RNS Number : 0920C
BP PLC
06 February 2024
 

Top of page 1

 

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

 

London 6 February 2024

A green and yellow flower logo Description automatically generated

BP p.l.c. Group results

Fourth quarter and full year 2023

 

 

"For a printer friendly version of this announcement please click on the link below to open a PDF version of the announcement"

http://www.rns-pdf.londonstockexchange.com/rns/0920C_1-2024-2-5.pdf


 

 

 

2023 : A year of delivery

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) for the period attributable to bp shareholders

 

371

4,858

10,803

 

15,239

(2,487)

Inventory holding (gains) losses*, net of tax

 

1,155

(1,212)

1,066

 

944

(1,019)

Replacement cost (RC) profit (loss)*

 

1,526

3,646

11,869

 

16,183

(3,506)

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items*, net of tax

 

1,465

(353)

(7,062)

 

(2,347)

31,159

Underlying RC profit*

 

2,991

3,293

4,807

 

13,836

27,653

Operating cash flow*

 

9,377

8,747

13,571

 

32,039

40,932

Capital expenditure*

 

(4,711)

(3,603)

(7,369)

 

(16,253)

(16,330)

Divestment and other proceeds(a)

 

300

655

614

 

1,843

3,123

Surplus cash flow*

 

2,755

3,107

4,985

 

7,876

19,065

Net issue (repurchase) of shares

 

(1,350)

(2,047)

(3,240)

 

(7,918)

(9,996)

Net debt*(b)

 

20,912

22,324

21,422

 

20,912

21,422

Return on average capital employed (ROACE)* (%)

 

 

 

 

 

18.1%

30.5%

Adjusted EBITDA*

 

10,568

10,306

13,100

 

43,710

60,747

Adjusted EBIDA*

 

 

 

 

 

34,345

45,695

Announced dividend per ordinary share (cents per share)

 

7.270

7.270

6.610

 

28.420

24.082

Underlying RC profit per ordinary share* (cents)

 

17.77

19.14

26.44

 

79.69

145.63

Underlying RC profit per ADS* (dollars)

 

1.07

1.15

1.59

 

4.78

8.74

 

Highlights

•     Resilient financial and operational performance: 2023 Operating cash flow $32.0bn; net debt reduced to $20.9bn

•     Executing with discipline: Started up four major projects* in 2023, including Seagull in 4Q; Acquisition of TravelCenters of America; Agreement to acquire Lightsource bp

•     Growing shareholder distributions: Dividend per ordinary share 7.270 cents per share +10% versus 4Q22; 4Q23 $1.75bn share buyback announced; committed to announcing $3.5bn share buyback for the first half of 2024

•     IOC to IEC - destination is unchanged: we will deliver as a simpler and more focused company

 

Looking back, 2023 was a year of strong operational performance with real momentum in delivery right across the business. And as we look ahead, our destination remains unchanged - from IOC to IEC - focused on growing the value of bp. We are confident in our strategy, on delivering as a simpler, more focused and higher-value company, and committed to growing long-term value for our shareholders.

Murray Auchincloss

Chief executive officer

 

 

(a)      Divestment proceeds are disposal proceeds as per the condensed group cash flow statement. See page 3 for more information on other proceeds.

(b)     See Note 9 for more information.

 

RC profit (loss), underlying RC profit (loss), surplus cash flow, net debt, ROACE, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBIDA, underlying RC profit per ordinary share and underlying RC profit per ADS are non-IFRS measures. Inventory holding (gains) losses and adjusting items are non-IFRS adjustments.

 

* For items marked with an asterisk throughout this document, definitions are provided in the Glossary on page 34.

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Highlights

 

 

Underlying replacement cost profit* $3.0 billion

 

 

•     Underlying replacement cost profit for the quarter was $3.0 billion, compared with $3.3 billion for the previous quarter. Compared to the third quarter 2023, the result reflects a strong gas marketing and trading result, higher oil realizations including the favourable impact of price-lags on Gulf of Mexico and UAE realizations, higher gas realizations, significantly lower industry refining margins albeit with a smaller decrease in realized refining margins, a weak oil trading result, higher exploration write-offs, and a higher level of refining turnaround activity. An underlying effective tax rate (ETR)* of 42% in the fourth quarter brings the full year underlying ETR to 39%.

•     Reported profit for the quarter was $0.4 billion, compared with $4.9 billion for the third quarter 2023. The reported result for the fourth quarter is adjusted for inventory holding losses* of $1.2 billion (net of tax) and a net adverse impact of adjusting items* of $1.5 billion (net of tax) to derive the underlying replacement cost profit. Adjusting items pre-tax include impairments of $4.6 billion, largely as a result of changes in the group's price and discount rate assumptions, activity phasing, economic forecasts (in particular related to the Gelsenkirchen refinery) and portfolio composition, and favourable fair value accounting effects* of $2.6 billion.

 

 

Operating cash flow* $9.4 billion and net debt* reduced to $20.9 billion

 

 

•     Operating cash flow in the quarter of $9.4 billion includes a working capital* release (after adjusting for inventory holding losses, fair value accounting effects and other adjusting items) of $2.1 billion (see page 28).

•     Capital expenditure* in the fourth quarter was $4.7 billion and total 2023 capital expenditure, including inorganic capital expenditure* was $16.3 billion.

•     The $1.5 billion share buyback programme announced with the third quarter results was completed on 2 February 2024.

•     Net debt was reduced by $1.4 billion to $20.9 billion at the end of the fourth quarter.

 

 

Further $1.75 billion share buyback announced for 4Q23; $3.5 billion for first half 2024

 

 

•     A resilient dividend is bp's first priority within its disciplined financial frame, underpinned by a cash balance point* of

around $40 per barrel Brent, $11 per barrel RMM and $3 per mmBtu Henry Hub (all 2021 real). For the fourth quarter, bp has announced a dividend per ordinary share of 7.270 cents, up 10% from the fourth quarter of 2022.

•     bp is committed to maintaining a strong investment grade credit rating. Through the cycle, we are targeting to further improve our credit metrics within an 'A' grade credit range.

•     bp continues to invest with discipline and a returns focused approach in our transition growth engines* and in our oil, gas and refining businesses. For 2024 and 2025 we expect capital expenditure of around $16 billion per annum, in line with our medium term target of $14-18 billion.

•     Related to the fourth quarter results, bp intends to execute a $1.75 billion share buyback prior to reporting first quarter results. Furthermore, bp is committed to announcing $3.5 billion for the first half of 2024. At current market conditions and subject to maintaining a strong investment grade credit rating, bp plans share buybacks of at least $14 billion through 2025 as part of our commitment, on a point forward basis, to returning at least 80% of surplus cash flow* to shareholders.

•     In setting the dividend per ordinary share and buyback each quarter, the board will continue to take into account factors including the cumulative level of and outlook for surplus cash flow, the cash balance point and maintaining a strong investment grade credit rating.

 

 

Continued progress in transformation to an integrated energy company

 

 

•     In resilient hydrocarbons, bp announced the start-up of major project* Seagull, expected to add around 15 thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day of net production by 2025. In Gulf of Mexico bp sanctioned Argos Southwest Expansion project and expansion of the Great White development project. In Brazil, bp was awarded the Tupinambá block located in the Santos pre-salt basin.Under aim 4, we met our first goal of deploying our methane measurement approach to all our operated upstream oil and gas assets by the end of 2023.

•     In convenience and mobility, bp continued to progress its convenience strategy, delivering a record convenience gross margin* for a fourth quarter, bringing full year to 9%(a) excluding TravelCenters of America, underpinned by customer offers driving stronger margin mix, continued roll-out of strategic conveniences sites*, and strategic convenience partnerships. bp and Iberdrola formed a joint venture to accelerate EV charging infrastructure roll-out in Spain and Portugal, with plans to invest up to €1 billion and install 5,000 fast EV charge points* by 2025 and around 11,700 by 2030.

•     In low carbon energy, bp has agreed to acquire the 50.03% interest it does not already own in Lightsource bp, one of the world's leading developers and operator of utility-scale solar and battery storage assets. This transaction is expected to complete in the second half of 2024, subject to regulatory approvals.

•     In November, bp announced that it will be expanding the use of generative AI through the use of Copilot for Microsoft 365 - bp is one of the first companies globally to act as a launch partner for 'intelligent AI assistant'.

 

 

(a)       Nearest equivalent IFRS measure: Replacement cost profit (loss) before interest and tax for the customers & products segment is -52% for 2023 compared with 2022. Convenience gross margins are at constant foreign exchange - values are at end 2023 foreign exchange rates, excluding TravelCenters of America and adjusting for other portfolio changes.

 

 

bp delivered strong underlying financial performance in 2023 - we raised dividend per ordinary share by 10% and bought back $7.9 billion of shares. We remain focused on strengthening the balance sheet, with net debt falling to $20.9 billion, the lowest level over the past decade. As we look forward, we are staying disciplined, tightening our capital expenditure frame and simplifying and enhancing our share buyback guidance through 2025.  

Kate Thomson Chief financial officer

 

The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 41.

 

 

 

 

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Financial results

In addition to the highlights on page 2:

• Profit attributable to bp shareholders in the fourth quarter and full year was $0.4 billion and $15.2 billion respectively, compared with a profit of $10.8 billion and a loss of $2.5 billion in the same periods of 2022.

- After adjusting profit attributable to bp shareholders for inventory holding losses* and net impact of adjusting items*, underlying replacement cost profit* for the fourth quarter and full year was $3.0 billion and $13.8 billion respectively, compared with $4.8 billion and $27.7 billion for the same periods of 2022. This reduction in underlying replacement cost profit for the fourth quarter mainly reflects lower realizations and the impact of significantly lower refining margins, partially offset by a strong gas marketing and trading result. For the full year, the reduction reflects lower realizations, the impact of portfolio changes, the impact of lower refining margins and a lower oil trading performance.

- Adjusting items in the fourth quarter and full year had a net adverse pre-tax impact of $2.6 billion and a net favourable pre-tax impact of $1.1 billion respectively, compared with a favourable pre-tax impact of $9.7 billion and an adverse pre-tax impact of $29.8 billion in the same periods of 2022.

- Adjusting items for the fourth quarter and full year of 2023 include a favourable impact of pre-tax fair value accounting effects*, relative to management's internal measure of performance, of $2.6 billion and $9.4 billion respectively, compared with a favourable pre-tax impact of $13.2 billion and an adverse pre-tax impact of $3.5 billion in the same periods of 2022. This is primarily due to a decline in the forward price of LNG during 2023. Under IFRS, reported earnings include the mark-to-market value of the hedges used to risk-manage LNG contracts, but not of the LNG contracts themselves. The underlying result includes the mark-to-market value of the hedges but also recognizes changes in value of the LNG contracts being risk managed.

- Adjusting items for the fourth quarter and full year of 2023 also include net impairment charges (including impairment charges reported through equity-accounted earnings) of $4.6 billion and $7.0 billion, compared with net impairment charges of $3.8 billion and $18.6 billion in the same periods of 2022. The fourth quarter 2023 impairments have arisen largely as a result of changes in the group's price and discount rate assumptions, activity phasing, economic forecasts (in particular related to the Gelsenkirchen refinery) and portfolio composition. For further details on the impairment charges see Note 3.

- Adjusting items for the full year 2022 include a pre-tax charge of $24.0 billion relating to bp's decision to exit its 19.75% shareholding in Rosneft. A further $1.5 billion pre-tax charge relating to bp's decision to exit its other businesses with Rosneft in Russia is also included.

• The effective tax rate (ETR) on RC profit or loss* for the fourth quarter and full year was 39% and 33% respectively, compared with 33% and 117% for the same periods in 2022. Excluding adjusting items, the underlying ETR* for the fourth quarter and full year was 42% and 39% respectively, compared with 40% and 34% for the same periods a year ago. The higher underlying ETR for the full year reflects changes in the geographical mix of profits and the increased impact of the UK Energy Profits Levy. ETR on RC profit or loss and underlying ETR are non-IFRS measures.

• Operating cash flow* for the fourth quarter and full year was $9.4 billion and $32.0 billion respectively, compared with $13.6 billion and $40.9 billion for the same periods in 2022 driven by the movements in underlying replacement cost profit and working capital in the periods.

• Capital expenditure* in the fourth quarter and full year was $4.7 billion and $16.3 billion respectively, compared with $7.4 billion and $16.3 billion in the same periods of 2022. The full year 2023 reflected the inorganic capital expenditure* of $1.1 billion for the acquisition of TravelCenters of America in the second quarter 2023. Full year 2022 included $3.0 billion in respect of the Archaea Energy acquisition.

• Total divestment and other proceeds for the fourth quarter and full year were $0.3 billion and $1.8 billion respectively, compared with $0.6 billion and $3.1 billion for the same periods in 2022. Other proceeds for full year 2023 were $0.5 billion of proceeds from the sale of a 49% interest in a controlled affiliate holding certain midstream assets onshore US. Other proceeds for full year 2022 were $0.6 billion of proceeds from the disposal of a loan note related to the Alaska divestment.

• At the end of the fourth quarter, net debt* was $20.9 billion, compared with $22.3 billion at the end of the third quarter 2023 and $21.4 billion at the end of the fourth quarter 2022.

 

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Analysis of RC profit (loss) before interest and tax and reconciliation to profit (loss) for the period

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

2,169

2,275

16,439

 

14,080

14,696

oil production & operations

 

1,879

3,427

1,688

 

11,191

19,721

customers & products

 

(554)

1,549

771

 

4,230

8,869

other businesses & corporate

 

(16)

(500)

103

 

(903)

(26,737)

Of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

other businesses & corporate excluding Rosneft

 

(16)

(500)

103

 

(903)

(2,704)

Rosneft

 

-

-

-

 

-

(24,033)

Consolidation adjustment - UPII*

 

95

(57)

147

 

(14)

139

RC profit before interest and tax

 

3,573

6,694

19,148

 

28,584

16,688

Finance costs and net finance expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(977)

(978)

(818)

 

(3,599)

(2,634)

Taxation on a RC basis

 

(1,005)

(1,859)

(6,103)

 

(8,161)

(16,430)

Non-controlling interests

 

(65)

(211)

(358)

 

(641)

(1,130)

RC profit (loss) attributable to bp shareholders*

 

1,526

3,646

11,869

 

16,183

(3,506)

Inventory holding gains (losses)*

 

(1,497)

1,593

(1,428)

 

(1,236)

1,351

Taxation (charge) credit on inventory holding gains and losses

 

342

(381)

362

 

292

(332)

Profit (loss) for the period attributable to bp shareholders

 

371

4,858

10,803

 

15,239

(2,487)

Analysis of underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

1,777

1,256

3,148

 

8,722

16,063

oil production & operations

 

3,549

3,136

4,428

 

12,781

20,224

customers & products

 

803

2,055

1,902

 

6,413

10,789

other businesses & corporate

 

(97)

(303)

(306)

 

(866)

(1,171)

Of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

other businesses & corporate excluding Rosneft

 

(97)

(303)

(306)

 

(866)

(1,171)

Rosneft

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

Consolidation adjustment - UPII

 

95

(57)

147

 

(14)

139

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

6,127

6,087

9,319

 

27,036

46,044

Finance costs and net finance expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(891)

(882)

(649)

 

(3,194)

(2,209)

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

(2,180)

(1,701)

(3,505)

 

(9,365)

(15,052)

Non-controlling interests

 

(65)

(211)

(358)

 

(641)

(1,130)

Underlying RC profit attributable to bp shareholders*

 

2,991

3,293

4,807

 

13,836

27,653

 

Reconciliations of underlying RC profit attributable to bp shareholders to the nearest equivalent IFRS measure are provided on page 1 for the group and on pages 6-14 for the segments.

 

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Operating Metrics

 

 Year 2023

 

vs Year 2022

 

39

 

-11

Reported recordable injury frequency*(a)

 

0.274

 

+46.7%

upstream* production(b) (mboe/d)

 

2,313

 

+2.6%

upstream unit production costs*(c) ($/boe)

 

5.78

 

-4.8%

bp-operated upstream plant reliability*

 

95.0%

 

-1.0

bp-operated refining availability*(b)

 

96.1%

 

1.6

 

(a)      In 2023, bp acquired the US-based TravelCenters of America (TA) business. At the time of publication, TA reporting processes were still being integrated into bp's reporting processes and as such, TA performance data is not included in reported data for 2023.

(b)     See Operational updates on pages 6, 9 and 11. Because of rounding, upstream production may not agree exactly with the sum of gas & low carbon energy and oil production & operations.

(c)      Mainly reflecting impact of portfolio changes.

 

Reserves replacement ratio*

The organic reserves replacement ratio on a combined basis of subsidiaries and equity-accounted entities was 47% for the year (2022 20%). The increase is largely due to additions in BPX Energy in the US and in the Middle East.

 

 

 

 

Outlook & Guidance

1Q24 guidance

• Looking ahead, bp expects first quarter 2024 reported upstream* production to be higher compared to fourth-quarter 2023.

• In its customers business, bp expects seasonally lower volumes across most businesses and the absence of one-off positive effects from the fourth quarter. In addition, bp expects fuels margins to remain sensitive to movements in cost of supply.

• In products, bp expects a significantly lower level of refinery turnaround activity compared to the fourth quarter. In addition, bp expects lower industry refining margins, with a larger reduction in realized margins due to narrower North American heavy crude oil differentials.

2024 guidance

In addition to the guidance on page 2:

• bp expects both reported and underlying upstream production* to be slightly higher compared with 2023. Within this, bp expects underlying production from oil production & operations to be higher and production from gas & low carbon energy to be lower.

• In its customers business, bp expects continued growth from convenience, including a full year contribution from TravelCenters of America; a stronger contribution from Castrol underpinned by volume growth in focus markets; and continued margin growth from bp pulse driven by higher energy sold. In addition, bp expects fuels margins to remain sensitive to the cost of supply.

• In products, bp expects a lower level of industry refining margins, with realized margins impacted by narrower North American heavy crude oil differentials. bp expects refinery turnaround activity to have a similar impact on both throughput and financial performance compared to 2023, with phasing of activity in 2024 heavily weighted towards the second half.

• bp expects the other businesses & corporate underlying annual charge to be around $1.0 billion for 2024. The charge may vary from quarter to quarter.

• bp expects the depreciation, depletion and amortization to be slightly higher than 2023.

• bp expects the underlying ETR* for 2024 to be around 40% but it is sensitive to the impact that volatility in the current price environment may have on the geographical mix of the group's profits and losses.

• bp expects capital expenditure* of around $16 billion, weighted to the first half.

• bp expects divestment and other proceeds of $2-3 billion in 2024, weighted towards the second half. Having realized $17.8 billion of divestment and other proceeds since the second quarter of 2020, bp continues to expect to reach $25 billion of divestment and other proceeds between the second half of 2020 and 2025.

• bp expects Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments for the year to be around $1.2 billion pre-tax including $1.1 billion pre-tax to be paid during the second quarter.

 

The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 41.

 

 

 

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gas & low carbon energy*

Financial results

•      The replacement cost (RC) profit before interest and tax for the fourth quarter and full year was $2,169 million and $14,080 million respectively, compared with $16,439 million and $14,696 million for the same periods in 2022. The fourth quarter and full year are adjusted by a favourable impact of net adjusting items* of $392 million and $5,358 million respectively, compared with a favourable impact of net adjusting items of $13,291 million and an adverse impact of $1,367 million for the same periods in 2022. Adjusting items include impacts of fair value accounting effects*, relative to management's internal measure of performance, which are a favourable impact of $1,887 million and $8,859 million for the fourth quarter and full year in 2023 and a favourable impact of $12,502 million and an adverse impact of $1,811 million for the same periods in 2022. Under IFRS, reported earnings include the mark-to-market value of the hedges used to risk-manage LNG contracts, but not of the LNG contracts themselves. The underlying result includes the mark-to-market value of the hedges but also recognizes changes in value of the LNG contracts being risk managed. Adjusting items also include net impairment charges, see Note 3 for further information.

•      After adjusting RC profit before interest and tax for adjusting items, the underlying RC profit before interest and tax* for the fourth quarter and full year was $1,777 million and $8,722 million respectively, compared with $3,148 million and $16,063 million for the same periods in 2022.

•      The underlying RC profit for the fourth quarter, compared with the same period in 2022, reflects lower realizations and lower production, partially offset by a strong gas marketing and trading result. The underlying RC profit for the full year, compared with 2022, reflects lower realizations, and a higher depreciation, depletion and amortization charge.

Operational update

•      Reported production for the quarter was 899mboe/d, 6.0% lower than the same period in 2022. Underlying production* was 3.8% lower, mainly due to base decline, particularly in Egypt, partly offset by major project* delivery.

•      Reported production for the full year was 929mboe/d, 2.9% lower than the same period in 2022. Underlying production was 2.3% lower, mainly due to base decline, partly offset by major project delivery.

•      Renewables pipeline* at the end of the quarter was 58.3GW (bp net), including 19.3GW bp net share of Lightsource bp's (LSbp's) pipeline. The renewables pipeline increased by 21.1GW net during the full year, including bp being awarded the rights to develop two North Sea offshore wind projects in Germany (4GW), increases to LSbp's pipeline (5.3GW), and an increase in dedicated hydrogen renewables (12.4GW). In addition, there is over 12GW (bp net) of early stage opportunities in LSbp's hopper.

Strategic progress

gas

•        On 5 December, bp announced the restructuring of the ownership and commercial framework of the Atlantic LNG joint venture with its partners Shell and the National Gas Company of Trinidad & Tobago. The restructuring helps provide the certainty required for sanctioning the next wave of upstream gas projects and secures the long term LNG equity offtake for shareholders including bp.

•        On 18 January the government of the Republic of Senegal approved bp's exit from the Cayar Offshore Profond production sharing contract and designation of Kosmos Energy as the Operator of the Yakaar-Teranga gas resource.

•        On 16 November, bp signed a 9-year sales and purchase agreement (SPA) with State-owned Oman LNG to buy one million metric tonnes per annum of LNG starting 2026.

 

low carbon energy

•        During the quarter, we secured US Department of Energy funding confirmation for the MachH2 Hub hydrogen project in the US Midwest.

•        On 25 January 2024 bp and Equinor announced they had signed an agreement under which they will restructure their investments in their US offshore wind projects. Subject to approvals, bp will assume full ownership of the Beacon projects and Equinor the Empire projects. bp will independently pursue future US offshore wind opportunities.

•        On 30 November bp announced it has agreed to acquire the remaining 50.03% of Lightsource bp. LSbp is one of the world's leading developers and operator of utility-scale solar and battery storage assets, with 1,200 employees in 19 countries. The acquisition includes LSbp's hopper of 38GW renewables pipeline and an additional 25GW of early stage opportunities. The transaction is expected to close in the second half of 2024, subject to regulatory approvals.

•        On 17 January 2024 bp announced it has agreed to acquire GETEC ENERGIE GmbH, a leading independent supplier of energy to commercial and industrial customers in Germany.

 

Top of page 7

 

gas & low carbon energy (continued)

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit before interest and tax

 

2,169

2,275

16,429

 

14,081

14,688

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

-

-

10

 

(1)

8

RC profit before interest and tax

 

2,169

2,275

16,439

 

14,080

14,696

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items

 

(392)

(1,019)

(13,291)

 

(5,358)

1,367

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

1,777

1,256

3,148

 

8,722

16,063

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

(746)

(448)

(1,163)

 

(2,730)

(4,367)

Underlying RC profit before interest

 

1,031

808

1,985

 

5,992

11,696

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

1,290

1,543

1,373

 

5,680

5,008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploration write-offs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploration write-offs

 

349

15

(6)

 

362

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total adjusted EBITDA

 

3,416

2,814

4,515

 

14,764

21,073

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas

 

848

833

1,032

 

3,025

3,227

low carbon energy

 

478

222

577

 

1,256

1,024

Total capital expenditure

 

1,326

1,055

1,609

 

4,281

4,251

 

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Production (net of royalties)(a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liquids* (mb/d)

 

99

106

121

 

105

118

Natural gas (mmcf/d)

 

4,637

4,875

4,844

 

4,778

4,866

Total hydrocarbons* (mboe/d)

 

899

946

956

 

929

957

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average realizations*(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liquids ($/bbl)

 

78.87

76.69

80.50

 

77.03

89.86

Natural gas ($/mcf)

 

6.18

5.38

9.40

 

6.13

8.91

Total hydrocarbons* ($/boe)

 

40.17

36.82

57.60

 

40.21

56.34

 

(a)      Includes bp's share of production of equity-accounted entities in the gas & low carbon energy segment.

(b)     Realizations are based on sales by consolidated subsidiaries only - this excludes equity-accounted entities.

 

 

 

Top of page 8

 

gas & low carbon energy (continued)

 

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

low carbon energy(c)

 

2023

2023

2022

 

 

 

 

 

Renewables (bp net, GW)

 

 

 

 

Installed renewables capacity*

 

2.7

2.5

2.2

 

 

 

 

 

Developed renewables to FID*

 

6.2

6.1

5.8

Renewables pipeline

 

58.3

43.9

37.2

of which by geographical area:

 

 

 

 

Renewables pipeline - Americas

 

18.8

18.4

17.0

Renewables pipeline - Asia Pacific

 

21.3

12.1

11.8

Renewables pipeline - Europe

 

14.6

13.4

8.3

Renewables pipeline - Other

 

3.5

-

0.1

of which by technology:

 

 

 

 

Renewables pipeline - offshore wind

 

9.3

9.3

5.2

Renewables pipeline - onshore wind

 

12.7

6.1

6.3

Renewables pipeline - solar

 

36.3

28.5

25.7

Total Developed renewables to FID and Renewables pipeline

 

64.5

50.0

43.0

 

(c)      Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.

 

 

 

Top of page 9

 

oil production & operations

Financial results

•      The replacement cost (RC) profit before interest and tax for the fourth quarter and full year was $1,879 million and $11,191 million respectively, compared with $1,688 million and $19,721 million for the same periods in 2022. The fourth quarter and full year are adjusted by an adverse impact of net adjusting items* of $1,670 million and $1,590 million respectively, mainly relating to net impairment charges (see Note 3), compared with an adverse impact of net adjusting items of $2,740 million and $503 million for the same periods in 2022.

•      After adjusting items, the underlying RC profit before interest and tax* for the fourth quarter and full year was $3,549 million and $12,781 million respectively, compared with $4,428 million and $20,224 million for the same periods in 2022.

•      The underlying RC profit for the fourth quarter, compared with the same period in 2022, primarily reflects the impact of lower realizations. The underlying RC profit for the full year, compared with the same period in 2022, reflects lower realizations, and the impact of portfolio changes, partly offset by higher volumes.

Operational update

•      Reported production for the quarter was 1,421mboe/d, 8.6% higher than the fourth quarter of 2022. Underlying production* for the quarter was 8.5% higher compared with the fourth quarter of 2022 reflecting bpx energy performance and major projects*.

•      Reported production for the full year was 1,383mboe/d, 6.7% higher than the same period of 2022. Underlying production for the full year was 6.3% higher compared with the same period of 2022 reflecting bpx energy performance and major projects and base performance.

Strategic Progress

•      In October bp, with partners Neptune Energy and JAPEX, successfully started production from the Seagull oil and gas field in the UK North Sea. Seagull is a four-well development tied back to the Eastern Trough Area Project (ETAP) hub (bp 50% operator).

•      The first of two wells for the Murlach oil and gas field in the UK North Sea were spudded in October, following regulatory approval of the field development plan in September (bp 80% operator).

•      bp and its partners approved the development of the Argos Southwest Extension project in the Gulf of Mexico which will be a three well subsea tie-back to the Argos platform (bp operator 60.5%).

•      Partners approved the expansion of the Shell operated Great White development in the Gulf of Mexico through a phased three well campaign (bp 33.33%).

•      In November, bpx energy production surpassed 400mboe/d, up more than 25% versus fourth-quarter 2022 levels with contributions across each operating basin. bpx energy remains on track to deliver 2025 volumes 30 to 40% higher than 2022 levels.

•      bp was the apparent high bidder on 24 lease blocks in the Gulf of Mexico lease sale 261 held on 20 December 2023.

•      In December bp was awarded operatorship of the Tupinamba block, in the Santos Pre Salt Basin, in Brazil.

•      Our Angolan 50:50 joint venture with Eni, Azule Energy, progressed with four new exploration agreements in blocks adjacent to existing operations (46, 47, 14/23 and 18/15).

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit before interest and tax

 

1,879

3,426

1,686

 

11,191

19,714

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

-

1

2

 

-

7

RC profit before interest and tax

 

1,879

3,427

1,688

 

11,191

19,721

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items

 

1,670

(291)

2,740

 

1,590

503

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

3,549

3,136

4,428

 

12,781

20,224

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

(1,433)

(1,386)

(2,015)

 

(5,998)

(9,143)

Underlying RC profit before interest

 

2,116

1,750

2,413

 

6,783

11,081

 

Top of page 10

 

oil production & operations (continued)

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

1,563

1,432

1,383

 

5,692

5,564

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploration write-offs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploration write-offs

 

32

59

73

 

384

383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total adjusted EBITDA

 

5,144

4,627

5,884

 

18,857

26,171

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total capital expenditure

 

1,636

1,644

1,430

 

6,278

5,278

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Production (net of royalties)(a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liquids* (mb/d)

 

1,024

1,011

966

 

1,010

952

Natural gas (mmcf/d)

 

2,305

2,155

1,989

 

2,165

1,998

Total hydrocarbons* (mboe/d)

 

1,421

1,382

1,309

 

1,383

1,297

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average realizations*(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liquids ($/bbl)

 

76.22

71.10

80.43

 

72.09

89.62

Natural gas ($/mcf)

 

3.65

3.44

10.20

 

4.17

10.46

Total hydrocarbons* ($/boe)

 

59.69

56.76

74.60

 

58.34

82.23

 

(a)      Includes bp's share of production of equity-accounted entities in the oil production & operations segment.

(b)     Realizations are based on sales by consolidated subsidiaries only - this excludes equity-accounted entities.

 

 

 

 

Top of page 11

 

customers & products

Financial results

•      The replacement cost (RC) result before interest and tax for the fourth quarter and full year was a loss of $554 million and a profit of $4,230 million respectively, compared with a profit of $771 million and $8,869 million for the same periods in 2022. The fourth quarter and full year are adjusted by an adverse impact of net adjusting items* of $1,357 million and $2,183 million respectively, mainly relating to an impairment of the Gelsenkirchen refinery (see Note 3), compared with an adverse impact of net adjusting items of $1,131 million and $1,920 million for the same periods in 2022. Adjusting items include impacts of fair value accounting effects*, relative to management's internal measure of performance, which are a favourable impact of $144 million for the quarter and an adverse impact of $86 million for the full year in 2023, compared with a favourable impact of $189 million and an adverse impact of $309 million for the same periods in 2022.

•      After adjusting items, the underlying RC profit before interest and tax* for the fourth quarter and full year was $803 million and $6,413 million respectively, compared with $1,902 million and $10,789 million for the same periods in 2022.

•      The customers & products result for the fourth quarter was lower than the same period in 2022, primarily reflecting the impact of significantly lower refining margins and a lower contribution from oil trading, partly offset by significantly lower turnaround impacts and a stronger customers performance. The result for the full year was significantly lower than the same period in 2022, primarily reflecting the impact of lower refining margins and a lower oil trading performance.

•      customers - the convenience and mobility result, excluding Castrol, for the fourth quarter was higher than the same period in 2022, with the benefit of higher fuels margins, a strong aviation result underpinned by higher volumes and margins, and continued strong growth in convenience. The fourth quarter and full year results were also impacted by higher costs, including increased expenditure in our transition growth engines*, inflationary impacts and increased depreciation.

The Castrol result for the fourth quarter was higher compared to the same period in 2022, primarily due to higher margins underpinned by lower cost of supply and higher volumes, with the fourth quarter of 2022 impacted by COVID restrictions, notably in China.  

•      products - the products results for the fourth quarter and full year were lower compared with the same periods in 2022. In refining, the result for the fourth quarter reflected significantly lower industry refining margins, partially offset by a significantly lower impact from turnaround and maintenance activity. The full year result was primarily impacted by significantly lower industry refining margins, higher turnaround activity albeit with a lower margin impact, partly offset by a lower level of maintenance activity. The oil trading contribution for the fourth quarter was weak compared to the average result in the same period last year. The full year result was also lower, as the first half of 2022 benefited from an exceptionally strong oil trading performance.

Operational update 

•      bp-operated refining availability* for the fourth quarter and full year was 96.1%, higher compared with 95.0% and 94.5% for the same periods in 2022 due to a lower level of maintenance activity. Utilization for the fourth quarter and full year, adjusted for portfolio changes, was lower than the same periods in 2022, with the fourth quarter utilization impacted by higher turnaround activity.

Strategic progress

•      Strong underlying convenience gross margin* delivery with around 9%(a)(b) year over year growth, underpinned by customer offers driving stronger margin mix, continued roll-out of strategic convenience sites*, and strategic convenience partnerships.

•      In November, bp entered into an agreement to sell its Türkiye ground fuels business to Petrol Ofisi. This includes the group's interest in three joint venture terminals in Türkiye. Completion of the sale is subject to regulatory approvals.

•      EV charge points* installed and energy sold in the year grew by around 35% and 150% respectively, compared to 2022, with charge points now over 29,000. In addition, on 1 December bp and Iberdrola formed a joint venture to accelerate EV charging infrastructure roll-out in Spain and Portugal, with plans to invest up to €1 billion and install 5,000 fast(c) EV charge points by 2025 and around 11,700 by 2030; and in China, bp continues to invest in fast growing southern districts, and in January acquired 3,000 charge points through the bp Xiajou joint venture.

•      In November, Air bp collaborated with Virgin Atlantic, Rolls Royce, Boeing, and others, to fuel the first 100% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) transatlantic flight by a commercial airline. The SAF was a blend derived from inputs supplied by Air bp and Virent. Together, this enabled up to 70% lifecycle carbon emission savings compared to the conventional jet fuel it replaces.

•      In Castrol, our market leading position in advanced EV-fluids was further strengthened, now three out of four of the world's major vehicle manufacturers use Castrol ON products as part of their factory fill(d). In addition, Castrol has continued to grow its independent branded workshops, adding around 4,500 workshops in 2023, compared to 2022, with workshops now over 34,000 in total.

•      In December, bp's Archaea Energy announced it had brought two more renewable natural gas plants online, the Monty plant in Kentucky and the Red Top plant in California.

 

(a)       Nearest equivalent IFRS measure: Replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the customers & products segment is -52% for 2023 compared with 2022.

(b)       At constant foreign exchange - values are at end 2023 foreign exchange rates, excluding TravelCenters of America and adjusted for other portfolio changes.

(c)       "fast charging" includes rapid charging ≥50kW and ultra-fast charging ≥150kW.

(d)       Based on GlobalData report for 2023 for top 20 selling global OEMs (total new vehicles sales).

 

Top of page 12

 

customers & products (continued)

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(2,051)

3,143

(645)

 

2,993

10,235

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

1,497

(1,594)

1,416

 

1,237

(1,366)

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(554)

1,549

771

 

4,230

8,869

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items

 

1,357

506

1,131

 

2,183

1,920

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

803

2,055

1,902

 

6,413

10,789

Of which:(a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

customers - convenience & mobility

 

882

670

628

 

2,644

2,966

Castrol - included in customers

 

213

185

70

 

730

700

products - refining & trading

 

(79)

1,385

1,274

 

3,769

7,823

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

(239)

(167)

(400)

 

(1,454)

(2,308)

Underlying RC profit before interest

 

564

1,888

1,502

 

4,959

8,481

 

(a)      A reconciliation to RC profit before interest and tax by business is provided on page 31.

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Adjusted EBITDA*(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

customers - convenience & mobility

 

1,348

1,151

962

 

4,380

4,252

Castrol - included in customers

 

256

228

110

 

897

853

products - refining & trading

 

397

1,819

1,681

 

5,581

9,407

 

 

1,745

2,970

2,643

 

9,961

13,659

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

942

915

741

 

3,548

2,870

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

customers - convenience & mobility

 

790

435

694

 

3,135

1,779

Castrol - included in customers

 

90

60

98

 

262

235

products - refining & trading(c)

 

813

367

3,455

 

2,118

4,473

Total capital expenditure

 

1,603

802

4,149

 

5,253

6,252

 

(b)     A reconciliation to RC profit before interest and tax by business is provided on page 31.

(c)      Fourth quarter and full year 2022 include $3,030 million in respect of the Archaea Energy acquisition.

 

Retail(d)

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

bp retail sites* - total (#)

 

21,100

21,150

20,650

 

21,100

20,650

Strategic convenience sites*

 

2,850

2,750

2,400

 

2,850

2,400

 

(d)     Reported to the nearest 50.

 

Marketing sales of refined products (mb/d)

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

US

 

1,205

1,280

1,126

 

1,210

1,136

Europe

 

1,037

1,093

1,069

 

1,040

1,021

Rest of World

 

465

474

461

 

468

456

 

 

2,707

2,847

2,656

 

2,718

2,613

Trading/supply sales of refined products

 

355

392

325

 

358

350

Total sales volume of refined products

 

3,062

3,239

2,981

 

3,076

2,963

 

 

 

 

Top of page 13

 

customers & products (continued)

Refining marker margin*

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

bp average refining marker margin (RMM)(e) ($/bbl)

 

18.5

31.8

32.2

 

25.8

33.1

(e)      The RMM in the quarter is calculated based on bp's current refinery portfolio. On a comparative basis, the fourth quarter and full year 2022 RMM would be $32.2/bbl and $33.1/bbl respectively.

 

Refinery throughputs (mb/d)

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

US

 

634

690

615

 

662

678

Europe

 

678

760

763

 

749

804

Rest of World

 

-

-

-

 

-

22

Total refinery throughputs

 

1,312

1,450

1,378

 

1,411

1,504

bp-operated refining availability* (%)

 

96.1

96.3

95.0

 

96.1

94.5

 

 

 

Top of page 14

 

other businesses & corporate

Other businesses & corporate comprises innovation & engineering, bp ventures, Launchpad, regions, corporates & solutions, our corporate activities & functions and any residual costs of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. It also includes Rosneft results up to 27 February 2022.

Financial results

•      The replacement cost (RC) loss before interest and tax for the fourth quarter and full year was $16 million and $903 million respectively, compared with a profit of $103 million and a loss of $26,737 million for the same periods in 2022. The fourth quarter and full year are adjusted by a favourable impact of net adjusting items* of $81 million and an adverse impact of $37 million respectively, compared with a favourable impact of net adjusting items of $409 million and an adverse impact of $25,566 million for the same periods in 2022. Adjusting items include impacts of fair value accounting effects* which are a favourable impact of $579 million for the quarter and a favourable impact of $630 million for the full year in 2023, and a favourable impact of $515 million and an adverse impact of $1,381 million for the same periods in 2022. Adjusting items also include impacts of environmental charges which are an adverse impact of $565 million for the quarter. The adjusting items for the full year in 2022 mainly relate to Rosneft.

•      After adjusting RC loss for net adjusting items, the underlying RC loss before interest and tax* for the fourth quarter and full year was $97 million and $866 million respectively, compared with a loss of $306 million and $1,171 million for the same periods in 2022, mainly reflecting foreign exchange impacts for the fourth quarter and increased interest income for the full year.

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(16)

(500)

103

 

(903)

(26,737)

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(16)

(500)

103

 

(903)

(26,737)

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items(a)

 

(81)

197

(409)

 

37

25,566

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(97)

(303)

(306)

 

(866)

(1,171)

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

121

162

43

 

322

439

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest

 

24

(141)

(263)

 

(544)

(732)

(a)      Includes fair value accounting effects relating to the hybrid bonds that were issued on 17 June 2020. See page 35 for more information.

other businesses & corporate (excluding Rosneft)

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(16)

(500)

103

 

(903)

(2,704)

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(16)

(500)

103

 

(903)

(2,704)

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items

 

(81)

197

(409)

 

37

1,533

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(97)

(303)

(306)

 

(866)

(1,171)

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

121

162

43

 

322

439

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest

 

24

(141)

(263)

 

(544)

(732)

other businesses & corporate (Rosneft)

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

-

-

-

 

-

(24,033)

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

-

-

-

 

-

(24,033)

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items

 

-

-

-

 

-

24,033

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

 

 

 

Top of page 15

 

Financial statements

 

 

Group income statement

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and other operating revenues (Note 5)

 

52,141

53,269

69,257

 

210,130

241,392

Earnings from joint ventures - after interest and tax

 

(290)

(198)

189

 

67

1,128

Earnings from associates - after interest and tax

 

156

271

129

 

831

1,402

Interest and other income

 

599

410

608

 

1,635

1,103

Gains on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

(20)

264

173

 

369

3,866

Total revenues and other income

 

52,586

54,016

70,356

 

213,032

248,891

Purchases

 

31,062

29,951

34,101

 

119,307

141,043

Production and manufacturing expenses

 

5,751

6,080

6,841

 

25,044

28,610

Production and similar taxes

 

445

456

557

 

1,779

2,325

Depreciation, depletion and amortization (Note 6)

 

4,060

4,145

3,714

 

15,928

14,318

Net impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets (Note 3)

 

3,958

542

3,629

 

5,857

30,522

Exploration expense

 

501

97

140

 

997

585

Distribution and administration expenses

 

4,733

4,458

3,654

 

16,772

13,449

Profit (loss) before interest and taxation

 

2,076

8,287

17,720

 

27,348

18,039

Finance costs

 

1,038

1,039

834

 

3,840

2,703

Net finance (income) expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(61)

(61)

(16)

 

(241)

(69)

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

1,099

7,309

16,902

 

23,749

15,405

Taxation

 

663

2,240

5,741

 

7,869

16,762

Profit (loss) for the period

 

436

5,069

11,161

 

15,880

(1,357)

Attributable to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bp shareholders

 

371

4,858

10,803

 

15,239

(2,487)

Non-controlling interests

 

65

211

358

 

641

1,130

 

 

436

5,069

11,161

 

15,880

(1,357)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share (Note 7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) for the period attributable to bp shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Per ordinary share (cents)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

2.20

28.24

59.43

 

87.78

(13.10)

Diluted

 

2.15

27.59

58.36

 

85.85

(13.10)

Per ADS (dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

0.13

1.69

3.57

 

5.27

(0.79)

Diluted

 

0.13

1.66

3.50

 

5.15

(0.79)

 

 

 

 

 

Top of page 16

 

Condensed group statement of comprehensive income

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

436

5,069

11,161

 

15,880

(1,357)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currency translation differences(a)

 

711

(590)

2,142

 

585

(3,786)

Exchange (gains) losses on translation of foreign operations reclassified to gain or loss on sale of businesses and fixed assets(b)

 

-

(2)

(32)

 

(2)

10,759

Cash flow hedges and costs of hedging

 

125

(56)

584

 

559

763

Share of items relating to equity-accounted entities, net of tax

 

13

25

392

 

(192)

402

 

64

(69)

(108)

 

(10)

(334)

 

 

913

(692)

2,978

 

940

7,804

Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remeasurements of the net pension and other post-retirement benefit liability or asset(c)

 

(1,209)

(111)

(1,508)

 

(2,262)

340

Remeasurements of equity investments

 

51

-

-

 

51

-

Cash flow hedges that will subsequently be transferred to the balance sheet

 

16

(1)

1

 

15

(4)

 

357

57

538

 

745

68

 

 

(785)

(55)

(969)

 

(1,451)

404

 

128

(747)

2,009

 

(511)

8,208

Total comprehensive income

 

564

4,322

13,170

 

15,369

6,851

Attributable to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bp shareholders

 

461

4,140

12,760

 

14,702

5,782

 

103

182

410

 

667

1,069

 

 

564

4,322

13,170

 

15,369

6,851

 

(a)      Fourth quarter 2022 is principally affected by movements in the Pound Sterling against the US dollar. Full year 2022 is principally affected by movements in the Russian rouble and Pound Sterling against the US dollar.

(b)     Full year 2022 predominantly relates to the loss of significant influence over Rosneft.

(c)      See Note 1 Basis of preparation - Pensions and other post-retirement benefits for further information.

 

 

 

Top of page 17

 

Condensed group statement of changes in equity

 

 

bp shareholders'

Non-controlling interests

Total

$ million

 

equity

Hybrid bonds

Other interest

equity

At 1 January 2023

 

67,553

13,390

2,047

82,990

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

14,702

586

81

15,369

Dividends

 

(4,831)

-

(403)

(5,234)

Cash flow hedges transferred to the balance sheet, net of tax

 

(1)

-

-

(1)

Repurchase of ordinary share capital

 

(8,167)

-

-

(8,167)

Share-based payments, net of tax

 

669

-

-

669

Share of equity-accounted entities' changes in equity, net of tax

 

1

-

-

1

Issue of perpetual hybrid bonds

 

(1)

176

-

175

Payments on perpetual hybrid bonds

 

(5)

(586)

-

(591)

Transactions involving non-controlling interests, net of tax

 

363

-

(81)

282

At 31 December 2023

 

70,283

13,566

1,644

85,493

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bp shareholders'

Non-controlling interests

Total

$ million

 

equity(a)

Hybrid bonds

Other interest

equity

At 1 January 2022

 

75,463

13,041

1,935

90,439

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

5,782

519

550

6,851

Dividends

 

(4,365)

-

(294)

(4,659)

Cash flow hedges transferred to the balance sheet, net of tax

 

1

-

-

1

Issue of ordinary share capital(b)

 

820

-

-

820

Repurchase of ordinary share capital

 

(10,493)

-

-

(10,493)

Share-based payments, net of tax

 

847

-

-

847

Issue of perpetual hybrid bonds

 

(4)

374

-

370

Payments on perpetual hybrid bonds

 

15

(544)

-

(529)

Transactions involving non-controlling interests, net of tax

 

(513)

-

(144)

(657)

At 31 December 2022

 

67,553

13,390

2,047

82,990

 

(a)      In 2022 $9.2 billion of the opening foreign currency translation reserve has been moved to the profit and loss account reserve as a result of bp's decision to exit its shareholding in Rosneft and its other businesses with Rosneft in Russia.

(b)     Relates to ordinary shares issued as non-cash consideration for the acquisition of the public units of BP Midstream Partners LP.

 

 

 

Top of page 18

 

Group balance sheet

 

 

31 December

31 December

$ million

 

2023

2022

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

104,719

106,044

Goodwill

 

12,472

11,960

Intangible assets

 

9,991

10,200

Investments in joint ventures

 

12,435

12,400

Investments in associates

 

7,814

8,201

Other investments

 

2,189

2,670

Fixed assets

 

149,620

151,475

Loans

 

1,942

1,271

Trade and other receivables

 

1,767

1,092

Derivative financial instruments

 

9,980

12,841

Prepayments

 

623

576

Deferred tax assets

 

4,268

3,908

Defined benefit pension plan surpluses

 

7,948

9,269

 

 

176,148

180,432

Current assets

 

 

 

Loans

 

240

315

Inventories

 

22,819

28,081

Trade and other receivables

 

31,123

34,010

Derivative financial instruments

 

12,583

11,554

Prepayments

 

2,520

2,092

Current tax receivable

 

837

621

Other investments

 

843

578

Cash and cash equivalents

 

33,030

29,195

 

 

103,995

106,446

Assets classified as held for sale (Note 2)

 

151

1,242

 

 

104,146

107,688

Total assets

 

280,294

288,120

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

61,155

63,984

Derivative financial instruments

 

5,250

12,618

Accruals

 

6,527

6,398

Lease liabilities

 

2,650

2,102

Finance debt

 

3,284

3,198

Current tax payable

 

2,732

4,065

Provisions

 

4,418

6,332

 

 

86,016

98,697

Liabilities directly associated with assets classified as held for sale (Note 2)

 

62

321

 

 

86,078

99,018

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Other payables

 

10,076

10,387

Derivative financial instruments

 

10,402

13,537

Accruals

 

1,310

1,233

Lease liabilities

 

8,471

6,447

Finance debt

 

48,670

43,746

Deferred tax liabilities

 

9,617

10,526

Provisions

 

14,721

14,992

Defined benefit pension plan and other post-retirement benefit plan deficits

 

5,456

5,244

 

 

108,723

106,112

Total liabilities

 

194,801

205,130

Net assets

 

85,493

82,990

Equity

 

 

 

bp shareholders' equity

 

70,283

67,553

Non-controlling interests

 

15,210

15,437

Total equity

 

85,493

82,990

 

 

 

 

Top of page 19

 

Condensed group cash flow statement

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

1,099

7,309

16,902

 

23,749

15,405

Adjustments to reconcile profit (loss) before taxation to net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization and exploration expenditure written off

 

4,441

4,219

3,781

 

16,674

14,703

Net impairment and (gain) loss on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

3,978

278

3,456

 

5,488

26,656

Earnings from equity-accounted entities, less dividends received

 

803

421

582

 

1,194

(830)

Net charge for interest and other finance expense, less net interest paid

 

202

136

186

 

503

396

Share-based payments

 

97

298

166

 

616

795

Net operating charge for pensions and other post-retirement benefits, less contributions and benefit payments for unfunded plans

 

(63)

(40)

(60)

 

(193)

(257)

Net charge for provisions, less payments

 

(819)

(342)

(1,013)

 

(2,481)

440

Movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities

 

1,942

(783)

(6,847)

 

(3,338)

(6,270)

Income taxes paid

 

(2,303)

(2,749)

(3,582)

 

(10,173)

(10,106)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

9,377

8,747

13,571

 

32,039

40,932

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenditure on property, plant and equipment, intangible and other assets

 

(4,247)

(3,456)

(3,696)

 

(14,285)

(12,069)

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

(38)

(9)

(3,522)

 

(799)

(3,530)

Investment in joint ventures

 

(347)

(102)

(107)

 

(1,039)

(600)

Investment in associates

 

(79)

(36)

(44)

 

(130)

(131)

Total cash capital expenditure

 

(4,711)

(3,603)

(7,369)

 

(16,253)

(16,330)

Proceeds from disposal of fixed assets

 

31

59

27

 

133

709

Proceeds from disposal of businesses, net of cash disposed

 

269

79

587

 

1,193

1,841

Proceeds from loan repayments

 

16

12

7

 

55

67

Cash provided from investing activities

 

316

150

621

 

1,381

2,617

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(4,395)

(3,453)

(6,748)

 

(14,872)

(13,713)

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net issue (repurchase) of shares (Note 7)

 

(1,350)

(2,047)

(3,240)

 

(7,918)

(9,996)

Lease liability payments

 

(722)

(663)

(513)

 

(2,560)

(1,961)

Proceeds from long-term financing

 

1,522

8

10

 

7,568

2,013

Repayments of long-term financing

 

(11)

(264)

(2,197)

 

(3,902)

(11,697)

Net increase (decrease) in short-term debt

 

87

(71)

190

 

(861)

(1,392)

Issue of perpetual hybrid bonds

 

13

30

48

 

175

370

Payments relating to perpetual hybrid bonds

 

(264)

(258)

(219)

 

(1,008)

(708)

Payments relating to transactions involving non-controlling interests (Other interest)

 

(7)

-

(1)

 

(187)

(9)

Receipts relating to transactions involving non-controlling interests (Other interest)

 

10

527

1

 

546

11

Dividends paid - bp shareholders

 

(1,224)

(1,249)

(1,088)

 

(4,809)

(4,358)

 - non-controlling interests

 

(77)

(191)

(100)

 

(403)

(294)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(2,023)

(4,178)

(7,109)

 

(13,359)

(28,021)

Currency translation differences relating to cash and cash equivalents

 

145

(104)

177

 

27

(684)

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

3,104

1,012

(109)

 

3,835

(1,486)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

29,926

28,914

29,304

 

29,195

30,681

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

33,030

29,926

29,195

 

33,030

29,195

 

 

 

Top of page 20

 

Notes

Note 1. Basis of preparation

The results for the interim periods are unaudited and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the results for each period. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. This report should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended 31 December 2022 included in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2022.

bp prepares its consolidated financial statements included within BP Annual Report and Form 20-F on the basis of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), IFRS as adopted by the UK, and European Union (EU), and in accordance with the provisions of the UK Companies Act 2006 as applicable to companies reporting under international accounting standards. IFRS as adopted by the UK does not differ from IFRS as adopted by the EU. IFRS as adopted by the UK and EU differ in certain respects from IFRS as issued by the IASB. The differences have no impact on the group's consolidated financial statements for the periods presented. The financial information presented herein has been prepared in accordance with the accounting policies expected to be used in preparing BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2023 which are the same as those used in preparing BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2022.

In May 2023, the IASB issued International Tax Reform - Pillar Two Model Rules - Amendments to IAS 12 Income Taxes to clarify the application of IAS 12 to tax legislation enacted or substantively enacted to implement Pillar Two of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project, which aims to address the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy. The amendments include a mandatory temporary exception from accounting for deferred tax on such tax law. In July 2023, the UK government enacted legislation to implement the Pillar Two rules. The legislation is effective for bp from 1 January 2024 and includes an income inclusion rule and a domestic minimum tax, which together are designed to ensure a minimum effective tax rate of 15% in each country in which the group operates. Similar legislation is being enacted by other governments around the world. In line with the amendments to IAS 12, the exception from accounting for deferred tax for the Pillar Two rules has been applied and there are no impacts on the financial information for 2023.  Based on an assessment of historic data and forecasts for the year ending 31 December 2024, the Group does not expect a material exposure to Pillar Two income taxes for the year ending 31 December 2024.

There are no other new or amended standards or interpretations adopted from 1 January 2023 onwards, including IFRS 17 'Insurance Contracts,' that have a significant impact on the financial information.

Significant accounting judgements and estimates

bp's significant accounting judgements and estimates were disclosed in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2022. These have been subsequently considered at the end of each quarter to determine if any changes were required to those judgements and estimates.

Impairment testing assumptions

The group's value-in-use impairment testing price assumptions for Brent oil and Henry Hub gas were revised during the fourth quarter from those disclosed in the BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2022. Prices disclosed are in real 2022 terms. The near term Brent oil assumption was held constant at $70 per barrel to reflect near term supply constraints before steadily declining after 2030 to $50 per barrel by 2050 continuing to reflect the assumption that as the energy system decarbonises, falling oil demand will cause oil prices to decline. The price assumptions for Henry Hub gas up to 2050 were held constant at $4 per mmBtu reflecting an assumption that declining domestic demand in the US is offset by higher LNG exports. A summary of the group's price assumptions for value-in-use impairment testing, in real 2022 terms, is provided below:

 

 

 

2024

2025

2030

2040

2050

Brent oil ($/bbl)

 

 

70

70

70

63

50

Henry Hub gas ($/mmBtu)

 

 

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

The post-tax discount rate used for value-in-use impairment testing of assets other than certain low carbon energy assets was increased to 8% (31 December 2022: 7%) reflecting higher costs of capital.

Provisions

The nominal risk-free discount rate applied to provisions is reviewed on a quarterly basis. The discount rate applied to the group's provisions was revised to 4.0% in the fourth quarter (31 December 2022 3.5%) to reflect higher US Treasury yields. The principal impact of this rate increase was a $0.9 billion decrease in the decommissioning provision with a corresponding decrease in the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment of $0.7 billion in the fourth quarter.

Pensions and other post-retirement benefits

The group's defined benefit plans are reviewed quarterly to determine any changes to the fair value of the plan assets or present value of the defined benefit obligations. As a result of the review during the fourth quarter of 2023, the group's total net defined benefit plan surplus as at 31 December 2023 is $2.5 billion, compared to a surplus of $3.4 billion at 30 September 2023 and $4.0 billion at 31 December 2022. The movement for the year principally reflects net actuarial losses reported in other comprehensive income arising from decreases in the UK, US and Eurozone discount rates, UK asset performance and an increase in Eurozone inflation. The current environment is likely to continue to affect the values of the plan assets and obligations resulting in potential volatility in the amount of the net defined benefit pension plan surplus/deficit recognized.

 

Top of page 21

 

Deferred tax related to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

In November 2023 the UK Government announced a reduction in the authorised surplus payments charge applicable to defined benefit pension schemes from 35% to 25%. The legislation has not yet been enacted or substantively enacted, but is expected to be effective from 6 April 2024. The change is expected to reduce deferred tax liabilities by around $0.7 billion with the related gain recognised in other comprehensive income when the legislation is substantively enacted.

Investment in Rosneft

Since the first quarter 2022, bp accounts for its interest in Rosneft and its other businesses with Rosneft within Russia, as financial assets measured at fair value within 'Other investments'. It is considered by management that any measure of fair value, other than nil, would be subject to such high measurement uncertainty that no estimate would provide useful information even if it were accompanied by a description of the estimate made in producing it and an explanation of the uncertainties that affect the estimate. Accordingly, it is not currently possible to estimate any carrying value other than zero when determining the measurement of the interest in Rosneft and the other businesses with Rosneft within Russia as at 31 December 2023.

 

 

 

Note 2. Non-current assets held for sale

On 16 November 2023, bp entered into an agreement to sell its Türkiye ground fuels business to Petrol Ofisi. This includes the group's interest in three joint venture terminals in Türkiye. Completion of the sale is subject to regulatory approvals. The carrying amount of assets classified as held for sale at 31 December 2023 is $151 million, with associated liabilities of $62 million. Cumulative foreign exchange losses within reserves of approximately $850 million are expected to be recycled to the group income statement at completion.

 

Note 3. Impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets

Net impairment charges and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets for the fourth quarter and full year were $3,958 million and $5,857 million respectively, compared with net charges of $3,629 million and $30,522 million for the same periods in 2022 and include net impairment charges for the fourth quarter and full year of $3,922 million and $5,701 million respectively, compared with net impairment charges of $3,564 million and $18,341 million for the same periods in 2022

Gas & low carbon energy

Fourth quarter and full year 2023 impairments include a net impairment charge of $928 million and $2,212 million respectively, compared with net reversals of $1,111 million and $588 million for the same periods in 2022 in the gas & low carbon energy segment. 2023 includes amounts in Trinidad and Mauritania & Senegal. The recoverable amounts of the cash generating units within these businesses were based on value-in-use calculations. In addition, following the announcement on 25 January that bp and Equinor will restructure their offshore US wind investments, a further $600 million pre-tax impairment charge has been recognised in the fourth quarter 2023 (full year 2023 $1,140 million) through equity-accounted earnings.

Oil production & operations

Fourth quarter and full year 2023 impairments include a net impairment charge of $1,636 million and $1,814 million respectively, compared with net charges of $3,251 million and $3,587 million for the same periods in 2022 in the oil production & operations segment. 2023 includes amounts in the North Sea and BPX Energy. The recoverable amounts of the cash generating units within these businesses were based on value-in-use calculations or, in the case of expected portfolio changes, based on fair value less costs to sell.

Customers & products

Fourth quarter and full year 2023 impairments include a net impairment charge of $1,367 million and $1,614 million respectively, compared with net charges of $1,380 million and $1,806 million for the same periods in 2022 in the customers & products segment. This principally arises from changes in economic assumptions in the products business impacting the Gelsenkirchen refinery. The recoverable amount of this cash generating unit was based on value-in-use calculations.

 

The impairment charge and the loss on sale of businesses and fixed assets for 2022 mainly relates to bp's investment in Rosneft, which has been reported in other businesses and corporate.

 

 

 

Top of page 22

 

Note 4. Analysis of replacement cost profit (loss) before interest and tax and reconciliation to profit (loss) before taxation

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

gas & low carbon energy

 

2,169

2,275

16,439

 

14,080

14,696

oil production & operations

 

1,879

3,427

1,688

 

11,191

19,721

customers & products

 

(554)

1,549

771

 

4,230

8,869

other businesses & corporate

 

(16)

(500)

103

 

(903)

(26,737)

 

 

3,478

6,751

19,001

 

28,598

16,549

Consolidation adjustment - UPII*

 

95

(57)

147

 

(14)

139

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

3,573

6,694

19,148

 

28,584

16,688

Inventory holding gains (losses)*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

-

-

(10)

 

1

(8)

oil production & operations

 

-

(1)

(2)

 

-

(7)

customers & products

 

(1,497)

1,594

(1,416)

 

(1,237)

1,366

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

2,076

8,287

17,720

 

27,348

18,039

Finance costs

 

1,038

1,039

834

 

3,840

2,703

Net finance expense/(income) relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(61)

(61)

(16)

 

(241)

(69)

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

1,099

7,309

16,902

 

23,749

15,405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

1,154

1,467

1,404

 

7,940

10,957

Non-US

 

2,419

5,227

17,744

 

20,644

5,731

 

 

3,573

6,694

19,148

 

28,584

16,688

 

 

 

Top of page 23

 

Note 5. Sales and other operating revenues

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

By segment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

11,670

10,313

26,793

 

50,297

56,255

oil production & operations

 

6,749

6,225

6,932

 

24,904

33,193

customers & products

 

40,374

42,908

43,072

 

160,215

188,623

other businesses & corporate

 

657

672

779

 

2,657

2,299

 

 

59,450

60,118

77,576

 

238,073

280,370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: sales and other operating revenues between segments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

65

367

(441)

 

1,808

5,913

oil production & operations

 

6,464

5,747

6,916

 

23,708

30,294

customers & products

 

(105)

508

610

 

367

1,418

other businesses & corporate

 

885

227

1,234

 

2,060

1,353

 

 

7,309

6,849

8,319

 

27,943

38,978

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External sales and other operating revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

11,605

9,946

27,234

 

48,489

50,342

oil production & operations

 

285

478

16

 

1,196

2,899

customers & products

 

40,479

42,400

42,462

 

159,848

187,205

other businesses & corporate

 

(228)

445

(455)

 

597

946

Total sales and other operating revenues

 

52,141

53,269

69,257

 

210,130

241,392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By geographical area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

20,920

22,032

18,563

 

82,177

87,497

Non-US

 

40,808

43,382

61,593

 

169,032

203,832

 

 

61,728

65,414

80,156

 

251,209

291,329

Less: sales and other operating revenues between areas

 

9,587

12,145

10,899

 

41,079

49,937

 

 

52,141

53,269

69,257

 

210,130

241,392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and other operating revenues include the following in relation to revenues from contracts with customers:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crude oil

 

760

496

809

 

2,413

6,309

Oil products

 

32,124

35,486

34,800

 

128,969

149,854

Natural gas, LNG and NGLs

 

7,660

6,396

11,040

 

29,541

41,770

Non-oil products and other revenues from contracts with customers

 

2,911

2,765

1,459

 

10,298

7,896

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

43,455

45,143

48,108

 

171,221

205,829

Other operating revenues(a)

 

8,686

8,126

21,149

 

38,909

35,563

Total sales and other operating revenues

 

52,141

53,269

69,257

 

210,130

241,392

 

(a)      Principally relates to commodity derivative transactions including sales of bp own production in trading books.

 

 

 

 

 

Top of page 24

 

Note 6. Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization by segment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

1,290

1,543

1,373

 

5,680

5,008

oil production & operations

 

1,563

1,432

1,383

 

5,692

5,564

customers & products

 

942

915

741

 

3,548

2,870

other businesses & corporate

 

265

255

217

 

1,008

876

 

 

4,060

4,145

3,714

 

15,928

14,318

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization by geographical area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

1,547

1,479

1,202

 

5,618

4,624

Non-US

 

2,513

2,666

2,512

 

10,310

9,694

 

 

4,060

4,145

3,714

 

15,928

14,318

 

 

 

Note 7. Earnings per share and shares in issue

Basic earnings per ordinary share (EpS) amounts are calculated by dividing the profit (loss) for the period attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Against the authority granted at bp's 2022 annual general meeting, 217 million ordinary shares repurchased for cancellation were settled during the fourth quarter 2023 for a total cost of $1,350 million. A further 128 million ordinary shares were repurchased between the end of the reporting period and the date when the financial statements are authorised for issue for a total cost of $746 million. This amount has been accrued at 31 December 2023. The number of shares in issue is reduced when shares are repurchased, but is not reduced in respect of the period-end commitment to repurchase shares subsequent to the end of the period.

The calculation of EpS is performed separately for each discrete quarterly period, and for the year-to-date period. As a result, the sum of the discrete quarterly EpS amounts in any particular year-to-date period may not be equal to the EpS amount for the year-to-date period.

For the diluted EpS calculation the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the number of shares that are potentially issuable in connection with employee share-based payment plans using the treasury stock method.

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Results for the period

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) for the period attributable to bp shareholders

 

371

4,858

10,803

 

15,239

(2,487)

Less: preference dividend

 

-

-

-

 

1

1

Profit (loss) attributable to bp ordinary shareholders

 

371

4,858

10,803

 

15,238

(2,488)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of shares (thousand)(a)(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding

 

16,834,354

17,204,488

18,178,821

 

17,360,288

18,987,936

ADS equivalent(c)

 

2,805,725

2,867,414

3,029,803

 

2,893,381

3,164,656

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding used to calculate diluted earnings per share

 

17,269,574

17,609,601

18,509,421

 

17,750,078

18,987,936

ADS equivalent(c)

 

2,878,262

2,934,933

3,084,903

 

2,958,346

3,164,656

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares in issue at period-end

 

16,824,651

17,061,004

17,974,112

 

16,824,651

17,974,112

ADS equivalent(c)

 

2,804,108

2,843,500

2,995,685

 

2,804,108

2,995,685

(a)      Excludes treasury shares and includes certain shares that will be issued in the future under employee share-based payment plans.

(b)     If the inclusion of potentially issuable shares would decrease loss per share, the potentially issuable shares are excluded from the weighted average number of shares outstanding used to calculate diluted earnings per share. The numbers of potentially issuable shares that have been excluded from the calculation for the full year 2022 are 242,289 thousand (ADS equivalent 40,381 thousand).

(c)      One ADS is equivalent to six ordinary shares.

 

 

 

Top of page 25

 

Note 8. Dividends

Dividends payable

BP today announced an interim dividend of 7.270 cents per ordinary share which is expected to be paid on 28 March 2024 to ordinary shareholders and American Depositary Share (ADS) holders on the register on 16 February 2024. The ex-dividend date will be 15 February 2024. The corresponding amount in sterling is due to be announced on 12 March 2024, calculated based on the average of the market exchange rates over three dealing days between 6 March 2024 and 8 March 2024. Holders of ADSs are expected to receive $0.43620 per ADS (less applicable fees). The board has decided not to offer a scrip dividend alternative in respect of the fourth quarter 2023 dividend. Ordinary shareholders and ADS holders (subject to certain exceptions) will be able to participate in a dividend reinvestment programme. Details of the fourth quarter dividend and timetable are available at bp.com/dividends and further details of the dividend reinvestment programmes are available at bp.com/drip.

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Dividends paid per ordinary share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cents

 

7.270

7.270

6.006

 

27.760

22.932

pence

 

5.737

5.732

4.940

 

22.328

18.624

Dividends paid per ADS (cents)

 

43.62

43.62

36.04

 

166.56

137.59

 

 

 

Note 9. Net debt

Net debt*

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

Finance debt(a)

 

51,954

48,810

46,944

Fair value (asset) liability of hedges related to finance debt(b)

 

1,988

3,440

3,673

 

 

53,942

52,250

50,617

Less: cash and cash equivalents

 

33,030

29,926

29,195

Net debt(c)

 

20,912

22,324

21,422

Total equity

 

85,493

87,676

82,990

Gearing*

 

19.7%

20.3%

20.5%

 

(a)      The fair value of finance debt at 31 December 2023 was $48,795 million (30 September 2023 $43,387 million, 31 December 2022 $42,590 million).

(b)     Derivative financial instruments entered into for the purpose of managing interest rate and foreign currency exchange risk associated with net debt with a fair value liability position of $73 million at 31 December 2023 (third quarter 2023 liability of $102 million and fourth quarter 2022 liability of $91 million) are not included in the calculation of net debt shown above as hedge accounting is not applied for these instruments.

(c)      Net debt does not include accrued interest, which is reported within other receivables and other payables on the balance sheet and for which the associated cash flows are presented as operating cash flows in the group cash flow statement.

 

As part of actively managing its debt portfolio, year to date the group has bought back a total of $1.7 billion equivalent of finance debt ($7.4 billion for the comparative period in 2022). Derivatives associated with non-US dollar debt bought back were also terminated. These transactions have no significant impact on net debt or gearing.

 

 

 

Note 10. Statutory accounts

The financial information shown in this publication, which was approved by the Board of Directors on 5 February 2024, is unaudited and does not constitute statutory financial statements. Audited financial information will be published in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2023. BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2022 has been filed with the Registrar of Companies in England and Wales. The report of the auditor on those accounts was unqualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report and did not contain a statement under section 498(2) or section 498(3) of the UK Companies Act 2006.

 

 

Top of page 26

 

Additional information

Capital expenditure*

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Capital expenditure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organic capital expenditure*

 

4,673

3,597

3,861

 

14,998

12,470

Inorganic capital expenditure*(a)

 

38

6

3,508

 

1,255

3,860

 

 

4,711

3,603

7,369

 

16,253

16,330

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Capital expenditure by segment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gas & low carbon energy

 

1,326

1,055

1,609

 

4,281

4,251

oil production & operations

 

1,636

1,644

1,430

 

6,278

5,278

customers & products(a)

 

1,603

802

4,149

 

5,253

6,252

other businesses & corporate

 

146

102

181

 

441

549

 

 

4,711

3,603

7,369

 

16,253

16,330

Capital expenditure by geographical area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

2,164

1,583

4,929

 

8,105

8,656

Non-US

 

2,547

2,020

2,440

 

8,148

7,674

 

 

4,711

3,603

7,369

 

16,253

16,330

(a)      Full year 2023 includes $1.1 billion, net of adjustments, in respect of the TravelCenters of America acquisition. Fourth quarter and full year 2022 include $3,030 million in respect of the Archaea Energy acquisition.

 

 

 

Top of page 27

 

Adjusting items*

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

gas & low carbon energy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

3

-

33

 

19

45

Net impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets(a)

 

(937)

(224)

1,111

 

(2,221)

588

Environmental and other provisions

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

-

(1)

3

 

-

8

Fair value accounting effects(b)(c)

 

1,887

1,816

12,502

 

8,859

(1,811)

Other(d)

 

(561)

(572)

(358)

 

(1,299)

(197)

 

 

392

1,019

13,291

 

5,358

(1,367)

oil production & operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains on sale of businesses and fixed assets(e)

 

(55)

246

68

 

297

3,446

Net impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets(a)

 

(1,635)

(52)

(3,246)

 

(1,819)

(4,508)

Environmental and other provisions

 

48

99

420

 

54

518

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

-

-

3

 

(1)

(11)

Fair value accounting effects

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

Other

 

(28)

(2)

15

 

(121)

52

 

 

(1,670)

291

(2,740)

 

(1,590)

(503)

customers & products

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

23

18

72

 

44

374

Net impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets(a)

 

(1,396)

(242)

(1,451)

 

(1,757)

(1,983)

Environmental and other provisions

 

(86)

-

(65)

 

(97)

(101)

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

-

1

12

 

-

18

Fair value accounting effects(c)

 

144

(198)

189

 

(86)

(309)

Other

 

(42)

(85)

112

 

(287)

81

 

 

(1,357)

(506)

(1,131)

 

(2,183)

(1,920)

other businesses & corporate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

1

-

1

 

1

1

Net impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

19

(23)

(1)

 

(41)

(17)

Environmental and other provisions(f)

 

(565)

(8)

(67)

 

(604)

(92)

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

51

(3)

3

 

38

19

Fair value accounting effects(c)

 

579

(146)

515

 

630

(1,381)

Rosneft

 

-

-

-

 

-

(24,033)

Gulf of Mexico oil spill

 

(11)

(19)

(23)

 

(57)

(84)

Other

 

7

2

(19)

 

(4)

21

 

 

81

(197)

409

 

(37)

(25,566)

Total before interest and taxation

 

(2,554)

607

9,829

 

1,548

(29,356)

Finance costs(g)

 

(86)

(96)

(169)

 

(405)

(425)

Total before taxation

 

(2,640)

511

9,660

 

1,143

(29,781)

Taxation on adjusting items(h)

 

1,175

(158)

(1,542)

 

972

456

Taxation - tax rate change effect of UK energy profits levy(i)

 

-

-

(1,056)

 

232

(1,834)

Total after taxation for period(j)

 

(1,465)

353

7,062

 

2,347

(31,159)

(a)      See Note 3 for further information.

(b)     Under IFRS bp marks-to-market the value of the hedges used to risk-manage LNG contracts, but not the contracts themselves, resulting in a mismatch in accounting treatment. The fair value accounting effect includes the change in value of LNG contracts that are being risk managed, and the underlying result reflects how bp risk-manages its LNG contracts.

(c)      For further information, including the nature of fair value accounting effects reported in each segment, see pages 3, 6 and 35.

(d)     Fourth quarter and full year 2023 include $600 million and $1,140 million respectively of impairment charges recognized through equity-accounted earnings relating to our US offshore wind projects.

(e)      Full year 2022 includes a non-taxable gain of $1,951 million arising from the contribution of bp's Angolan business to Azule Energy; gains of $904 million related to the deemed disposal of 12% of the group's interest in Aker BP, an associate of bp, following completion of Aker BP's acquisition of Lundin Energy; and $361 million in relation to the disposal of the group's interest in the Rumaila field in Iraq to Basra Energy Company, an associate of bp.

(f)       Fourth quarter and full year 2023 include charges related to the control, abatement, clean-up or elimination of environmental pollution and legal settlements.

(g)      Includes the unwinding of discounting effects relating to Gulf of Mexico oil spill payables, the income statement impact associated with

the buyback of finance debt (see Note 9 for further information) and temporary valuation differences associated with the group's interest rate and foreign currency exchange risk management of finance debt.

Top of page 28

 

(h)     Includes certain foreign exchange effects on tax as adjusting items. These amounts represent the impact of: (i) foreign exchange on deferred tax balances arising from the conversion of local currency tax base amounts into functional currency, and (ii) taxable gains and losses from the retranslation of US dollar-denominated intra-group loans to local currency.

(i)       Full year 2023 includes a revision to the deferred tax impact of the introduction of the UK Energy Profits Levy (EPL) on temporary differences existing at 31 December 2022 that are expected to unwind over the period 1 January 2023 to 31 March 2028. Fourth quarter and full year 2022 includes the deferred tax impact of the introduction of the EPL. The EPL increases the headline rate of tax to 75% and applies to taxable profits from bp's North Sea business made from 1 January 2023 until 31 March 2028.

(j)       Fourth quarter and full year 2023 include a $25-million charge and a $146-million charge respectively for the EU Solidarity Contribution. Fourth quarter and full year 2022 include a $505-million charge.

 

 

 

Net debt including leases

Net debt including leases*

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

Net debt

 

20,912

22,324

21,422

Lease liabilities

 

11,121

10,879

8,549

Net partner (receivable) payable for leases entered into on behalf of joint operations

 

(131)

(124)

19

Net debt including leases

 

31,902

33,079

29,990

Total equity

 

85,493

87,676

82,990

Gearing including leases*

 

27.2%

27.4%

26.5%

 

 

 

Gulf of Mexico oil spill

 

 

31 December

31 December

$ million

 

2023

2022

Gulf of Mexico oil spill payables and provisions

 

(8,735)

(9,566)

Of which - current

 

(1,133)

(1,216)

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax asset

 

1,320

1,444

During the second quarter pre-tax payments of $1,204 million were made relating to the 2016 consent decree and settlement agreement with the United States and the five Gulf coast states. Payables and provisions presented in the table above reflect the latest estimate for the remaining costs associated with the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Where amounts have been provided on an estimated basis, the amounts ultimately payable may differ from the amounts provided and the timing of payments is uncertain. Further information relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, including information on the nature and expected timing of payments relating to provisions and other payables, is provided in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2022 - Financial statements - Notes 7, 22, 23, 29, and 33.

 

 

 

Working capital* reconciliation

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities as per condensed group cash flow statement(a)

 

1,942

(783)

(6,847)

 

(3,338)

(6,270)

Adjusted for inventory holding gains (losses)* (Note 4)

 

(1,497)

1,593

(1,428)

 

(1,236)

1,351

Adjusted for fair value accounting effects relating to subsidiaries

 

2,610

1,443

13,288

 

9,348

(3,273)

Other adjusting items(b)

 

(966)

(300)

(815)

 

(2,006)

1,279

Working capital release (build) after adjusting for net inventory gains (losses), fair value accounting effects and other adjusting items

 

2,089

1,953

4,198

 

2,768

(6,913)

(a)      The movement in working capital includes outflows relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill on a pre-tax basis of $1,222 million in the full year 2023 (fourth quarter 2023 nil). For the full year 2022 the amount was an outflow of $1,286 million (fourth quarter 2022 $1 million).

(b)     Other adjusting items relate to the non-cash movement of US emissions obligations carried as a provision that will be settled by allowances held as inventory.

 

 

 

Top of page 29

 

Surplus cash flow* reconciliation

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Sources:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

9,377

8,747

13,571

 

32,039

40,932

Cash provided from investing activities

 

316

150

621

 

1,381

2,617

Other(a)

 

(78)

503

(94)

 

324

360

Cash inflow

 

9,615

9,400

14,098

 

33,744

43,909

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease liability payments

 

(722)

(663)

(513)

 

(2,560)

(1,961)

Payments on perpetual hybrid bonds

 

(264)

(258)

(219)

 

(1,008)

(708)

Dividends paid - BP shareholders

 

(1,224)

(1,249)

(1,088)

 

(4,809)

(4,358)

- non-controlling interests

 

(77)

(191)

(100)

 

(403)

(294)

Total capital expenditure*

 

(4,711)

(3,603)

(7,369)

 

(16,253)

(16,330)

Net repurchase of shares relating to employee share schemes

 

-

(225)

-

 

(675)

(500)

Payments relating to transactions involving non-controlling interests

 

(7)

-

(1)

 

(187)

(9)

Currency translation differences relating to cash and cash equivalents

 

145

(104)

177

 

27

(684)

Cash outflow

 

(6,860)

(6,293)

(9,113)

 

(25,868)

(24,844)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surplus cash flow

 

2,755

3,107

4,985

 

7,876

19,065

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)      Other includes adjustments for net operating cash received or paid which is held on behalf of third parties for medium-term deferred payment and prior periods have been adjusted accordingly. Third quarter and full year 2023 include $517 million of proceeds from the sale of a 49% interest in a controlled affiliate holding certain midstream assets onshore US. Other proceeds for the year 2022 include $573 million of proceeds from the disposal of a loan note related to the Alaska divestment. The cash was received in the fourth quarter 2021, was reported as a financing cash flow and was not included in other proceeds at the time due to potential recourse from the counterparty. The proceeds were recognized as the potential recourse reduces and by end second quarter 2022 all were recognized.

 

 

 

Top of page 30

 

Adjusted earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortization (adjusted EBITDA)*

 

 

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) for the period

 

436

5,069

11,161

 

15,880

(1,357)

Finance costs

 

1,038

1,039

834

 

3,840

2,703

Net finance (income) expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(61)

(61)

(16)

 

(241)

(69)

Taxation

 

663

2,240

5,741

 

7,869

16,762

Profit before interest and tax

 

2,076

8,287

17,720

 

27,348

18,039

Inventory holding (gains) losses*, before tax

 

1,497

(1,593)

1,428

 

1,236

(1,351)

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

3,573

6,694

19,148

 

28,584

16,688

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items*, before interest and tax

 

2,554

(607)

(9,829)

 

(1,548)

29,356

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

6,127

6,087

9,319

 

27,036

46,044

Add back:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

4,060

4,145

3,714

 

15,928

14,318

Exploration expenditure written off

 

381

74

67

 

746

385

Adjusted EBITDA

 

10,568

10,306

13,100

 

43,710

60,747

 

 

 

Adjusted earnings before interest, depreciation and amortization (adjusted EBIDA)*

 

 

 

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) for the period

 

15,880

(1,357)

Finance costs

 

3,840

2,703

Net finance (income) expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(241)

(69)

Taxation

 

7,869

16,762

Profit before interest and tax

 

27,348

18,039

Inventory holding (gains) losses*, before tax

 

1,236

(1,351)

RC profit before interest and tax

 

28,584

16,688

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items*, before interest and tax

 

(1,548)

29,356

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

27,036

46,044

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

(9,365)

(15,052)

 

 

17,671

30,992

Add back:

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

15,928

14,318

Exploration expenditure written off

 

746

385

Adjusted EBIDA

 

34,345

45,695

 

 

 

Top of page 31

 

Return on average capital employed (ROACE)*

 

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2022

Profit (loss) for the year attributable to bp shareholders

 

15,239

(2,487)

Inventory holding (gains) losses*, net of tax

 

944

(1,019)

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items*, after taxation

 

(2,347)

31,159

Underlying replacement cost (RC) profit*

 

13,836

27,653

Interest expense, net of tax(a)

 

1,908

1,336

Non-controlling interests

 

641

1,130

Adjusted underlying RC profit

 

16,385

30,119

Total equity

 

85,493

82,990

Finance debt

 

51,954

46,944

Capital employed

 

137,447

129,934

Less: Goodwill

 

12,472

11,960

Cash and cash equivalents

 

33,030

29,195

 

 

91,945

88,779

Average capital employed (excluding goodwill and cash and cash equivalents)

 

90,362

98,670

ROACE

 

18.1%

30.5%

(a)      Finance costs, as reported in the Group income statement, were $3,840 million (2022 $2,703 million). Interest expense which totals $2,569 million (2022 $1,632 million) on a pre-tax basis is finance costs excluding lease interest of $346 million (2022 $257 million), unwinding of discount on provisions and other payables of $912 million (2022 $808 million) and other adjusting items related to finance costs of $13 million (2022 $6 million). Interest expense included above is calculated on a post-tax basis.

 

 

 

Reconciliation of customers & products RC profit before interest and tax to underlying RC profit before interest and tax* to adjusted EBITDA* by business

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

RC profit before interest and tax for customers & products

 

(554)

1,549

771

 

4,230

8,869

Less: Adjusting items* gains (charges)

 

(1,357)

(506)

(1,131)

 

(2,183)

(1,920)

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax for customers & products

 

803

2,055

1,902

 

6,413

10,789

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

customers - convenience & mobility

 

882

670

628

 

2,644

2,966

Castrol - included in customers

 

213

185

70

 

730

700

products - refining & trading

 

(79)

1,385

1,274

 

3,769

7,823

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Add back: Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

942

915

741

 

3,548

2,870

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

customers - convenience & mobility

 

466

481

334

 

1,736

1,286

Castrol - included in customers

 

43

43

40

 

167

153

products - refining & trading

 

476

434

407

 

1,812

1,584

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA for customers & products

 

1,745

2,970

2,643

 

9,961

13,659

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

customers - convenience & mobility

 

1,348

1,151

962

 

4,380

4,252

Castrol - included in customers

 

256

228

110

 

897

853

products - refining & trading

 

397

1,819

1,681

 

5,581

9,407

 

 

 

Top of page 32

 

Reconciliation of customers & products RC profit before interest and tax to convenience gross margin*

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year

Year

$ million

 

2023

2022

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax for customers & products

 

4,230

8,869

Subtract RC profit (loss) before interest and tax for refining & trading

 

1,943

6,008

RC profit before interest and tax for convenience & mobility

 

2,287

2,861

Net (favourable) adverse impact of adjusting items for convenience & mobility

 

357

105

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax for convenience & mobility

 

2,644

2,966

Subtract underlying RC profit before interest and tax for Castrol

 

730

700

Add back convenience & mobility (excluding Castrol) depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

1,569

1,133

Subtract convenience & mobility (excluding Castrol) production and manufacturing, distribution and administration expenses and adjusted for retail fuels, EV charging, aviation, B2B and midstream gross margin(a)

 

1,363

1,655

Subtract earnings from equity-accounted entities in convenience & mobility (excluding Castrol)

 

457

225

Convenience gross margin(b)

 

1,663

1,519

Foreign exchange effects

 

n/a

7

Convenience gross margin at constant foreign exchange(c)

 

1,663

1,526

 

 

 

 

Convenience gross margin growth* (%)

 

9%

 

(a)      Adjusted for TravelCenters of America and other portfolio changes.

(b)     Excluding TravelCenters of America and adjusted for other portfolio changes.

(c)      Values are at end 2023 foreign exchange rates. This requires a calculation of the comparative convenience gross margin ($ million) at current period foreign exchange rates (constant foreign exchange) to compare the current period value with the restated comparative period value.

 

 

Top of page 33

 

Realizations* and marker prices

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

Average realizations(a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liquids* ($/bbl)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

67.66

63.95

71.21

 

63.81

78.40

Europe

 

81.02

90.76

86.62

 

80.70

99.90

Rest of World

 

87.27

78.34

89.38

 

81.78

97.03

BP Average

 

76.50

71.85

80.44

 

72.69

89.65

Natural gas ($/mcf)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

2.04

2.24

4.84

 

2.08

5.61

Europe

 

15.12

11.22

35.56

 

16.71

33.45

Rest of World

 

6.18

5.38

9.40

 

6.13

8.91

BP Average

 

5.45

4.88

9.59

 

5.60

9.29

Total hydrocarbons* ($/boe)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

45.68

45.39

55.67

 

44.29

61.21

Europe

 

83.21

80.61

130.61

 

86.36

133.48

Rest of World

 

50.74

45.61

64.73

 

49.23

67.49

BP Average

 

50.90

47.28

66.18

 

49.84

69.95

Average oil marker prices ($/bbl)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brent

 

84.34

86.75

88.87

 

82.64

101.32

West Texas Intermediate

 

78.60

82.54

82.82

 

77.67

94.58

Western Canadian Select

 

55.06

65.42

53.52

 

59.34

73.28

Alaska North Slope

 

84.23

87.95

87.89

 

82.36

98.76

Mars

 

78.35

82.99

78.81

 

77.19

91.74

Urals (NWE - cif)

 

72.48

73.62

61.04

 

61.79

74.16

Average natural gas marker prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Henry Hub gas price(b) ($/mmBtu)

 

2.88

2.54

6.26

 

2.74

6.65

UK Gas - National Balancing Point (p/therm)

 

98.68

82.04

166.54

 

98.93

203.81

(a)      Based on sales of consolidated subsidiaries only - this excludes equity-accounted entities.

(b)     Henry Hub First of Month Index.

 

 

 

Exchange rates

 

 

Fourth

Third

Fourth

 

 

 

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

Year

Year

 

 

2023

2023

2022

 

2023

2022

$/£ average rate for the period

 

1.24

1.27

1.17

 

1.24

1.23

$/£ period-end rate

 

1.28

1.22

1.21

 

1.28

1.21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$/€ average rate for the period

 

1.07

1.09

1.02

 

1.08

1.05

$/€ period-end rate

 

1.11

1.06

1.07

 

1.11

1.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$/AUD average rate for the period

 

0.65

0.65

0.66

 

0.66

0.69

$/AUD period-end rate

 

0.69

0.64

0.68

 

0.69

0.68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top of page 34

 

Legal proceedings

For a full discussion of the group's material legal proceedings, see pages 258-259 of bp Annual Report and Form 20-F 2022 and page 35 of BP p.l.c. Group results second quarter and half-year 2023 results announcement. The following discussion sets out the material developments in the group's material legal proceedings in the period following the second quarter and half-year 2023 results announcement.

Louisiana Coastal restoration

Six coastal parishes and the State of Louisiana have filed over 40 separate lawsuits in state courts in Louisiana against various oil and gas companies seeking damages for coastal erosion. bp entities were named defendants in 17 of these cases. The lawsuits allege that the defendants' historical operations in oil and gas fields within the Louisiana onshore coastal zone failed to comply with state permits and/or were conducted without the required coastal use permits. The scope and scale of plaintiffs' damages demands are significant and unprecedented, including substantial remediation costs and the claimed costs for restoring coastal wetlands allegedly impacted by oil and gas field operations.

Defendants removed all of these lawsuits to federal court and the removals were contested by plaintiffs, eventually resulting in a decision from the US Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals rejecting defendants' "federal officer" jurisdiction removal grounds in one of two lead cases - Plaquemines Parish v. Riverwood, et al. Defendants' petition for writ of certiorari to the US Supreme Court seeking review of the US Fifth Circuit's Riverwood decision was denied in early 2023. There is a small subset of the removed cases in which the defendants continue to contest jurisdiction and await a final ruling from the Fifth Circuit on a related "federal officer" removal jurisdiction theory.

Following remand, the state court in the other lead case of Cameron Parish v. Auster et al., in which bp was the principal defendant, had established a November 2023 trial date. Before trial commenced during the fourth quarter 2023, bp entered into a settlement agreement and release with the plaintiffs in respect of all claims arising within Cameron Parish. The terms of the settlement agreement and release are confidential and bp does not expect those terms to have a significant effect on the company's financial position or profitability.

In addition, four private landowners have filed separate claims in the state courts in Jefferson and Plaquemines Parishes of Louisiana for restoration damages related to alleged impacts to their marshlands associated with historic oil field operations. bp entities are defendants in two of these private landowner cases.

All of the other remanded cases remain at early stages in the litigation. While it is not possible to predict the outcomes of these novel legal actions, bp believes that it has valid defences, and it intends to defend such actions vigorously.

 

 

 

Glossary

Non-IFRS measures are provided for investors because they are closely tracked by management to evaluate bp's operating performance and to make financial, strategic and operating decisions. Non-IFRS measures are sometimes referred to as alternative performance measures.

Adjusted EBIDA is a non-IFRS measure and is defined as profit or loss for the period, adjusting for finance costs and net finance (income) or expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits and taxation, inventory holding gains or losses before tax, net adjusting items before interest and tax, and taxation on an underlying RC basis, and adding back depreciation, depletion and amortization (pre-tax) and exploration expenditure written-off (net of adjusting items, pre-tax). bp believes that adjusted EBIDA is a useful measure for investors because it is a measure closely tracked by management to evaluate bp's operating performance and to make financial, strategic and operating decisions and because it may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same manner as management, the underlying trends in bp's operational performance on a comparable basis, period on period. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is profit or loss for the period. A reconciliation of profit or loss for the period to adjusted EBIDA is provided on page 30.

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-IFRS measure presented for bp's operating segments and is defined as replacement cost (RC) profit before interest and tax, excluding net adjusting items* before interest and tax, and adding back depreciation, depletion and amortization and exploration write-offs (net of adjusting items). Adjusted EBITDA by business is a further analysis of adjusted EBITDA for the customers & products businesses. bp believes it is helpful to disclose adjusted EBITDA by operating segment and by business because it reflects how the segments measure underlying business delivery. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for the segment is RC profit or loss before interest and tax, which is bp's measure of profit or loss that is required to be disclosed for each operating segment under IFRS.  A reconciliation to IFRS information is provided on page 31 for the customers & products businesses.

Adjusted EBITDA for the group is defined as profit or loss for the period, adjusting for finance costs and net finance (income) or expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits and taxation, inventory holding gains or losses before tax, net adjusting items before interest and tax, and adding back depreciation, depletion and amortization (pre-tax) and exploration expenditure written-off (net of adjusting items, pre-tax). The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for the group is profit or loss for the period. A reconciliation to IFRS information is provided on page 30 for the group.

 

Top of page 35

 

Glossary (continued)

Adjusting items are items that bp discloses separately because it considers such disclosures to be meaningful and relevant to investors. They are items that management considers to be important to period-on-period analysis of the group's results and are disclosed in order to enable investors to better understand and evaluate the group's reported financial performance. Adjusting items include gains and losses on the sale of businesses and fixed assets, impairments, environmental and other provisions and charges, restructuring, integration and rationalization costs, fair value accounting effects, financial impacts relating to Rosneft for the 2022 financial reporting period and costs relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill and other items. Adjusting items within equity-accounted earnings are reported net of incremental income tax reported by the equity-accounted entity. Adjusting items are used as a reconciling adjustment to derive underlying RC profit or loss and related underlying measures which are non-IFRS measures. An analysis of adjusting items by segment and type is shown on page 27.

Blue hydrogen - Hydrogen made from natural gas in combination with carbon capture and storage (CCS).

Capital expenditure is total cash capital expenditure as stated in the condensed group cash flow statement. Capital expenditure for the operating segments, gas & low carbon energy businesses and customers & products businesses is presented on the same basis.

Cash balance point is defined as the implied Brent oil price 2021 real to balance bp's sources and uses of cash assuming an average bp refining marker margin around $11/bbl and Henry Hub at $3/mmBtu in 2021 real terms.

Consolidation adjustment - UPII is unrealized profit in inventory arising on inter-segment transactions.

Convenience gross margin is a non-IFRS measure. It is calculated as RC profit before interest and tax for the customers & products segment, excluding RC profit before interest and tax for the refining & trading business (a non-IFRS measure), and adjusting items* (as defined above) for the convenience & mobility business to derive underlying RC profit before interest and tax for the convenience & mobility business; subtracting underlying RC profit before interest and tax for the Castrol business; adding back depreciation, depletion and amortization, production and manufacturing, distribution and administration expenses for convenience & mobility (excluding Castrol); subtracting earnings from equity-accounted entities in the convenience & mobility business (excluding Castrol) and gross margin for the retail fuels, EV charging, aviation, B2B and midstream businesses. bp believes it is helpful because this measure may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same way as management, our progress against our strategic objectives of convenience growth. The nearest IFRS measure is RC profit before interest and tax for the customers & products segment. A reconciliation of RC profit before interest and tax for the customers & products segment to convenience gross margin is provided on page 32.

Convenience gross margin growth - convenience gross margin growth at constant foreign exchange is a non-IFRS measure. This metric requires a calculation of the comparative convenience gross margin ($ million) at current period foreign exchange rates (constant foreign exchange) and compares the current period value with the restated comparative period value, which results in the growth % at constant foreign exchange rates. bp believes the convenience gross margin growth at constant foreign exchange are useful measures because these measures may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same way as management, our progress against our strategic objectives of redefining convenience. The nearest IFRS measure to convenience gross margin is RC profit before interest and tax for the customer & products segment.

Developed renewables to final investment decision (FID) - Total generating capacity for assets developed to FID by all entities where bp has an equity share (proportionate to equity share). If asset is subsequently sold bp will continue to record capacity as developed to FID. If bp equity share increases developed capacity to FID will increase proportionately to share increase for any assets where bp held equity at the point of FID.

Divestment proceeds are disposal proceeds as per the condensed group cash flow statement.

Effective tax rate (ETR) on replacement cost (RC) profit or loss is a non-IFRS measure. The ETR on RC profit or loss is calculated by dividing taxation on a RC basis by RC profit or loss before tax. Taxation on a RC basis for the group is calculated as taxation as stated on the group income statement adjusted for taxation on inventory holding gains and losses. Information on RC profit or loss is provided below. bp believes it is helpful to disclose the ETR on RC profit or loss because this measure excludes the impact of price changes on the replacement of inventories and allows for more meaningful comparisons between reporting periods. Taxation on a RC basis and ETR on RC profit or loss are non-IFRS measures. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is the ETR on profit or loss for the period.

Electric vehicle charge points / EV charge points are defined as the number of connectors on a charging device, operated by either bp or a bp joint venture as adjusted to be reflective of bp's accounting share of joint arrangements.

Fair value accounting effects are non-IFRS adjustments to our IFRS profit (loss). They reflect the difference between the way bp manages the economic exposure and internally measures performance of certain activities and the way those activities are measured under IFRS. Fair value accounting effects are included within adjusting items. They relate to certain of the group's commodity, interest rate and currency risk exposures as detailed below. Other than as noted below, the fair value accounting effects described are reported in both the gas & low carbon energy and customer & products segments.

bp uses derivative instruments to manage the economic exposure relating to inventories above normal operating requirements of crude oil, natural gas and petroleum products. Under IFRS, these inventories are recorded at historical cost. The related derivative instruments, however, are required to be recorded at fair value with gains and losses recognized in the income statement. This is because hedge accounting is either not permitted or not followed, principally due to the impracticality of effectiveness-testing requirements. Therefore, measurement differences in relation to recognition of gains and losses occur. Gains and losses on these inventories, other than net realizable value provisions, are not recognized until the commodity is sold in a subsequent accounting period. Gains and losses on the related derivative commodity contracts are recognized in the income statement, from the time the derivative commodity contract is entered into, on a fair value basis using forward prices consistent with the contract maturity.

Top of page 36

 

Glossary (continued)

bp enters into physical commodity contracts to meet certain business requirements, such as the purchase of crude for a refinery or the sale of bp's gas production. Under IFRS these physical contracts are treated as derivatives and are required to be fair valued when they are managed as part of a larger portfolio of similar transactions. Gains and losses arising are recognized in the income statement from the time the derivative commodity contract is entered into.

IFRS require that inventory held for trading is recorded at its fair value using period-end spot prices, whereas any related derivative commodity instruments are required to be recorded at values based on forward prices consistent with the contract maturity. Depending on market conditions, these forward prices can be either higher or lower than spot prices, resulting in measurement differences.

bp enters into contracts for pipelines and other transportation, storage capacity, oil and gas processing, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and certain gas and power contracts that, under IFRS, are recorded on an accruals basis. These contracts are risk-managed using a variety of derivative instruments that are fair valued under IFRS. This results in measurement differences in relation to recognition of gains and losses.

The way that bp manages the economic exposures described above, and measures performance internally, differs from the way these activities are measured under IFRS. bp calculates this difference for consolidated entities by comparing the IFRS result with management's internal measure of performance. We believe that disclosing management's estimate of this difference provides useful information for investors because it enables investors to see the economic effect of these activities as a whole.

These include:

•      Under management's internal measure of performance the inventory, transportation and capacity contracts in question are valued based on fair value using relevant forward prices prevailing at the end of the period.

•      Fair value accounting effects also include changes in the fair value of the near-term portions of LNG contracts that fall within bp's risk management framework. LNG contracts are not considered derivatives, because there is insufficient market liquidity, and they are therefore accrual accounted under IFRS. However, oil and natural gas derivative financial instruments used to risk manage the near-term portions of the LNG contracts are fair valued under IFRS. The fair value accounting effect, which is reported in the gas and low carbon energy segment, represents the change in value of LNG contacts that are being risk managed and which is reflected in the underlying result, but not in reported earnings. Management believes that this gives a better representation of performance in each period.

Furthermore, the fair values of derivative instruments used to risk manage certain other oil, gas, power and other contracts, are deferred to match with the underlying exposure. The commodity contracts for business requirements are accounted for on an accruals basis.

In addition, fair value accounting effects include changes in the fair value of derivatives entered into by the group to manage currency exposure and interest rate risks relating to hybrid bonds to their respective first call periods. The hybrid bonds which were issued on 17 June 2020 are classified as equity instruments and were recorded in the balance sheet at that date at their USD equivalent issued value. Under IFRS these equity instruments are not remeasured from period to period, and do not qualify for application of hedge accounting. The derivative instruments relating to the hybrid bonds, however, are required to be recorded at fair value with mark to market gains and losses recognized in the income statement. Therefore, measurement differences in relation to the recognition of gains and losses occur. The fair value accounting effect, which is reported in the other businesses & corporate segment, eliminates the fair value gains and losses of these derivative financial instruments that are recognized in the income statement. We believe that this gives a better representation of performance, by more appropriately reflecting the economic effect of these risk management activities, in each period.

Gas & low carbon energy segment comprises our gas and low carbon businesses. Our gas business includes regions with upstream activities that predominantly produce natural gas, integrated gas and power, and gas trading. Our low carbon business includes solar, offshore and onshore wind, hydrogen and CCS and power trading. Power trading includes trading of both renewable and non-renewable power.

Gearing and net debt are non-IFRS measures. Net debt is calculated as finance debt, as shown in the balance sheet, plus the fair value of associated derivative financial instruments that are used to hedge foreign currency exchange and interest rate risks relating to finance debt, for which hedge accounting is applied, less cash and cash equivalents. Net debt does not include accrued interest, which is reported within other receivables and other payables on the balance sheet and for which the associated cash flows are presented as operating cash flows in the group cash flow statement. Gearing is defined as the ratio of net debt to the total of net debt plus total equity. bp believes these measures provide useful information to investors. Net debt enables investors to see the economic effect of finance debt, related hedges and cash and cash equivalents in total. Gearing enables investors to see how significant net debt is relative to total equity. The derivatives are reported on the balance sheet within the headings 'Derivative financial instruments'. The nearest equivalent measures on an IFRS basis are finance debt and finance debt ratio. A reconciliation of finance debt to net debt is provided on page 25.

We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for net debt or gearing to finance debt and total equity, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately certain adjusting items required to present a meaningful comparable IFRS forward-looking financial measure. These items include fair value asset (liability) of hedges related to finance debt and cash and cash equivalents, that are difficult to predict in advance in order to include in an IFRS estimate.

 

Top of page 37

 

Glossary (continued)

Gearing including leases and net debt including leases are non-IFRS measures. Net debt including leases is calculated as net debt plus lease liabilities, less the net amount of partner receivables and payables relating to leases entered into on behalf of joint operations. Gearing including leases is defined as the ratio of net debt including leases to the total of net debt including leases plus total equity. bp believes these measures provide useful information to investors as they enable investors to understand the impact of the group's lease portfolio on net debt and gearing. The nearest equivalent measures on an IFRS basis are finance debt and finance debt ratio. A reconciliation of finance debt to net debt including leases is provided on page 28.

Green hydrogen - Hydrogen produced by electrolysis of water using renewable power.

Hydrocarbons - Liquids and natural gas. Natural gas is converted to oil equivalent at 5.8 billion cubic feet = 1 million barrels.

Hydrogen pipeline - Hydrogen projects which have not been developed to final investment decision (FID) but which have advanced to the concept development stage.

Inorganic capital expenditure is a subset of capital expenditure on a cash basis and a non-IFRS measure. Inorganic capital expenditure comprises consideration in business combinations and certain other significant investments made by the group. It is reported on a cash basis. bp believes that this measure provides useful information as it allows investors to understand how bp's management invests funds in projects which expand the group's activities through acquisition. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is capital expenditure on a cash basis. Further information and a reconciliation to IFRS information is provided on page 26.

Installed renewables capacity is bp's share of capacity for operating assets owned by entities where bp has an equity share.

Inventory holding gains and losses are non-IFRS adjustments to our IFRS profit (loss) and represent:

a.     the difference between the cost of sales calculated using the replacement cost of inventory and the cost of sales calculated on the first-in first-out (FIFO) method after adjusting for any changes in provisions where the net realizable value of the inventory is lower than its cost. Under the FIFO method, which we use for IFRS reporting of inventories other than for trading inventories, the cost of inventory charged to the income statement is based on its historical cost of purchase or manufacture, rather than its replacement cost. In volatile energy markets, this can have a significant distorting effect on reported income. The amounts disclosed as inventory holding gains and losses represent the difference between the charge to the income statement for inventory on a FIFO basis (after adjusting for any related movements in net realizable value provisions) and the charge that would have arisen based on the replacement cost of inventory. For this purpose, the replacement cost of inventory is calculated using data from each operation's production and manufacturing system, either on a monthly basis, or separately for each transaction where the system allows this approach; and

b.     an adjustment relating to certain trading inventories that are not price risk managed which relate to a minimum inventory volume that is required to be held to maintain underlying business activities. This adjustment represents the movement in fair value of the inventories due to prices, on a grade by grade basis, during the period. This is calculated from each operation's inventory management system on a monthly basis using the discrete monthly movement in market prices for these inventories.

The amounts disclosed are not separately reflected in the financial statements as a gain or loss. No adjustment is made in respect of the cost of inventories held as part of a trading position and certain other temporary inventory positions that are price risk-managed. See Replacement cost (RC) profit or loss definition below.

Liquids - Liquids comprises crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids. For the oil production & operations segment, it also includes bitumen.

Major projects have a bp net investment of at least $250 million, or are considered to be of strategic importance to bp or of a high degree of complexity.

Operating cash flow is net cash provided by (used in) operating activities as stated in the condensed group cash flow statement.

Organic capital expenditure is a non-IFRS measure. Organic capital expenditure comprises capital expenditure on a cash basis less inorganic capital expenditure. bp believes that this measure provides useful information as it allows investors to understand how bp's management invests funds in developing and maintaining the group's assets. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is capital expenditure on a cash basis and a reconciliation to IFRS information is provided on page 26.

We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for organic capital expenditure to total cash capital expenditure, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately the adjusting item, inorganic capital expenditure, that is difficult to predict in advance in order to derive the nearest IFRS estimate.

Production-sharing agreement/contract (PSA/PSC) is an arrangement through which an oil and gas company bears the risks and costs of exploration, development and production. In return, if exploration is successful, the oil company receives entitlement to variable physical volumes of hydrocarbons, representing recovery of the costs incurred and a stipulated share of the production remaining after such cost recovery.

 

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Glossary (continued)

Realizations are the result of dividing revenue generated from hydrocarbon sales, excluding revenue generated from purchases made for resale and royalty volumes, by revenue generating hydrocarbon production volumes. Revenue generating hydrocarbon production reflects the bp share of production as adjusted for any production which does not generate revenue. Adjustments may include losses due to shrinkage, amounts consumed during processing, and contractual or regulatory host committed volumes such as royalties. For the gas & low carbon energy and oil production & operations segments, realizations include transfers between businesses.

Refining availability represents Solomon Associates' operational availability for bp-operated refineries, which is defined as the percentage of the year that a unit is available for processing after subtracting the annualized time lost due to turnaround activity and all planned mechanical, process and regulatory downtime.

The Refining marker margin (RMM) is the average of regional indicator margins weighted for bp's crude refining capacity in each region. Each regional marker margin is based on product yields and a marker crude oil deemed appropriate for the region. The regional indicator margins may not be representative of the margins achieved by bp in any period because of bp's particular refinery configurations and crude and product slate.

Renewables pipeline - Renewable projects satisfying the following criteria until the point they can be considered developed to final investment decision (FID): Site based projects that have obtained land exclusivity rights, or for power purchase agreement based projects an offer has been made to the counterparty, or for auction projects pre-qualification criteria has been met, or for acquisition projects post a binding offer being accepted.

Replacement cost (RC) profit or loss / RC profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders reflects the replacement cost of inventories sold in the period and is calculated as profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders, adjusting for inventory holding gains and losses (net of tax). RC profit or loss for the group is not a recognized IFRS measure. bp believes this measure is useful to illustrate to investors the fact that crude oil and product prices can vary significantly from period to period and that the impact on our reported result under IFRS can be significant. Inventory holding gains and losses vary from period to period due to changes in prices as well as changes in underlying inventory levels. In order for investors to understand the operating performance of the group excluding the impact of price changes on the replacement of inventories, and to make comparisons of operating performance between reporting periods, bp's management believes it is helpful to disclose this measure. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders. A reconciliation to IFRS information is provided on page 1. RC profit or loss before interest and tax is bp's measure of profit or loss that is required to be disclosed for each operating segment under IFRS.

Reported recordable injury frequency measures the number of reported work-related employee and contractor incidents that result in a fatality or injury per 200,000 hours worked. This represents reported incidents occurring within bp's operational HSSE reporting boundary. That boundary includes bp's own operated facilities and certain other locations or situations. Reported incidents are investigated throughout the year and as a result there may be changes in previously reported incidents. Therefore comparative movements are calculated against internal data reflecting the final outcomes of such investigations, rather than the previously reported comparative period, as this represents a more up to date reflection of the safety environment.

Reserves replacement ratio - the extent to which the year's production has been replaced by proved reserves added to our reserve base. The ratio is expressed in oil-equivalent terms and includes changes resulting from discoveries, improved recovery and extensions and revisions to previous estimates, but excludes changes resulting from acquisitions and disposals.

Retail sites include sites operated by dealers, jobbers, franchisees or brand licensees or joint venture (JV) partners, under the bp brand. These may move to and from the bp brand as their fuel supply agreement or brand licence agreement expires and are renegotiated in the normal course of business. Retail sites are primarily branded bp, ARCO, Amoco, Aral, Thorntons and TravelCenters of America and also includes sites in India through our Jio-bp JV.

Return on average capital employed (ROACE) is a non-IFRS measure and is defined as underlying replacement cost profit, which is defined as profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders adjusted for inventory holding gains and losses, adjusting items and related taxation on inventory holding gains and losses and adjusting items total taxation, after adding back non-controlling interest and interest expense net of tax, divided by the average of the beginning and ending balances of total equity plus finance debt, excluding cash and cash equivalents and goodwill as presented on the group balance sheet over the periods presented.  Interest expense before tax is finance costs as presented on the group income statement, excluding lease interest, the unwinding of the discount on provisions and other payables and other adjusting items reported in finance costs. bp believes it is helpful to disclose the ROACE because this measure gives an indication of the company's capital efficiency. The nearest IFRS measures of the numerator and denominator are profit or loss for the period attributable to bp shareholders and total equity respectively. The reconciliation of the numerator and denominator is provided on page 31.

Solomon availability - See Refining availability definition.

Strategic convenience sites are retail sites, within the bp portfolio, which sell bp-supplied vehicle energy (e.g. bp, Aral, Arco, Amoco, Thorntons, bp pulse, TA and PETRO) and either carry one of the strategic convenience brands (e.g. M&S, Rewe to Go) or a differentiated bp-controlled convenience offer. To be considered a strategic convenience site, the convenience offer should have a demonstrable level of differentiation in the market in which it operates. Strategic convenience site count includes sites under a pilot phase.

 

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Glossary (continued)

Surplus cash flow does not represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures. It is a non-IFRS financial measure that should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or superior to, net cash provided by operating activities, reported in accordance with IFRS. bp believes it is helpful to disclose the surplus cash flow because this measure forms part of bp's financial frame.

Surplus cash flow refers to the net surplus of sources of cash over uses of cash, after reaching the $35 billion net debt target. Sources of cash include net cash provided by operating activities, cash provided from investing activities and cash receipts relating to transactions involving non-controlling interests. Uses of cash include lease liability payments, payments on perpetual hybrid bond, dividends paid, cash capital expenditure, the cash cost of share buybacks to offset the dilution from vesting of awards under employee share schemes, cash payments relating to transactions involving non-controlling interests and currency translation differences relating to cash and cash equivalents as presented on the condensed group cash flow statement.

For the full year of 2022, the sources of cash includes other proceeds related to the proceeds from the disposal of a loan note related to the Alaska divestment. The cash was received in the fourth quarter 2021, was reported as a financing cash flow and was not included in other proceeds at the time due to potential recourse from the counterparty. The proceeds are being recognized as the potential recourse reduces. See page 29 for the components of our sources of cash and uses of cash.

Technical service contract (TSC) - Technical service contract is an arrangement through which an oil and gas company bears the risks and costs of exploration, development and production. In return, the oil and gas company receives entitlement to variable physical volumes of hydrocarbons, representing recovery of the costs incurred and a profit margin which reflects incremental production added to the oilfield.

Tier 1 and tier 2 process safety events - Tier 1 events are losses of primary containment from a process of greatest consequence - causing harm to a member of the workforce, damage to equipment from a fire or explosion, a community impact or exceeding defined quantities. Tier 2 events are those of lesser consequence. These represent reported incidents occurring within bp's operational HSSE reporting boundary. That boundary includes bp's own operated facilities and certain other locations or situations. Reported process safety events are investigated throughout the year and as a result there may be changes in previously reported events. Therefore comparative movements are calculated against internal data reflecting the final outcomes of such investigations, rather than the previously reported comparative period, as this represents a more up to date reflection of the safety environment.

Transition growth engine(s) - means, as applicable, one or more of bp's five transition growth engines which are bioenergy, convenience, EV charging, hydrogen and renewables and power. Bioenergy, convenience and EV charging are reported within the customers & products segment, and hydrogen and renewables and power are reported within the gas & low carbon energy segment.

Underlying effective tax rate (ETR) is a non-IFRS measure. The underlying ETR is calculated by dividing taxation on an underlying replacement cost (RC) basis by underlying RC profit or loss before tax. Taxation on an underlying RC basis for the group is calculated as taxation as stated on the group income statement adjusted for taxation on inventory holding gains and losses and total taxation on adjusting items. Information on underlying RC profit or loss is provided below. Taxation on an underlying RC basis presented for the operating segments is calculated through an allocation of taxation on an underlying RC basis to each segment. bp believes it is helpful to disclose the underlying ETR because this measure may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same manner as management, the underlying trends in bp's operational performance on a comparable basis, period on period. Taxation on an underlying RC basis and underlying ETR are non-IFRS measures. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is the ETR on profit or loss for the period.

We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for underlying ETR to ETR on profit or loss for the period, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately certain adjusting items required to present a meaningful comparable IFRS forward-looking financial measure. These items include the taxation on inventory holding gains and losses and adjusting items, that are difficult to predict in advance in order to include in an IFRS estimate.

Underlying production - 2023 underlying production, when compared with 2022, is production after adjusting for acquisitions and divestments, curtailments, and entitlement impacts in our production-sharing agreements/contracts and technical service contract*.

Underlying RC profit or loss / underlying RC profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders is a non-IFRS measure and is RC profit or loss* (as defined on page 38) after excluding net adjusting items and related taxation. See page 27 for additional information on the adjusting items that are used to arrive at underlying RC profit or loss in order to enable a full understanding of the items and their financial impact.

Underlying RC profit or loss before interest and tax for the operating segments or customers & products businesses is calculated as RC profit or loss (as defined above) including profit or loss attributable to non-controlling interests before interest and tax for the operating segments and excluding net adjusting items for the respective operating segment or business.

bp believes that underlying RC profit or loss is a useful measure for investors because it is a measure closely tracked by management to evaluate bp's operating performance and to make financial, strategic and operating decisions and because it may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same manner as management, the underlying trends in bp's operational performance on a comparable basis, period on period, by adjusting for the effects of these adjusting items. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for the group is profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for segments and businesses is RC profit or loss before interest and taxation. A reconciliation to IFRS information is provided on page 1 for the group and pages 6-14 for the segments.

 

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Glossary (continued)

Underlying RC profit or loss per share / underlying RC profit or loss per ADS is a non-IFRS measure. Earnings per share is defined in Note 7. Underlying RC profit or loss per ordinary share is calculated using the same denominator as earnings per share as defined in the consolidated financial statements. The numerator used is underlying RC profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders rather than profit or loss attributable to bp shareholders. Underlying RC profit or loss per ADS is calculated as outlined above for underlying RC profit or loss per share except the denominator is adjusted to reflect one ADS equivalent to six ordinary shares. bp believes it is helpful to disclose the underlying RC profit or loss per ordinary share and per ADS because these measures may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same manner as management, the underlying trends in bp's operational performance on a comparable basis, period on period. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is basic earnings per share based on profit or loss for the period attributable to bp shareholders.

upstream includes oil and natural gas field development and production within the gas & low carbon energy and oil production & operations segments.

upstream/hydrocarbon plant reliability (bp-operated) is calculated taking 100% less the ratio of total unplanned plant deferrals divided by installed production capacity, excluding non-operated assets and bpx energy. Unplanned plant deferrals are associated with the topside plant and where applicable the subsea equipment (excluding wells and reservoir). Unplanned plant deferrals include breakdowns, which does not include Gulf of Mexico weather related downtime.

upstream unit production costs are calculated as production cost divided by units of production. Production cost does not include ad valorem and severance taxes. Units of production are barrels for liquids and thousands of cubic feet for gas. Amounts disclosed are for bp subsidiaries only and do not include bp's share of equity-accounted entities.

Working capital is movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities as reported in the condensed group cash flow statement.

Change in working capital adjusted for inventory holding gains/losses, fair value accounting effects relating to subsidiaries and other adjusting items is a non-IFRS measure. It is calculated by adjusting for inventory holding gains/losses reported in the period; fair value accounting effects relating to subsidiaries reported within adjusting items for the period; and other adjusting items relating to the non-cash movement of US emissions obligations carried as a provision that will be settled by allowances held as inventory. This represents what would have been reported as movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities, if the starting point in determining net cash provided by operating activities had been underlying replacement cost profit rather than profit for the period. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for this is movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities.

bp utilizes various arrangements in order to manage its working capital including discounting of receivables and, in the supply and trading business, the active management of supplier payment terms, inventory and collateral.

Trade marks

Trade marks of the bp group appear throughout this announcement. They include:

bp, Amoco, Aral, bp pulse, Castrol, PETRO, TA and Thorntons

 

 

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Cautionary statement

In order to utilize the 'safe harbor' provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the 'PSLRA') and the general doctrine of cautionary statements, bp is providing the following cautionary statement:

The discussion in this results announcement contains certain forecasts, projections and forward-looking statements - that is, statements related to future, not past events and circumstances - with respect to the financial condition, results of operations and businesses of bp and certain of the plans and objectives of bp with respect to these items. These statements may generally, but not always, be identified by the use of words such as 'will', 'expects', 'is expected to', 'aims', 'should', 'may', 'objective', 'is likely to', 'intends', 'believes', 'anticipates', 'plans', 'we see' or similar expressions.

In particular, the following, among other statements, are all forward looking in nature: plans, expectations and assumptions regarding oil and gas demand, supply, prices or volatility; expectations regarding reserves; expectations regarding production and volumes; expectations regarding bp's customers & products business; expectations regarding margins; expectations regarding turnaround and maintenance activity; expectations regarding financial performance, results of operations and cash flows; expectations regarding future project start-ups; bp's plans regarding transforming to an IEC; price assumptions used in accounting estimates; bp's plans and expectations regarding the amount and timing of share buybacks and dividends; plans and expectations regarding bp's credit rating, including in respect of maintaining a strong investment grade credit rating and targeting further improvements in credit metrics; plans and expectations regarding the allocation of surplus cash flow to share buybacks and strengthening the balance sheet; plans and expectations with respect to the total depreciation, depletion and amortization and the other businesses & corporate underlying annual charge for 2024; plans and expectations regarding LNG sales; plans and expectations regarding investments, collaborations and partnerships in electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure and generative artificial intelligence; plans and expectations related to bp's transition growth engines, including expected capital expenditures; expectations relating to bp's development of its wind pipeline, including pursuit of US offshore wind opportunities; plans and expectations regarding the amount or timing of payments related to divestment and other proceeds, and the timing, quantum and nature of certain acquisitions and divestments; expectations regarding the underlying effective tax rate for 2024, exposure to Pillar Two income taxes and the tax impacts of UK regulations, including the UK Energy Profits Levy and the reduction in the authorized surplus payments charge applicable to defined benefit pension schemes; expectations regarding the timing and amount of future payments relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill; plans and expectations regarding capital expenditure for 2024; expectations regarding greenhouse gas emissions; expectations regarding legal proceedings, including those related to the Louisiana coastal restoration and climate change; plans and expectations regarding bp-operated projects and ventures, and its projects, joint ventures, partnerships and agreements with commercial entities and other third party partners, including expectations related to the restructuring of the Atlantic LNG joint venture.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainty because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that will or may occur in the future and are outside the control of bp.

Actual results or outcomes, may differ materially from those expressed in such statements, depending on a variety of factors, including: the extent and duration of the impact of current market conditions including the volatility of oil prices, the effects of bp's plan to exit its shareholding in Rosneft and other investments in Russia, overall global economic and business conditions impacting bp's business and demand for bp's products as well as the specific factors identified in the discussions accompanying such forward-looking statements; changes in consumer preferences and societal expectations; the pace of development and adoption of alternative energy solutions; developments in policy, law, regulation, technology and markets, including societal and investor sentiment related to the issue of climate change; the receipt of relevant third party and/or regulatory approvals; the timing and level of maintenance and/or turnaround activity; the timing and volume of refinery additions and outages; the timing of bringing new fields onstream; the timing, quantum and nature of certain acquisitions and divestments; future levels of industry product supply, demand and pricing, including supply growth in North America and continued base oil and additive supply shortages; OPEC+ quota restrictions; PSA and TSC effects; operational and safety problems; potential lapses in product quality; economic and financial market conditions generally or in various countries and regions; political stability and economic growth in relevant areas of the world; changes in laws and governmental regulations and policies, including related to climate change; changes in social attitudes and customer preferences; regulatory or legal actions including the types of enforcement action pursued and the nature of remedies sought or imposed; the actions of prosecutors, regulatory authorities and courts; delays in the processes for resolving claims; amounts ultimately payable and timing of payments relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill; exchange rate fluctuations; development and use of new technology; recruitment and retention of a skilled workforce; the success or otherwise of partnering; the actions of competitors, trading partners, contractors, subcontractors, creditors, rating agencies and others; bp's access to future credit resources; business disruption and crisis management; the impact on bp's reputation of ethical misconduct and non-compliance with regulatory obligations; trading losses; major uninsured losses; the possibility that international sanctions or other steps taken by competent authorities or any other relevant persons may impact bp's ability to sell its interests in Rosneft, or the price for which it could sell such interests; the actions of contractors; natural disasters and adverse weather conditions; changes in public expectations and other changes to business conditions; wars and acts of terrorism; cyber-attacks or sabotage; and those factors discussed under "Principal risks and uncertainties" in bp's Report on Form 6-K regarding results for the six-month period ended 30 June 2023 as filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") as well as those factors discussed under "Risk factors" in bp's Annual Report and Form 20-F for fiscal year 2022 as filed with the SEC.

 

This announcement contains inside information. The person responsible for arranging the release of this announcement on behalf of BP p.l.c. is Ben Mathews, Company Secretary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Contacts

 

London

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Press Office

David Nicholas

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+44 (0) 7831 095541

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Investor Relations

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+1 832 753 5116

 

 

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