness of the 2018 Equity Plan at the Listing, no further awards will be issued under the RSP; provided, however, that any outstanding awards under the RSP, such as unvested restricted shares held by the Company’s independent directors, remained outstanding in accordance with their terms and the terms of the RSP until all those awards are vested, forfeited, canceled, expired or otherwise terminated in accordance with their terms. The Company accounts for forfeitures when they occur. The 2018 Equity Plan permits awards of restricted shares, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), options, stock appreciation rights, stock awards, LTIP Units and other equity awards. The 2018 Equity Plan has a term of 10 years, expiring on July 19, 2028. Identical to the RSP, the number of shares of the Company’s capital stock available for awards under the 2018 Equity Plan, in the aggregate, is equal to 10.0% of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock on a fully diluted basis at any time. Shares subject to awards under the Individual Plan reduce the number of shares available for awards under the Advisor Plan on a one-for-one basis and vice versa. If any awards granted under the 2018 Equity Plan are forfeited for any reason, the number of forfeited shares is again available for purposes of granting awards under the 2018 Equity Plan.
Restricted Shares
Restricted shares are shares of common stock awarded under terms that provide for vesting over a specified period of time. Holders of restricted shares may receive non-forfeitable cash dividends prior to the time that the restrictions on the restricted shares have lapsed. Any dividends to holders of restricted shares payable in shares of common stock are subject to the same restrictions as the underlying restricted shares. Restricted shares may not, in general, be sold or otherwise transferred until restrictions are removed and the shares have vested.
Prior to June 30, 2020, the Company only granted restricted shares to the Company’s directors. However, during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company granted 278,278 and 309,475 restricted shares, respectively, to employees of the Advisor or its affiliates who are involved in providing services to the Company, including the Company’s chief financial officer. No awards may be made to anyone who is also a partner, member or equity owner of the parent of the Advisor.
The restricted shares granted to the Company’s directors vest on a straight-line basis over periods of 1 year to 5 years from the date of grant and provide for accelerated vesting of the portion of the unvested restricted shares scheduled to vest in the year of the recipient’s termination of his or her position as a director of the Company due to a voluntary resignation or failure to be re-elected to the Company’s board of directors following nomination therefor. All unvested restricted shares held by the Company’s directors also vest in the event of a Change of Control (as defined in the RSP or the Individual Plan) or a termination of a directorship without cause or as a result of death or disability.
The restricted shares granted to employees of the Advisor or its affiliates vest in 25% increments on each of the first four anniversaries of the grant date. Except in connection with a change in control (as defined in the award agreement) of the
35

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Company, any unvested restricted shares will be forfeited if the holder’s employment with the Advisor terminates for any reason. Upon a change in control of the Company, 50% of the unvested restricted shares will immediately vest and the remaining unvested restricted shares will be forfeited.

The following table reflects the activity of restricted shares for the three months ended March 31, 2022:
  Number of Shares of Common Stock Weighted-Average Grant Price
Unvested, December 31, 2021 422,869  $ 8.26 
Granted —  — 
Vested (496) 24.17 
Forfeited (275) 9.48 
Unvested, March 31, 2022 422,098  8.24 
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had $2.6 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested restricted share awards granted, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.9 years.
The fair value of the restricted shares is being expensed in accordance with the service period required. Compensation expense related to restricted shares is included in equity-based compensation on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. Compensation expense related to restricted shares was approximately $0.3 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The higher expense recorded in the three months ended March 31, 2021 was due to the accelerated vesting of restricted shares previously awarded to the Company’s former chief financial officer, as well as expense from an additional grant of restricted shares awarded to the Company’s former chief financial officer in February 2021 (see additional discussion below).
On February 26, 2021, the Company’s board of directors approved an amendment to the award agreement for 69,875 restricted shares previously awarded to the Company’s former chief financial officer. These restricted shares had been scheduled to vest in 25% increments on each of the first four anniversaries of the grant date (September 15, 2020), however, in accordance with the amendment, these shares fully vested upon the effectiveness of the resignation of the Company’s former chief financial officer on April 9, 2021. This was treated as a modification of the award of these restricted shares and, in addition to accelerating the original expense, the Company was also required to calculate excess of the new value of those awards on the date of modification over the fair value of the awards immediately prior to the amendment and record such excess as expense through April 9, 2021. In addition, also on February 26, 2021, the Company’s board of directors granted the Company’s former chief financial officer an additional award of 52,778 restricted shares that also fully vested on upon the effectiveness of her resignation on April 9, 2021. The acceleration of vesting of the prior grant and the new grant resulted in approximately $1.1 million of increased equity-based compensation expense recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
Restricted Stock Units
RSUs represent a contingent right to receive shares of common stock at a future settlement date, subject to satisfaction of applicable vesting conditions and other restrictions, as set forth in the RSP and an award agreement evidencing the grant of RSUs. RSUs may not, in general, be sold or otherwise transferred until restrictions are removed and the rights to the shares of common stock have vested. Holders of RSUs do not have or receive any voting rights with respect to the RSUs or any shares underlying any award of RSUs, but such holders are generally credited with dividend or other distribution equivalents which are subject to the same vesting conditions and other restrictions as the underlying RSUs and only paid at the time such RSUs are settled in shares of common stock. The Company has not granted any RSUs, and no unvested RSUs were outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2022 or 2021.
Multi-Year Outperformance Agreements
2021 OPP
On May 4, 2021, the Company’s independent directors authorized an award of LTIP Units under the 2021 OPP after the performance period under the 2018 OPP expired on July 19, 2021, and, on July 21, 2021, the Company, the OP and the Advisor entered into the 2021 OPP (see below for additional information on the 2018 OPP, including information on the LTIP Units granted and earned thereunder).
36

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
On July 21, 2021, the Company and the Advisor entered into the 2021 OPP. Based on a maximum award value of $72.0 million and the Initial Share Price of $8.4419, which was determined on July 20, 2021, the Advisor was granted a total of 8,528,885 LTIP Units pursuant to the 2021 OPP. These LTIP Units may be earned and become vested based on the Company’s total shareholder return (“TSR”), including both share price appreciation and reinvestment of Class A common stock dividends, compared to the Initial Share Price over a performance period commencing on July 20, 2021 and ending on the earliest of (i) July 20, 2024, (ii) the effective date of any Change of Control (as defined in the Advisor Plan) and (iii) the effective date of any termination of the Advisor’s services as the Company’s advisor.
The amortization of the fair value of the LTIP Units that were granted will be recorded evenly over the requisite service period which is approximately 38.5 months from May 4, 2021, the date that the Company’s independent board of directors approved the award of LTIP Units under the 2021 OPP, through July 20, 2024, the end of the performance period.
The Company recorded $1.9 million in additional equity-based compensation expense during the year ended December 31, 2021 which represented the pro rata share of the 2021 OPP’s service period from May 4, 2021(date of grant) to July 20, 2024 (end of the performance period). As of July 20, 2021, the Initial Share Price and the number of LTIP Units to be granted under the 2021 OPP became known and the fair value of the award as of July 20, 2021 was determined to be $40.8 million. As a result, the award of LTIP Units under the 2021 OPP was reclassified as an equity award on July 20, 2021, with any change in value and cumulative effect thereof, reflected income and equity statements on that date.
2018 OPP
On the Listing Date, the Company granted a performance-based equity award to the Advisor in the form of a Master LTIP Unit pursuant to the 2018 OPP. The Master LTIP Unit was automatically converted on August 30, 2018 (the “Effective Date”), the 30th trading day following the Listing Date, into 4,496,796 LTIP Units equal to the quotient of $72.0 million divided by $16.0114, the ten-day trailing average closing price of the Company’s Class A common stock on Nasdaq over the ten consecutive trading days immediately prior to the Effective Date. The Effective Date was the grant date for accounting purposes. In accordance with accounting rules, the total fair value of the LTIP Units of $32.0 million was calculated and fixed as of the grant date, and was recorded over the requisite service period of three years. In March 2019, the Company entered into an amendment to the 2018 OPP to reflect a change in the peer group resulting from the merger of one member of the peer group, Select Income REIT, with Government Properties Income Trust, with the entity surviving the merger renamed as Office Properties Income Trust. Under the accounting rules, the Company was required to calculate any excess of the new value of LTIP Units in accordance with the provisions of the amendment ($10.9 million) over the fair value immediately prior to the amendment ($8.1 million). This excess of approximately $2.8 million was expensed over the period from March 4, 2019, the date the Company’s compensation committee approved the amendment, through July 19, 2021.
The LTIP Units issued pursuant to the 2018 OPP could potentially have been earned by the Advisor based on the Company’s achievement of threshold, target and maximum performance goals based on the Company’s absolute and relative TSR over a three-year performance period that ended on July 19, 2021. Prior to the issuance of LTIP Units pursuant to the 2021 OPP, the compensation committee of the board of directors of the Company determined that none of the 4,496,796 of the LTIP Units subject to the 2018 OPP had been earned under either the absolute or relative thresholds. These LTIP Units were thus automatically forfeited effective as of July 19, 2021, without the payment of any consideration by the Company or the OP. On that date, the Company reclassified amounts reflected in non-controlling interest for these LTIP Units to additional paid in capital on its consolidated balance sheet and consolidated statement of equity.
Compensation Expense - 2021 OPP and 2018 OPP
During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded equity-based compensation expense related to the LTIP Units of $3.2 million and $3.0 million, respectively. These expenses are recorded in equity-based compensation in the unaudited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had $29.3 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to the LTIP Units awarded under the 2021 OPP which is expected to be recognized over a period of 2.3 years.
LTIP Units Distributions/Redemptions
The rights of the Advisor as the holder of the LTIP Units are governed by the terms of the LTIP Units set forth in the agreement of limited partnership of the OP. Holders of LTIP Units are entitled to distributions on the LTIP Units equal to 10% of the distributions made per Class A Unit (other than distributions of sale proceeds) until the LTIP Units are earned. Distributions paid on a Class A Unit are equal to dividends paid on a share of Class A common stock. Distributions paid on LTIP Units are not subject to forfeiture, even if the LTIP Units are ultimately forfeited. The Master LTIP Unit was entitled, on the Effective Date, to receive a distribution equal to the product of 10% of the distributions made per Class A Unit during the
37

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
period from the Listing Date to the Effective Date multiplied by the number of LTIP Units. The Advisor is entitled to a priority catch-up distribution on each earned LTIP Unit equal to 90% of the aggregate distributions paid on Class A Units during the applicable performance period. Any LTIP Units that are earned become entitled to receive the same distributions paid on Class A Units. If and when the Advisor’s capital account with respect to an earned LTIP Unit is equal to the capital account balance of a Class A Unit, the Advisor, as the holder of the earned LTIP Unit, in its sole discretion, is entitled to convert the LTIP Unit into a Class A Unit, which may in turn be redeemed on a one-for-one basis for, at the Company’s election, a share of Class A common stock or the cash equivalent thereof.
The Company paid distributions on LTIP Units of $0.2 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. These amounts are recorded in the Company’s consolidated statements of changes in equity.
Performance Measures
As indicated above, on July 19, 2021, at the end of the performance period, the compensation committee of the Company’s board of directors determined that none of the 4,496,796 LTIP Units under the 2018 OPP had been earned. These LTIP Units were thus automatically forfeited effective as of July 19, 2021, without the payment of any consideration by the Company or the OP.
With respect to one-half of the LTIP Units granted under the 2021 OPP, the number of LTIP Units that become earned (if any) will be determined as of the last day of the performance period based on the Company’s achievement of absolute TSR levels as shown in the table below.
Performance Level    Absolute TSR   Percentage of LTIP Units Earned Number of LTIP Units Earned
Below Threshold  Less than 18  % % 0
Threshold 18  % 25  % 1,066,110.625 
Target 24  % 50  % 2,132,221.250 
Maximum 36  % or higher 100  % 4,264,442.500 
If the Company’s absolute TSR is more than 18% but less than 24%, or more than 24% but less than 36%, the number of LTIP Units that become earned is determined using linear interpolation as between those tiers, respectively.
With respect to the remaining one-half of the LTIP Units granted under the 2021 OPP, the number of LTIP Units that become earned (if any) will be determined as of the last day of the performance period based on the difference (expressed in terms of basis points, whether positive or negative, as shown in the table below) between the Company’s absolute TSR on the last day of the performance period relative to the average TSR of a peer group(consisting of Broadstone Net Lease, Inc., Office Properties Income Trust, RPT Realty and Spirit Realty Capital, Inc. as of the last day of the performance period as follows:
Performance Level    Relative TSR Excess   Percentage of LTIP Units Earned Number of LTIP Units Earned
Below Threshold  Less than -600  Basis points % 0
Threshold -600  Basis points 25  % 1,066,110.625 
Target Basis points 50  % 2,132,221.250 
Maximum +600  Basis points 100  % 4,264,442.500 
If the relative TSR excess is more than -600 basis points but less than zero basis points, or more than zero basis points but less than +600 basis points, the number of LTIP Units that become earned is determined using linear interpolation as between those tiers, respectively.
Other Terms
In the case of a Change of Control or a termination of the Advisor without Cause (as defined in the Advisory Agreement), the number of LTIP Units that become earned will be calculated based on actual performance through the last trading day prior to the effective date of the Change of Control or termination (as applicable), with the hurdles for calculating absolute TSR prorated to reflect a performance period of less than three years but without prorating the number of LTIP Units that may become earned to reflect the shortened performance period.
38

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
In the case of a termination of the Advisor for Cause, the number of LTIP Units that become earned will be calculated based on actual performance through the last trading day prior to the effective date of the termination, with the hurdles for calculating absolute TSR and the number of LTIP Units that may become earned each prorated to reflect a performance period of less than three years.
Pursuant to the terms of the Advisor Plan, the LTIP Units will be administered by the Company’s board or a committee thereof, defined as the “Committee” in the Advisor Plan. Promptly following the performance period, the Committee will, except in certain circumstances, determine the number of LTIP Units earned (if any) based on calculations prepared by an independent consultant engaged by the Committee and as approved by the Committee in its reasonable and good faith discretion. The Committee also must approve the transfer of any LTIP Units or any Class A Units into which LTIP Units may be converted in accordance with the terms of the agreement of limited partnership of the OP. Any LTIP Units that are not earned will automatically be forfeited effective as of the end of the performance period and neither the Company nor the OP will be required to pay any future consideration in respect thereof.
Director Compensation
Under the current director compensation program, on a regular basis, each independent director receives an annual cash retainer of $60,000 and, in connection with each of the Company’s annual meetings of stockholders, a grant of $85,000 in restricted shares, vesting on the one-year anniversary of the annual meeting.
The lead independent director receives an additional annual cash retainer of $100,000, the chair of the audit committee of the Company’s board of directors receives an additional annual cash retainer of $30,000, each other member of the audit committee receives an additional annual cash retainer of $15,000, the chair of each of the compensation committee and the nominating and corporate governance committee of the Company’s board of directors receives an additional annual cash retainer of $15,000, and each other member of each of the compensation committee and the nominating and corporate governance committee will receive an additional annual cash retainer of $10,000.
Other Equity-Based Compensation
The Company may issue common stock in lieu of cash to pay fees earned by the Company’s directors at each director’s election. If the Company did so, there would be no restrictions on the shares issued since these payments in lieu of cash relate to fees earned for services performed. There were no shares of common stock issued to directors in lieu of cash compensation during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.
Note 14 — Net Income Per Share
The following table sets forth the basic and diluted net loss per share computations:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts) 2022 2021
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders $ 39,934  $ (9,411)
Adjustments to net income (loss) for common share equivalents (206) (216)
Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders $ 39,728  $ (9,627)
Weighted-average shares outstanding — Basic 128,640,845  108,436,571 
Weighted-average shares outstanding — Diluted 130,048,111  108,436,571 
Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders — Basic and Diluted $ 0.31  $ (0.09)
Under current authoritative guidance for determining earnings per share, all unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to distributions are considered to be participating securities and therefore are included in the computation of earnings per share under the two-class method. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share for each class of common shares and participating security according to dividends declared (or accumulated) and participation rights in undistributed earnings. The Company’s unvested restricted shares, Class A Units and unearned LTIP Units contain rights to receive distributions considered to be non-forfeitable, except in certain limited circumstances, and therefore the Company applies the two-class method of computing earnings per share. The calculation of
39

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
earnings per share above excludes the distributions to the unvested restricted shares, Class A Units and the unearned LTIP Units that were issued under the 2021 OPP from the numerator.
Diluted net income per share assumes the conversion of all Common Stock share equivalents into an equivalent number of shares of Common Stock, unless the effect is anti-dilutive. The Company considers unvested restricted shares, Class A Units and unvested LTIP Units to be common share equivalents. The following table shows common share equivalents on a weighted average basis that were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as their effect would have been antidilutive for the periods presented:
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Unvested restricted shares (1)
422,218  402,914 
Class A Units (2)
172,921  172,921 
2018 LTIP Units (3)
—  4,496,796 
2021 LTIP Units (3)
7,121,619  — 
Total
7,716,758  5,072,631 
_______
(1)Weighted-average number of shares of unvested restricted shares outstanding for the periods presented. There were 422,108 and 422,869 unvested restricted shares outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
(2)Weighted-average number of Class A Units outstanding for the periods presented. There were 172,921 Class A Units outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and 2021.
(3)Weighted-average number of 2018 and 2021 LTIP Units outstanding for the periods presented. There were 8,528,885 2021 LTIP Units outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and 4,496,796 2018 LTIP Units outstanding as of March 31, 2021. For more information see Note 13— Equity-Based Compensation. Under the relative TSR portion of the 2021 OPP award, 1,407,266 LTIP units would have been issued had March 31, 2022 been the end of the measurement period and these units were included in the calculation for diluted EPS purposes.
If dilutive, conditionally issuable shares relating to the 2021 OPP award and 2018 OPP award would be included, as applicable, in the computation of fully diluted EPS on a weighted-average basis for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 based on shares that would be issued if the applicable balance sheet date was the end of the measurement period.
No LTIP Unit share equivalents were included in the computation for the three months ended March 31, 2021 because (i) no LTIP Units would have been earned based on the trading price of Class A common stock including any cumulative dividends paid (since inception of the 2018 OPP) at March 31, 2021 or (ii) the Company recorded a net loss to common stockholders for the period, thus any shares conditionally issuable under the LTIPs would be anti-dilutive.
Note 15 - Segment Reporting
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, as a result of the CIM Portfolio Acquisition and the related strategic shift in the Company’s operations, the Company concluded it operates in two reportable segments consistent with its current management internal financial reporting purposes: single-tenant properties and multi-tenant properties. The Company will evaluate performance and makes resource allocations based on its two business segments.
Previously, before the CIM Portfolio Acquisition (for which the purchase and sale agreement was signed on December 17, 2021), the Company concluded it was operating in one segment. Upon concluding that a change in its reporting segments has occurred, the Company retroactively restated the historical segment reporting presentation for the three years ended December 31, 2021 as presented in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Below, the Company has restated the prior period to conform to its current segment reporting structure for comparative purposes. Hereafter, the Company will restate other prior quarterly periods for 2021 when they are subsequently reported in later filings for comparative purposes.
Net Operating Income
The Company evaluates the performance of the combined properties in each segment based on net operating income (“NOI”). NOI is defined as total revenues from tenants, less property operating and maintenance expense. NOI excludes all other items of expense and income included in the financial statements in calculating net income (loss). The Company uses NOI to assess and compare property level performance and to make decisions concerning the operation of the properties. The Company believes that NOI is useful as a performance measure because, when compared across periods, NOI reflects the
40

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
impact on operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating expenses and acquisition activity on an unleveraged basis, providing perspective not immediately apparent from net income (loss).
NOI excludes certain components from net income (loss) in order to provide results that are more closely related to a property’s results of operations. For example, interest expense is not necessarily linked to the operating performance of a real estate asset. In addition, depreciation and amortization, because of historical cost accounting and useful life estimates, may distort operating performance at the property level. NOI presented by the Company may not be comparable to NOI reported by other REITs that define NOI differently. The Company believes that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of the Company’s operating results, NOI should be compared with net income (loss) prepared in accordance with GAAP and as presented in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as an indication of the Company’s performance or to cash flows as a measure of the Company’s liquidity or ability to pay distributions.
The following tables reconcile the segment activity to consolidated net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
(In thousands) Single-Tenant Properties Multi-Tenant Properties Consolidated
Revenue from tenants $ 53,282  $ 41,661  $ 94,943 
Property operating expense 3,924  15,215  19,139 
NOI $ 49,358  $ 26,446  75,804 
Asset management fees to related party (7,826)
Impairment of real estate investments (5,942)
Acquisition, transaction and other costs (279)
Equity-based compensation (3,498)
General and administrative (6,833)
Depreciation and amortization (37,688)
Gain on sale/exchange of real estate investments 53,569 
Interest expense (23,740)
Other income 18 
Gain on non-designated derivatives 2,250 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests (64)
Allocation for preferred stock (5,837)
Net income attributable to common stockholders $ 39,934 

41

THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(In thousands) Single-Tenant Properties Multi-Tenant Properties Consolidated
Revenue from tenants $ 50,656  $ 28,531  $ 79,187 
Property operating expense 2,593  10,846  13,439 
NOI $ 48,063  $ 17,685  65,748 
Asset management fees to related party (7,321)
Acquisition, transaction and other costs (42)
Equity-based compensation (4,347)
General and administrative (6,449)
Depreciation and amortization