TIDMGMS

RNS Number : 4144L

Gulf Marine Services PLC

13 May 2022

13 May 2022

Gulf Marine Services PLC

('Gulf Marine Services', 'GMS', 'the Company' or 'the Group')

2021 Financial Results

Gulf Marine Services PLC ("GMS" or the "Company"), a leading provider of advanced self-propelled, self-elevating support vessels serving the offshore oil, gas and renewables industries, is pleased to announce its full year financial results for the year to 31 December 2021.

Financial Overview

 
                                    2021     2020    2019 
                                    US$m     US$m    US$m 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Revenue                            115.1    102.5   108.7 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Gross profit/(loss)                 60.6   (55.5)  (25.0) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Adjusted EBITDA[1]                  64.1     50.4    51.4 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Impairment reversal/(impairment)    15.0   (87.2)  (59.1) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Net profit/(loss) for the year      31.2  (124.3)  (85.5) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Adjusted net profit/(loss)[2]       18.0   (15.3)  (20.0) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
 

2021 Financial Highlights

-- Revenue increased by 12.3% to US$ 115.1 million (2020: US$ 102.5 million) driven by increased utilisation in higher earning E- and S-Class vessels.

-- Adjusted EBITDA(1) increased to US$ 64.1 million (2020: US$ 50.4 million) and adjusted EBITDA margin improved to 56% (2020: 49%).

-- Cost of sales excluding depreciation, amortisation and the reversal of impairment/impairment charge was US$ 41.2 million (2020: US$ 42.3 million) reflecting higher vessel utilisation and saving initiatives.

-- General and administrative expenses decreased to US$ 12.3 million (2020: US$ 18.2 million) as a result of US$ 5.6 million of non-recurring costs incurred in the prior year (2021: nil).

-- US$ 15.0 million reversal of prior years impairment compared to an impairment charge of US$ 87.2 million in 2020, reflecting Group's improved long-term outlook.

-- First reported net profit since 2016 at US$ 31.2 million (2020: net loss of US$ 124.3 million). Adjusted net profit(2) of US$ 18.0 million (2020: adjusted net loss of US$ 15.3 million).

-- Interest on bank borrowings reduced by 37% to US$ 17.5 million (2020: US$ 27.6 million) following refinancing of the Group's debt facility and reduction in LIBOR with both margin and average LIBOR decreasing to 3.0% and 0.2% (2020: 5.0% and 1.0%).

-- Net bank debt [3] reduced to US$ 371.2 million (2020: US$ 406.3 million). Net leverage ratio [4] reduced to 5.8 times (2020: 8.0 times).

-- Successful issuance of equity by 30 June 2021 removed potential event of default, which in turn removed material uncertainty as to the Group's ability to continue as a Going Concern reported in 2020.

2021 Operational Highlights

-- Average fleet utilisation increased by 4 percentage points to 85% (2020: 81%) with notable improvements in both S- and E-Class vessels at 98% (2020: 92%) and 72% (2020: 65%) respectively. Average utilisation for K-Class vessels remained flat at 86% (2020: 86%).

-- Average day rates marginally increased to US$ 25.7k (2020: US$ 25.3k) with recent awards in the second half of the year showing significant improvement.

   --      New charters and extensions secured in year totalled 9.6 years (2020: 6.6 years). 
   --      Operational downtime remains low at 1.6% (2020: 1.5%). 

-- Border restrictions and quarantine requirements in relation to COVID-19 have shown signs of easing in latter part of 2021.

-- Strengthening of Board with the appointment of two independent non-executive Directors in February 2021 and May 2021 and one non-executive Director in August 2021.

2022 Highlights and Outlook

-- Secured utilisation for 2022 currently stands at 88% against actual utilisation of 81% in 2021.

-- Anticipate continued improvement on day rates as Middle East vessel demand outstrips supply on the back of a strong pipeline of opportunities.

   --      Average secured day rates over 12% higher than 2021 actual levels. 

-- Reversal of impairment recognised with a value of US$ 15.0 million indicative of improving long-term market conditions.

   --      EBITDA guidance of between US$ 70-US$ 80 million maintained for the current financial year. 
   --      Group anticipates net leverage ratio to be below 4.0 times by the end of 2022. 

Mansour Al Alami, Executive Chairman said:

"The primary aims of last year included reorganising the Company, to regain the trust of stakeholders and to build a business able to consistently provide value to its shareholders. These aims have been delivered on and we are proud of having made such significant progress in such a short period of time. GMS today is back to profitability, it is back to being on a growth path and continuing to deleverage. We look forward to continuing this journey and we thank you all for your patience."

"On behalf of the Board, I would like to thank all our staff for a year of hard work and for their continued commitment to GMS. I would also like to thank our stakeholders, including customers, suppliers, and lenders for their support during the past year".

This announcement contains inside information and is provided in accordance with the requirements of Article 17 of the Market Abuse Regulation (EU) No. 596/2014 (as it forms part of UK law by virtue of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, as amended).

 
 Enquiries: 
 
  Gulf Marine Services PLC     Tel: +44 (0)20 7603 
  Mansour Al Alami             1515 
  Executive Chairman 
 Celicourt Communications    Tel: +44 (0) 208 434 
  Mark Antelme                2643 
  Philip Dennis 
 

Notes to Editors:

Gulf Marine Services PLC, a company listed on the London Stock Exchange, was founded in Abu Dhabi in 1977 and has become a world leading provider of advanced self-propelled self-elevating support vessels (SESVs). The fleet serves the oil, gas and renewable energy industries from its offices in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The Group's assets are capable of serving clients' requirements across the globe, including those in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, West Africa, North America, the Gulf of Mexico and Europe.

The GMS fleet of 13 SESVs is amongst the youngest in the industry, with an average age of 11 years. The vessels support GMS's clients in a broad range of offshore oil and gas platform refurbishment and maintenance activities, well intervention work and offshore wind turbine maintenance work (which are opex-led activities), as well as offshore oil and gas platform installation and decommissioning and offshore wind turbine installation (which are capex-led activities).

The SESVs are categorised by size - K-Class (Small), S-Class (Mid) and E-Class (Large) - with these capable of operating in water depths of 45m to 80m depending on leg length. The vessels are four-legged and are self-propelled, which means they do not require tugs or similar support vessels for moves between locations in the field; this makes them significantly more cost-effective and time-efficient than conventional offshore support vessels without self-propulsion. They have a large deck space, crane capacity and accommodation facilities (for up to 300 people) that can be adapted to the requirements of the Group's clients.

Gulf Marine Services PLC's Legal Entity Identifier is 213800IGS2QE89SAJF77

www.gmsuae.com

Disclaimer

The content of the Gulf Marine Services PLC website should not be considered to form a part of or be incorporated into this announcement.

Cautionary Statement

This announcement includes statements that are forward-looking in nature. All statements other than statements of historical fact are capable of interpretation as forward-looking statements. These statements may generally, but not always, be identified by the use of words such as 'will', 'should', 'could', 'estimate', 'goals', 'outlook', 'probably', 'project', 'risks', 'schedule', 'seek', 'target', 'expects', 'is expected to', 'aims', 'may', 'objective', 'is likely to', 'intends', 'believes', 'anticipates', 'plans', 'we see' or similar expressions. By their nature these forward-looking statements involve numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties, both general and specific, as they relate to events and depend on circumstances that might occur in the future.

Accordingly, the actual results, operations, performance or achievements of the Company and its subsidiaries may be materially different from any future results, operations, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements, due to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors. Neither Gulf Marine Services PLC nor any of its subsidiaries undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or other information. No part of this announcement constitutes, or shall be taken to constitute, an invitation or inducement to invest the Company or any other entity and must not be relied upon in any way in connection with any investment decision. All written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to the Company or to persons acting on the Company's behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements referred to above.

Chairman's Review

TURNING THE CORNER

2021 saw a number of positive steps being made by the Group as the business continues to turn around. A new bank deal and subsequent equity raise helped stabilise the balance sheet, removing a potential event of default with our banks. Improving demand for our vessels led to utilisation being the highest in the last six years, driving an increase in day rates for contracts awarded in the second half of the year, which we will see the benefit of in 2022. The Group reported improved margins driven by increased revenues leading to its first reported net profit since 2016.

Group Performance

Revenue increased by 12.3% to US$ 115.1 million (2020: US$ 102.5 million) with an increase in utilisation of 3 percentage points to 84% (2020: 81%) and with notable improvements in both S- and E-Class vessels at 98% (2020: 92%) and 72% (2020: 65%) respectively. K- Class vessels remained flat at 86% (2020: 86%). Average day rates across the fleet marginally increased to US$ 25.7k (2020: US$ 25.3k). Certain contracts awarded in the latter half of the year, which are due to commence in 2022, saw significant day rate improvements on legacy contracts.

Vessel operating expenses decreased by 2.6% to US$ 41.2 million (2020: $42.3 million), despite the increase in utilisation. General and administrative expenses reduced by US$ 5.9 million to US$ 12.3 million, of which US$ 5.6 million related to non-recurring adjusting items in 2020 and the balance reflecting savings from the final phase of the Group's cost-cutting exercise.

Adjusted EBITDA was US$ 64.1 million, up 27.2% from the previous year (2020: US$ 50.4 million) mainly driven by improved utilisation, particularly in the Group's higher earning E- and S-Class vessels.

During the year there was a reversal of previous impairment charges of US$ 15.0 million, indicative of improvements to long-term market conditions and non-operational finance expenses totalling US$ 1.7 million following the extinguishment of the old debt facility and recognition the new debt facility that completed in the year, (refer to Note 9 in the consolidated financial information).

The Group returned to profitability for the first time since 2016 with a net profit for the year of US$ 31.2 million (2020: loss for the year of US$ 124.3 million) and an adjusted net profit of US$ 18.0 million (2020: adjusted net loss of US$ 15.3 million).

Capital Structure and Liquidity

Net bank debt reduced to US$ 371.2 million (2020: US$ 406.3 million). A combination of reduced debt and improved adjusted EBITDA led to a 28% reduction in the net leverage ratio reducing from 8.0 times in 2020 to 5.8 times at the end of 2021. The Group will continue its focus on organically reducing leverage going forward.

The Group successfully concluded a US$ 27.8 million equity raise in June 2021 which prevented an event of default on its loan facilities. Under these facilities, the Group is required to raise a further US$ 50 million of equity by the end of 2022 or issue 87.6 million warrants entitling the Group's banks to acquire 132 million shares, or 11.5% of the share capital of the Company, for a total consideration of GBP GBP7.9 million, or 6.0 pence per share.

The Group is exploring the various contractual options available per the current bank terms to take place by the end of 2022. As disclosed, the two options available are the raise of US$ 50 million equity or the issuance of 87.6 million warrants giving potential rights to 132 million shares if exercised, which would result in cash proceeds to the Company of GBP 7.9 million. As at 31 December 2021, neither of the two contractual scenarios had been ruled out. The Board however consider the issuance of warrants to have a slightly higher chance of occurrence.

Interest on bank borrowings reduced by 36.6% to US$ 17.5 million (2020: US$ 27.6 million) following the renegotiation of the Group's bank facility in March 2021, the reduction in net bank debt, following the successful equity raise and a reduction in average LIBOR to 0.2% (2020: 1.0%).

Commercial and Operations

The Group secured nine new contracts in the year, worth US$ 66.0 million (2020: seven contracts worth US$ 18.0 million). Tender and bid activity increased, with 2.6 vessel years of projects that are due to commence in 2022 currently in the pipeline. Evolution commenced its first long-term contract utilising its cantilever system.

Despite challenges brought by COVID the Group has achieved its best year for financial performance for many years. Average utilisation, particularly for K-Class vessels, has remained at its highest since 2016. New charters and extensions secured in year totalled 9.6 years. Operational downtime continued the trend of recent years of being low at 1.5% (2020: 1.6%).

Governance

Three new non-executive Directors joined the Board during 2021, with the appointment of Jyrki Koskelo, Anthony St John and Charbel El Khoury in February, May, and August 2021 respectively.

I currently hold the position of Chairman and Chief Executive, leading the business and the Board. Whilst holding the positions of both Chairman and Chief Executive is not recommended by the 2018 UK Corporate Governance Code (the Code), the Board has concluded that, at this stage in the Group's turnaround process, this continues to be appropriate. This recognises both the level and pace of change necessary for the Group and its relatively small scale. This will be regularly assessed by the Board as the Group progresses through its turnaround process.

Removal of Material Uncertainty

The Group is currently operating as a Going Concern without any material uncertainties. This is the first time the Group has been operating as Going Concern without any material uncertainties since 2017.

Safety

There were two recordable injuries in the early part of 2021. One Lost Time Injury and one Restricted Work Day Case. This led to an increase in our Total Recordable Injury Rate from 0.0 (2020) to 0.2 (2021), and an increase in our Lost Time Injury rate from 0.0 (2020) to 0.1 (2021). These levels remain significantly below industry average and in both cases have since returned to zero in early 2022. Two vessels celebrated safety milestones in the year, with both Evolution and Endeavour reaching five years without incident.

We continue to develop our systems and processes to ensure that our offshore operations are as safe as possible in line with the expectations of our customers and stakeholders.

Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures

This year the Annual Report includes our first Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD). This is a new requirement for premium listed companies on the London Stock Exchange. We welcome the introduction of this regulation, having previously committed to adopting the TCFD recommendations by 2022. GMS acknowledged climate change as an emerging risk in 2019, and in December 2021, recognised it as a principal risk.

The Group has complied with the requirements of LR 9.8.6(8)R, by reporting on a 'comply or explain' basis against the 11 recommended TCFD disclosures. As of 31 December 2021, the Group was unable to make disclosures that were consistent with those of the TCFD for ten out of the eleven disclosures. The Group aims to be fully compliant by 31st December 2022.

Outlook

Due to the strong pipeline of opportunities expected to come to the market, the Group anticipates seeing continued improvements in day rate and utilisation levels in 2022. Secured utilisation for 2022 currently stands at 88% (equivalent in 2021: 73%).

Secured backlog stands at US$ 179.2 million as at 1 April 2022 (US$ 207.3 million as at 1 April 2021) and average secured day rates at $28.9k, 12.6% higher than 2021 actual average day rates. Given the current high levels of utilisation secured, combined with higher day rates, the Group expects the financial performance to continue to improve and reiterates its EBITDA guidance of between US$ 70-US$ 80 million for 2022.

Mansour Al Alami

Executive Chairman

Financial Review

 
                                    2021     2020    2019 
                                    US$m     US$m    US$m 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Revenue                            115.1    102.5   108.7 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Gross profit/(loss)                 60.6   (55.5)  (25.0) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Adjusted EBITDA[5]                  64.1     50.4    51.4 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Impairment reversal/(impairment)    15.0   (87.2)  (59.1) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Net profit/(loss) for the year      31.2  (124.3)  (85.5) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
Adjusted net profit/(loss)[6]       18.0   (15.3)  (20.0) 
---------------------------------  -----  -------  ------ 
 

Introduction

Revenue increased by 12.3% to US$ 115.1 million (2020: US$ 102.5 million). Vessel utilisation increased to 84% (2020: 81%) mainly driven by an easing of operational restrictions, and a more positive outlook leading to increased demand and the re-activation of delayed EPC project contract awards in GMS' core markets. S-Class utilisation improved from 92% in 2020 to 98% in 2021, with vessels benefiting from long-term contracts. Our E-Class utilisation levels also increased to 72% (2020: 65%) whilst K-Class utilisation remained flat at 86% (2020: 86%). Average day rates increased to US$ 25.7k (2020: US$ 25.3k).

Adjusted EBITDA (1) increased to US$ 64.1 million (2020: US$ 50.4 million) with an increase in adjusted EBITDA margin to 56% (2020: 49%) mainly driven by the increase in utilisation particularly in the Group's higher earning E- and S-Class vessels described above.

Vessel operating expenses[7] decreased by 2.6% to US$ 41.2 million (2020: US$ 42.3 million), despite the increase in utilisation and additional COVID-19 costs, as managing the Group's cost base continues to be an area of focus.

During 2021, the Group encountered further COVID-related logistical issues in relation to crew movement and delays in mobilisations due to border closures and challenging quarantine requirements. These requirements and the mobilisation delays mentioned at H1 2021 have shown significant signs of easing in the second half of 2021.

General and administrative expenses3 decreased by US$ 5.9 million (32%), to US$ 12.3 million mainly as a result of exceptional restructuring costs and legal costs of US$ 2.5 million and US$ 3.1 million incurred in the prior year which did not repeat in the current year. Underlying G&A(4) remained broadly flat at US$ 9.8 million (2020: US$ 9.7 million).

The Group reported a net profit for the year of US$ 31.2 million (2020: net loss for the year of US$ 124.3 million). The significant increase in profit was mainly driven by the increase in adjusted EBITDA (1) described above, a reduction in finance costs to US$ 14.5 million (2020: US$ 46.7 million) and a reversal of impairment recognised at US$ 15.0 million compared to an impairment charge booked in the previous year of US$ 87.2 million. Adjusted net profit2 which excludes impairment charges, exceptional finance costs and exceptional legal and restructuring costs in 2020 was US$ 18.0 million (2020: adjusted net loss of US$ 15.3 million).

Included in the Company only financial statements is an impairment against the carrying value of investments of US$ 16.8 million (2020: $327.7 million).

Finance expenses reduced mainly from a reduction in bank interest to US$ 17.5 million (2020: US$ 27.6 million) following the refinancing, which took place in March 2021, with both margin and average LIBOR decreasing to 3.0% and 0.2% (2020: 5.0% and 1.0%) and a reduction of costs to acquire the new debt facility in March 2021 of US$ 3.2 million, compared to US$ 15.8 million being expensed in 2020.

Net bank debt[8] reduced to US$ 371.2 million (2020: US$ 406.3 million). The net leverage ratio1 has significantly reduced to 5.8 times compared to 8.0 times in 2020 mainly as a result of the improved adjusted EBITDA and raising US$ 27.8 million of new equity in June 2021. The equity raise completed in June 2021removed a potential event of default under the Groups' debt facilities as at 31 December 2021.

 
                                                                                     Adjusted       Adjusted 
                                                                                 gross profit   gross profit 
                   Revenue   Revenue  Gross profit/(loss)  Gross profit/(loss)       / (loss)       / (loss) 
                   US$'000   US$'000              US$'000              US$'000       US$'000*       US$'000* 
----------------  --------  --------  -------------------  -------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Vessel Class          2021      2020                 2021                 2020           2021           2020 
----------------  --------  --------  -------------------  -------------------  -------------  ------------- 
E-Class vessels     38,680    29,407               21,277             (26,047)         11,170           (22) 
----------------  --------  --------  -------------------  -------------------  -------------  ------------- 
S-Class vessels     33,420    32,136               15,897               15,797         15,897         15,797 
----------------  --------  --------  -------------------  -------------------  -------------  ------------- 
K-Class vessels     43,027    40,947               23,568             (45,076)         18,716         16,055 
----------------  --------  --------  -------------------  -------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Other vessels            -         2                (116)                (202)          (116)          (202) 
----------------  --------  --------  -------------------  -------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Total              115,127   102,492               60,626             (55,528)         45,667         31,628 
----------------  --------  --------  -------------------  -------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

* See Glossary and note 9 of the consolidated financial information.

Revenue and segmental profit/loss

The table above shows the contribution to revenue, and segment gross profit or loss made by each vessel class during the year.

Utilisation in 2021 increased to 84% (2020: 81%). This is the highest level of utilisation achieved since 2015 and was facilitated by an easing of COVID-related operational restrictions and a more positive outlook leading to increased demand and the re-activation of delayed EPC project contract awards in GMS's core markets. S-Class utilisation improved from 92% in 2020 to 98% in 2021 mainly from long-term contracts which continued throughout the year. Our E-Class utilisation levels also saw an increase to 72% (2020: 65%) and K-Class utilisation remained flat at 86% (2020: 86%).

Average day rates marginally increased to US$ 25.7k (2020: US$ 25.3k). Vessel day rates for E-Class vessels increased by 7%, offset by marginal decreases to S-Class and K-Class rates of 2% and 3% respectively. New contracts awarded in the latter half of the year, which are due to commence in 2022, saw significant day rate improvements on legacy contracts.

The MENA region continues to be the largest geographical market representing 89% (2020: 88%) of total Group revenue. The remaining 11% (2020: 12%) of revenue was earned from Offshore Windfarms in the renewables market in Europe. National Oil Companies (NOCs) continue to be the Group's principal client representing 70% of 2021 total revenue (2020: 68%).

The UAE remains the largest revenue contributor in the MENA region, generating 50% of total revenue (2020: 52%). The remainder is split between Saudi Arabia and Qatar at 19% and 20% respectively (2020: 17% and 19%).

Cost of sales, reversal of impairment and administrative expenses

Cost of sales excluding impairment slightly decreased to US$ 69.5 million (2020: US$ 70.9 million) with operating expenses and depreciation decreasing by US$ 1.1 million and US$ 0.4 million respectively. Despite achieving a 12.3% increase in revenue, cost of sales excluding depreciation and amortisation fell by 2.6% to US$ 41.2 million (2020: US$ 42.3 million). Total depreciation and amortisation included in cost of sales amounted to US$ 28.2 million in 2021 (2020: US$ 28.6 million).

Following an improvement to general market conditions, stabilisation of the Group's capital structure and an increase in market capitalisation, management performed a formal impairment assessment of the Group's fleet, comparing the net book value to the recoverable amount as at 31 December 2021. Based on the assessment, the total recoverable amount of the fleet was computed at US$ 631.9 million (2020: US$ 664.0 million) resulting in an impairment reversal of US$ 15.0 million compared to an impairment charge of US$ 87.2 million in 2020. Refer to note 4 in the consolidated financial information for further details.

Overall general and administrative costs reduced from US$ 18.2 million in 2020 to US$ 12.3 million in 2021. There were no restructuring costs incurred in the financial year (2020: US$ 2.5 million). In 2020, one-off legal costs of US$ 3.1 million were incurred in relation to the Seafox proposed bid offer and governance and management changes which did not repeat in the current year. Underlying G&A remained broadly flat at US$ 9.8 million (2020: US$ 9.7 million).

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA, which excludes the impact of reversal of impairment in 2021 and an impairment charge and one-off non-operational costs in 2020, increased to US$ 64.1 million (2020: US$ 50.4 million), mainly driven by the increase in utilisation particularly in the Group's higher earning E- and S-Class vessels described above. Adjusted EBITDA is considered an appropriate, comparable measure showing underlying performance, that management are able to influence. Please refer to Note 9 and Glossary for further details.

Finance costs

Finance costs reduced materially from US$ 46.7 million in 2020 to US$ 14.5 million in 2021, mainly as a result of a reduction in bank interest to US$ 17.5 million (2020: US$ 27.6 million). Costs to acquire the bank facility in 2021 were significantly lower than costs to acquire the previous refinance in 2020 at US$ 3.2 million (2020: US$ 15.8 million). A gain of US$ 6.3 million (2020: US$ 1.1 million) was recognised in the profit and loss in the current year, reflecting the waiver of PIK interest otherwise payable during the first quarter of 2021, the remeasurement of the debt to fair value as at the date of the substantial modification and the impact of a change in the forecast voluntary repayment of the debt. Refer to note 7 for further details.

Earnings

The Group achieved a profit of US$ 31.2 million (2020: loss of US$ 124.3 million), mainly driven by an increase in utilisation, decrease in finance expenses and the reversal of impairment booked in at US$ 15.0 million (2020: impairment charge of US$ 87.2 million) all described above.

After reflecting for adjusting items (impairment and finance expenses) the Group incurred an adjusted profit of US$ 18.0 million (2020: adjusted loss of US$ 15.3 million).

Capital expenditure

The Group's capital expenditure during the year reduced to US$ 12.2 million (2020: US$ 14.2 million). Expenditure mainly relating to upgrades made to vessels to meet client requirements. The Company continues to maintain capital expenditure at a level that ensures safe operations, in line with legal and regulatory obligations, and that meets client requirements, as it focuses on maximising its cash generation to continue reducing bank debt.

Cash flow and liquidity

During the year, the Group delivered operating cash flows of US$ 40.5 million (2020: US$ 44.3 million). This reduction is primarily as a result of the movement in trade and other receivables described below offset by increased profit. The net cash outflow from investing activities for 2021 decreased to US$ 11.5 million (2020: US$ 12.4 million) as the Group continues to limit capital expenditure to maintaining the fleet to a level that ensures safe operations and meets client requirements.

The Group's net cash flow from financing activities was an outflow of US$ 24.5 million during the year (2020: US$ 36.5 million) mainly comprising net repayments to the bank of US$ 31.0 million (2020: US$ 12.1 million) and interest paid of US$ 13.0 million (2020: US$ 27.9 million), offset by proceeds from shares following the equity raise of US$ 27.8 million (2020: nil).

Balance sheet

Total non-current assets at 31 December 2021 were US$ 617.2 million (2020: US$ 618.8 million), following a US$ 15.0 million reversal of impairment on some of the Group's vessels (2020: impairment charge of US$ 87.2 million).

Total current assets at 31 December 2021 were US$ 57.2 million (2020: US$ 35.6 million). Cash and cash equivalents increased to US$ 8.3 million (2020: US$ 3.8 million). Trade and other receivables increased to US$ 48.9 million (2020: US$ 31.8 million) of which US$ 41.9 million (2020: US$ 24.1 million) related to net trade receivables and US$ 7.0 million (2020: US$ 7.8 million) to other receivables. The increase in trade receivables was mainly driven by increased utilisation and client delays in processing receipts. Trade receivables are primarily with NOC, IOC and international EPC companies, with over 89% being aged between 0-60 days. Out of the year-end balance, over US$ 30 million has subsequently been collected.

Total current liabilities reduced to US$ 53.3 million at 31 December 2021 (2020: US$ 61.0 million), Trade payables decreased to US$ 10.5 million (2020: US$ 12.3 million) and other payables decreased to US$ 8.9 million (2020: US$ 11.1 million). There was a decrease in bank borrowings due within one year to US$ 26.1 million (2020: US$ 31.0 million) as a result of the Group's working capital facility (US$ 21.5 million) now being recognised as a non--current liability as it is available for utilisation until the end of the term debt facility offset by an increase in loan repayments for the next 12 months compared to the previous year.

Net bank debt and borrowings

On 31 March 2021, the Group amended the terms of its loan facility with its banking syndicate. The amended terms were significantly different from the original loan. Management determined that the Group's loan facility was substantially modified and, accordingly, the old loan facility was extinguished and the new facility recognised. Refer to note 7 for further details.

Net bank debt as at 31 December 2021 reduced to US$ 371.2 million (2020: US$ 406.3 million) with US$ 20.0 million of the US$ 31.0 million total loan repayments being made following the equity raise in June 2021. The net leverage ratio has significantly reduced and was 5.8 times as at 31 December 2021 compared to 8.0 times in 2020, as a result of improved adjusted EBITDA and the equity raise in June 2021.

Going Concern

The successful issuance of equity by 30 June 2021 removed a potential event of default on the Group's bank facilities which in turn removed the material uncertainty as to the Group's ability to continue as a Going Concern that was reported in the full year 2020 results.

The Group's forecasts indicate that its revised debt facility will provide sufficient liquidity for its requirements for at least the next 12 months and accordingly, the consolidated financial information for the Group have been prepared on the Going Concern basis. For further details please refer the Going Concern disclosure in note 1 of the financial information. This is the first time the Group have been operating as Going Concern without any material uncertainties since 2017.

Related party transactions

During the year, there were related party transactions with our partner in Saudi Arabia for leases of breathing equipment for some of our vessels and office space totalling US$ 0.5 million (2020: US$ 0.5 million). In addition, there were related party transaction related to catering services for Vessel Pepper totalling to US$ 0.5 million (2020: US$ nil).

The Group has never had transactions with its largest shareholder, Seafox International (29.9%) and has agreed with its banks, in its latest agreement signed in March 2021, restrictions on any future transactions with them or their affiliates. During the year, the Group received catering services totalling US$ 0.5 million (2020: nil) on board one of its vessels provided by the National Catering Company, an affiliate of Mazrui International LLC, the Group's second largest shareholder (25.6%).

Adjusting items

The Group presents adjusted results, in addition to the statutory results, as the Directors consider that they provide a useful indication of underlying performance. A reconciliation between the adjusted non-GAAP and statutory results is provided in Note 9 of the consolidated financial information with further information provided in the Glossary.

Consolidated statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for the year ended 31 December

 
                                         Notes       2021        2020 
                                                  US$'000     US$'000 
 
 Revenue                                 8,11     115,127     102,492 
 
 Cost of sales                                   (69,460)    (70,864) 
 Reversal of impairment/(impairment 
  loss)                                    4       14,959    (87,156) 
 
 
 Gross profit/(loss)                               60,626    (55,528) 
 
 Restructuring costs                                    -     (2,492) 
 Exceptional legal costs                                -     (3,092) 
 Other general and administrative 
  expenses                                       (12,272)    (12,632) 
                                                ---------  ---------- 
 General and administrative expenses             (12,272)    (18,216) 
 
 
 Operating profit/(loss)                           48,354    (73,744) 
 
 Finance income                                         9          15 
 Finance expense                                 (14,463)    (46,740) 
 Foreign exchange loss, net                       (1,002)       (993) 
 Loss on disposal of property and 
  equipment                                             -     (2,073) 
 Gain on disposal of fixed assets 
  held for sale                                         -         259 
 Other income                                          28         257 
 
 Profit/(loss) for the year before 
  taxation                                         32,926   (123,019) 
 
 Taxation charge for the year                     (1,707)     (1,285) 
 
 Net profit/(loss) for the year                    31,219   (124,304) 
                                                =========  ========== 
 
 
 Other comprehensive income/(expense) 
  - items that may be reclassified 
  to profit or loss: 
 
 Net gain on changes in fair value 
  of hedging instruments                  12            -          21 
 Net hedging gain reclassified to 
  the profit or loss                      12          278         883 
 Exchange differences on translation 
  of foreign operations                              (91)         425 
 
 Total comprehensive gain/(loss) 
  for the year                                     31,406   (122,975) 
                                                =========  ========== 
 
 Profit/(loss) attributable to: 
 
 Owners of the Company                             31,001   (124,339) 
 Non-controlling interests                            218          35 
 
                                                   31,219   (124,304) 
                                                =========  ========== 
 
 Total comprehensive profit/(loss) 
  attributable to: 
 
 Owners of the Company                             31,188   (123,010) 
 Non-controlling interests                            218          35 
 
                                                   31,406   (122,975) 
                                                =========  ========== 
 
 Earnings/(loss) per share: 
 
 Basic (cents per share)                  10         4.48     (35.48) 
 Diluted (cents per share)                10         4.46     (35.48) 
 
 

All results are derived from continuing operations in each year. There are no discontinued operations in either years.

Consolidated statement of financial position as at 31 December

 
                                            Notes       2021       2020 
                                                     US$'000    US$'000 
 
 ASSETS 
 Non-current assets 
 Property and equipment                       4      605,526    605,077 
 Dry docking expenditure                               8,799     10,391 
 Right-of-use assets                                   2,884      3,340 
 
 Total non-current assets                            617,209    618,808 
 
 Current assets 
 Trade and other receivables                          48,917     31,834 
 Cash and cash equivalents                    5        8,271      3,798 
 
 Total current assets                                 57,188     35,632 
 
 Total assets                                        674,397    654,440 
                                                   =========  ========= 
 
 EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 
 Capital and reserves 
 Share capital - Ordinary                     6       30,117     58,057 
 Share capital - Deferred                     6       46,445          - 
 Share premium account                        6       99,105     93,080 
 Restricted reserve                                      272        272 
 Group restructuring reserve                        (49,710)   (49,710) 
 Share based payment reserve                           3,648      3,740 
 Capital contribution                                  9,177      9,177 
 Cash flow hedge reserve                               (558)      (836) 
 Translation reserve                                 (2,086)    (1,995) 
 Retained earnings                                   124,386     93,385 
                                                   ---------  --------- 
 
 Attributable to the owners of the 
  Company                                            260,796    205,170 
 Non-controlling interests                             1,912      1,694 
 
 Total equity                                        262,708    206,864 
                                                   ---------  --------- 
 
 Current liabilities 
 Trade and other payables                             19,455     23,395 
 Current tax liability                                 5,669      4,811 
 Bank borrowings - scheduled repayments 
  within one year                             7       26,097     31,024 
 Lease liabilities                                     1,817      1,739 
 
 Total current liabilities                            53,038     60,969 
                                                   ---------  --------- 
 
 Non-current liabilities 
 Provision for employees' end of service 
  benefits                                             2,322      2,190 
 Bank borrowings - scheduled repayments 
  more than one year                          7      353,429    379,009 
 Lease liabilities                                     1,107      1,572 
 Derivative financial instruments            12        1,793      3,836 
 Total non-current liabilities                       358,651    386,607 
                                                   ---------  --------- 
 
 Total liabilities                                   411,689    447,576 
                                                   ---------  --------- 
 
 Total equity and liabilities                        674,397    654,440 
                                                   ---------  --------- 
 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity for the year ended 31 December

 
                                                                                                                                                       Attributable 
                      Share      Share                                            Share                     Cash      Cost                                   to the 
                    capital    capital     Share                        Group     based                     flow        of                                   Owners 
                          -          -   premium   Restricted   restructuring   payment        Capital     hedge   hedging   Translation    Retained         of the   Non-controlling       Total 
                   Ordinary   Deferred   account      reserve         reserve   reserve   contribution   reserve   reserve       reserve    earnings        Company         interests      equity 
                    US$'000    US$'000   US$'000      US$'000         US$'000   US$'000        US$'000   US$'000   US$'000       US$'000     US$'000        US$'000           US$'000     US$'000 
 
 At 1 January 
  2020               58,057          -    93,080          272        (49,710)     3,572          9,177       520   (2,260)       (2,420)     217,724        328,012             1,659     329,671 
 
 (Loss)/profit 
  for the year            -          -         -            -               -         -              -         -         -             -   (124,339)      (124,339)                35   (124,304) 
 Gain on fair 
  value changes 
  of hedging 
  instruments             -          -         -            -               -         -              -         -        21             -           -             21                 -          21 
 Net hedging 
  gain/(loss) 
  on interest 
  hedges 
  reclassified 
  to the profit 
  or loss                 -          -         -            -               -         -              -       901      (18)             -           -            883                 -         883 
 Exchange 
  differences 
  on foreign 
  operations              -          -         -            -               -         -              -         -         -           425           -            425                 -         425 
                  ---------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------------  --------  -------------  --------  --------  ------------  ----------  -------------  ----------------  ---------- 
 Total 
  comprehensive 
  loss for 
  the year                -          -         -            -               -         -              -       901         3           425   (124,339)      (123,010)                35   (122,975) 
                  ---------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------------  --------  -------------  --------  --------  ------------  ----------  -------------  ----------------  ---------- 
 Gain/loss 
  on currency 
  hedges 
  reclassified 
  to profit 
  or loss                 -          -         -            -               -         -              -   (2,257)     2,257             -           -              -                 -           - 
 Share based 
  payment charge          -          -         -            -               -       168              -         -         -             -           -            168                 -         168 
                             --------- 
 
 At 31 December 
  2020               58,057          -    93,080          272        (49,710)     3,740          9,177     (836)         -       (1,995)      93,385        205,170             1,694     206,864 
 
 Profit for 
  the year                -          -         -            -               -         -              -         -         -             -      31,001         31,001               218      31,219 
 Net hedging 
  gain on 
  interest 
  hedges 
  reclassified 
  to the profit 
  or loss                 -          -         -            -               -         -              -       278         -             -           -            278                 -         278 
 Exchange 
  differences 
  on foreign 
  operations              -          -         -            -               -         -              -         -         -          (91)           -           (91)                 -        (91) 
                  ---------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------------  --------  -------------  --------  --------  ------------  ----------  -------------  ----------------  ---------- 
 Total 
  comprehensive 
  gain for 
  the year                -          -         -            -               -         -              -       278         -          (91)      31,001         31,188               218      31,406 
                  ---------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------------  --------  -------------  --------  --------  ------------  ----------  -------------  ----------------  ---------- 
 Share based 
  payment charge 
  (Note 12)               -          -         -            -               -      (18)              -         -         -             -           -           (18)                 -        (18) 
 Capital 
  reorganisation   (46,445)          -         -            -               -         -              -         -         -             -           -       (46,445)                 -    (46,445) 
 Issue of 
  share capital 
  (Note 6)           18,505     46,445     9,253            -               -         -              -         -         -             -           -         74,203                 -      74,203 
 Share issue 
  costs                   -          -   (3,228)            -               -         -              -         -         -             -           -        (3,228)                 -     (3,228) 
 Cash settlement 
  of share- 
  based payments          -          -         -            -               -      (74)              -         -         -             -           -           (74)                 -        (74) 
 
 At 31 December 
  2021               30,117     46,445    99,105          272        (49,710)     3,648          9,177     (558)         -       (2,086)     124,386        260,796             1,912     262,708 
                  =========  =========  ========  ===========  ==============  ========  =============  ========  ========  ============  ==========  =============  ================  ========== 
 

Consolidated statement of cash flows for the year ended 31 December

 
                                              Notes       2021       2020 
                                                       US$'000    US$'000 
 
 Net cash generated from operating 
  activities                                   14       40,511     44,268 
 
 Investing activities 
 Payments for additions of property 
  and equipment                                        (7,898)    (5,623) 
 Dry docking expenditure incurred                      (3,609)    (7,600) 
 Interest received                                           9         15 
 Proceeds from disposal of property 
  and equipment                                              -        299 
 Proceeds from disposal of assets 
  held for sale                                              -        559 
 
 Net cash used in investing activities                (11,498)   (12,350) 
 
 Financing activities 
 Proceeds from issue of shares                          27,758          - 
 Bank borrowings received                                2,000     21,500 
 Repayment of bank borrowings                         (30,983)   (12,075) 
 Interest paid on bank borrowings                     (12,950)   (27,903) 
 Payment of issue costs on bank borrowings             (3,615)   (14,449) 
 Share issue costs paid                                (3,228)          - 
 Principal elements of lease payments                  (2,342)    (1,871) 
 Settlement of derivatives                             (1,033)      (883) 
 Interest paid on leases                                 (147)      (193) 
 Dividends paid                                              -      (650) 
 
 Net cash used in financing activities                (24,540)   (36,524) 
 
 Net increase/(decrease) in cash 
  and cash equivalents                                   4,473    (4,606) 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the 
  beginning of the year                                  3,798      8,404 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the 
  end of the year                               5        8,271      3,798 
                                                     =========  ========= 
 
 
 Non - cash transactions 
 Recognition of deferred shares        46,445       - 
 Recognition of right-of-use asset      1,955   3,239 
 Capital accruals                         408     585 
 Drydock accruals                         302     411 
 

Notes to the consolidated financial information for the year ended 31 December 2021

   1              Basis of preparation 

Gulf Marine Services PLC ("GMS" or "the Company") is a company which is limited by shares and is registered and incorporated in England and Wales on 24 January 2014. The Company is a public limited company with operations mainly in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and Europe. The address of the registered office of the Company is 107 Hammersmith Road, London, United Kingdom, W14 0QH. The registered number of the Company is 08860816.

The principal activities of GMS and its subsidiaries (together referred to as "the Group") are chartering and operating a fleet of specially designed and built vessels. All information in the notes relate to the Group, not the Company unless otherwise stated.

The Company and its subsidiaries are engaged in providing self-propelled, self-elevating support vessels, which provide a stable platform for delivery of a wide range of services throughout the total lifecycle of offshore oil, gas and renewable energy activities and which are capable of operations in the Middle East and other regions.

The financial information for the year ended 31 December 2020 does not constitute statutory accounts as defined in section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. A copy of the statutory accounts for that year has been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The independent auditor's report on the full financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020 was unqualified, however included a material uncertainty in relation to the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. No other statement was made under section 498 of the Companies Act 2006.

The preliminary announcement does not constitute the Group's statutory accounts for the year ended 31 December 2021, but is derived from those accounts. Statutory accounts for the year ended 31 December 2021 were approved by the Directors on 12 May 2022 and will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies following the Company's Annual General Meeting. The independent auditor's report on those financial statements was unqualified, did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis and did not include a statement under Section s498 (2) or (3) of the 2006 Companies Act.

The 2021 Annual Report will be posted to shareholders in advance of the Annual General Meeting.

While the financial information included in this preliminary announcement has been prepared in accordance with the recognition and measurement criteria of International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRSs"), this announcement does not itself contain sufficient information to comply with the disclosure aspects of IFRSs.

The consolidated preliminary announcement of the Group has been prepared in accordance with IFRSs, IFRIC interpretations and the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRSs. The consolidated financial information has been prepared under the historical cost convention, as modified by the revaluation of certain financial assets and financial liabilities, including derivative instruments, at fair value.

Going concern

The Group's Directors have assessed the Group's financial position for a period through to June 2023 of not less than 12 months from the date of approval of the full year results and have a reasonable expectation that the Group will be able to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future.

The material uncertainty over going concern that existed and was previously disclosed as a significant judgment when the 31 December 2020 financial statements were approved on 21 May 2021 no longer exists due to the successful issuance of equity in June 2021, which removed the potential event of default on the Group's revised bank facilities, as renegotiated in March 2021.

The renegotiation of bank facilities also resulted in a 40% reduction in margin payable in 2021 and 2022, with the surplus cash generated from these savings used to accelerate repayment of the loan principal (refer to Note 7 for further details on the revised terms of the bank facility).

As a result of the above refinancing in March 2021 and subsequent equity raise in June 2021, the Directors no longer consider going concern to be a critical accounting judgment as at 31 December 2021.

   1              Basis of preparation (continued) 

Going concern (continued)

The Group is exploring various contractual options available per the current bank terms to take place by the end of 2022. There are two options available which are either the raise of US$ 50 million equity or the issuance of 87.6 million warrants giving potential rights to 132 million shares if exercised. As at 31 December 2021, the Board consider the more likely outcome will be the issuance of warrants rather than the equity raise. PIK interest will potentially accrue, only if the net leverage ratio is above 4.0 times. Based on the latest Board approved projections, the net leverage ratio is expected to be below 4.0x and therefore no PIK interest is expected.

The forecast used for Going Concern reflects management's key assumptions including those around utilisation and vessel day rates on a vessel-by-vessel basis. Specifically, these assumptions are:

-- Average day rates across the fleet are assumed to be US$ 28.6k for the 18-month period to 30 June 2023;

   --      90% forecast utilisation for the 18-month period to 30 June 2023; 

-- Strong pipeline of tenders and opportunities for new contracts that would commence during the forecast period.

As noted above the impact of COVID-19 has also been considered in short-term forecasts approved by the Board which include additional hotel and testing costs for offshore crew whilst in quarantine. Terms and conditions of crew rotations have also been amended and costs updated to reflect this. Rotations have been extended for all crew to limit the number of times in quarantine and the number of changeouts on the crew which increases the risk of infection each time it occurs. All policies are in line with Government and client guidelines for offshore activities. Management note that the impact of COVID-19 has shown significant signs of easing in Q1 2022 and therefore this is not expected to be a long-term risk.

While the current situation regarding the war in Ukraine and Russian sanctions described in note 15 remains uncertain, the Directors believe the potential impact of the war, border closures and resulting sanctions will not have a significant impact on operations.

Brexit is not expected to have a significant effect on the Group's operations as 12 of 13 vessels are in the MENA region.

The Group is expected to continue to generate positive operating cash flows for the foreseeable future and has in place a committed working capital facility of US$ 50.0 million, of which US$ 25.0 million can be utilised to support the issuance of performance bonds and guarantees. The balance can be utilised to draw down cash. US$ 21.5 million of this facility was utilised as at 31 December 2021, leaving US$ 3.5 million available for drawdown (2020: US$ 3.5 million). There was a reduction to the cash element of the working capital facility by US$ 5 million to US$ 20 million on 31st March 2022. A payment of US$ 5 million was made by the Group on the same day reducing the amount utilised to US$ 16.5 million, leaving US$ 3.5 million available for drawdown. The working capital facility expires alongside the main debt facility in June 2025.

The principal borrowing facilities are subject to covenants and are measured bi-annually in June and December. Refer to note 7 for further details.

The Group's forecasts, having taken into consideration reasonable risks and downsides, indicate that its revised bank facilities along with sufficient order book of contracted work (currently secured 86% of revenue for FY 2022) and a strong pipeline of near-term opportunities for additional work (a further 6% is at an advanced stages of negotiation captured in the Group's backlog) will provide sufficient liquidity for its requirements for the foreseeable future and accordingly the consolidated financial information for the Group for the current period have been prepared on a going concern basis.

A downside case was prepared using the following assumptions:

   --      no work-to-win in 2022; 
   --      a 22 percent reduction in work to win utilisation in H1 2023; and 

-- a reduction in day-rates for an E-Class vessel assumed to have the largest day rate, by 10% commencing from November 2022, i.e. after expiry of the current secured period.

   1              Basis of preparation (continued) 

Going concern (continued)

Based on the above scenario, the Group would not be in breach of its term loan facility, however, the net leverage ratio is forecast to exceed 4.0 times as at 31 December 2022 for a period of 6 months and therefore PIK interest of US$ 3.9 million would accrue in the assessment period and has been included in the above forecast. Such PIK would be settled as part of the bullet payment on expiry of the Group's term loan facility in June 2025. The downside case is considered to be severe but plausible and would still leave the Group with $10m of liquidity and in compliance with the covenants under the Group's banking facilities throughout the period until the end of May 2023.

In addition to the above reasonably plausible downside sensitivity, the Directors have also considered a reverse stress test, where adjusted EBITDA has been sufficiently reduced to breach the net leverage ratio as a result of a combination of reduced utilisation and day rates, as noted below:

   --      no work-to-win in 2022; 

-- a 40 percent and 25 percent reduction in options utilisation in 2022 and H1 2023 respectively;

   --      a 48 percent reduction in work to win utilisation in H1 2023; and 

-- a reduction in day-rates for an E-Class vessel assumed to have the largest day rate, by 10% commencing from November 2022, i.e. after expiry of the current secured period.

Based on the above scenario, net leverage ratio is forecast to exceed 4.0 times at 31 December 2022 for a period of 6 months and therefore PIK interest of US$ 3.9 million would accrue in the assessment period and has been included in the above forecast. Such PIK would be settled as part of the bullet payment on expiry of the Group's term loan facility in June 2025. The net leverage ratio is also breached at HY 2023.

Should circumstances arise that differ from the Group's projections, the Directors believe that a number of mitigating actions can be executed successfully in the necessary timeframe to meet debt repayment obligations as they become due (refer note 7 for maturity profiles) and in order to maintain liquidity. Potential mitigating actions include the following:

-- Reduction in client specific capex due to no mobilisation of vessels of approximately US$ 4 million in 2022 and US$ 2.5 million in H1 2023;

-- Vessels off hire for prolonged periods could be cold stacked to minimise operating costs on these vessels at the rate of US$ 35,000/month for K-Class and US$ 50,000/month for S-Class/E-Class;

-- Reduction in overhead costs, particularly, bonus payments estimated at US$ 125k per month; and

-- 2022 - H2 2024 voluntary payments could be deferred till H1 2025 when the bullet payment will be made as there would be less cash available to help deleverage on a voluntary basis.

GMS remains cognisant of the wider context in which it operates and the impact that climate change could have on the financial statements of the Group.

   2              Significant accounting policies 

The significant accounting policies and methods of computation adopted in the preparation of this financial information are consistent with those followed in the preparation of the Group's consolidated annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020, except for the adoption of new standards and interpretations effective as at 1 January 2021.

   3              Key sources of estimation uncertainty and critical accounting judgements 

In the application of the Group's accounting policies, the Directors are required to make judgements, estimates and assumptions about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that are considered to be relevant. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

In applying the Group's accounting policies during the year, there are no critical judgements.

   3              Key sources of estimation uncertainty and critical accounting judgements (continued) 

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

The key assumptions concerning the future, and other key sources of estimation uncertainty that may have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying value of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are outlined below.

Impairment and reversal of previous impairment of property and equipment

Management carried out an impairment assessment of property and equipment for year ended 31 December 2021. Following this assessment management determined that the recoverable amounts of the cash generating units to which items of property and equipment were allocated, being vessels and related assets, were most sensitive to future day rates, vessel utilisation and discount rate. It is reasonably possible that changes to these assumptions within the next financial year could require a material adjustment of the carrying amount of the Group's vessels.

Whilst the Group has revised certain assumptions for certain vessels by more than 10% relative to prior year the average increase across all vessels was less than 10%. Management would not expect an assumption change of more than 10% across all vessels within the next financial year, and accordingly believes that a 10% sensitivity to day rates and utilisation is appropriate.

As at 31 December 2021, the total carrying amount of the property and equipment, drydocking expenditure, and right of use assets subject to estimation uncertainty was US$ 602.3 million (2020: US$ 706.0 million). Refer to Note 5 for further details including sensitivity analysis.

   4              Property and equipment 
 
                                                                          Vessel spares, 
                                          Capital      Land, building        fitting and 
                      Vessels    work-in-progress    and improvements    other equipment    Others     Total 
                      US$'000             US$'000             US$'000            US$'000   US$'000   US$'000 
 
 Cost 
 At 1 January 2020    884,497               4,857              10,488             60,743     3,670   964,255 
 
 Additions                  -               6,208                   -                  -         -     6,208 
 Transfers              5,695             (7,138)                   -              1,163       280         - 
 Disposals              (180)                   -             (5,387)                  -   (1,660)   (7,227) 
 Write offs                 -                   -             (5,101)            (2,004)     (323)   (7,428) 
 
 At 31 December 
  2020                890,012               3,927                   -             59,902     1,967   955,808 
 
 Additions                  -               8,306                   -                  -         -     8,306 
 Transfers              6,859             (7,191)                   -                332         -         - 
 
 At 31 December 
  2021                896,871               5,042                   -             60,234     1,967   964,114 
                     --------  ------------------  ------------------  -----------------  --------  -------- 
 
 
   4              Property and equipment (continued) 
 
                                                                         Vessel spares, 
                                         Capital      Land, building        fitting and 
                      Vessels   work-in-progress    and improvements    other equipment    Others      Total 
                      US$'000            US$'000             US$'000            US$'000   US$'000    US$'000 
 
 Accumulated 
 depreciation 
 At 1 January 2020    221,805              2,845               8,014             13,823     3,534    250,021 
 
 Eliminated on 
  disposal of 
  assets                    -                  -             (3,269)                  -   (1,586)    (4,855) 
 Write off                  -                  -             (5,101)            (2,004)     (323)    (7,428) 
 Depreciation 
  expense              22,444                  -                 356              2,955        82     25,837 
 Impairment            87,156                  -                   -                  -         -     87,156 
 
 
 At 31 December 
  2020                331,405              2,845                   -             14,774     1,707    350,731 
 
 Depreciation 
  expense              19,492                  -                   -              3,244        80     22,816 
 Reversal of 
  impairment         (14,959)                  -                   -                  -         -   (14,959) 
 
 At 31 December 
  2021                335,938              2,845                   -             18,018     1,787    358,588 
                    ---------  -----------------  ------------------  -----------------  --------  --------- 
 
 Carrying amount 
 
 At 31 December 
  2021                560,933              2,197                   -             42,216       180    605,526 
                    ---------  -----------------  ------------------  -----------------  --------  --------- 
 At 31 December 
  2020                558,607              1,082                   -             45,128       260    605,077 
                    ---------  -----------------  ------------------  -----------------  --------  --------- 
 
 

Depreciation amounting to US$ 22.8 million (2020: US$ 25.8 million) has been charged to the profit and loss, of which US$ 22.7 million (2020: US$ 25.5 million) was allocated to cost of sales. The remaining balance of the depreciation charge is included in general and administrative expenses.

Vessels with a total net book value of US$ 560.9 million (2020: US$ 558.6 million), have been mortgaged as security for the loans extended by the Group's banking syndicate (Note 7).

   4              Property and equipment (continued) 

Impairment

In accordance with the requirements of IAS 36 - Impairment of Assets, the Group assesses at each reporting period if there is any indication an additional impairment would need to be recognised for its vessels and related assets, or if the impairment loss recognised in prior periods no longer exist or had decreased in quantum. Such indicators can be from either internal or external sources. In circumstances in which any indicators of impairment or impairment reversal are identified, the Group performs a formal impairment assessment to evaluate the carrying amounts of the Group's vessels and their related assets, by comparing against the recoverable amount to identify any impairments or reversals. The recoverable amount is the higher of the vessels and related assets' fair value less costs to sell and value in use.

During the years ended 31 December 2019 and 31 December 2020, the market capitalisation of the Group continued to be lower than the net asset value as the Group had been unable to achieve the recovery previously anticipated following ongoing challenging market conditions and uncertainty in respect of the Group's capital structure. These conditions and specifically the continued low share price were identified as indicators of potential impairment of the Group's vessels and their related assets. As such a full impairment review of each vessel and their related assets was undertaken in both those years. Based on such review, management had recognised an impairment loss of US$ 59.1 million and US$ 87.2 million on certain of the Group's vessels during the years ended 2019 and 2020 respectively. Of the 13 vessels in existence as at 31 December 2021, impairment losses had been recognised on 9 vessels while no impairment loss had been recognised on the remaining 4 vessels. The recoverable values in both the years were measured using value in use computations. As permitted under IAS 36.105, none of the above impairment losses were allocated to the assets related to the vessels as management concluded that doing so would have reduced their carrying values to an amount below their respective recoverable values on a standalone basis.

During the year ended 31 December 2021, external factors, such as the improvement in general market conditions and the sustained increase in oil prices/related activity; and internal factors, specifically, the further increase in management's assumptions in relation to long-term day rates beyond that previously assumed in the prior year impairment assessments, suggested that there were indications that the value of assets may have increased as at 31 December 2021 leading to potential reversals of historic impairment losses. Management's view of the further improvement in the long-term market outlook was supported by a recent independent market and fleet valuation report that management obtained from a leading consultant with extensive experience of the subsea equipment support vessel markets in which the Group operates.

Additionally, management identified certain indicators of possible additional impairment, such as a higher discount rate assumption, a market capitalisation that remains below the Group's net assets, and lower actual revenues than prior year forecasts for some vessels.

As a result of the above factors and as required by IAS 36, management performed a formal impairment assessment as at 31 December 2021 for all vessels.

Management has again obtained an independent broker valuation of its vessels as at 2 February 2022 for the purpose of its banking covenant compliance requirements. However, consistent with prior years, management does not consider these broker valuations to represent a reliable estimate of the fair value for the purpose of assessing the recoverable value of the Group's vessels, noting that there have been limited "willing buyer and willing seller" transactions in the current offshore vessel market on which such values could reliably be based. Due to these inherent limitations, management has again concluded that recoverable amount should be based on value in use.

The impairment review was performed for each cash-generating unit, by identifying the value in use of each vessel and associated spares fittings, capitalised dry-docking expenditure and right-of-use assets relating to operating equipment used on the fleet, based on management's projections of future utilisation, day rates and associated cash flows.

   4              Property and equipment (continued) 

Impairment (continued)

The projection of cash flows related to vessels and their related assets is complex and requires the use of a number of estimates, the primary ones being future day rates, vessel utilisation and discount rate.

In estimating the value in use, management estimated the future cash inflows and outflows to be derived from continuing use of each vessel and its related assets for the first four years based on its approved budgets and forecasts. The terminal value cash flows (i.e., those beyond the 4-year period) were estimated based on terminal value mid-cycle day rates and utilisation levels calculated by looking back as far as 2014, when the market was at the top of the cycle through to current levels as the industry starts to emerge out of the bottom of the cycle, adjusted for anomalies. Such long-term forecasts also took account of the outlook for each vessel having regard to their specifications relative to expected customer requirements, as well as new information obtained from recent external publications and reports and about broader long-term trends including climate change.

The near-term assumptions used to derive future cash flows reflect contracted rates where applicable and thereafter the market recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and current oil price environment. Though the Group also operates in the North Sea, its core market in the long term is expected to remain in the Middle East which, in turn, is expected to continue to benefit from the low production costs for oil and gas in the region, the current appetite of NOCs to increase production and the reliance the local governments have on revenues derived from oil and gas.

At the same time, as an operator of state-of-the-art Subsea Equipment Support Vessels in both the oil and gas and renewables industries (offshore wind market) with experience in multiple geographical areas, the Group's fleet offers significant operational flexibility. Any increased demand in offshore renewables in the long-term as a result of climate change concerns will present the Group future opportunities to deploy more of its fleet into this market without any major additional capital expenditure on the vessels. Hence, the Group believes that it will not face any significant impact on the demand for its vessels due to climate change implications beyond the extent reflected in management's assumptions and sensitivities.

In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate. The discount rate of 12.6% (2020: 10.56%) is computed on the basis of the Group's weighted average cost of capital. The cost of equity incorporated in the computation of the discount rate is based on risk-free rate, equity risk premium and industry sector average betas, and reflects specific adjustments for country risk in the countries the Group operates in, the Group's relatively small size and a Group specific risk premium reflecting any additional risk factors relevant to the Group. The cost of debt is based on the Group's actual cost of debt. The weighted average is computed based on the industry capital structure. In concurrence with external advisors, management reviewed and narrowed down the peer companies used to compute the discount rate and measured the overall impact of existing and additional risks related to the Group, resulting in an increase of the WACC to 12.6% as noted above. Whilst this exceeded the reasonably possible sensitivity disclosed in the prior year, for the reasons disclosed in the key assumptions sensitivity section on page 25 onwards, management still consider a 1% sensitivity on discount rate to be appropriate.

The impairment review led to the recognition of an aggregate impairment reversal of US$ 14.96 million. The key reason for the reversal is an increase in management's long-term assumptions for day rates compared to prior year. This increase is partially offset by an overall decrease in long-term utilisation assumptions and an increase in discount rate from 10.56% to 12.6%, which is computed on the basis explained in earlier paragraph.

In accordance with the Companies Act 2006, section 841(4), the following has been considered:

a) the directors have considered the value of some/all of the fixed assets of the Group without revaluing them; and

b) the Directors are satisfied that the aggregate value of those assets are not less than the aggregate amount at which they were stated in the Group's accounts.

   4              Property and equipment (continued) 

Impairment (continued)

Details of the impairment reversal by cash-generating unit, along with the associated recoverable amount reflecting its value in use, are provided below:

 
                                  Impairment   Recoverable   Impairment   Recoverable 
                                    Reversal        Amount       Amount        Amount 
   Cash Generating      Vessel          2021          2021         2020          2020 
   Unit (CGUs)          class        US$'000       US$'000      US$'000       US$'000 
-------------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 Endurance            E-Class          9,013        66,289       25,472        56,605 
 Endeavour            E-Class            558        73,144            -        74,771 
 Enterprise           E-Class            536        78,007          554        77,322 
 Evolution            E-Class              -        83,481            -        88,012 
-------------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 E-class                              10,107       300,921       26,026       296,710 
-------------------------------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 Shamal               S-Class              -        62,614            -        70,214 
 Scirocco             S-Class              -        65,140            -        71,545 
 Sharqi               S-Class              -        68,431            -        79,276 
-------------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 S-class                                   -       196,185            -       221,035 
-------------------------------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 Kamikaze             K-Class            244        21,193          258        19,124 
 Kikuyu               K-Class            910        14,735       13,401        12,050 
 Kawawa               K-Class          1,373        13,597        9,009        12,891 
 Kudeta               K-Class            409        13,967       13,722        14,230 
 Keloa                K-Class          1,916        13,225       24,740        12,463 
 Pepper               K-Class              -        58,084            -        75,518 
-------------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 K-class                               4,852       134,801       61,130       146,276 
-------------------------------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 Total                                14,959       631,907       87,156       664,021 
-------------------------------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ------------ 
 

The below table compares the long-term day rate and utilisation assumptions used to forecast future cash flows from 2026 for the remainder of each vessel's useful economic life against those secured for 2022:

 
                      Day rate change       Utilisation 
   Vessels class     % on 2022 levels          change % 
                                         on 2022 levels 
-----------------  ------------------  ---------------- 
 E-Class CGUs                     48%             (10%) 
 S-Class CGUs                     23%              (3%) 
 K-Class CGUs                      7%             (15%) 
-----------------  ------------------  ---------------- 
 

The below table compares the long-term day rate and utilisation assumptions used to forecast future cash flows during the year ended 31 December 2021 against the Group's long-term assumptions in the impairment assessment performed as at 31 December 2020:

 
                                 Long term   Long term utilisation 
                           day rate change        change % on 2020 
   Vessels class     % on 2020 assumptions             assumptions 
-----------------  -----------------------  ---------------------- 
 E-Class CGUs                          29%                    (6%) 
 S-Class CGUs                           2%                    (4%) 
 K-Class CGUs                         (5%)                    (2%) 
-----------------  -----------------------  ---------------------- 
 
   4              Property and equipment (continued) 

Impairment (continued)

The impairment reversals recognised on the Group's K-Class fleet (excluding Pepper which was never impaired) primarily reflect a modest increase in short-term forecast day rates and utilisation for these vessels as the market begins to recover and the Group experiences increased demand. The NOCs have indicated a preference for vessels that are larger, and in some cases, particularly in Qatar and Saudi Arabia, able to work in deeper water than the K-Class are capable of. As a result, the main use of these vessels is now expected to be on contracts for engineering, procurement and construction ("EPC") clients, which are typically shorter in duration which is likely to impact utilisation with short gaps expected between contracts and only modest improvements, if any, in day rates due to a smaller pipeline of future opportunities. These factors are reflected in the long-term forecasts of day rates and utilisation for these vessels, similar to prior year.

The impairment reversals recognised on three E-Class vessels reflect further increases primarily in long-term assumptions on day rates relative to the Group's previous forecasts, informed by the recent independent market and fleet valuation report obtained by the Group, as described above. The forecast 48% increase in rates relative to 2022 reflects improving long-term market conditions coupled with a lack of supply of vessels with the capabilities of the E-Class such as their large crane capacities and superior leg length. As these vessels are the most capable of all the vessels in the fleet it is anticipated they will be able to demand higher day rates going forward.

No impairment or reversals have been identified for the remaining five cash-generating units i.e., one K-Class vessel, one E-class and three S-Class vessels.

Key assumption sensitivities

The Group has conducted an analysis of the sensitivity of the impairment test to reasonably possible changes in the key assumptions (long-term day rates, utilisation and pre-tax discount rates) used to determine the recoverable amount for each vessel as follows:

Day rates

 
                  Day rates higher               Day rates lower by 
                   by 10%                         10% 
 
                      Impact (in        Number       Impact (in   Number of 
                   US$ millions)    of vessels    US$ millions)     vessels 
 Vessels class                        impacted                     impacted 
---------------  ---------------  ------------  ---------------  ---------- 
                      Impairment                   (Impairment) 
                        reversal                            of* 
                             of* 
 
 E-Class CGUs               43.9             3           (33.2)           4 
 S-Class CGUs                  -             -            (6.3)           1 
 K-Class CGUs               20.6             4           (16.7)           6 
---------------  ---------------  ------------  ---------------  ---------- 
 Total fleet                64.5             7           (56.2)          11 
---------------  ---------------  ------------  ---------------  ---------- 
 

*This reversal of impairment / (impairment) is calculated on carrying values before the adjustment for impairment reversals in 2021.

The total recoverable amounts of the Group's vessels as at 31 December 2021 would have been US$ 733.5 million under the increased long-term day rates sensitivity and US$ 530.3 million for the reduced day rate sensitivity.

   4              Property and equipment (continued) 

Impairment (continued)

Key assumption sensitivities (continued)

Utilisation

 
                  Utilisation higher            Utilisation lower 
                   by 10%                        by 10% 
 
                  Impact (US$m)        Number   Impact (US$m)        Number 
                                   of vessels                    of vessels 
 Vessels class                       impacted                      impacted 
---------------  --------------  ------------  --------------  ------------ 
                     Impairment                  (Impairment) 
                       reversal                           of* 
                            of* 
 
 E-Class CGUs              38.8             3          (33.2)             4 
 S-Class CGUs                 -             -           (7.9)             2 
 K-Class CGUs              19.9             4          (16.7)             6 
---------------  --------------  ------------  --------------  ------------ 
 Total fleet               58.7             7          (57.8)            12 
---------------  --------------  ------------  --------------  ------------ 
 

* This reversal of impairment / (impairment) is calculated on carrying values before the adjustment for impairment reversals in 2021.

The total recoverable amounts of the Group's vessels as at 31 December 2021 would have been US$ 701.5 million under the increased utilisation sensitivity and US$ 530.3 million for the reduced utilisation sensitivity.

Whilst the Group has revised certain assumptions for certain vessels by more than 10% relative to prior year the average increase across all vessels was less than 10%. Management would not expect an assumption change of more than 10% across all vessels within the next financial year, and accordingly believes that a 10% sensitivity to day rates and utilisation is appropriate.

Discount rate

A further sensitivity was conducted where a 1% increase and decrease was applied to the pre-tax discount rate. As mentioned in Note 3 management reviewed and narrowed down the peer companies used to compute the discount rate following consultation with external advisors. The same companies will be used going forward as these are deemed to be more specific to GMS's capital structure and therefore management does not anticipate significant changes beyond 1% to the discount rate going forward.

 
                   Discount rate higher         Discount rate lower 
                    by 1%                        by 1% 
 
                  Impact (US$m)        Number   Impact (US$m)        Number 
                                   of vessels                    of vessels 
 Vessels class                       impacted                      impacted 
---------------  --------------  ------------  --------------  ------------ 
                  (Impairment)/                    Impairment 
                     impairment                  reversal of* 
                       reversal 
                            of* 
 
 E-Class CGUs             (9.1)             4            26.9             3 
 S-Class CGUs             (1.1)             1               -             - 
 K-Class CGUs               0.5             5             8.2             4 
---------------  --------------  ------------  --------------  ------------ 
 Total fleet              (9.7)            10            35.1             7 
---------------  --------------  ------------  --------------  ------------ 
 

*This (impairment) / impairment reversal is calculated on carrying values before the adjustment for impairment reversals in 2021.

The total recoverable amounts of the vessels as at 31 December 2021 would have been US$ 679.6 million under the reduced discount rate sensitivity and US$ 589.7 million for the increased discount rate sensitivity.

   5              Cash and cash equivalents 
 
                                      2021      2020 
                                   US$'000   US$'000 
 
 Interest bearing 
 Held in UAE banks                     639        55 
 
 Non-interest bearing 
 Held in UAE banks                     778     1,026 
 Held in banks outside UAE           6,854     2,717 
                                  --------  -------- 
 Total cash at bank and in hand      8,271     3,798 
                                  --------  -------- 
 
 
   6              Share capital 

Ordinary shares at GBP0.02 per share

 
                                         Number of ordinary   Ordinary 
                                                     shares     shares 
                                                (Thousands)    US$'000 
 At 1 January 2020 and 1 January 2021               350,488     58,057 
 Placing of new shares                              665,927     18,505 
 Capital reorganisation                                   -   (46,445) 
 
 
 As at 31 December 2021                           1,016,415     30,117 
                                        -------------------  --------- 
 

Deferred shares at GBP0.08 per share

 
                                         Number of ordinary   Ordinary 
                                                     shares     shares 
                                                (Thousands)    US$'000 
 At 1 January 2020 and 1 January 2021                     -          - 
 Capital reorganisation                             350,488     46,445 
 
 
 As at 31 December 2021                             350,488     46,445 
                                        -------------------  --------- 
 

Prior to an equity raise on 28 June 2021, the Group underwent a capital reorganisation where all existing ordinary shares with a nominal value of 10 pence per share were subdivided and re-designated into 1 ordinary share with a nominal value of 2 pence and 1 deferred share with a nominal value of 8 pence each. The previously recognised share capital balance relating to the old 10p ordinary shares was allocated pro rata to the new subdivided 2p ordinary shares and 8p deferred shares.

The deferred shares have no voting rights and no right to the profits generated by the Group. On winding-up or other return of capital, the holders of deferred shares have extremely limited rights. The Group has the right but not the obligation to buy back all of the Deferred Shares for an amount not exceeding GBP1.00 in aggregate without obtaining the sanction of the holder or holders of the Deferred Shares. As there is no contractual obligation, management do not consider there to be a liability.

As part of the equity raise on 28 June 2021, the Company issued 665,926,795 new ordinary shares with a nominal value of 2 pence per share at 3 pence per share with the additional pence per share being recognised in the share premium account. Issue costs amounting to US$ 3.2 million (31 December 2020: $nil) have been deducted from the share premium account.

   7               Bank borrowings 

Secured borrowings at amortised cost are as follows:

 
                                2021       2020 
                             US$'000    US$'000 
 
 Term loans                  358,026    388,533 
 Working capital facility     21,500     21,500 
 
                             379,526    410,033 
                            --------  --------- 
 

Bank borrowings are split between hedged and unhedged amounts as follows;

 
                                                     2021      2020 
                                                  US$'000   US$'000 
 
 Hedged bank borrowing via Interest Rate Swap*     30,769    38,462 
 Unhedged bank borrowings                         348,757   371,571 
 
                                                  379,526   410,033 
                                                 --------  -------- 
 

*This is an economic hedge and not accounted for in accordance with IFRS 9, Financial Instruments. The Group uses an IRS to hedge a portion of the Group's floating rate liability by converting LIBOR to a fixed rate.

Bank borrowings are presented in the consolidated statement of financial position as follows:

 
                                                     2021      2020 
                                                  US$'000   US$'000 
 Non-current portion 
 Bank borrowings                                  353,429   379,009 
 
 Current portion 
 Bank borrowings - scheduled repayments within 
  one year                                         26,097    31,024 
 
                                                  379,526   410,033 
                                                 --------  -------- 
 

As noted in the 2020 annual report, on 31 December 2020, the Group's banking syndicate agreed to extend certain obligations on the Group, which it was otherwise required to have met, including the requirement to issue warrants to banks and accrue Payment in Kind (PIK) interest.

This meant the Group was not in an event of default as at 31 December 2020. This was further extended on 27 January 2021 and 25 February 2021. As the waivers received led to revisions to the timing of payments, management assessed the fair value of the remaining cashflows.

On 31 March 2021, the Group amended the terms of its loan facility with its banking syndicate. The amended terms (see below) were significantly different compared to the original loan. Management determined that the Group's loan facility was substantially modified and accordingly the old loan facility was extinguished, and the new facility recognised.

A gain of US$ 6.3 million (2020: US$ 1.1 million) was recognised in the profit and loss reflecting the waiver of PIK interest otherwise payable during the first quarter of 2021, the remeasurement of the debt to fair value as at the date of the substantial modification, and the impact of a change in the forecast voluntary repayment of the debt. US$ 3.2 million of costs incurred in renegotiating the new facility were expensed (2020: US$ 15.8 million).

The remeasurement of the bank borrowings was determined in accordance with generally accepted principles based on a discounted cash flow analysis, using appropriate effective interest rates.

   7               Bank borrowings (continued) 

The principal terms of the outstanding facility as at 31 December 2021 are as follows:

-- The facility's main currency is US$ and is repayable with a margin at 3% up to 31 December 2022 at which point margin is based on a ratchet depending on leverage levels (2020: margin ratchet based on leverage levels) and final maturity in June 2025 (31 December 2020: June 2025).

-- The revolving working capital facility amounts to US$ 50.0 million. USD$ 25.0 million of the working capital facility is allocated to performance bonds and guarantees and US$ 25.0 million is allocated to cash of which US$ 21.5 million was drawn as at 31 December 2021 (31 December 2020: US$ 21.5 million), leaving US$ 3.5 million available for drawdown (31 December 2020: US$ 3.5 million).

-- The facility remains secured by mortgages over its whole fleet, with a net book value at 31 December 2021 of US$ 560.9 million (31 December 2020: US$ 558.6 million) (Note 4). Additionally, gross trade receivables, amounting to US$ 43.0 million (31 December 2020: US$ 24.2 million) have been assigned as security against the loans extended by the Group's banking syndicate (Note 7).

-- The Group has also provided security against gross cash balances, being cash balances amounting to US$ 8.3 million (31 December 2020: US$ 3.8 million) (Note 5) before the restricted amounts related to visa deposits held with the Ministry of Labour in the UAE of US$ 39K (2020: US$ 95K) included in trade and other receivables, which have been assigned as security against the loans extended by the Group's banking syndicate.

-- The amended terms contain contingent conditions such that if an equity raise of US $75.0 million in aggregate does not take place by 31 December 2022, PIK interest would potentially accrue, only if leverage is above 4.0x and warrants would be due to the banking syndicate, refer to Note 12 for details of the valuation of the contract to issue warrants.

The facility is subject to certain financial covenants including; Debt Service Cover; Interest Cover; and Net Leverage Ratio; which are tested bi-annually in June and December. As at 31 December 2021 the Group were required to achieve a net leverage ratio lower than 6.1x, interest cover with a minimum ratio of 1.2x and service cover with a minimum ratio of 2.5x. There are also additional covenants relating to general and administrative costs, capital expenditure and Security Cover (loan to value) which are tested annually in December. In addition, there are restrictions to payment of dividends until the net leverage ratio falls below 4.0 times. All financial covenants assigned to the Group's debt facility, described above were met as of 31 December 2021.

Management considers the carrying amount of the Group's bank borrowings approximates its fair value as at 31 December 2021.

   7              Bank borrowings (continued) 
 
                                                          Outstanding amount 
                                                  --------------------------------- 
                                                   Current   Non-current      Total   Security    Maturity 
                                                  --------  ------------  ---------  ---------  ---------- 
                                                   US$'000       US$'000    US$'000 
 
 31 December 2021: 
 
 Term loan - scheduled repayments within one 
  year                                              26,097             -     26,097    Secured   June 2025 
 Term loan - scheduled repayments within more 
  than one year                                          -       331,929    331,929    Secured   June 2025 
 Working capital facility - scheduled repayment 
  more than one year                                     -        21,500     21,500    Secured   June 2025 
 
                                                    26,097       353,429    379,526 
                                                  --------  ------------  --------- 
 
 31 December 2020: 
 
 Term loan - scheduled repayments within one 
  year                                               9,524             -      9,524    Secured   June 2025 
 Term loan - scheduled repayments within more 
  than one year                                          -       379,009    379,009    Secured   June 2025 
 Working capital facility - scheduled repayment 
  within one year                                   21,500             -     21,500    Secured   June 2025 
 
                                                    31,024       379,009    410,033 
                                                  --------  ------------  --------- 
 
   8              Segment reporting 

Management have identified that the Directors and senior management team are the chief operating decision makers in accordance with the requirements of IFRS 8 'Operating Segments'. Segment performance is assessed based upon adjusted gross profit/(loss), which represents gross profit/(loss) before depreciation and amortisation and loss on impairment of assets. The reportable segments have been identified by Directors and senior management based on the size and type of asset in operation.

The operating and reportable segments of the Group are (i) K-Class vessels, which include the Kamikaze, Kikuyu, Kawawa, Kudeta, Keloa and Pepper vessels (ii) S-Class vessels, which include the Shamal, Scirocco and Sharqi vessels, (iii) E-Class vessels, which include the Endeavour, Endurance, Enterprise and Evolution vessels, and (iv) Other vessels, considered non-core assets, which does not form part of the K, S or E Class vessels segments. The composition of the Other vessels segment, which are non-core assets, was amended in 2018.

All of these operating segments earn revenue related to the hiring of vessels and related services including charter hire income, messing and accommodation services, personnel hire and hire of equipment. The accounting policies of the operating segments are the same as the Group's accounting policies described in Note 2.

 
                                                                                       Segment adjusted 
                                   Revenue                                            gross profit/(loss) 
 --------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------------------------------ 
                                                 2021            2020             2021                       2020 
                                              US$'000         US$'000          US$'000                    US$'000 
       K-Class vessels                         43,027          40,947           26,214                     25,349 
       E-Class vessels                         38,680          29,407           25,104                     12,676 
       S-Class vessels                         33,420          32,136           22,590                     22,210 
       Other vessels                                -               2                -                       (10) 
                                              115,127         102,492           73,908                     60,225 
                                       --------------  --------------  ---------------  ------------------------- 
       Less: 
       Depreciation charged 
        to cost of 
        sales                                                                 (22,738)                   (25,524) 
       Amortisation charged 
        to cost of 
        sales                                                                  (5,503)                    (3,073) 
       Reversal of 
        impairment/(impairment 
        loss)                                                                   14,959                   (87,156) 
       Gross profit/ (loss)                                                     60,626                   (55,528) 
 
       Other general and 
        administrative 
        expenses                                                              (12,272)                   (12,632) 
       Finance expense                                                        (14,463)                   (46,740) 
       Foreign exchange loss, 
        net                                                                    (1,002)                      (993) 
       Other income                                                                 28                        257 
       Finance income                                                                9                         15 
       Restructuring costs                                                           -                    (2,492) 
       Exceptional legal costs                                                       -                    (3,092) 
       Loss on disposal of 
        property and 
        equipment                                                                    -                    (2,073) 
       Gain on disposal of 
        assets held for 
        sale                                                                         -                        259 
       Profit/(loss) for 
        the year before 
        taxation                                                                32,926                  (123,019) 
                                                                       ---------------           ---------------- 
 
 

The total revenue from reportable segments which comprises the K-, S- and E-Class vessels was US$ 115.1 million (2020: US$ 102.5 million). The Other vessels segment does not constitute a reportable segment per IFRS 8 Operating Segments.

Segment revenue reported above represents revenue generated from external customers. There were no inter-segment sales in the years.

   8              Segment reporting (continued) 

Segment assets and liabilities, including depreciation, amortisation and additions to non-current assets, are not reported to the chief operating decision makers on a segmental basis and are therefore not disclosed.

Information about major customers

During the year, four customers (2020: two) individually accounted for more than 10% of the Group's revenues. The related revenue figures for these major customers, the identity of which may vary by year was US$ 13.4 million, US$ 16.6 million, US$ 42.0 million and US$ 18.6 million (2020: US$ 39.3 million and US$ 17.7 million). The revenue from these customers is attributable to the E-Class vessels, S-Class vessels and K-Class vessels reportable segments.

Geographical segments

Revenue by geographical segment is based on the geographical location of the customer as shown below.

 
                                                        2021            2020 
                                                     US$'000         US$'000 
 
       United Arab Emirates                           58,019          53,363 
       Saudi Arabia                                   21,376          17,745 
       Qatar                                          22,591          19,047 
 
       Total - Middle East and North Africa          101,986          90,155 
                                              --------------  -------------- 
 
       United Kingdom                                 10,392           5,353 
       Rest of Europe                                  2,749           6,984 
 
       Total - Europe                                 13,141          12,337 
                                              --------------  -------------- 
 
       Worldwide Total                               115,127         102,492 
                                              --------------  -------------- 
 

Type of work

The Group operates in both the oil and gas and renewables sector. Oil and gas revenues are driven from both client operating cost expenditure and capex expenditure. Renewables are primarily driven by windfarm developments from client expenditure. Details are shown below.

 
                               2021            2020 
                            US$'000         US$'000 
 
       Oil and Gas          101,986          90,196 
       Renewables            13,141          12,296 
 
       Total                115,127         102,492 
                     --------------  -------------- 
 
   8              Segment reporting (continued) 

Type of work (continued)

A reversal of impairment of US$ 15.0 million (2020: impairment of US$ 87.2 million) was recognised in respect of property and equipment (Note 4). These (reversals of impairment)/impairment charge were attributable to the following reportable segments:

 
                                    2021            2020 
                                 US$'000         US$'000 
 
       K-Class vessels           (4,852)          61,130 
       S-Class vessels                 -               - 
       E-Class vessels          (10,107)          26,026 
       Other vessels                   -               - 
                                (14,959)          87,156 
                         ---------------  -------------- 
 
 
                           K-Class    S-Class    E-Class      Other      Total 
                           vessels    vessels    vessels    vessels 
                           US$'000    US$'000    US$'000    US$'000    US$'000 
 
 2021 
 Depreciation charged 
  to cost of sales           4,739      5,842     12,037        120     22,738 
 Amortisation charged 
  to cost of sales           2,759        848      1,896          -      5,503 
 Reversal of impairment 
  charge                   (4,852)          -   (10,107)          -   (14,959) 
 
 2020 
 Depreciation charged 
  to cost of sales           7,432      5,807     12,092        193     25,524 
 Amortisation charged 
  to cost of sales           1,863        605        605          -      3,073 
 Impairment charge          61,130          -     26,026          -     87,156 
 
 
   9              Presentation of adjusted non-GAAP results 

The following table provides a reconciliation between the Group's adjusted non-GAAP and statutory financial results:

 
                                                   Year ended 31 December                   Year ended 31 December 
                                                            2021                                      2020 
                                         -----------------------------------------  -------------------------------------- 
                                          Adjusted                                    Adjusted 
                                          non-GAAP       Adjusting       Statutory    non-GAAP    Adjusting      Statutory 
                                           results           items           total     results        items          total 
                                         ---------  --------------  --------------  ----------   ----------  ------------- 
                                           US$'000         US$'000         US$'000     US$'000      US$'000        US$'000 
 
 Revenue                                   115,127               -         115,127     102,492            -        102,492 
 Cost of sales 
 - Cost of sales 
  before 
  depreciation, 
  amortisation 
  and 
  impairment                              (41,219)               -        (41,219)    (42,267)            -       (42,267) 
 
   *    Depreciation and amortisation     (28,241)               -        (28,241)    (28,597)            -       (28,597) 
 Reversal of 
  impairment/ 
  (impairment 
  loss)*                                         -          14,959          14,959           -     (87,156)       (87,156) 
                                         ---------  --------------  --------------  ----------   ----------  ------------- 
 Gross profit/(loss)                        45,667          14,959          60,626      31,628     (87,156)       (55,528) 
 
 General and 
  administrative 
 
   *    Amortisation of IFRS 16, Leases    (2,410)               -         (2,410)     (2,543)            -        (2,543) 
 
   *    Depreciation                          (78)               -            (78)       (313)            -          (313) 
 
   *    Other administrative costs         (9,784)               -         (9,784)     (9,776)            -        (9,776) 
 Restructuring 
  costs**                                        -               -               -           -      (2,492)        (2,492) 
 Exceptional 
  legal costs***                                 -               -               -           -      (3,092)        (3,092) 
                                         ---------  --------------  --------------  ----------   ----------  ------------- 
 Operating profit/(loss)                    33,395          14,959          48,354      18,996     (92,740)       (73,744) 
 
 Finance income                                  9               -               9          15            -           15 
 Finance expense                          (12,737)               -        (12,737)    (30,495)            -     (30,495) 
 Cost to acquire 
  new bank facility****                          -         (3,165)         (3,165)           -     (15,797)     (15,797) 
  Fair value adjustment 
   on 
   recognition 
   of new debt 
   facility*****                                 -           1,439           1,439           -        (448)        (448) 
 Other income                                   28               -              28         257            -          257 
 Loss on disposal 
  of property 
  plant and equipment                            -               -               -     (2,073)            -      (2,073) 
 Gain on disposal 
  of assets held 
  for sale                                       -               -               -         259            -          259 
 Foreign exchange 
  loss, net                                (1,002)               -         (1,002)       (993)            -        (993) 
 Profit/(loss) 
  before taxation                           19,693          13,233          32,926    (14,034)    (108,985)    (123,019) 
 
 Taxation charge                           (1,707)               -         (1,707)     (1,285)            -      (1,285) 
                                         ---------  --------------  --------------  ----------   ----------   ---------- 
 Profit/(loss) 
  for the year                              17,986          13,233          31,219    (15,319)    (108,985)    (124,304) 
 
 Profit/(loss) 
  attributable 
  to: 
 
 Owners of the 
  Company                                   17,768          13,233          31,001    (15,354)    (108,985)    (124,339) 
 Non-controlling 
  interests                                    218               -             218          35            -           35 
 
 Gain/(loss) 
  per share (basic)                           2.57            1.91            4.48      (4.38)      (31.10)      (35.48) 
                                         ---------  --------------  --------------  ----------   ----------   ---------- 
 Gain/(loss) 
  per share (diluted)                         2.55            1.91            4.46      (4.38)      (31.10)      (35.48) 
                                         ---------  --------------  --------------  ----------   ----------   ---------- 
 
 Supplementary 
  non 
  statutory information 
 
 Operating profit/ 
  (loss)                                    33,395          14,959          48,354      18,996     (92,740)     (73,744) 
 Add: Depreciation 
  and 
  amortisation                              30,729               -          30,729      31,453            -       31,453 
                                         ---------      ----------      ----------   ---------   ----------   ---------- 
 Adjusted EBITDA                            64,124          14,959          79,083      50,449     (92,740)     (42,291) 
                                         ---------      ----------      ----------   ---------   ----------   ---------- 
 
 
   9              Presentation of adjusted non-GAAP results (continued) 

* The reversal of impairment credit/impairment charge on certain vessels and related assets have been added back to gross profit/(loss) to arrive at adjusted gross profit for the year ended 31 December 2021 and 2020 (refer to Note 4 for further details). Management have adjusted this due to the nature of the transaction which management believe is not directly related to operations management are able to influence. This measure provides additional information on the core profitability of the Group.

** Restructuring costs incurred are not considered part of the regular underlying performance of the business and so have been added back to arrive at adjusted loss for the year ended 31 December 2020. Management have adjusted this due to them being one off in nature. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's total performance that management is more directly able to influence and on a basis comparable from year to year.

*** Exceptional legal costs incurred are not considered part of the regular underlying performance of the business and so have been added back to arrive at adjusted loss for the year ended 31 December 2020. Management have adjusted this due to them being one off in nature. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's total performance that management is more directly able to influence and on a basis comparable from year to year.

**** Costs incurred to arrange a new bank facility have been added back to loss before taxation to arrive at adjusted profit/(loss) for the year ended 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020. Management have adjusted this due to both the nature of the transaction and the incidence of these transactions occurring. Costs incurred to arrange a new bank facility are not related to the profitability of the Group which management are able to influence and are typically only incurred when a refinance takes place. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's total performance that management is more directly able to influence and on a basis comparable from year to year.

***** The fair value adjustment on recognition of the new loan has been added back to profit/(loss) before taxation to arrive at adjusted loss for the year ended 31 December 2021 and 2020. Management have adjusted this due to them being one off in nature. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's total performance that management is more directly able to influence and on a basis comparable from year to year.

   9              Presentation of adjusted non-GAAP results (continued) 
 
                                                            Year ended 31 December                                           Year ended 31 December 
                                                                              2021                                                             2020 
                               Adjusted                                                        Adjusted 
                               non-GAAP            Adjusting             Statutory             non-GAAP               Adjusting           Statutory 
                                results                items                 total              results                   items               total 
-----------------  --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
                                US$'000              US$'000               US$'000              US$'000                 US$'000             US$'000 
-----------------  --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 
 Cashflow 
 reconciliation: 
 Profit/(loss) 
  for the year                   17,986               13,233                31,219             (15,319)               (108,985)           (124,304) 
 
 Adjustments 
  for: 
   (Reversal of 
    impairment)/ 
    impairment 
    loss 
    (Note 4)*                         -             (14,959)              (14,959)                    -                  87,156              87,156 
 Cost to acquire 
  new bank 
  facility**                          -                3,165                 3,165                    -                  15,797              15,797 
 Fair value 
  adjustment 
  on 
  recognition 
  of new debt 
  facility***                         -              (1,439)               (1,439)                    -                     448                 448 
 Finance expenses                12,737                    -                12,737               30,495                       -              30,495 
   Other 
    adjustments 
    (Note 14)                    32,502                    -                32,502               34,343                       -              34,343 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 Cash flow from 
  operating 
  activities 
  before movement 
  in working 
  capital                        63,225                    -                63,225               49,519                 (5,584)              43,935 
 
   Change in 
    trade 
    and 
    other 
    receivables                (17,090)                    -              (17,090)                4,866                       -               4,866 
   Change in 
    trade 
    and 
    other 
    payables                    (4,773)                    -               (4,773)              (1,973)                 (1,797)             (3,770) 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
   Cash generated 
    from 
    operations 
    (Note 
    14)                          41,362                    -                41,362               52,412                 (7,381)              45,031 
 
 Income tax paid                  (849)                    -                 (849)                (763)                       -               (763) 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
  Net cash flows 
   generated 
   from operating 
   activities                    40,513                    -                40,513               51,649                 (7,381)              44,268 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 
  Net cash flows 
   used in 
   investing 
   activities                  (11,498)                    -              (11,498)             (12,350)                       -            (12,350) 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 
 Payment of issue 
  costs on bank 
  borrowings                      (450)              (3,165)               (3,615)                (115)                (14,334)            (14,449) 
  Other cash 
   flows 
   used in 
   financing 
   activities                  (20,927)                    -              (20,927)             (22,075)                                    (22,075) 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 Net cash flows 
  used in 
  financing 
  activities                   (21,377)              (3,165)              (24,542)             (22,190)                (14,334)            (36,524) 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 
   Net change 
    in cash and 
    cash 
    equivalents                   7,638              (3,165)                 4,473               17,109                (21,715)             (4,606) 
                   --------------------  -------------------  --------------------  -------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 

* The reversal of impairment credit/impairment charge on certain vessels and related assets have been added back to Cash flow from operating activities before movement in working capital for the year ended 31 December 2021 and 2020 (refer to Note 4 for further details).

** Costs incurred to arrange a new bank facility have been added back to Cash flow from operating activities before movement in working capital for the year ended 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020.

*** The fair value adjustment on recognition of the new loan has been added back to Cash flow from operating activities before movement in working capital for the year ended 31 December 2021 and 2020.

   10           Earnings/(loss) per share 
 
                                                              2021        2020 
 
 Profit/(loss) for the purpose of basic and 
  diluted earnings/(loss) per share being profit/(loss) 
  for the year attributable to Owners of the 
  Company (US$'000)                                         31,001   (124,339) 
                                                          --------  ---------- 
 
 Profit/(loss) for the purpose of adjusted 
  basic and diluted earnings/(loss) per share 
  (US$'000)                                                 17,768    (15,354) 
                                                          --------  ---------- 
 
 Weighted average number of shares ('000)                  691,661     350,488 
                                                          --------  ---------- 
 
 Weighted average diluted number of shares 
  in issue ('000)                                          695,753     350,488 
                                                          --------  ---------- 
 
 Basic earnings/(loss) per share (cents)                      4.48     (35.48) 
 Diluted earnings/(loss) per share (cents)                    4.46     (35.48) 
 Adjusted earnings/(loss) per share (cents)                   2.57      (4.38) 
 Adjusted diluted earnings/(loss) per share 
  (cents)                                                     2.55      (4.38) 
                                                          --------  ---------- 
 

Basic earnings/(loss) per share is calculated by dividing the profit/(loss) attributable to equity holders of the Company (as disclosed in the statement of comprehensive income) by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year.

Adjusted earnings/(loss) per share is calculated on the same basis but uses the profit/(loss) for the purpose of basic earnings/(loss) per share (shown above) adjusted by adding back the non-operational items, which were recognised in the consolidated statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income in the prior year. The adjusted earnings/(loss) per share is presented as the Directors consider it provides an additional indication of the underlying performance of the Group.

Diluted earnings/(loss) per share is calculated by dividing the profit/(loss) attributable to equity holders of the Company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year, adjusted for the weighted average effect of share-based payment charge outstanding during the year. As the Group incurred a loss in 2020, diluted earnings/(loss) per share is the same as loss per share, as the effect of share-based payment charge was anti-dilutive.

Adjusted diluted earnings/(loss) per share is calculated on the same basis but uses adjusted profit/(loss) (Note 9) attributable to equity holders of the Company.

The following table shows a reconciliation between the basic and diluted weighted average number of shares:

 
                                                        2021      2020 
                                                       '000s     '000s 
 
 Weighted average basic number of shares in issue    691,661   350,488 
 Weighted average effect of LTIP's                     4,092         - 
                                                    --------  -------- 
 Weighted average diluted number of shares in 
  issue                                              695,753   350,488 
                                                    --------  -------- 
 
   11           Revenue 
 
                                          2021      2020 
                                       US$'000   US$'000 
 
 Charter hire                           63,525    60,797 
 Lease income                           38,824    33,252 
 Messing and accommodation               7,971     5,506 
 Maintenance service                     2,865     1,267 
 Mobilisation and demobilisation         1,077     1,030 
 Sundry income                             865       640 
 
                                       115,127   102,492 
                                      --------  -------- 
 
 
 
 Revenue recognised - over time        113,931   101,683 
 Revenue recognised - point in time      1,196       809 
 - 
                                       115,127   102,492 
                                      --------  -------- 
 

Included in mobilisation and demobilisation income is an amount of US$ 0.1 million (2020 US$ 0.3 million) that was included as deferred revenue at the beginning of the financial year.

Lease income:

 
                         2021     2020 
 Maturity analysis: 
 Year 1                47,994   40,529 
 Year 2                21,306   22,856 
 Year 3 - 5             4,305   21,175 
 Onwards                    -        - 
                       73,605   84,559 
                      -------  ------- 
 Split between: 
 Current               47,994   40,529 
 Non - current         25,611   44,030 
                       73,605   84,559 
                      -------  ------- 
 
   12           Derivative financial instruments 

Embedded derivatives - contract to issue warrants

In June 2020, the Group restructured the terms of its borrowings with its lenders. These terms included warrants to be issued to its lenders if GMS had not raised US$ 75.0 million of equity by no later than 31 December 2020. As this term was not expected to be met, an embedded derivative liability was recognised for the obligation to issue the warrants. At 31 December 2020, this had a value of US$ 1.4 million, which had increased to US$ 1.8 million by March 2021.

   12           Derivative financial instruments (continued) 

In March 2021, the Group amended the terms of its loan facility, as mentioned in note 7, and additional time was granted to raise equity before warrants were required to be issued to its lenders. The previous obligation to issue warrants to the bank was waived, and a contingent requirement to issue warrants to banks was introduced. The amended terms required US$ 25.0 million of equity to be raised by 31 December 2021 otherwise the Group would be in default, and a further US$ 50.0 million to be raised by 31 December 2022. GMS was subsequently successful with the requirement to raise the first tranche of equity (Refer to Note 6).

As the new terms of the loan facility contained separate distinguishable terms with a contingent requirement to issue warrants to banks, management determined the debt facility to contain an embedded derivative. The Group was required to recognise the embedded derivative at fair value. Management commissioned an independent valuation expert to measure the fair value of the warrants, which was determined using Monte Carlo simulations. The simulation considers sensitivity by building models of possible results by substituting a range of values. This represents a Level 3 fair value measurement under the IFRS 13 hierarchy. The fair value of the liability as at 31 December 2021 was US$ 0.7 million (31 December 2020 US$ 1.4 million). As the derivative was due to be settled after 12 months, the balance is recognised as a non-current liability.

The Group successfully concluded a US$ 27.8 million equity raise in June 2021 which prevented an event of default on its loan facilities. Under these facilities, the Group is required to raise a further US$ 50 million of equity by the end of 2022 or issue 87 million warrants entitling the Group's banks to acquire 132 million shares, or 11.5% of the share capital of the Company, for a total consideration of GBP GBP7.9 million, or 6.0 pence per share. Warrant holders will have the right to exercise their warrants up to the end of the term of the loan facility being 30 June 2025.

The loan facility was a tri-partite agreement between the Company, a subsidiary of the Group and the Groups banking syndicate. As the embedded derivative was over the Company's equity, the balance has been recorded on the Company's balance sheet.

Interest Rate Swap

The Group entered into an Interest Rate Swap (IRS) on 30 June 2018 to hedge a notional amount of US$ 50.0 million. The remaining notional amount hedged under the IRS as at 31 December 2021 was US$ 30.8 million (31 December 2020: US$ 38.4 million). The IRS hedges the risk of variability in interest payments by converting a floating rate liability to a fixed rate liability. The fair value of the IRS as at 31 December 2021 was a liability value of US$ 1.1 million (31 December 2020: US$ 2.4 million). As cashflows of the hedging relationship were not highly probable in 2020 hedge accounting was discontinued. The net revaluation gain in the period to 31 December 2021 of US$ 0.1 million was accordingly recognised in the income statement, together with a $0.1m loss in respect of amounts recycled from the cash flow hedge reserve.

The fair value measurement of the interest rate swap was determined by independent valuers with reference to quoted market prices, discounted cash flow models and recognised pricing models as appropriate. They represent Level 2 fair value measurements under the IFRS 13 hierarchy.

IFRS 13 fair value hierarchy

Apart from the contract to issue warrants, the Group has no other financial instruments that are classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy in the current or previous period with fair values that are determined by reference to significant unobservable inputs. There have been no transfers of assets or liabilities between levels of the fair value hierarchy. There are no non-recurring fair value measurements.

   12           Derivative financial instruments (continued) 

Derivative financial instruments are made up as follows:

 
                                            Cross currency 
                                                  interest 
                                 Interest        rate swap       Embedded 
                                rate swap                      derivative     Total 
                                  US$'000          US$'000        US$'000   US$'000 
 
 At 1 January 2021                (2,387)                -        (1,449)   (3,836) 
 Loss on settlement of 
  derivatives                       1,033                -              -     1,033 
 Net gain on changes in 
  fair value of interest 
  rate swap                           278                -              -       278 
 Derecognition of embedded 
  derivative warrants                   -                -          1,890     1,890 
 Initial recognition of 
  embedded derivative                   -                -          (926)     (926) 
 Net loss on changes in 
  fair value of embedded 
  derivative                            -                -          (232)     (232) 
 
 
As at 31 December 2021            (1,076)                -          (717)   (1,793) 
 
 
                                          Cross currency 
                                                interest 
                                Interest       rate swap      Embedded 
                               rate swap                    derivative    Total 
                                 US$'000         US$'000       US$'000  US$'000 
 
At 1 January 2020                (1,737)             (3)             -  (1,740) 
Gain on fair value changes 
 of hedging instruments                -              21             -       21 
Gain/(loss) on settlement 
 of derivatives                      901            (18)             -      883 
Net loss on changes in 
 fair value of interest 
 rate swap                       (1,551)               -             -  (1,551) 
Initial recognition of 
 embedded derivative                   -               -       (1,386)  (1,386) 
Net loss on changes in 
 fair value of embedded 
 derivative                            -               -          (63)     (63) 
 
 
As at 31 December 2020           (2,387)               -       (1,449)  (3,836) 
 
 

This financial information includes the cost of hedging reserve and cash flow hedge reserve, which are detailed further in the consolidated statement of changes in equity. These reserves are non- distributable.

   13           Long term incentive plans 

The Group has Long Term Incentive Plans ("LTIPs") which were granted to senior management, managers and senior offshore officers.

From 2019 onwards the employment condition is that each eligible employee of the Company must remain in employment during the three-year vesting period. LTIPs have been aligned to the Company's share performance therefore only financial metrics will be applied. EPS ("Earnings Per Share") has been dropped as the financial metric.

In the prior years until 2018, the release of these shares was conditional upon continued employment, certain market vesting conditions and in the case of senior management LTIP awards, performance against three-year target EPS compound annual growth rates. Equity-settled share-based payments were measured at fair value at the date of grant. The fair value determined, using the Binomial Probability Model together with Monte Carlo simulations, at the grant date of equity-settled share-based payments, is expensed on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, based on an estimate of the number of shares that will ultimately vest. The fair value of each award was determined by taking into account the market performance condition, the term of the award, the share price at grant date, the expected price volatility of the underlying share and the risk-free interest rate for the term of the award.

Non-market vesting conditions, which for the Company mainly related to the continual employment of the employee during the vesting period, and in the case of the senior management, until 2018 as noted above, achievement of EPS growth targets, were taken into account by adjusting the number of equity instruments expected to vest at each balance sheet date. The cumulative amount recognised over the vesting period was based on the number of awards that eventually vest. Any market vesting conditions were factored into the fair value of the share-based payment granted.

To the extent that share-based payments are granted to employees of the Group's subsidiaries without charge, the share-based payment is capitalised as part of the cost of investment in subsidiaries.

The number of share awards granted by the Group during the year is given in the table below:

 
                                      2021         2020 
                                     000's        000's 
At the beginning of the year     6,573,229    8,768,294 
Granted in the year                      -    2,661,388 
Cash settled in the year       (1,854,298)            - 
Forfeited in the year          (2,219,217)  (4,856,453) 
Lapsed                                   -            - 
 
At the end of the year           2,499,714    6,573,229 
 

The weighted average remaining contractual life for the vesting period outstanding as at 31 December 2021 was 0.5 years (31 December 2020: 1.0 years). The weighted average fair value of shares granted during the year ended 31 December 2021 was US$ nil (31 December 2020: US$ 0.10).

   13           Long term incentive plans (continued) 
 
                                LTIP         LTIP 
 
 
  Grant date                  29 May  15 November 
                                2020         2019 
 
  Share price                GBP0.09      GBP0.08 
 
  Expected volatility           120%      102.79% 
 
  Risk-free rate               0.01%        0.48% 
 
  Expected dividend yield      0.00%        0.00% 
 
  Vesting period             3 years      3 years 
 
  Award life                 3 years      3 years 
 

The expected share price volatility of Gulf Marine Services PLC shares was determined taking into account the historical share price movements for a three-year period up to the grant date (and of each of the companies in the comparator group). The risk-free return was determined from similarly dated zero coupon UK government bonds at the time the share awards were granted, using historical information taken from the Bank of England's records.

On 15 March 2021, the Remuneration Committee determined that awards granted on 28 March 2018 which were due to vest on 28 March 2021 would be settled in cash, not by the issue of shares as was contractually stipulated, subject to the achievement of the original performance conditions. For the purposes of IFRS 2, this represented a reclassification of these awards from equity-settled to cash-settled. In accordance with IFRS 2, at the date of reclassification a balance of US$ 0.1 million equal to the fair value of the awards at the modification date was deducted from equity. As the fair value at the modification date was lower than the cumulative equity-settled share-based payment charge at that date, no adjustment was made to profit or loss as a result of the modifications.

On 9 June 2021, the Company's Ordinary Shares of 10p each were split into Ordinary Shares of 2p each and deferred shares of 8p each. A consequence of this change will be that the share options issued in prior years will be modified to such that the recipients are granted Ordinary Shares of 2p each, not Ordinary Shares of 10p each.

This change represented a modification of the share-based payments for the purposes of IFRS 2. However, as the modification did not result in a favourable change for the employees, no adjustments to the share-based payment charge was required as a result of the change to the Company's share capital.

   14           Notes to the consolidated statement of cash flows 
 
                                                           2021              2020 
                                                        US$'000           US$'000 
 
Operating activities 
Profit/(loss) for the year                               31,219         (124,304) 
Adjustments for: 
Depreciation of property and equipment (Note 
 4)                                                      22,816            25,837 
Finance expenses                                         14,463            46,740 
Amortisation of dry docking expenditure                   5,503             3,074 
Depreciation of right-of-use assets                       2,411             2,543 
Income tax expense                                        1,707             1,285 
Movement in ECL provision during the year                    62                69 
End of service benefits charge                              678               527 
(Reversal of impairment)/impairment loss 
 (Note 4)                                              (14,959)            87,156 
End of service benefits paid                              (546)             (617) 
Share-based payment charge                                 (18)               168 
Interest income                                             (9)              (15) 
Recovery of ECL provision                                     -              (64) 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment                    -             2,073 
Gain on disposal of assets held for sale                      -             (259) 
Hedging revenue adjustment (Note 12)                          -              (21) 
Other income                                               (28)             (257) 
 
Cash flow from operating activities before 
 movement in working capital                             63,299            43,935 
 
(Increase)/decrease in trade and other receivables     (17,090)             4,866 
Decrease in trade and other payables                    (4,849)           (3,770) 
                                                     ---------- 
Cash generated from operations                           41,360            45,031 
 
Taxation paid                                             (849)             (763) 
 
Net cash generated from operating activities             40,511            44,268 
                                                     ---------- 
 
   14           Notes to the consolidated statement of cash flows (continued) 

Changes in liabilities arising from financing activities

The table below details changes in the Group's liabilities arising from financing activities, including both cash and non-cash changes. Liabilities arising from financing activities are those for which cash flows were, or future cash flows will be, classified in the Group's consolidated statement of cash flows as cash flows from financing activities.

 
                                       Derivatives                       Bank borrowings 
                                         (Note 12)    Lease liabilities         (Note 7) 
                                           US$'000              US$'000          US$'000 
At 1 January 2020                            1,740                1,954          401,955 
Financing cash flows 
Bank borrowings received                         -                    -           21,500 
Repayment of bank borrowings                     -                    -         (12,075) 
Principal elements of lease payments             -              (1,871)                - 
Settlement of derivatives                    (883)                    -                - 
Interest paid                                    -                (193)         (27,903) 
Total financing cashflows                    (883)              (2,064)         (18,478) 
 
Non-cash changes: 
Recognition of new lease liability 
 additions                                       -                3,239                - 
Interest on leases                               -                  182                - 
Interest on bank borrowings                      -                    -           27,626 
Gain on fair value changes of 
 hedging instruments                          (21)                    -                - 
Net loss on change in fair value 
 of IRS                                      1,551                    -                - 
Loss on fair value changes on 
 the embedded derivative (Note 
 12)                                         1,449                    -                - 
Gain on revision of debt facility                -                    -          (1,070) 
Total non-cash changes                       2,979                3,421           26,556 
At 31 December 2020                          3,836                3,311          410,033 
 
Financing cash flows 
Bank borrowings received                         -                    -            2,000 
Repayment of bank borrowings                     -                    -         (30,983) 
Principal elements of lease payments             -              (2,342)                - 
Settlement of derivatives                  (1,033)                    -                - 
Interest paid                                    -                (147)         (12,737) 
Total financing cashflows                  (1,033)              (2,489)         (41,720) 
 
Non-cash changes: 
Recognition of new lease liability 
 additions                                       -                1,955                - 
Interest on leases                               -                  147                - 
Interest on bank borrowings                      -                    -           17,545 
Bank commitment fees                             -                    -                - 
Gain on revision of debt facility                -                    -          (6,332) 
Net gain on change in fair value 
 of IRS                                      (278)                    -                - 
Loss on fair value changes on 
 the embedded derivative                     (732)                    -                - 
The expensing of unamortised                     -                    -                - 
 issue costs in relation to previous 
 loan 
Revaluation gain on revision                     -                    -                - 
 of debt cash flows at the date 
 of modification 
Total non-cash changes                     (1,010)                2,102           11,213 
At 31 December 2021                          1,793                2,924          379,526 
 
   15        Events after the reporting period 

Russia-Ukraine conflict

On 24th February 2022, Russia launched ground and air attacks on Ukraine which led to the closure of airports and land borders. This developing situation has the potential to impact Group's operations and presents a risk to the health, safety and welfare of certain GMS' employees living in Ukraine. The Group has implemented procedures to provide required support should employees be affected as well as ensure continuity across the business. In response to military action launched by Russia, western countries and other global allies imposed an unprecedented package of coordinated sanctions against Russia. The Group has minimal activity with suppliers in Russia and continues to manage its supply chain and has robust procedures in place to avoid any disruption to operations. Overall, the Group does not expect the war in Ukraine and resulting sanctions to have a significant impact on operations.

GLOSSARY

Alternative Performance Measure (APMs) - An APM is a financial measure of historical or future financial performance, financial position, or cash flows, other than a financial measure defined or specified in the applicable financial reporting framework.

APMs are non-GAAP measures that are presented to provide readers with additional financial information that is regularly reviewed by management and the Directors consider that they provide a useful indicator of underlying performance. Adjusted results are also an important measure providing useful information as they form the basis of calculations required for the Group's covenants. However, this additional information presented is not uniformly defined by all companies including those in the Group's industry. Accordingly, it may not be comparable with similarly titled measures and disclosures by other companies. Additionally, certain information presented is derived from amounts calculated in accordance with IFRS but is not itself an expressly permitted GAAP measure. Such measures should not be viewed in isolation or as an alternative to the equivalent GAAP measure. In response to the Guidelines on APMs issued by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA), we have provided additional information on the APMs used by the Group.

Adjusted diluted earnings/loss per share - represents the adjusted earnings/loss attributable to equity holders of the Company for the period divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period, adjusted for the weighted average effect of share options outstanding during the period. The adjusted earnings/loss attributable to equity shareholders of the Company is used for the purpose of basic gain/loss per share adjusted by adding back impairment charges (deduction of reversal of impairment during the year 2021), restructuring charges, exceptional legal costs and costs to acquire new bank facilities. This measure provides additional information regarding earnings per share attributable to the underlying activities of the business. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9.

Adjusted EBITDA - represents operating profit after adding back depreciation (deduction for reversal of impairment during 2021), amortisation, non-operational items and impairment charges. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's underlying performance that management is more directly able to influence in the short term and on a basis comparable from year to year. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9.

Adjusted EBITDA margin - represents adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue. This measure provides additional information on underlying performance as a percentage of total revenue derived from the Group.

Adjusted gross profit/(loss) - represents gross profit/loss after deducting reversal of impairment/adding back impairment charges. This measure provides additional information on the core profitability of the Group. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9.

Adjusted net profit/(loss) - represents net profit/(loss) after adding back impairment charges and costs of renegotiating bank terms. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's total performance that management is more directly able to influence and, on a basis, comparable from year to year. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9 of these results.

Average fleet utilisation - represents the percentage of available days in a relevant period during which the fleet of SESVs is under contract and in respect of which a customer is paying a day rate for the charter of the SESVs.

Average fleet utilisation is calculated by adding the total contracted days in the period of each SESV, divided by the total number of days in the period multiplied by the number of SESVs in the fleet.

Cost of sales excluding depreciation and amortisation - represents cost of sales excluding depreciation and amortisation. This measure provides additional information of the Group's cost for operating the vessels. A reconciliation is shown below:

 
 
                                          2021      2020 
                                       US$'000   US$'000 
 
Statutory cost of sales                 69,460    70,864 
Less: depreciation and amortisation   (28,241)  (28,597) 
                                        41,219    42,267 
 
 

EBITDA - represents earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation, which represents operating profit after adding back depreciation and amortisation. This measure provides additional information of the underlying operating performance of the Group. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in Note 9.

Margin - revenue less cost of sales before depreciation, amortisation and impairment as identified in Note 9 of the consolidated financial information.

Net bank debt - represents the total bank borrowings less cash and cash equivalents. This measure provides additional information of the Group's financial position. A reconciliation is shown below:

 
 
                                     2021     2020 
                                  US$'000  US$'000 
 
Statutory bank borrowings         379,526  410,033 
Less: cash and cash equivalents   (8,271)  (3,798) 
                                  371,255  406,235 
 
 

Finance leases are excluded from net bank debt to ensure consistency with definition of the Group's banking covenants.

Net cash flow before debt service - the sum of cash generated from operations and investing activities.

Net leverage ratio - the ratio of net bank debt at year end to adjusted EBITDA which is further adjusted for items including but are not limited to reversal of impairment credits/(impairment charges), restructuring costs, exceptional legal costs and non-operational finance related costs in alignment with the terms of our bank facility agreement. This has no impact for the current or prior periods. The reconciliation is shown below:

 
 
                                              2021                 2020 
                                           US$'000              US$'000 
 
A: Net bank debt, as identified above      371,255              406,235 
 
B: Adjusted EBITDA, as disclosed in Note 
 9                                          64,124               50,449 
 
Net leverage ratio (A/B):                     5.78                  8.1 
 
 

Non-operational finance expenses - this pertains to the following items below:

 
 
                                             2021      2020 
                                          US$'000   US$'000 
 
Cost to acquire new bank facility         (3,165)  (15,797) 
Fair value adjustment on recognition of 
 new debt facility                          1,439     (448) 
 
                                          (1,726)  (16,245) 
 

Operational downtime - downtime due to technical failure.

Segment adjusted gross profit/loss - represents gross profit/loss after adding back depreciation, amortisation and impairment charges. This measure provides additional information on the core profitability of the Group attributable to each reporting segment. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9.

Underlying performance - day to day trading performance that management are directly able to influence in the short term

OTHER DEFINITIONS

 
Average day          we calculate the average day rates by dividing total 
 rates                charter hire revenue per month by total hire days 
                      per month throughout the year and then calculating 
                      a monthly average. 
Backlog              represents firm contracts and extension options held 
                      by clients. Backlog equals (charter day rate x remaining 
                      days contracted) + ((estimated average Persons On 
                      Board x daily messing rate) x remaining days contracted) 
                      +contracted remaining unbilled mobilisation and demobilisation 
                      fees. Includes extension options. 
Borrowing            LIBOR plus margin. 
 rate 
Calendar             takes base days at 365 and only excludes periods 
 days                 of time for construction and delivery time for newly 
                      constructed vessels. 
Costs capitalised    represent qualifying costs that are capitalised as 
                      part of a cost of the vessel rather than being expensed 
                      as they meet the recognition criteria of IAS 16 Property, 
                      Plant and Equipment. 
Day rates            rate per day charge to customers per hire of vessel 
                      as agreed in the contract. 
Demobilisation       fee paid for the vessel re-delivery at the end of 
                      a contract, in which client is allowed to offload 
                      equipment and personnel. 
DEPS/DLPS            diluted earnings/losses per share. 
Employee             percentage of staff who continued to be employed 
 retention            during the year (excluding retirements and redundancies) 
                      taken as number of resignations during the year divided 
                      by the total number of employees as at 31 December. 
EPC                  engineering, procurement and construction. 
ESG                  environmental, social and governance. 
Finance service                 the aggregate of 
                                 a) Net finance charges for that period; and 
                                 b) All scheduled payments of principal and any other 
                                 schedule payments in the nature of principal payable 
                                 by the Group in that period in respect of financing: 
                                 i) Excluding any amounts falling due in that period 
                                 under any overdraft, working capital or revolving 
                                 facility which were available for simultaneous redrawing 
                                 under the terms of that facility; 
                                 ii) Excluding any amount of PIK that accretes in 
                                 that period; 
                                 iii) Including the amount of the capital element 
                                 of any amounts payable under any Finance Lease in 
                                 respect of that period; and 
                                 iv) Adjusted as a result of any voluntary or mandatory 
                                 prepayment 
Debt Service         represents the ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to debt service. 
 Cover 
GMS core             consists of 13 SESVs, with an average age of ten 
 fleet                years. 
Interest             represents the ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to Net finance 
 Cover                charges. 
IOC                  Independent Oil Company. 
KPIs                 Key performance indicators. 
Lost Time            any workplace injuries sustained by an employee while 
 Injuries             on the job that prevents them from being able to 
                      perform their job for a period of one or more days. 
Lost Time            the lost time injury rate per 200,000 man hours which 
 Injury Rate          is a measure of the frequency of injuries requiring 
 (LTIR)               employee absence from work for a period of one or 
                      more days. 
LIBOR                London Interbank Offered Rate. 
Mobilisation         fee paid for the vessel readiness at the start of 
                      a contract, in which client is allowed to load equipment 
                      and personnel. 
Net finance          represents finance charges as defined by the terms 
 charges              of the Group's banking facility for that period less 
                      interest income for that period. 
Net leverage         represents the ratio of net bank debt to Adjusted 
 ratio                EBITDA. 
NOC                  National Oil Company. 
OSW                  Offshore Wind. 
PIK                  Payment In Kind. Under the banking documents dated 
                      17 June 2020 and 31 March 2021, PIK is calculated 
                      at 5.0% per annum on the total term facilities outstanding 
                      amount and reduces to: 
                      a 2.5% per annum when Net Leverage reduces below 
                      5.0x 
                      b Nil when Net Leverage reduces below 4.0x 
 
                      Under the documents dated 31 March 2021, PIK accrues 
                      on either 1 July 2021 if the US$ 25 million equity 
                      is not raised by 30 June 2021, or from 1 January 
                      2023 if the US$ 50 million is not raised by 31 December 
                      2022. 
 
                      PIK stops accruing at the date on which all loans 
                      are paid or discharged in full. 
Restricted           any work-related injury other than a fatality or 
 work day             lost work day case which results in a person being 
 case (RWDC)          unfit for full performance of the regular job on 
                      any day after the occupational injury. 
Secured backlog      represents firm contracts and extension options held 
                      by clients. Backlog equals (charter day rate x remaining 
                      days contracted) + ((estimated average Persons On 
                      Board x daily messing rate)) x remaining days contracted) 
                      + contracted remaining unbilled mobilisation and 
                      demobilisation fees. Includes extension options. 
Secured day          day rates from signed contracts firm plus options 
 rates                held by clients. 
Secured utilisation  contracted days of firm plus option periods of charter 
                      hire from existing signed contracts. 
Security             the ratio (expressed as a percentage) of Total Net 
 Cover (loan          Bank Debt at that time to the Market Value of the 
 to value)            Secured Vessels. 
SESV                 Self-Elevating Support Vessels. 
SG&A spend           means that the selling, general and administrative 
                      expenses calculated on an accruals basis should be 
                      no more than the SG&A maximum spend for any relevant 
                      period. 
Total Recordable     calculated on the injury rate per 200,000 man hours 
 Injury Rate          and includes all our onshore and offshore personnel 
 (TRIR)               and subcontracted personnel. Offshore personnel are 
                      monitored over a 24-hour period. 
Underlying           underlying general and administrative (G&A) expenses 
 G&A                  excluding depreciation and amortisation, restructuring 
                      costs, and exceptional legal costs. 
Utilisation          the percentage of calendar days in a relevant period 
                      during which an SESV is under contract and in respect 
                      of which a customer is paying a day rate for the 
                      charter of the SESV. 
Vessel operating     Cost of sales before depreciation, amortisation and 
 expense              impairment, refer to note 9. 
Warrants             Under the banking documents date 31 March 2021, if 
                      Warrants are issued on 1 July 2021 because of the 
                      failure to raise US$ 25 million by 30 June 2021, 
                      half of the issued warrants vest on that date. The 
                      other half will only vest on 2 January 2023 if there 
                      is a failure to raise US$ 50 million. If warrants 
                      are issued on 2 January 2023 because of the failure 
                      to raise US$ 50 million, all of the issued warrants 
                      vest on the same date. All warrants to expire on 
                      30 June 2025 (maturity date of the facilities). 
 

[1] Represents operating profit/(loss) after adding back depreciation, amortisation and the reversal of impairment in 2021 and depreciation, amortisation, an impairment charge and adjusting items in 2020 . This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's underlying performance that management can more directly influence in the short term and is comparable from year to year. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 30.

[2] Represents net profit/(loss) after adding back depreciation, amortisation the reversal of impairment and adjusting items in 2021 and depreciation, amortisation, an impairment charge and adjusting items in 2020. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's total performance that management can more directly influence and is comparable from year to year. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 30.

[3] Represents total bank borrowings less cash.

[4] Represents the ratio of net bank debt to adjusted EBITDA.

[5] Represents operating profit/(loss) after adding back depreciation, amortisation and the reversal of impairment in 2021 and depreciation, amortisation, an impairment charge and adjusting items in 2020. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's underlying performance that management can more directly influence in the short term and is comparable from year to year. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9.

[6] Represents net profit/(loss) after adding back depreciation, amortisation the reversal of impairment and adjusting items in 2021 and depreciation, amortisation, an impairment charge and adjusting items in 2020. This measure provides additional information in assessing the Group's total performance that management can more directly influence and is comparable from year to year. A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9.

[7] A reconciliation of this measure is provided in note 9 and is also defined in Glossary.

4 Refer to Glossary for definition of Underlying G&A .

[8] Refer to Glossary for definition

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END

FR FIFEEESIVLIF

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May 13, 2022 02:10 ET (06:10 GMT)

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