TIDMGCM

RNS Number : 4081W

GCM Resources PLC

22 December 2021

   2 2   Dec ember 20 2 1 

GCM Resources plc

("GCM" or the "Company")

(AIM:GCM)

Final Results for the year ended 30 June 20 2 1

Notice of Annual General Meeting

GCM Resources plc announces the publication of its final audited results for the year ended 30 June 20 2 1 (the "Annual Report and Accounts") and that the Company's 20 21 Annual General Meeting will be held at 10.00 a.m. on

Thurs day 20 January 20 22 , at   QEII Centre, Broad Sanctuary, Westminster, London, SW1P 3EE . 

The Annual Report and Accounts and the Notice of Annual General Meeting will be posted to shareholders today. Copies are available on request from the Company and will be available on the Company's website ( www.gcmplc.com ). The Annual Report & Financial Statements are also available on the 'Financial Reports' page of the Company's website.

For further information:

 
 GCM Resources plc                 WH Ireland Ltd 
  Keith Fulton                      James Joyce 
  Finance Director                  Andrew De Andrade 
  +44 (0) 20 7290 1630              +44 (0) 20 7220 1666 
 GCM Resources plc 
 Tel: +44 (0) 20 7290 1630 
 info@gcmplc.com; www.gcmplc.com 
 

Executive Chairman's Statement

The Board presents the Company's Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended 30 June 2021, in a year where progress has not met our expectations, primarily due to the effects of the Coronavirus Pandemic. Consider that towards the end of 2020, it appeared the world was emerging from the pandemic, with countries slowly opening up their borders and re-emerging from national lockdowns. However, this momentum was arrested by the rapid emergence of the "Delta Variant", which completely stifled business activity for the majority of 2021. For instance, in Bangladesh rolling lockdowns from March to August 2021 severely restricted movement and kept government and private business offices mostly closed. It has been an extremely frustrating period for GCM and on behalf of the Board, I once more extend our appreciation for the continued support of our shareholders.

We have remained focussed on delivering returns on shareholder investment through packaging the Project in its best possible form with the key step still being approval from the Bangladesh Government. It is worth reflecting, however, on what actually constitutes the Project. Firstly, and most importantly, the Project's core asset is the proposed Phulbari open-pit coal mine development, which would deliver over 15 Mtpa high quality thermal coal for at least 30 years. Based on the latest, highly energy-efficient Ultra-Supercritical power plant technology, the Phulbari coal mine's full production would support 6,600MW. Secondly, to ensure the mine's economic sustainability, we have put in place arrangements with development partner Power Construction Corporation of China, Ltd. ("PowerChina") to establish a minimum power plant output totalling 4,000MW. This would ensure a reliable market for the bulk of the Phulbari coal and provide time to determine the best market for the remaining production.

During this last Financial Year, we secured a strategic coal mine development partner with the signing of a Framework Agreement on 12 October 2020 with China Nonferrous Metal Industry's Foreign Engineering and Construction Co., Ltd. ("NFC"). On 6 December 2020, PowerChina agreed to an extension of the original memorandum of understanding ("MoU") established with NFC and PowerChina relating to coal mine development, to allow formal continuing discussions in regards to PowerChina taking a higher level of participation in the Project. This MoU was extended for six months on 6 June 2021 and again extended on 22 November 2021 to run through to 6 December 2022. Also, on 19 January 2021 the Joint Venture Agreements with PowerChina for the initial 4,000MW (two 2,000MW Stages) were extended to 15 March 2022.

Other steps taken in Financial Year 2021 include:

-- On 8 January 2021, we undertook a Board reorganisation with the aim of increasing the level of Non-Executive Director participation. This saw myself (Mohd. Najib Bin Abdul Aziz) being appointed Non-Executive Chairman and expansion of the Board to now include two Non-Executive Directors. Datuk Michael Tang PJN continues as Executive Director and Chief Executive Officer. Also, to enhance the Board's working knowledge of the Project and Bangladesh, on 22 January 2021 Gary Lye was appointed Executive Director while continuing in roles as GCM's Chief Operating Officer and Chief Executive Officer of our subsidiary, Asia Energy Corporation (Bangladesh) Pty Ltd.

-- On 26 March 2021, the Company successfully placed 13,446,661 new ordinary shares of 1 pence each with institutional and professional investors at a price of 7.5 pence per share (the "Issue Price") via an accelerated bookbuild (the "Placing"). The Placing raised gross proceeds of GBP1.01 million and the Issue Price was a discount of approximately 19 per cent to the mid-market closing price on 25 March 2021.

Outside the Reporting Period there were a number of other developments:

-- On 31 August 2021, an MoU was signed with Sion Corporation of Japan ("SION"), Versatech Energy Innovation Limited and AC Biode Co. Ltd for providing a suitable and effective environmental solution for the management of the fly-ash waste product that will be produced by the Project. This will include investigations into the production of SION's composite material CircuLite from fly-ash and the application of CircuLite to various environmental and agricultural improvements within Bangladesh.

-- On 22 September 2021, the Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a pre-recorded address to the United Nations General Assembly where he stated as the world emerged from this pandemic, efforts to revitalise economies would also include the pursuit of "greener", more balanced development and a need for inclusive growth. In this regard he stated China would step up efforts to assist Developing Countries access "green" and "low carbon" energy, and that China would not build new coal-fired power projects abroad.

It is noted that no further details were provided, there has been no immediate change in China's policy and the impact on China's future financing of coal-fired power projects would not really be understood until a policy is framed and it is seen how that policy is implemented.

It is also noted that since that UN Meeting the world entered a deepening energy crisis, reminiscent of the 1970's energy shortage. Although there's been some drop from "sky-high" fuel prices, supply/demand issues are expected to keep prices high. Lessons from this are clear: the Renewable Energy Pathway is not straightforward, even in Developed Countries; Renewable Energy systems at this juncture are not reliable for Base Load Power; Countries having their own energy resources are scrambling to lift production of existing fossil fuel operations and

are looking to develop greenfield opportunities; and a Strategic Mix of "own fuels" and "imported fuels" provides the best energy security as countries move towards integrating Renewable Energy systems.

-- The COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference took place from 31 October to 12 November 2021. Although the Conference announced a Global Coal to Clean Power Transition initative whereby countries were invited to make their commitments on how to phase out coal-based energy in the form of political non-binding statements, the response varied, with key countries such as China, Australia, India, Japan and the USA not signing up. It was reported Bangladesh also did not participate in this initiative.

   Being the   Chair of the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) that represents the interests of the 48 climate-vulnerable Least Developed and Developing Countries, Bangladesh's major statements at the COP 26 were directed at how these countries would deal with loss and damage caused by the effects of climate change. A principal focus was to obtain commitment from the Developed Countries to fulfil their commitments of providing US$100 billion annually to be directed at adaptation and mitigation measures. 

With 11,775MW coal-fired power plants commissioned or in the pipeline, the Bangladesh Government demonstrates coal-fired power will remain significant in its own strategic energy mix for several decades as it moves to integrate Renewable Energy. Whilst the option remains to install power plants at the Phulbari coal mine site, there is also the potential to supply coal to the country's already commissioned and under construction coal-fired plants. We have amended our Proposal to Government accordingly and in this scenario, Greenhouse Gas emissions (CO (2) ) from large-scale shipping of that quantity of coal to Bangladesh would be eliminated (replaced by rail / barging over far less distance). This, coupled with Phulbari coal's higher energy enabling "more power for less coal", will directly reduce Bangladesh's Greenhouse Gas Emissions (CO (2) ) by over 30% compared to imported coal.

It is recognised that social and economic development is also necessary for the Least Developed and Developing Countries to be better prepared and more capable to combat the effects of Climate Change. An important component is access to expansive low-cost energy and power. In addition to the aforementioned Greenhouse Gas Emissions (CO (2) ) reduction, utilising Phulbari's coal will not only potentially save the Bangladesh Government many Billions of Dollars on its fuel and power generation costs but also would enable power to be delivered at a lower tariff, thus helping to drive economic development.

On 19 October 2021, the Company announced it was pursuing extension of the Framework Agreement with NFC for mine development (which expired on 12 October 2021) and we remain confident of agreeing such an extension, however, noting there are additional procedures required to complete the extension as a result of recent and as yet unclarified guidance from the Chinese Government in regards to such agreements.

Our team in Bangladesh has been pursuing how the Phulbari coal mine could become a "Net Zero Carbon" or "Green Mine" operation through:

   --      Utilising electrically powered mining equipment; 

-- Developing a large-scale Solar Power Park (Carbon-Offsetting) within the Project area which would supply to the grid and also power the Phulbari mining operation; and

-- Additional Carbon Offsetting through progressive development of an extensive forest plantation as part of the land rehabilitation plant.

This is an exciting development both for GCM and the Project as the Carbon Offsetting amounts to almost five times the calculated mine Greenhouse Gas Emission (CO (2) ) and clearly establishes the Phulbari coal mine can be a Net Zero Carbon "Green Mine" operation. This opens up new opportunities and we have begun discussions with our NFC and PowerChina development partners.

Unfortunately, Financial Year 2021, like 2020 will also be remembered for the Coronavirus Pandemic and its negative effect on business. GCM has maintained its business, ensured the safety of its staff (all of our Bangladesh staff eligible for vaccinations were vaccinated in March this year) and also managed to position the Project for presentation to the Bangladesh Government in a form that is well suited to the times. We believe the Project is potentially Bangladesh's "Energy Security Pathway for its Renewable Energy Transition".

Finally, I would like to once again thank the shareholders and all our stakeholders, for your continued commitment and support for GCM and its prospects. I also extend my appreciation to the Board and staff for their hard work, and I extend mine and the Board's thanks to James Hobson whom was a valuable addition to the Board during 2021, but unfortunately on 30 November 2021 resigned from the Board to concentrate on his new personal venture.

Mohd. Najib Abdul Aziz

Non-Executive Chairman

21 December 2021

Group Strategic Report

Strategy and business model

GCM Resources plc ("GCM") remains committed to a strategy of developing the Phulbari coal deposit as a captive, large-scale, open pit mining operation supporting over 6,000MW of highly energy-efficient Ultra-Supercritical power generation (the "Project"). In fact, based on a power plant feasibility study undertaken in conjunction with our development partner, PowerChina, the Phulbari coal mine annual production would support some 6,600MW.

GCM's strategy and business model is based on forming partnerships with various internationally renowned companies, specifically Chinese State-owned enterprises, to assist with obtaining the necessary government approvals, the requisite financing and developing the coal mine and power plants. The business model incorporates consultants to provide crucial guidance and lobbying support both in Bangladesh and Internationally.

A fundamental pillar of our business model has always been the establishment of a reliable domestic market for the Phulbari coal mine's full production, i.e., to ensure it is economically sustainable and be able to secure project finance. The market solution we have been promoting with our development partner has been to set up new power plants (in stages) matching the mine's ramp-up to 15Mtpa nameplate production. This resulted in Joint Venture Agreements covering 4,000MW, leaving flexibility in marketing the remaining coal mine production.

While this business model essentially remains valid, it has been modified, taking into account an element of uncertainty regarding financing of new coal-fired power projects. This uncertainty became evident from the Chinese President's recent address to the United Nations General Assembly which cast doubt over China financing new coal-fired power projects abroad. Although there has been no further clarification or policy statement, the business model has been expanded to include a large part or all of the Phulbari coal production being marketed to the Bangladesh Government coal-fired power plants. This market is growing and, according to recent reports, will reach in excess of 10,000MW power generating capacity, i.e., some 40% more than the Phulbari's production can support. It also is a 'Win - Win" as the Project would have a secure market and the Bangladesh Government would secure a high quality coal supply with reduced supply and cost risks, save billions of dollars on excessive coal tonnage imports and power generating costs and at the same time be able to supply power at lower tariffs.

GCM believes its strategy and business model will deliver the project approval. The Project in turn will deliver the Bangladesh Government the lowest coal-based energy price and cheapest electricity which will underpin expansion and competitiveness of its industries, produce new higher paying jobs and grow its economy. This will greatly support the Government in realising its Vision 2041 being to:

   --      End absolute poverty and to be graduated into higher middle-income status by 2031; and 
   --      Eradicate poverty on way to becoming a developed nation by 2041 

Progress in-line with the strategy

The Company delivered a "Feasibility Study and Scheme of Development" for the coal mine component of the Project in October 2005. This mine development proposal remains robust, having been fully evaluated through the Definitive Feasibility Study ("DFS"). The DFS combines over two hundred individual studies by a team of international and national experts, with a view to delivering a world-class mining project plan, based on proven international best mining practices.

With the assistance of Hong Kong based Dyani Corporation Limited ("Dyani"), the Company developed close working relationships with the Chinese state-owned-enterprises China Gezhouba Group International Engineering Co Limited ("CGGC"), Power Construction Corporation of China Ltd ("PowerChina") and China Nonferrous Metal Industry's Foreign Engineering and Construction Co., Ltd. ("NFC"). Currently the following agreements are in place to support GCM's strategy for delivering the Project:

   --      Joint Venture Agreements with PowerChina for 4,000MW of mine-mouth power plants. 

-- Framework Agreement with NFC for developing the open pit coal mining operation based on the Phulbari coal basin's world class 572 million tonnes (JORC 2004 compliant) high quality thermal and semi-soft coking coal resource. Noting that this Agreement expired in October 2021 and discussions are actively underway to extend the arrangement.

Power Proposal documents required by the Government for approval of the initial 4,000MW power plants have been prepared and the overall Project Proposal has been expanded to include:

   --      Significant benefits of supplying coal directly to the Government's own power plants; 

-- Large-scale Solar Power Park (up to 2,330MW) on the Project area within the first couple of years;

-- "Green Mine" with Carbon Offsetting (including forest) resulting in Net Carbon Zero mining operation; and

-- Very significant reduction in Green House Gas Emissions (CO (2) ) of over 30% using Phulbari coal vs. Imported Coal

As GCM does not yet generate any revenue, the Board expects that the Group's operations will continue to be funded by a combination of equity and debt financing.

Continuing for the foreseeable future, the Company's cash expenditure is not expected to increase and, as far as possible, obligations to key stakeholders will be primarily satisfied by the issue of new ordinary shares in the capital of the Company ("Ordinary Shares"), to both incentivise those stakeholders and preserve cash.

Year in review

GCM began the reporting year in lock-downs with international borders largely closed due to the Coronavirus pandemic (exacerbated by the virulent "Delta Variant"). Government offices were closed with face-to-face meetings not possible. To put it in perspective, in Bangladesh movement of people and opening of government and private business offices did not happen until mid-August 2021 (outside the reporting period) and a "business as usual" situation is still evolving.

Despite the pandemic, GCM managed to remain in close contact with its development partners. On 12 October 2020, arrangements with mine development partner NFC progressed to signing a Framework Agreement. It was agreed to jointly develop the Project's proposed coal mine and that a Joint Venture would be established with NFC acquiring a 5% interest from GCM, based on a valuation. NFC agreed to arrange financing and in return would be appointed EPC contractor for mine development. Discussions are currently underway with NFC and other Chinese Government officials to extend this Agreement.

On 6 December 2020, PowerChina agreed to an extension of the original memorandum of understanding ("MoU") established with NFC and PowerChina relating to coal mine development, to allow continuing discussions aimed at PowerChina taking a higher level of participation in the Project. This MoU was further extended on 6 June 2021, and 23 November 2021 and now runs through to 6 December 2022. Also, on 19 January 2021 the Joint Venture Agreements with PowerChina for the initial 4,000MW (two Stages) power plants were extended to 15 March 2022.

Outside the reporting period, on 31 August 2021, GCM signed an MoU with a consortium of Sion Corporation of Japan ("SION"), Versatech Energy Innovation Limited and AC Biode Co. Ltd for providing management of the Project's power plant fly-ash waste product. SION has developed a multifunctional material, CircuLite, which can be manufactured from fly-ash and would have wide application in Bangladesh for environmental pollution control and in agricultural for soil conditioning.

GCM's team in Bangladesh has strengthened the Project Proposal by bolstering the case for Phulbari coal being supplied to the Government's own coal-fired power plants (expected to exceed 10,000MW). There is a compelling case with huge monetary savings for the Government in terms of coal purchases and power generation. The Proposal also now includes a large Solar Power Park within the Project area, which could be operational within the first two years of Project approval and would supply power to the mine as well as the National Grid. The Project's Agricultural Improvement and Land Rehabilitation Plans also create significant additional Carbon Offsetting. The net result is the Project could have a Carbon Zero "Green Mine" and the Government could reduce its Greenhouse Gas Emissions (CO (2) ) by over 30% by using Phulbari's coal instead of Imported.

The Company remains committed to ensuring the local community and local authorities remain fully informed on the Project. Our social licence ultimately is built upon a successful relationship with the local community. Our field teams continued to work with the local community, maintaining social distancing, wearing masks and complying with other necessary health safety guidelines to exchange information regarding the Project. We are pleased to report the positive trend in the level of local community support continues. The Project's Resettlement Action Plan remains valid with our field teams having completed an update of village populations and households in the Project area throughout 2019 and recently completed a land price study.

The Board is pleased to have delivered against its strategy of forming development partnerships covering coal mine and power plants and to have now expanded the Project Proposal to showcase coal being supplied to the Government's own coal-fired power plants and to include the huge reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions (CO (2) ) and exciting prospect of a large-scale Solar Power Park. These features have been discussed with Government officials in preparation for presenting the Proposal for the Bangladesh Government's approval.

The Company appointed WH Ireland Limited as it Nominated Advisor and Broker on 11 January 2021.

Finance review

The Group recorded a loss of GBP1,874,000 during the year ended 30 June 2021 compared to a loss of GBP1,515,000 during the previous year. The loss increased from the comparative year principally due to an increase in non-cash, share-based payments accrued in accordance with the Group's agreements with Dyani in relation to pre-development expenditure. The increase was from GBP420,000 in 2020 to GBP809,000 this year, as a result of a milestone payment to the consultant being reached in 2021, but their continuing partnership allows the Group to continue its progress in-line with GCM's strategy of developing power generation as a new business stream, with no slow-down in pursuing continuing project progress.

The Group recorded a net increase in cash at the end of the year to GBP717,000 (2020: GBP69,000). Net cash used in operations for the year was GBP326,000 (2020: GBP572,000), cash used in investing activities was GBP557,000 (2020: GBP366,000), and cash inflow from financing was GBP1,531,000 (2020: GBP622,000).

The Group has continued its aim to maintain tight control of expenditure incurred during the year: Administrative expenses were down by 21.7% to GBP717,000 for the year ended 30 June 2021 (2020: GBP916,000) as a result of a one-off consulting expense in the prior year, however, finance costs increased by 201.6% to GBP383,000 (2020: GBP127,000). Capitalised expenditure in relation to the mine proposal was GBP552,000 for the year ended 30 June 2021 compared to GBP377,000 in the previous year. Overall costs excluding pre-development expenditure decreased by 29.5% to GBP682,000 from GBP968,000 in the prior year, as noted above.

To finance its operations during the year, GCM drew down GBP600,000 from the short-term loan facility with Polo Resources Limited ("Polo") (the "Polo Loan Facility"). The Polo Loan has not been increased during the year and remains at a facility of GBP3,500,000. The terms of the loan facility were amended in March 2021, with two of the salient amendments being an increase in the interest rate to 15%, but also Polo has agreed that it will not serve a repayment request on the company for 5 years from the date of the agreement, replacing the previous provision that it was payable on demand with 90 days' notice. (See Note 12 for detailed terms). In addition to the funding from Polo, GCM also completed a successful Placing in conjunction with WH Ireland Ltd, raising Gross proceeds of GBP1,009,000 in April 2021.

As at the date of this report, the Company had drawn down GBP3,200,000 of the Polo Loan Facility and the Company currently has approximately GBP167,000 in available cash resources, which along with the remaining GBP300,000 of the Loan Facility the Director's believe will only be sufficient to fund the Company's cash requirements for the next four months, assuming the Company's currently forecast cash costs. The Company is exploring other financing options, and is confident of securing additional funding by the end of January 2022 (the "Additional Funding").

Corporate Social Responsibility

GCM's vision, goal and planned actions are in line with the basic values of integrity and fairness for all stakeholders. GCM's social licence to operate requires an on-going acceptance of the Project with its proposed mining operation and the Company (and subsidiary Asia Energy) by community stakeholders and the general public. For any large mining project to be successful it is crucial to develop and maintain a partnership with all concerned stakeholders, particularly at the local level.

Physical activity in the Project area during 2020-21 was restricted due to the Coronavirus pandemic and the Bangladesh Government's Coronavirus management plans which resulted in lockdowns with restricted movement. However, GCM's field teams still managed to work with the local community, maintaining social distancing, wearing masks and complying with other necessary health safety guidelines to exchange information regarding the Project. The network of over 60 local grass-roots community liaison assistants, selected from across the Project area, were invaluable in maintaining two-way communication with the local community. The trend in local community support continues to rise.

Field teams have also completed an update of the Resettlement Action Plan's population database and number of potentially 'project affected people' and also completed a land price survey.

The Project will improve the economic and social well-being of people in the Project area. Community feedback delivers consistent messages that the majority want development of their area (rated as one of the poorest in Bangladesh) and stress the importance of job opportunities and other benefits. Some 17,000 jobs are expected to be directly and indirectly created as a consequence of developing the mine and associated infrastructure. However, many thousands of additional jobs would be created by having an expansive reliable power supply enabling new industrial development. One such industrial opportunity would come through industrial mineral co-products that can be extracted from the mine overburden material removed to access the coal. These co-products (in very large quantities) include clay for bricks and pottery, China Clay for ceramics, silica sand for glass manufacturing and a range of sand, gravels and rock aggregates for the construction industry. Conservative estimates of the value of these co-products amounts to some US$17 Billion over the life of the Project.

GCM is conscious of the fact that the Project would be developed within an area that is over 80% open farm land. The Project's Agricultural Improvement Plan aims to off-set the impact of mining on agriculture by providing year-round irrigation water to the adjacent farms and providing farmers with improved inputs, training and marketing assistance all aimed at increasing agricultural output in the region.

The Project will require resettlement of approximately 40,000 people, with 12,000 people moving to a new town extension and the remainder moving to new village sites or electing to use the opportunity to move to other areas in Bangladesh. This resettlement is to occur in six phases over a period of approximately 10-12 years from commencement of development and is intended to be carried out under international scrutiny.

The Resettlement Action Plan details the compensation packages which include range of measures such as long-term livelihood restoration support, replacement homes, retraining, employment and various financial assistance allowances. Apart from new housing there will be religious centres, schools, health centres, electricity, reticulated water supply and improved sanitation. The Company also intends to provide skills training and offer preferential employment opportunities to the Project affected people and will establish community reference groups so the local community can have input to planning and implementation.

GCM further reiterates its commitment to developing the Project in accordance with the highest international and national environmental and social standards. The Company remains to be a signatory of the UN Global Compact, the world's largest voluntary corporate responsibility initiative, and is committed to complying with the social and environmental policies and standards of the International Finance Corporation (World Bank), the Equator Principles, the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Safeguard Policies as well as the current policies and laws of Bangladesh.

Risks and uncertainties

The predominant risks and uncertainties faced by the Company are set out below:

Political and economic - risk that the Company's new approach, being to establish the Phulbari open pit coal mine as being captive to and packaged to supply either: (a) up to 6,000 MW of state-of-the-art highly energy efficient Ultra-Supercritical power plants, or (b) to supply all or in part of the Phulbari captive open pit coal mine production to the Government's own power plants (the "Project"), is not approved by the Government of Bangladesh. However, the Project has also been expanded and enhanced with the addition of a large-scale Solar Power Park (supplying the mine and National Grid) and a range of Carbon Offsetting measures that would enable the coal mine to be Carbon Net Zero (a "Green Mine"). The use of Phulbari coal instead of imported coal would also reduce Bangladesh's Greenhouse Gas Emissions (CO (2) ) by over 30%, save the Government Billions of Dollars in energy and power generation cost and allow a reduced power tariff supplying cheaper power allowing industries to both expand and become more competitive. The Board has also embarked on a strategy which involves bringing in strategic development partners as it believes this will be an attractive proposition for the Government and does provide the best opportunity for realising the huge benefits the Project is capable of delivering. The Company's Bangladesh team is also in contact with Government officials to prepare for delivery of the expanded Proposal. The Company has also endeavoured to reduce this risk by employing the services of credible consultants / lobbyists, however, it recognises that the timing of approval remains in the hands of the Government. The Company retains its right to seek legal redress in accordance with the terms of the Contract with the Government in the event approval is not ultimately forthcoming. Refer to Note 1 of the consolidated financial statements for further information.

Strategic - risk that the strategic partnership with the Chinese state-owned-enterprises PowerChina and NFC do not proceed and thus undermining the Company's strategy of presenting the Project as a captive coal mine with 6,000MW power generation that would take sufficient thermal coal production to ensure the mine's economic sustainability. As explained in the "Political and economic risk" section, the Company has already expanded the Proposal to promote all or part of the Phulbari captive open pit coal mine production being sold to the Government's own power plants, thus reducing or eliminating the dependency on having mine-mouth power plants as the sole market for the Phulbari coal. The current and prolonged world energy crisis with escalated coal and LNG prices also makes the proposition of the Government using Phulbari coal for its power plants much more attractive. The Company has also taken steps to further reduce this risk through recent signed agreements and is continuing dialogue with the development partners aimed at further strengthening these strategic partnerships; and has in place incentive-based schemes with Dyani to enhance the relationships with the Chinese government organisations and with the Bangladeshi controlled entity, DGI, to assist with taking the Project through the government approval process to implementation. The Company's Bangladesh team is also in contact with Government officials to prepare for delivery of the expanded Proposal.

Financing - risk that the Company will not be able to raise necessary funds as and when required to take the Project through the government approval process to implementation stage. The Directors are confident that the necessary funds will be obtained as and when required. For further details refer to the Directors' Report.

Commercial - risk that the Project's economic viability is undermined by sustained adverse movement of coal price and key cost elements. The current and prolonged world energy crisis with escalated coal and LNG prices makes the proposition of the Government using Phulbari coal for its power plants much more attractive. Analysts predict the supply/demand forces will support continuing high coal prices in the medium term, thus using Phulbari coal will give the Government some protection against supply and cost escalation risk, making the Project more attractive. To further reduce economic viability risk there will be a rise and cost provision for the coal mine with the coal supply agreements for the power plants. Bangladesh has several new power projects under construction and others in the pipeline with the full capacity set out in a recent Government report to be in excess of 10,000MW, i.e., some 40% more than can be supported by the Phulbari coal mine's full production.

Legal - risk that the mining lease and exploration licences are revoked. The Group continues to comply with all terms of the Contract with the Government for "Exploration and Mining of Coal in Northern Bangladesh" and is careful to ensure that all ongoing conditions of the Contract and the associated mining lease and exploration licences are met. GCM has received legal opinion that the Contract is enforceable under Bangladesh and International law.

Health and safety, social and environmental risks - The Group remains committed to developing the Project and meeting the highest international social and environmental standards as detailed in the Corporate Social Responsibility section within this Strategic Report.

Climate Change risk - Increased awareness and action against climate change will put pressure on governments and financing organisations to reduce exposure to fossil fuel related power generation. This could affect future Bangladeshi Government policy towards coal fired generation and limit funding appetite for the Project. Bangladesh is scheduled to officially become a developing country in 2026 as the UN committee recommended that the country should get five years, instead of three, to prepare for the transition due to the impact of Covid-19 on its economy. Until 2026, the country will continue to enjoy the trade benefits as an LDC. The Bangladesh Government has also recently adopted its Vision 2041 which aims to end absolute poverty and to be graduated into higher middle-income status by 2031 and eradicate poverty on way to becoming a developed nation by 2041.

Bangladesh has minimal emissions and is far behind the developed countries in terms of GDP and power generation per capita. Considering the year 2019 (immediately prior to the COVID pandemic and the worldwide economic slowdown) published figures indicate its contribution to the world's CO (2) production was some 0.25 percent, i.e. Bangladesh is not a significant emitter.

Vision 2041 identifies two fundamental energy and power sector pillars necessary to support the Vision: (i) Adopting a least-cost power generation expansion path; and (ii) Promoting supply of low-cost primary energy. To achieve this, it needs to steadily grow its power generation capacity (efficient low cost power) to drive industrial development and create sustainable new well-paying jobs. To this end, even if the Phulbari full coal production was consumed in over 6,000MW of power being generated in the year 2019, Bangladesh's contribution to the world's CO (2) production would still have been minimal at less than 0.35%.

The Bangladesh Government recognises the importance of commercial fuel diversity for its power generation, however, at present it is heavily reliant on imported fuels, which exposes the country to inherent world-market risks in terms of maintaining supply and controlling cost.

The Phulbari Project remains focused entirely on serving Bangladesh's domestic requirements, adhering to its policies and laws and supporting its development goals. The Project will assist Bangladesh achieve its NDC targets as it balances issues to achieve its Development goals. By using Phulbari's high quality coal high energy efficient low emission Ultra-Supercritical power plants the country will not only eliminate greenhouse emissions associated with coal shipping and handling, but importantly it will realise a large amount of clean coal technology produced power at tariffs that will make its industries more competitive. This will help drive Bangladesh economic development and ability to deal with the effects of climate change.

Board engagement with stakeholders

This section serves as our section 172 statement and should be read in conjunction with the rest of the Strategic Report and the Company's Corporate Governance Statement.

Section 172 of the Companies Act 2006 requires a Director of a company to act in the way he or she considers, in good faith, and would be most likely to promote the success of the company for the benefit of its members as a whole. In doing this, section 172 requires a Director to have regard, among other matters, to: the likely consequences of any decision in the long term; the interests of the company's employees; the need to foster the company's business relationships with suppliers, governments, local communities, and others; the impact of the company's operations on the community and the environment; the desirability of the company maintaining a reputation for high standards of business conduct; and the need to act fairly with members of the company.

The Directors uses its Board meetings as a mechanism for giving careful consideration to the factors set out above in discharging their duties under section 172.

Stakeholder engagement

Key stakeholder groups we engage with are listed below, together with an explanation of why we focus on them and how we engage them.

Employees

The success of the Group is dependent upon the hard work and dedication of all our employees. The Board ensures a continuing investment in existing employees who are supported through professional, technical and on-the-job training relevant to their functional areas, as well as other relevant role-specific training. The Board directs executives and senior managers to keep staff informed of the progress and development of the Company on a regular basis through formal and informal meetings and regular communications. In addition, the Board ensures funds are provided for regular events to encourage employee participation in local community initiatives.

Government Agencies & Local Communities

The Group operates in the regulated mining sector in Bangladesh. The Board ensures the Company adopts a positive focus on maintaining productive relations with local communities and all levels of government. As a result, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Operating Officer regularly conduct consultations with multi-levels of government agencies to ensure that all regulatory approvals and permits remain in good order. Development of local community improvement programmes are undertaken with consultation of local government and community representatives in order to maintain positive and productive relationships necessary to advance the Phulbari project.

As a mining exploration Group, the Board takes seriously its ethical responsibilities to the communities and environment in which it works. Wherever possible, local communities are engaged in the geological operations & support functions required for field operations. The regions in which the Group operates have native title laws. The Company is respectful of native title rights and engages proactively with local communities. In addition, we are careful to manage the environmental obligations of our work, and in particular undertake site rehabilitation programmes, and prepare mine management plans, in accordance with local laws and regulations. Our goal is to meet or exceed standards, in order to ensure we maintain our social licence to operate from the communities with which we interact.

Contractors & Suppliers

Our proposed Joint Venture associates, consultants and suppliers are key business partners, and the quality of goods and services we receive are essential to supporting operations and to enhance the project process with our goal to successfully submit our project proposal to the Bangladesh Government for approval.

During the year, the Board committed significant resources into fostering improved relationships with our key partners. As directed by the Board, management collaborates and continually works with our partners and the full supply chain, sharing best practice and seeking out synergies to improve .

Lender

For the entire reporting period the Chairman, CEO and FD, on behalf of the Board have been in regular contact with its lender. An extension to the loan agreement was agreed during the year, which enabled the Group to continue on a stable financial platform.

Investors

Investors are considered key stakeholders, and consequently investor relations are a focus area for Directors. Where possible the Board engages investors on Group performance following project updates and results announcements with face to face meetings or scheduled calls. Over the past year however these consultations have been severely impacted by the legal & country specific restrictions placed upon Directors given the world economic climate under the Covid-19 pandemic.

On behalf of the Board,

Datuk Michael Tang PJN

Chief Executive Officer

21 December 2021

Consolidated Financial Statements

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

For year ended 30 June

 
                                   Notes     2021      2020 
                                           GBP000    GBP000 
 
Operating expenses 
Pre-development expenditure         16      (809)     (420) 
Exploration and evaluation costs               35      (52) 
Administrative expenses                     (717)     (916) 
 
Operating loss                       3    (1,491)   (1,388) 
 
 
Finance costs                               (383)     (127) 
 
Loss before tax                           (1,874)   (1,515) 
 
 
Taxation                             6          -         - 
 
Loss for the year                         (1,874)   (1,515) 
 
Other comprehensive income                      -         - 
 
Total comprehensive expense for 
 the year                                 (1,874)   (1,515) 
                                          -------  -------- 
 
 
 
Loss per share 
Basic (pence per share)              7     (1.5p)   (1.45p) 
Diluted (pence per share)            7     (1.5p)   (1.45p) 
 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

For year ended 30 June

 
                          Share  Share premium   Share based  Accumulated    Total 
                        capital        account      payments       losses 
                                                 not settled 
                         GBP000         GBP000        GBP000       GBP000   GBP000 
 
Balance at 1 July 
 2019                     9,864         50,497         5,835     (27,564)   38,632 
 
Total comprehensive 
 loss                         -              -             -      (1,515)  (1,515) 
Share issuances 
 (net of costs) 
 (1)                      1,392          3,037       (4,348)            -       81 
Shares to be issued           -              -           420            -      420 
Share based payments          -              -         (201)            -    (201) 
 
Balance at 30 
 June 2020               11,256         53,534         1,706     (29,079)   37,417 
 
Total comprehensive 
 loss                         -              -             -      (1,874)  (1,874) 
Share issuances             792          2,155       (1,938)            -    1,009 
Share issuance 
 costs                        -           (78)             -            -     (78) 
Shares to be issued           -              -           809            -      809 
Share based payments          -              -             6            -        6 
 
Balance at 30 
 June 2021               12,048         55,611           583     (30,953)   37,289 
                       --------  -------------  ------------  -----------  ------- 
 

Consolidated Balance Sheet Company number 04913119

As at 30 June

 
                                Notes      2021       2020 
                                         GBP000     GBP000 
 
Current assets 
Cash and cash equivalents                   717         69 
Other receivables                 8          13         16 
 
Total current assets                        730         85 
 
Non-current assets 
Property, plant and equipment                 8         13 
Right of use assets              13          59         33 
Intangible assets                 9      42,179     41,627 
 
Total non-current assets                 42,246     41,673 
 
 
Total assets                             42,976     41,758 
                                       --------  --------- 
 
 
Current liabilities 
Payables                         11     (1,422)    (1,073) 
Lease liabilities                13        (40)       (27) 
Borrowings                       12           -    (3,220) 
 
Total current liabilities               (1,462)    (4,320) 
 
Non-current liabilities 
Lease liabilities                13        (22)       (21) 
Borrowings                       12     (4,203)          - 
                                       --------  --------- 
Total non-current liabilities           (4,225)       (21) 
 
Total liabilities                       (5,687)    (4,341) 
                                       --------  --------- 
 
 
Net assets                               37,289     37,417 
                                       --------  --------- 
 
 
Equity 
Share capital                    14      12,048     11,256 
Share premium account            14      55,611     53,534 
Other reserves                   14         583      1,706 
Accumulated losses                     (30,953)   (29,079) 
 
Total equity                             37,289     37,417 
                                       --------  --------- 
 

These financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors and were signed on their behalf by:

Keith Fulton

Executive Director

21 December 2021

Consolidated Cash Flow Statement

For year ended 30 June

 
                                               2021      2020 
                                             GBP000    GBP000 
 
Cash flows from/(used in) operating 
 activities 
(Loss) before tax                           (1,874)   (1,515) 
 
Adjusted for: 
 Pre-development expenditure            16      809       420 
 Finance costs                                  383       127 
 Other non-cash expenses                          -        18 
 
                                              (682)     (950) 
Movements in working capital: 
Decrease in operating receivables                 2        13 
Increase in operating payables                  354       219 
 
Cash used in operations                       (326)     (572) 
 
 
Net cash used in operating activities         (326)     (572) 
 
 
Cash flows used in investing 
 activities 
Payments for property, plant                      -         - 
 and equipment 
Payments for intangible assets                (557)     (366) 
 
Net cash used in investing activities         (557)     (366) 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities 
Issue of ordinary share capital               1,009        22 
Share issue costs                              (78)         - 
Proceeds from borrowing                         600       600 
 
Net cash from financing activities            1,531       622 
 
 
Total increase/(decrease) in 
 cash and cash equivalents                      648     (316) 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at 
 the start of the year                           69       385 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at 
 the end of the year                            717        69 
                                            -------  -------- 
 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Accounting policies

GCM Resources plc is domiciled in England and Wales, was incorporated in England and Wales as a Public Limited Company on 26 September 2003 and admitted to the London Stock Exchange Alternative Investment Market ("AIM") on 19 April 2004.

The financial report was authorised for issue by the Directors on 21 December 2021, and the Consolidated Balance Sheet was signed on the Board's behalf by Keith Fulton.

Basis of preparation

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with international accounting standards in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006 and applied in accordance with the Companies Act 2006. The accounting policies which follow set out those policies which apply in preparing the financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2021.

The functional and presentational currency of each of the entities in the Group is pounds sterling, and all values are rounded to the nearest thousand pounds (GBP000) except where otherwise indicated.

Political and economic risks - carrying value of intangible asset

The principal asset is in Bangladesh and accordingly subject to the political, judicial, fiscal, social and economic risks associated with operating in that country.

The Group's principal project relates to thermal coal and semi-soft coking coal, the markets for which are subject to international and regional supply and demand factors, and consequently future performance will be subject to variations in the prices for these products.

GCM, through its subsidiaries, is party to a Contract with the Government of Bangladesh which gives it the right to explore, develop and mine in respect of the licence areas. The Group holds a mining lease and exploration licences in the Phulbari area covering the prospective mine site. The mining lease has a 30-year term from 2004 and may be renewed for further periods of 10 years each, at GCM's option.

In accordance with the terms of the Contract, GCM submitted a combined Feasibility Study and Scheme of Development report on 2 October 2005 to the Government of Bangladesh. Approval of the Scheme of Development from the Government of Bangladesh is necessary to proceed with development of the mine. GCM continues to await approval.

The Group has received no notification from the Government of Bangladesh (the "Government") of any changes to the terms of the Contract. GCM has received legal opinion that the Contract is enforceable under Bangladesh and International law, and will consequently continue to endeavour to receive approval for development.

Accordingly, the Directors believe that the Phulbari Coal and Power Project (the "Project") will ultimately receive approval, although the timing of approval remains in the hands of the Government. To enhance the prospects of the Project, GCM has engaged in a strategy to align the Project with the needs and objectives of the Government. This includes the option to supply coal to both the Government's commissioned and in the pipeline power plants, which total 11,755MW. The Government is seeking to grow its economy and deliver electricity at prices that will ensure competitiveness of its industries. Utilising Phulbari's coal will enable cheaper electricity than imported coal options. The Group's strategy is to combine the planned coal mine with 6,000MW power plants in conjunction with large Chinese State-owned engineering enterprises. The last twelve months progress which has been made in pursuit of this strategy is highlighted with the Group Strategic Report.

Until approval of the Scheme of Development from the Government of Bangladesh is received there is continued uncertainty over the recoverability of the intangible mining assets. The Directors consider that it is appropriate to continue to record the intangible mining assets at cost, however if for whatever reason the Scheme of Development is not ultimately approved the Group would impair all of its intangible mining assets, totalling GBP42,179,000 as at 30 June 2021.

Going concern

As at 30 June 2021, the Group had GBP717,000 in cash and GBP732,000 in net current liabilities. The directors and management have prepared a cash flow forecast to December 2022, which shows that the Group will require further funds to cover operating costs to advance the Phulbari Coal and Power Project and meet its liabilities as and when they fall due. Based on current forecasts, additional funding will need to be either raised from third parties or drawn down under the short-term loan facility with Polo Resources Limited ("Polo Loan Facility") by the end of January 2022, in order to meet current operating cost projections. The Directors also note that, under the amended terms of the existing Polo Loan Facility, the lender agreed not to serve a repayment request in cash for 5 years from the date of amended terms, 26 March 2021, or alternatively convert to shares at 7.5 pence per share at the lender's option. The Company does not currently have secured funding arrangements in place to cover this loan or further potential expenditure which may be needed to advance the Project and, accordingly, should Polo request repayment of the Polo Loan Facility, GCM will need to raise funds in a short amount of time, which may not be available on terms acceptable to the Board or on a workable timeframe.

The Company currently has GBP300,000 available for drawdown under the Polo Loan Facility at the date of this report, and based on projected future cash expenditure, the remaining amount available for drawdown under the Polo Loan Facility at the date of this report is not expected to be sufficient to support the Company's operations for the twelve months from the date of this report. At the current run rates, along with the Company's existing cash resources, this is only expected to provide sufficient capital for the next four months. The Company intends to explore alternative funding options over the next two months, with the aim to complete and secure the necessary third-party funding by the end of January 2022.

In forming the conclusion that it is appropriate to prepare the financial statements on a going concern basis the Directors have made the following assumptions that are relevant to the next twelve months:

   -       Sufficient additional funding can be obtained for working capital purposes; and 

- In the event that operating expenditure increases significantly as a result of successful progress with regards to the Phulbari Coal and Power Project, sufficient funding can be obtained.

While the Directors remain confident that necessary funds will be available as and when required, as at the date of this report these funding arrangements are not secured, the above conditions and events represent material uncertainties that may cast significant doubt over the Group's ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis. The financial statements do not include the adjustments that would result if the Group was unable to continue as a going concern.

Upon achieving approval of the Phulbari Coal and Power Project, significant additional financial resources will be required to proceed to development.

Use of judgements, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses.

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an on-going basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period or in the period of revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

Intangibles

In assessing the recoverability of intangible assets, if an impairment trigger under IFRS 6 is identified then intangibles are tested for impairment. Management has identified impairment triggers to be the market capitalisation of the Company compared to the recognised amount on the balances sheet and the delay in obtaining approval of the Scheme of Development. To assess for recoverability estimates are used to determine the expected net return on investment. The estimated return on investment takes into account estimated recoverable reserves, coal prices, development and production costs, capital investment requirements, discount rates and environmental and social costs among other things. Management has considered the estimated return on investment to be significantly higher than the current carrying value and therefore no impairment has been accounted for. The headroom in the value in use calculation compared to the carrying value is not sensitive to probable changes in the key underlying assumptions. Refer to "Political and economic risks - carrying value of intangible asset" section within Note 1 for further details in respect of the recoverability of intangible mining assets and the boards judgement regarding the ultimate approval of the project being secured.

Power plant development costs

Power project expenditure is expensed as pre-development expenditure until it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the Project will flow to the Group and the costs can be measured reliably. To assess whether it is probable that future economic benefits will arise from the power plant development costs, management judgement was required and considered: objective evidence that the power plant is technically and economically feasible, and objective evidence that the appropriate authorities of the Government of Bangladesh have, or are likely to approve power plant development. All power project expenditure were accordingly expensed in the year.

Amendments to the short-term loan

Judgement was required in determining the accounting for the Group's short-term loan which was restructured during the year. The restructure was considered to represent a significant modification with the loan restructured to allow the lender the continuing right to convert the outstanding loan balance and accrued interest to new ordinary shares, but to defer the repayment period. Previous judgement was required in assessing whether the restructured facility represented a compound financial instrument in accordance with IAS32 Financial Instruments: Presentation or a prima facie on demand loan facility. Management concluded that as the loan has no maturity date and must be repaid within 14 days of receiving a request, it is in effect a rolling 14-day short term loan, however as a further amendment has been claused as such the lender would not serve a repayment request on the Borrower for 5 years from March 2021, the loan is now in the current year being classed as a non-current liability. Accordingly, the loan continues to be categorised as an on demand loan facility with no value attributed to the conversion feature and the loan carried forward at its face value.

Basis of consolidation

Where the Company has control over an investee, it is classified as a subsidiary. The company controls an investee if all three of the following elements are present: power over the investee, exposure to variable returns from the investee, and the ability of the investor to use its power to affect those variable returns. Control is reassessed whenever facts and circumstances indicate that there may be a change in any of these elements of control.

The consolidated financial statements present the results of the Company and its subsidiaries (the "Group") as if they formed a single entity. Intercompany transactions and balances between group companies are therefore eliminated in full. The consolidated financial statements incorporate the results of business combinations using the acquisition method. In the statement of financial position, the acquiree's identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities are initially recognised at their fair values at the acquisition date. The results of acquired operations are included in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income from the date on which control is obtained. They are deconsolidated from the date on which control ceases.

Property, plant and equipment

Items of property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Such cost includes costs directly attributable to making the asset capable of operating as intended.

Depreciation is charged to the income statement on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of each part of an item of property, plant and equipment. The estimated useful lives in the current and comparative periods are as follows:

   --      buildings 7 - 40 years 
   --      plant and equipment 3 - 15 years 
   --      vehicles 5 - 7 years 

The residual value, the useful life and the depreciation method applied to an asset are reassessed at least annually.

Power project development costs

Power project expenditure is expensed as pre-development expenditure until it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the project will flow to the Group and the costs can be measured reliably. When it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the Group, all costs associated with developing a power plant project are capitalised as power project expenditure within property, plant and equipment category of tangible non-current assets. The capitalised expenditure will include appropriate technical and administrative expenses but not general overheads. Power project assets are not depreciated until the asset is ready and available for use.

Intangible assets

Acquired intangible assets, are measured initially at cost and are amortised on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives.

Exploration and evaluation costs are capitalised as exploration and evaluation assets on an area of interest basis in accordance with IFRS 6. Costs such as geological and geophysical surveys, drilling and commercial appraisal costs, and other directly attributable costs of exploration and appraisal including technical and administrative costs, are capitalised as intangible exploration and evaluation assets.

Exploration and evaluation assets are only recognised if the rights of the area of interest are current and either:

(i) the expenditures are expected to be recouped through successful development and mining of the area of interest, or by its sale; or

(ii) activities in the area of interest have not reached a stage which permits a reasonable assessment of the existence or otherwise of economically recoverable reserves and active and significant operations in, or in relation to, the area of interest are continuing or planned for the future.

Exploration and evaluation assets are assessed for impairment if sufficient data exists to determine technical feasibility and commercial viability, and facts and circumstances suggest that the Group should test for impairment. In the event that there is an indicator of impairment, the Group performs an impairment test in accordance with its policy on impairment as stated below. For the purposes of impairment testing, exploration and evaluation assets are allocated to cash-generating units to which the exploration activity relates.

Once the technical feasibility and commercial viability of the extraction of mineral resources in an area of interest are demonstrable, exploration and evaluation assets attributable to that area of interest are first tested for impairment and then reclassified from intangible assets to mining property and development assets within property, plant and equipment.

Impairment

The Group assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Group makes an estimate of the asset's recoverable amount. An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating unit's fair value less costs to sell and its value in use and is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. Impairment losses of continuing operations are recognised in the income statement in those expense categories consistent with the function of the impaired asset.

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognised impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated. A previously recognised impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognised. If that is the case the carrying amount of the asset is increased to its recoverable amount. That increased amount cannot exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognised in profit or loss. After such a reversal the depreciation charge is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset's revised carrying amount, less any residual value, on a systematic basis over its remaining useful life.

Financial Instruments

Financial instruments are recognised when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument and are subsequently measured at amortised cost.

Classification and measurement of financial assets

The initial classification of a financial asset depends upon the Group's business model for managing its financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows. The Group's financial assets are measured at amortised costs and are held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets to collect contractual cash flows and its contractual terms give rise on specified dates to cash flows that represent solely payments of principal and interest.

The Group's cash and cash equivalents and other receivables are measured at amortised cost. Other receivables are initially measured at fair value. The Group holds other receivables with the objective to collect the contractual cash flows and therefore measures them subsequently at amortised cost.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash includes cash on hand and demand deposits with any bank or other financial institution. Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

Impairment of financial assets

The Group recognises loss allowances for expected credit losses ("ECL's") on its financial assets measured at amortised cost. Due to the nature of its financial assets, the Group measures loss allowances at an amount equal to the lifetime ECLs. Lifetime ECLs are the anticipated ECLs that result from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial asset. ECLs are a probability-weighted estimate of credit losses.

Classification and measurement of financial liabilities

A financial liability is initially classified as measured at amortised cost or FVTPL. A financial liability is classified as measured at FVTPL if it is held-for-trading, a derivative or designated as FVTPL on initial recognition.

The Group's accounts payable, accrued liabilities and short-term debt are measured at amortised cost.

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are initially measured at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within 12 months after the reporting period.

Short-term debt is initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Subsequently they are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method. Short-term debt is classified as current when payment is due within 12 months after the reporting period.

The Group has no financial liabilities measured at FVTPL.

Where there is a modification to a financial liability, the financial original liability is de-recognised and a new financial liability is recognised at fair value in accordance with the Group's policy.

Other loans and borrowings

All loans and borrowings which are financial instruments are initially recognised at the present value of cash payable to the lender (including interest). After initial recognition they are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method. The effective interest rate amortisation is included in finance costs in the income statement.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and short-term deposits in the balance sheet comprise cash at banks and in hand.

Income tax

Income tax on the profit or loss for the year comprises current and deferred tax. Income tax is recognised in the income statement except to the extent that it relates to items recognised outside profit and loss, in which case it is recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity as appropriate.

Current tax is the expected tax payable on the taxable income for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date, and any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years.

Deferred income tax is recognised on all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements, with the following exceptions:

-- where the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss;

-- in respect of taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures, where the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences can be controlled and it is probable that the temporary differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future; and

-- deferred income tax assets are recognised only to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, carried forward tax credits or tax losses can be utilised.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured on an undiscounted basis at the tax rates that are expected to apply when the related asset is realised or liability is settled, based on tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.

Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in currencies other than pounds sterling are recorded at the foreign exchange rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are translated at the foreign exchange rate ruling at that date. Foreign exchange differences arising on translation are recognised in the income statement. Non-monetary assets and liabilities that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Share based payments

The cost of equity-settled transactions is measured by reference to the fair value at the date at which they are granted and is recognised as an expense over the vesting period, which ends on the date on which the recipients become fully entitled to the award. Fair value is determined using an appropriate pricing model. In valuing equity-settled transactions, no account is taken of any vesting conditions, other than conditions linked to the price of the shares of the Company (market conditions) or to conditions not related to performance or service (non-vesting conditions).

Where equity settled share based payments are made to non-employees the cost of equity-settled transactions is measured by reference to fair value of the goods or services received and measured at the date the entity obtains the goods or the counterparty renders the service.

Where the fair value of the goods or services received cannot be estimated reliably, the entity measures the goods or services received, and the corresponding increase in equity, indirectly, by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted, measured at the date the entity obtains the goods or the counterparty renders service.

At each balance sheet date before vesting, the cumulative expense is calculated, representing the extent to which the vesting period has expired and management's best estimate of the achievement or otherwise of non-market conditions, number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest or in the case of an instrument subject to a market condition or non-vesting condition, be treated as vesting as described above. This includes any award where non-vesting conditions within the control of the Group or the employee are not met. W here the equity-settled share based payment is directly attributable to exploration and evaluation activities, the movement in cumulative expense since the previous balance sheet date is capitalised, with a corresponding entry in equity. Otherwise, the movement in cumulative expense is recognised in the income statement, with a corresponding entry in equity.

Where the terms of an equity-settled award are modified or a new award is designated as replacing a cancelled or settled award, the cost based on the original award terms continues to be recognised over the original vesting period. In addition, an expense is recognised over the remainder of the new vesting period for the incremental fair value of any modification, based on the difference between the fair value of the original award and the fair value of the modified award, both as measured on the date of the modification. No reduction is recognised if this difference is negative.

Where an equity-settled award is cancelled, it is treated as if it had vested on the date of cancellation, and any cost not yet recognised in the income statement for the award is expensed immediately. Any compensation paid up to the fair value of the award at the cancellation or settlement date is deducted from equity, with any excess over fair value being treated as an expense in the income statement.

New standards and interpretations applied

The Group has adopted all of the amended standards and interpretations during the year that are relevant to its operations, none of which had a material impact on the financial statements.

The application of the new and amended standards and interpretations during the year did not have any impact on the accounting policies, financial position or performance of the Group, with the following noted below;

IFRS 16 Leases - Accounting policy from 1 July 2019 applied

Leased assets are capitalised on inception of the lease as right-of-use assets. A corresponding lease liability, representing the present value of the lease payments is also recognised and split between current and non-current liabilities accordingly.

The lease liability includes; fixed payments, variable lease payments dependent on an index or rate (initially measured using the index or rate on the lease commencement date) and in substance fixed payments. The variable aspect of variable payments is recognised when the rate or index takes effect resulting in an adjustment to the liability and right-of-use asset. Currently the Group's lease portfolio does not contain variable or in substance lease payments.

The discounted lease liability is calculated where possible using the interest rate implicit in the lease or where this is not attainable the incremental borrowing rate is utilised. The incremental borrowing rate is the rate the Group would have to pay to borrow the funds necessary to obtain a similar asset under similar conditions. The Group calculates the incremental borrowing rate using risk free rate of the country where the asset is held, adjusted for length of the lease and a risk premium.

Lease payments are allocated against the principal and finance cost. Finance costs, representing the unwinding of the discount on the lease liability are charged to the income statement to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining liability.

Right-of-use assets are measured at cost including; the discounted initial lease liability, lease payments made at or before the commencement date, any initial direct costs reduced any lease incentives received.

New standards and interpretations not applied

IASB and IFRIC have issued a number of new standards and interpretations with an effective date after the date of these financial statements. These will be adopted in the period that they become mandatory, unless otherwise indicated. Information on the new standards which could impact the Group is presented below

 
                                                 Effective   Adoption 
                                                  date        date 
 International Accounting Standards (IAS 
  / IFRSs) 
 Amendments to IAS 16 Property Plant and         tbc         tbc 
  Equipment 
 Amendments to IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent     tbc         tbc 
  Assets and Contingent Liabilities 
 Annual Improvements to IFRS 2018-20 Cycle       tbc         tbc 
 Amendments to IAS 1 Presentation of Financial   tbc         tbc 
  Statements - classification of Liabilities 
  as Current or Non-current 
 Amendments to IAS 8 Accounting Policies, 
  Changes to Accounting Estimates and Errors 
 
 

tbc: still subject to UK endorsement

Based on the current and foreseeable operations, the adoption of the above standards and interpretations will not have a material impact on the Group's financial statements in the period of initial application.

2. Segment analysis

The Group operates in one segment being the exploration and evaluation of energy related projects. The only significant project within this segment is the Phulbari Coal and Power Project (the Project) in Bangladesh.

3. Operating loss

 
                                                     2021      2020 
                                                   GBP000    GBP000 
 The operating loss is stated after charging: 
 Directors' remuneration                              488       391 
 Other staff costs (1)                                  7         6 
 Operating lease rentals (2)                            4        11 
 Depreciation of property, plant and equipment          -         - 
  (3) 
 

(1) Other staff costs for 2020 financial year were GBP367,000 of which GBP7,000 was expensed in administrative expenses, GBPnil expensed in exploration and evaluation costs and GBP360,000 capitalised (20120 GBP6,000 expensed in administrative expenses, GBPnil expensed in exploration and evaluation costs and GBP393,000 capitalised).

(2) Operating lease rental costs for 2021 financial year were GBP44,000 of which GBP4,000 was expensed and GBP40,000 capitalised (2020: GBP80,000 of which GBP11,000 was expensed and GBP69,000 capitalised).

(3) Total depreciation for 2021 was GBP5,000 which was capitalised to intangibles (2020: GBP6,000 capitalised).

During the year Phulbari-related exploration and evaluation costs amounting to (GBP35,000) were (credited)/expensed in accordance with the Group's accounting policy on exploration and evaluation costs (2020:expensed GBP52,000).

4. Auditor's remuneration

The Group paid the following amounts to its auditors in respect of the audit of the financial statements and for other services provided to the Group.

 
                                                 2021      2020 
                                               GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Audit of the group and company financial 
  statements                                       32        32 
 Audit of subsidiaries                              -         - 
                                             --------  -------- 
 Total audit                                       32        32 
                                             --------  -------- 
 
 Total fees                                        32        32 
                                             --------  -------- 
 
 

5. Amounts paid for Directors' services, and staff costs

 
                                             2021      2020 
                                           GBP000    GBP000 
 Amounts paid for Directors' services 
 Amounts paid for Directors' services         488       391 
                                         --------  -------- 
 

The amounts paid for Directors' services during the year are disclosed in further detail in the Directors' Report . The aggregated remuneration of the highest paid director is GBP303,600 (2020: GBP303,600).

Staff costs

 
 Wages and salaries 
  (1)                      360   393 
 Social security costs       7     6 
 
                           367   399 
                          ----  ---- 
 

(1) Excludes amounts paid for Directors' services.

 
 The average monthly number of employees        2021      2020 
  during the year was:                        Number    Number 
 
 Exploration and evaluation                       14        14 
 Administration                                    3         3 
 
                                                  17        17 
                                            --------  -------- 
 

6. Taxation

Reconciliation of the tax charge in the income statement

 
                                               2021      2020 
                                             GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Loss on ordinary activities before tax     (1,874)   (1,515) 
                                           --------  -------- 
 
 UK corporation tax @ 19% (2021) and 19% 
  (2020)                                      (356)     (288) 
 
 Unrecognised deferred tax assets during 
  the year                                      351       297 
 Non-deductible expenditure                       5       (9) 
 
 Total tax (credit)/expense reported in           -         - 
  the income statement 
                                           --------  -------- 
 

Unrecognised deferred tax assets

 
                                               2021      2020 
                                             GBP000    GBP000 
 Deferred tax asset 
 Tax losses carried forward                   4,110     3,760 
 Impairment                                     891       891 
 Other                                            1         1 
 
                                              5,002     4,652 
 
 Less: deferred tax assets de-recognised    (5,002)   (4,652) 
 
                                                  -         - 
                                           --------  -------- 
 

At 30 June 2021 tax losses for which a deferred tax asset was not recognised amounted to GBP21,701,000 (2020: GBP19,792,000). Deferred tax assets are only recognised should it become more likely than not that taxable profit or timing differences, against which they may be deducted, will arise.

7. Loss per share

 
                                                   2021        2020 
                                                 GBP000      GBP000 
 
(Loss) for the year                             (1,874)     (1,515) 
                                              ---------  ---------- 
 
                                              Thousands   Thousands 
Weighted average number 
 of shares 
Basic and diluted weighted average number 
 of shares                                      121,733     104,676 
 
(Loss) per share 
Basic (pence per share)                          (1.5p)     (1.45p) 
Diluted (pence per share)                        (1.5p)     (1.45p) 
 

There are 9,300,000 potentially dilutive options along with 1,012,378 potentially dilutive shares to be issued at 30 June 2021 which are not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share because they were anti -- dilutive for the period as their conversion to Ordinary Shares would decrease the loss per share.

8. Other Receivables

 
                          2021      2020 
                        GBP000    GBP000 
 Current 
 Prepayments                 9        12 
 Other receivables           4         4 
 
                            13        16 
                      --------  -------- 
 

9. Intangible assets

 
                                           Exploration   Mineral    Total 
                                          & evaluation    rights 
                                           expenditure 
                                                GBP000    GBP000   GBP000 
 
 At 1 July 2019                                 40,103     1,147   41,250 
 Additions - exploration & evaluation              377         -      377 
 
 At 30 June 2020                                40,480     1,147   41,627 
 Additions - exploration & evaluation              552         -      552 
 
 Cost and net book value at 30 
  June 2021                                     41,032     1,147   42,179 
                                        --------------  --------  ------- 
 
 Cost and net book value at 30 
  June 2020                                     40,480     1,147   41,627 
                                        --------------  --------  ------- 
 
 

The mineral rights will be amortised over the licence period (including extensions) once commercial production commences at the Phulbari Coal and Power Project.

The exploration and evaluation expenditure will have an indefinite useful life until approval is obtained for the Phulbari Coal and Power Project. At that time, the asset will be transferred to mining property and development assets within property, plant and equipment in accordance with accounting policy.

10. Investments

Principal undertakings

Investments in which the Group holds 20% or more of the nominal value of any class of share capital are as follows:

 
                                             Country of                 Ownership interest 
                                           Incorporation              2021             2020 
 Subsidiaries 
                                            England and 
 South African Coal Limited                     Wales                 100%             100% 
 Asia Energy Corporation Pty 
  Limited                                    Australia                100%             100% 
 Asia Energy Corporation (Bangladesh) 
  Pty Limited                                Australia                100%             100% 
 Asia Energy (Bangladesh) Pvt 
  Ltd                                        Bangladesh               100%             100% 
 
 Fair Value Through Other Comprehensive 
  Income 
 Peoples Telecommunication and 
  Information Services Ltd (PeoplesTel)      Bangladesh                37%              37% 
 

The investment in PeoplesTel has been accounted for as financial asset at Fair Value Through Other Comprehensive Income as GCM does not have significant influence. The investment was fully impaired during the year ended 30 June 2010.

11. Payables

 
                                      2021      2020 
                                    GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Trade payables                        579       527 
 Related party accrued payable         843       546 
 
                                     1,422     1,073 
                                  --------  -------- 
 

Refer to note 20 for details of the related party accrued payable.

12. Borrowings

 
                                   2021      2020 
                                 GBP000    GBP000 
 Loan from related party 
 Balance as at 1 July             3,220     2,343 
 Loan instalments drawndown         600       600 
 Interest charges                   383       277 
 
 Balance as at 30 June            4,203     3,220 
                               --------  -------- 
 

Refer to note 20 for details of the loan from related party.

The Company on 26 March 2021, as part of the completed equity placing, extended and amended the terms of the loan facility provided by Polo Resources Limited (the "Facility") of which, as was announced on 7 January 2021, there is GBP300,000 of the initial GBP3.5 million facility remaining undrawn. The lender has agreed that it will not serve a repayment request on the Company for 5 years from the date of the agreement replacing the previous provision that it was payable on demand with 90 days' notice. The Company and Polo Resources Limited have agreed an increase in the interest rate from 12% to 15% per annum rising by 1.5% on the third anniversary and by a subsequent 1.5% on each anniversary thereafter. Furthermore, the lender may request conversion by the issuance of new ordinary shares in the Company at 7.5 pence per share (being the Issue Price) subject to any necessary regulatory approvals. The Company may elect to repay all or part of the outstanding loan at any time giving 60 days' notice and with the agreement of Polo Resources Limited. Any share issue to the Lender is conditional upon the Lender's interest, together with the interest of any parties with which it is in concert, remaining below 30% of the Company's issued capital. All other principal terms of the loan facility remain unchanged. Refer page 39 for details of Management judgement used in accounting for the loan amendment

13. Leases and Commitments

Right of use assets

The statement of financial position shows the following amounts relating to leases:

 
                  2021      2020 
                GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Buildings          59        29 
 Vehicles            -        12 
 
                    59        33 
              --------  -------- 
 

Lease liabilities

 
                       2021      2020 
                     GBP000    GBP000 
 Classified as; 
 Current                 40        27 
 Non-current             22        21 
 
                         62        48 
                   --------  -------- 
 

The interest expense incurred on lease liabilities was GBP6,000 (2020: GBP5,000), and capitialised in accordance with the Group's policy on exploration and evaluation assets. Cash outflows in respect of right of use assets were GBP49,000 (2020: GBP66,000).

Other commitments

In addition, under the terms of the Prospecting License agreement with the Bangladesh authorities for contract licence areas B, G and H respectively, an annual fee of 500 Taka (GBP4.33 at year-end exchange rate) is payable for each hectare within the licence area. The Group currently leases 5,480 hectares within these licence areas. The licence has a 30 year term from 2004 and may be renewed for further periods of 10 years each, at GCM's option.

14. Issued share capital

 
                                        Ordinary     Deferred      Total 
                                          Shares     A Shares      share 
                                       Thousands    Thousands    capital 
                                                                  GBP000 
 Allotted, called up 
  and fully paid: 
 At 1 July 2019                           98,639            -      9,864 
 Shares issued                            13,921            -      1,392 
 
 At 30 June 2020                         112,560            -     11,256 
                                     -----------  -----------  --------- 
 
 At 1 July 2020                          112,560            -     11,256 
 Shares issued                             6,022            -        602 
                                     -----------  -----------  --------- 
 Total pre capital reorganisation        118,582            -     11,858 
 
 Capital reorganisation 
  (see below)                            118,582      118,582          - 
 Shares issued                            19,011            -        190 
 
 At 30 June 2021                         137,593      118,582     12,048 
                                     -----------  -----------  --------- 
 

Share issues

On 23 January 2020, 13,721,354 shares were issued to consultants in accordance with the terms of the their agreements, at prices from 14p to 38.25p, for a total non cash consideration of GBP4,347,635.

On 15 April 2020, 200,000 shares were issued to former director on the exercising of their share options at a price of 11p per share for a total of GBP22,000.

On 8 September 2020, 6,021,621 shares were issued to consultants in accordance with the terms of the their agreements, at prices from 14p to 26.5p, for a total non cash consideration of GBP1,276,873.

14. Issued share capital (continued)

On 1 April 2021, 13,446,661 shares were issued on completion of a successful placing at a price of 7.5p, raising gross cash proceeds of GBP1,008,500.

On 7 May 2021, 5,564,591 shares were issued to consultants in accordance with the terms of the their agreements, at prices from 10.25p to 18p, for a total non cash consideration of GBP661,638.

Capital reorganisation

On 25 February 2021 at the Annual General Meeting the shareholders approved the sub-division of the existing ordinary shares of 10p each into new ordinary shares of 1p each and deferred A shares of 9p each. The rights attached to the new ordinary shares are in all material aspects the same as the rights attaching to the existing ordinary shares.

Ordinary shares have the right to receive dividends as declared and, in the event of winding up the Company, to participate in the proceeds from sale of all surplus assets in proportion to the number of and amounts paid up on shares held. Ordinary shares entitle their holder to one vote, either in person or by proxy, at a meeting of the Company.

The Deferred Shares have no voting rights and do not carry any entitlement to attend general meetings of the Company; nor will they be admitted to AIM or any other market. They carry only a priority right to participate in any return of capital to the extent of GBP1 in aggregate over the class. In addition, they carry only a priority right to participate in any dividend or other distribution to the extent of GBP1 in aggregate over the class. In each case a payment to any one holder of Deferred Shares shall satisfy the payment required. The Company will be authorised at any time to effect a transfer of the Deferred Shares without reference to the holders thereof and for no consideration pursuant to and in accordance with the Act. Accordingly, the Deferred Shares will, for all practical purposes, be valueless and it is the Board's intention, at an appropriate time, to have the Deferred Shares cancelled, whether through an application to the Companies Court or otherwise in accordance with the Act.

Reserves

Share capital

The balance held in share capital relates to the nominal net proceeds on issue of the Company's equity share capital, comprising GBP0.01 ordinary shares, and GBP0.09 deferred A shares.

Share premium account

The share premium account represents the premium received over the nominal value of ordinary shares on issue of the Company's equity. The share premium account has been reduced by expenditure associated with issuing shares such as listing costs.

Other reserves

This reserve records the fair value of conditional shares awarded but not settled, and consultants service payments to be also settled by way of share issues.

 
                              2021      2020 
                            GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Share based payments 
  not settled                  583     1,706 
 
                               583     1,706 
                          --------  -------- 
 

15. Notes supporting statement of cashflows

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of the statement of cash flows comprises:

 
                                         2021      2020 
                                       GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Cash at bank available on demand         717        69 
 
                                          717        69 
                                     --------  -------- 
 

Non-cash transactions from financing activities are shown in the reconciliation of liabilities from financing transactions:

 
                                  Current   Total 
                                loans and 
                               borrowings 
                                   GBP000  GBP000 
 
Balance at 1 July 2019              2,343   2,343 
Cash flows                            600     600 
Non-cash flows: Interest 
 accrued                              277     277 
 
Balance at 30 June 
 2020                               3,220   3,220 
                              -----------  ------ 
 
Balance at 1 July 2020              3,220   3,220 
Cash flows                            600     600 
Non-cash flows: Interest 
 accrued                              383     383 
 
Balance at 30 June 
 2021                               4.203   4.203 
                              -----------  ------ 
 

16. Significant non-cash transactions

The significant non-cash transactions during the year were as follows:

-- GBP809,000 of expenses were incurred by consultants for their services. The consulting payment included GBP300,000 (2,142,857 shares at 14p per share) as payment for a retainer, and GBP365,000 (3,557,449 shares at 10.25p per share) a success fee for a milestone achievement, and GBP144,000 (800,000 shares at 18p per share) for a second consultant retainer. These retainer fee shares which had not been issued to the consultants at year end have been included in other reserves for shares to be issued.

17. Share based payments

The charge/(credit) for share based payments during the year is shown in the following table:

 
                                           2021      2020 
                                         GBP000    GBP000 
 Charged/(credited) to intangibles 
 Conditional shares                           6     (201) 
 
                                              6     (201) 
                                       --------  -------- 
 

Share Warrants

During the year ended 30 June 2021, the Company granted 672,333 warrants to subscribe for ordinary shares (2020: nil). No warrants were exercised or lapsed during the year. (2020: nil). As at 30 June 2021, 672,333 warrants were in issue. (2020: nil).

17. Share based payments (continued)

Options

The following table illustrates the number and weighted average exercise prices (WAEP) of, and movements in, share options during the year.

 
                                 2021      2021         2020        2020 
                              Options      WAEP      Options        WAEP 
                            Thousands              Thousands 
 
 At 1 July                      9,300   GBP0.11        9,500     GBP0.11 
 Exercised during the               -         -        (200)   (GBP0.11) 
  year 
 
 Outstanding at 30 June         9,300   GBP0.11        9,300     GBP0.11 
                          -----------            ----------- 
 
 Exercisable at 30 June         9,300   GBP0.11        9,300     GBP0.11 
                          -----------            ----------- 
 

The options outstanding at 30 June 2021 have an exercise price of GBP0.11 (2020: GBP0.11) and a weighted average contractual life of 2.9 years (2020: 3.9 years), including those granted options whose term was extended during the year. No options were exercised during the year. The 9,300,000 options in issue at 31 May 2020, had their expiry date extended to 31 May 2024.

Conditional shares scheme

GCM has a conditional share scheme for Directors, employees, associates, consultants and contractors. Ordinary shares will be issued for nil cash consideration, conditional upon the Group achieving milestones including approval by the Government of Bangladesh of the Scheme of Development for the Phulbari Coal and Power Project. The awards granted are classified as equity-settled, and therefore the fair value is determined by reference to the share price at the date of the grant, as required by IFRS 2.

Movement in non-vested conditional shares:

 
                               2021         2020 
                          Thousands    Thousands 
 
 At 1 July                      210          313 
 Conditional shares 
  lapsed                          -        (103) 
                        -----------  ----------- 
 At 30 June                     210          210 
                        -----------  ----------- 
 

The grant details of the conditional shares outstanding as at 30 June 2021 are as follows:

 
                      Share price   Conditional 
                               at        shares 
                       grant date     Thousands 
                              GBP 
 Grant date 
 25 August 2005           GBP6.32            40 
 9 March 2006             GBP4.99            30 
 46 July 2009             GBP0.84           140 
 
                                            210 
                                   ------------ 
 

The cumulative cost recognised in equity in relation to the conditional shares as at 30 June 2021 is GBP459,000 (2020: GBP453,000) after taking into account:

   --      Expected timeframe for milestones to be achieved 
   --      Probability of successful completion of milestones 

-- The conditional shares awarded to employees are subject to their employment at the time milestones are reached

The increase in the cost of conditional shares of GBP6,000 for the year ended 30 June 2021 is directly attributable to the Phulbari Coal and Power Project, and accordingly capitalised to intangibles on this basis (2020: credit GBP201,000).

18. Financial Instruments

The Group holds cash as a liquid resource to fund the obligations of the Group.

The Group's strategy for managing cash is to maximise interest income whilst ensuring its availability to match the profile of the Group's expenditure. This is achieved by regular monitoring of interest rates and periodic review of expenditure forecasts.

The Group has a policy of not hedging and therefore takes market rates in respect of foreign exchange risk; however it does review its currency exposures on a regular basis. The Group has no significant monetary assets or liabilities that are denominated in a foreign currency.

The financial liabilities of the Group include trade payables and a short-term loan from a related party. Trade payables are recognised at fair value on initial recognition and subsequently measured at amortised cost. The short-term loan was recognised based on the present value of cash payable to the lender. As the short-term loan is payable within 12 months, the present value of the cash payable was equal to the principal value of the loan.

Interest rate risk

The interest rate maturity profile of the financial assets of the Group is as follows:

 
                                    2021      2020 
                                  GBP000    GBP000 
 Floating rate - within 
  1 year 
 Cash and cash equivalents             -         - 
                                --------  -------- 
 

Other interest bearing financial instruments which are subject to fixed rate interest charges are the Group's borrowings as disclosed in Note 12.

Other financial instruments of the Group which are non-interest bearing and are therefore not subject to interest rate risk, are, non-interest-bearing cash and cash equivalents as at 30 June 2021 was GBP717,000 (2020: GBP69,000).

Credit risk

The Group considers the credit ratings of banks in which it holds funds in order to manage exposure to credit risk and counterparty risk. Funds are held in banks with credit ratings ranging from AAA -AA. The maximum credit risk at 30 June 2021 was as follows:

 
                                   2021      2020 
                                 GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents          717        69 
                               --------  -------- 
 

Liquidity risk

The Group ensures that it has sufficient cash to meet all its commitments when required, through equity and short term loan funding, please refer to the accounting policies for further detail. The table below summarises the contractual maturity profile of the Group's financial liabilities as at 30 June 2021 and 2020.

 
                        Within    1 to 3   3 to 12   2 - 5 years     Total & 
                       30 days    months    months                  Carrying 
                        GBP000    GBP000    GBP000        GBP000       value 
                                                                      GBP000 
 2021 
 Payables                1,281        86        55             -       1,422 
 Lease liabilities           3         7        30            22          62 
 Borrowings                  -         -         -         4,203       4,203 
                     ---------  --------  --------  ------------  ---------- 
                         1,284        93        85         4,225       5,687 
                     ---------  --------  --------  ------------  ---------- 
 
 2020 
 Payables                1,004        26        43             -       1,073 
 Lease liabilities           2         5        20            21          48 
 Borrowings                  -         -     3,220             -       3,220 
                     ---------  --------  --------  ------------  ---------- 
                         1,006        31     3,283            21       4,341 
                     ---------  --------  --------  ------------  ---------- 
 

18. Financial Instruments (continued)

Currency risk

The Group has no significant monetary assets or liabilities that are denominated in a foreign currency.

Fair values of financial assets and liabilities

 
                              Financial instrument              Book value              Fair value 
                                  classification 
                                                           2021        2020        2021        2020 
                                                         GBP000      GBP000      GBP000      GBP000 
 Financial assets 
 Cash and cash equivalents       Amortised cost             717          69         717          69 
 Receivables                     Amortised cost              13          16          13          16 
 
 Financial liabilities 
 Creditors                       Amortised cost           1,422       1,073       1,422       1,073 
 Borrowings                      Amortised cost           4,203       3,220       4,203       3,220 
 

Management have assessed that the fair value of cash, current receivables and current payables approximate their carrying amounts due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.

19. Contingent liabilities

Royalty

The Group is obliged to pay Deepgreen Minerals Corporation Pty Limited US$1 per tonne of coal produced and sold from the Phulbari mine. The Directors are of the opinion that a provision is not required in respect of these matters, as coal has not yet been produced at Phulbari.

Consultant success fees

The Group is obliged to pay a consultant, Dyani Corporation Limited, success fees conditional upon achieving key milestones relating to the advancement of the proposed 6,000MW coal fired power plant at the mine-mouth of the Phulbari Coal and Power Project, in North-West Bangladesh. As at 30 June 2021 the outstanding milestones were as follows:

Success Fee - Mine

-- a one-time fee equal to 2% of Issued Capital, to be paid within five business days following the execution of an Acceptable MOU with a Strategic Partner in respect to the Mine; and

-- a one-time fee equal to 4% of Issued Capital if an Acceptable Framework Agreement in respect to the Mine has been entered into, or 6% of Issued Capital if an Acceptable Framework Agreement with respect to the Mine has not been entered into, to be paid within five business days following the execution of an Acceptable Definitive Agreement with a Strategic Partner in respect to the Mine.

Success Fee - Power Plant 1

-- Fee 1 - a one-time fee equal to 5% of the Issued Capital, to be paid within five business days following the execution of all Acceptable Definitive Agreements with a Strategic Partner in respect to Power Plant 1

Success Fee - Power Plant 3

-- a one-time fee equal to 4% of Issued Capital, if an Acceptable Framework Agreement with respect to Power Plant 3 has been entered into, or 6% of Issued Capital if an Acceptable Framework Agreement with respect to Power Plant 3 has not been entered into, to be paid within five business days following the execution of all Acceptable Definitive Agreements with a Strategic Partner in respect to Power Plant 3.

19. Contingent liabilities (continued)

Consultant success fees

The Group is also obliged to pay a consultant, DG Infratech PTE. Limited, success fees conditional upon achieving key milestones relating to the advancement of the proposed 6,000MW coal fired power plant at the mine-mouth of the Phulbari Coal and Power Project, in North-West Bangladesh. As at 30 June 2021 the outstanding milestones were as follows:

Success Fee - Coal Project's Scheme of Development

-- a one-time fee equal to 5% of Issued Capital, to be paid within five business days following GCM'S receipt of the written approval of the Coal Project's Scheme of Development; and

Success Fee - Power Plants

-- a one-time fee equal to 2% of Issued Capital, to be paid within five business days following GCM'S receipt of the written approval in respect of each group of Power Plants; and

Success Fee - Commencement of Development

-- a one-time fee equal to 4% of Issued Capital, to be paid within five business days following GCM'S commencement of development of the Coal Project; and

The Directors are of the opinion that a provision is not required in respect of these success fees, as the milestones had not been met as at 30 June 2021.

20. Related Party Transactions

Key management personnel

 
                              2021      2020 
                            GBP000    GBP000 
 
 Short-term benefits           651       597 
 Termination benefits            -         - 
 Share based payments            1        12 
 
                               652       675 
                          --------  -------- 
 

Related party loan

GCM is beneficiary to a GBP3.5 million loan facility from its largest shareholder, with a current interest rate of 15% per annum. As at 30 June 2021 the Group had utilised GBP3.2 million of the loan facility (2020: GBP2,600,000) and an interest accrual of GBP1,003,000 (2020: GBP620,000). The terms of the loan were amended in March 2021, refer to note 12 of the Financial Statements. Polo Resources Ltd is a related party by way of Michael Tang being a Director of both Companies.

Management services company

As disclosed in the Directors Report, for the year ended 30 June 2021, the remuneration for the services of Datuk Michael Tang PJN, Executive Chairman of the Company, was GBP303,600, which comprised of directors fees amounting to GBP6,000 (2020: GBP6,000) and management services of GBP297,600 paid to a management services company (2020: GBP297,600).

For the period September 2018 to March 2021 Datuk Michael Tang PJN offered to defer the payments due to his management services company until further notice in order to assist the Company. The total debt as a result of the deferment of GBP769,000 has not been paid and is being accrued accordingly.

As at 30 June 2021 the amount owing to the management services company of Datuk Michael Tang PJN was GBP843,000 (2020: GBP546,000).

21. Events after the end of the reporting period

The following events took place subsequent to 30 June 2021, for which there has been no adjustment to the 30 June 2021 financial statements:

- On 31 August 2021, the Company agreed a memorandum of understanding ("MOU") with Sion Corporation of Japan ("SION"), Versatech Energy Innovation Limited ("VERSATECH"), and AC Biode Co. Ltd ("AC BIODE") for providing a suitable and effective environmental solution for the management of the fly-ash waste product that will be produced by the Phulbari Coal and Power Project ("the Project"). This will include, inter alia, investigations into the production of the composite material CircuLite from fly-ash produced by the Project and the application of CircuLite to various environmental and agricultural improvements within Bangladesh.

- On 19 October 2021, the Company announced that it is in discussions with China Nonferrous Metal Industry's Foreign Engineering and Construction Co., Ltd. (" NFC ") to agree a 12 month extension of the framework agreements announced on 15 October 2020 which expired on 12 October 2021.

- On 1 November 2021 the Company announced the resignation of James Hobson from his position as an Independent Non-Executive Director. Mr Hobson's resignation takes effect from 1 December 2021. The Company is currently in the process of recruiting a replacement Independent Non-Executive director.

- On 23 November 2021 the Company announced, Power Construction Corporation of China, Ltd. (" PowerChina ") had agreed to an extension for a period of a further 12 months from 6 December 2021 to 6 December 2022 on the same terms as the previous memorandum of understanding (" MoU ") which is primarily focused on the Phulbari coal mine development. This will allow PowerChina and GCM to determine the modality for PowerChina to become a Mine Development Partner, subj ect to the approval of PowerChina internal compliance and all other relevant regulatory agencies .

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