false12/31000176725800017672582023-10-312023-10-31

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 OR 15(d) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934
October 31, 2023
Date of Report (date of earliest event reported)
XPEL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Nevada001-3885820-1117381
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(Commission File Number)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
711 Broadway St., Suite 32078215
San AntonioTexas
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (210) 678-3700
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareXPELThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.





Item 5.03 Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year.

On October 31, 2023, the Board of Directors (“the Board”) of XPEL, Inc. adopted certain amendments to the Company's By-Laws, effective as of October 31, 2023, primarily under Sections 2.8 and 2.13 and new Section 2.15, to stipulate certain universal proxy card advance notice requirements that shareholders, intending to include their nominees on the Company’s management proxy card, must comply with before such nominees may be included in the proxy card.

The foregoing summary does not purport to be complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by, reference to the full text of the Amended and Restated Bylaws of XPEL, Inc. (as of October 31, 2023), filed hereto as Exhibit 3.1 and incorporated herein by reference.

EXHIBIT NO.IDENTIFICATION OF EXHIBIT
3.1
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL Document)

 



SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
XPEL, Inc.
Dated: November 1, 2023 By: /s/ Babatunde Awodiran
Babatunde Awodiran
Senior Vice President, General Counsel & Secretary


AMENDED AND RESTATED BYLAWS OF XPEL INC. A NEVADA CORPORATION As in effect October 31, 2023


 
1 AMENDED AND RESTATED BYLAWS XPEL INC. a Nevada corporation ARTICLE I OFFICES Section 1.1. Registered Office. The registered office of XPEL Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Corporation”), shall be in the State of Nevada as specified in the Corporation’s Articles of Incorporation, as amended from time to time (the “Articles of Incorporation”) and at such location within or without the State of Nevada or by any means of remote communications (as contemplated by Nevada Revised Statutes (as amended from time to time, the “NRS”) §78.320) as the board of directors of the Corporation (the “Board of Directors”) may from time to time determine. Section 1.2. Principal Office. The principal office and place of business of the Corporation shall be at 711 Broadway, Suite 320, San Antonio, Texas Suite 78215, or at such other location as established from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors. Section 1.3. Other Offices. Other offices and places of business either within or without the State of Nevada may be established from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors or as the business of the Corporation may require. Section 1.4. Registered Agent in Nevada. The resident agent of the Corporation in Nevada shall be First Corporate Solutions, Inc. 321 West Winnie Lane, Suite 104, Carson City, Nevada 89703, U.S.A., until such time as the Board of Directors considers it advisable to change the registered agent in Nevada. ARTICLE II STOCKHOLDERS Section 2.1. Annual Meeting. The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Corporation shall be held on such date and at such time as may be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors. At the annual meeting, directors shall be elected and any other business may be transacted as may be properly brought before the meeting pursuant to these Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Corporation (as amended from time to time, these “Bylaws”). Section 2.2. Special Meetings. (a) Subject to any rights of stockholders set forth in the Articles of Incorporation, special meetings of the stockholders may be called only by the chairman of the Board of Directors (“Chair”) or the chief executive officer of the Corporation (“CEO”) or, if there be no Chair and no CEO, by the President, and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of at least a majority of the Board of Directors. Such request shall state the purpose or purposes of the meeting. Except as otherwise restricted by the Articles of Incorporation or applicable law, the Board of Directors may postpone, reschedule or cancel any special meeting of stockholders.


 
2 (b) No business shall be acted upon at a special meeting of stockholders except as set forth in the notice of the meeting. Section 2.3. Place of Meetings. Any meeting of the stockholders of the Corporation may be held at the Corporation’s registered office in the State of Nevada or at such other place within or without the State of Nevada and the United States as may be designated in the notice of meeting. The Board of Directors may, in its sole discretion, determine that any meeting of the stockholders shall be held by means of electronic communications or other available technology in accordance with Section 2.14. Section 2.4. Notice of Meetings; Waiver of Notice. (a) Notice of Meeting. The CEO, if any, the President, any Executive Vice President, the Secretary, an Assistant Secretary or any other individual designated by the Board of Directors shall sign and deliver or cause to be delivered to the stockholders written notice of any stockholders’ meeting not less than ten (10) days, but not more than sixty (60) days, before the date of such meeting. The notice shall state the place, date and time of the meeting, the means of electronic communication, if any, by which the stockholders or the proxies thereof shall be deemed to be present and vote and, in the case of a special meeting, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called. The notice shall be delivered in accordance with, and shall contain or be accompanied by such additional information as may be required by, the NRS, and any other applicable law. (b) Purpose of Meeting. In the case of an annual meeting, subject to Section 2.13, in addition to such stockholder’s complying with the provisions of Rule 14a-19 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), any proper business may be presented for action, except that (i) if a proposed plan of merger, conversion or exchange is submitted to a vote, the notice of the meeting must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the plan of merger, conversion or exchange and must contain or be accompanied by a copy or summary of the plan; and (ii) if a proposed action creating dissenter’s rights is to be submitted to a vote, the notice of the meeting must state that the stockholders are or may be entitled to assert dissenter’s rights under the NRS, and be accompanied by a copy of those sections of the NRS required to be provided pursuant to the provisions of the NRS. (c) Delivery of Notice. A copy of the notice shall be personally delivered or mailed postage prepaid to each stockholder of record at the address appearing on the records of the Corporation. Upon mailing, service of the notice is complete, and the time of the notice begins to run from the date upon which the notice is deposited in the mail. Notwithstanding the foregoing and in addition thereto, any notice to stockholders given by the Corporation pursuant to Chapters 78 or 92A of the NRS (including, without limitation, Chapter §78.320 of the NRS), the Articles of Incorporation or these Bylaws may be given pursuant to the forms of electronic transmission listed herein, if such forms of transmission are consented to in writing by the stockholder receiving such electronically transmitted notice and such consent is filed by the Secretary in the corporate records. Notice shall be deemed given (i) by facsimile when directed to a number consented to by the stockholder to receive notice, (ii) by e-mail when directed to an e-mail address consented to by the stockholder to receive notice, (iii) by posting on an electronic network together with a separate notice to the stockholder of the specific posting on the later of the specific posting or the giving of the separate notice or (iv) by any other electronic transmission as consented to by such stockholder and when directed to the stockholder. The


 
3 stockholder consent necessary to permit electronic transmission to such stockholder shall be deemed revoked and of no force and effect if (A) the Corporation is unable to deliver by electronic transmission two consecutive notices given by the Corporation in accordance with the stockholder’s consent and (B) the inability to deliver by electronic transmission becomes known to the Secretary, Assistant Secretary, transfer agent or other agent of the Corporation responsible for the giving of notice. (d) Proof of Receipt of Notice. The written certificate of an individual signing a notice of meeting, setting forth the substance of the notice or having a copy thereof attached thereto, the date the notice was mailed or personally delivered to the stockholders and the addresses to which the notice was mailed, shall be prima facie evidence of the manner and fact of giving such notice and, in the absence of fraud, an affidavit of the individual signing a notice of a meeting that the notice thereof has been given by a form of electronic transmission shall be prima facie evidence of the facts stated in the affidavit. (e) Waiver of Notice. Any stockholder may waive notice of any meeting by a signed writing or by transmission of an electronic record, either before or after the meeting. Such waiver of notice shall be deemed the equivalent of the giving of such notice. Section 2.5. Determination of Stockholders of Record. (a) For the purpose of determining the stockholders entitled to (i) notice of and to vote at any meeting of stockholders or any adjournment thereof, (ii) receive payment of any distribution or the allotment of any rights, or (iii) exercise any rights in respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock, or for the purpose of any other lawful action, the Board of Directors may fix, in advance, a record date, which shall not be more than sixty (60) days nor less than ten (10) days before the date of such meeting, if applicable. (b) If no record date is fixed, the record date for determining stockholders: (i) entitled to notice of and to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall be at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which the meeting is held; and (ii) for any other purpose shall be at the close of business on the day on which the Board of Directors adopts the resolution relating thereto. A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of stockholders shall apply to any postponement of any meeting of stockholders to a date not more than sixty (60) days after the record date or to any adjournment of the meeting; provided that the Board of Directors may fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting and must fix a new record date if the meeting is adjourned to a date more than sixty (60) days later than the date set for the original meeting. Section 2.6. Quorum; Adjourned Meetings. (a) Unless the Articles of Incorporation provide for a different proportion, stockholders holding at least one-third of the voting power of the Corporation’s capital stock, represented in person or by proxy (regardless of whether the proxy has authority to vote on all matters), are necessary to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting. If, on any issue, voting by classes or series is required by the laws of the State of Nevada, the Articles


 
4 of Incorporation or these Bylaws, at least a majority of the voting power, represented in person or by proxy (regardless of whether the proxy has authority to vote on all matters), within each such class or series is necessary to constitute a quorum of each such class or series. (b) If a quorum is not represented, a majority of the voting power represented or the person presiding at the meeting may adjourn the meeting from time to time until a quorum shall be represented. At any such adjourned meeting at which a quorum shall be represented, any business may be transacted which might otherwise have been transacted at the adjourned meeting as originally called. When a stockholders’ meeting is adjourned to another time or place hereunder, notice need not be given of the adjourned meeting if the time and place thereof are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken. However, if a new record date is fixed (or if the adjournment is more than thirty (30) days) for the adjourned meeting, notice of the adjourned meeting must be given to each stockholder of record as of the new record date. The stockholders present at a duly convened meeting at which a quorum is present may continue to transact business until adjournment, notwithstanding the departure of enough stockholders to leave less than a quorum of the voting power. Section 2.7. Voting. (a) Right to Vote. Unless otherwise provided by applicable law, the Articles of Incorporation, or any resolution providing for the issuance of preferred stock adopted by the Board of Directors pursuant to authority expressly vested in it by the provisions of the Articles of Incorporation, each stockholder of record, or such stockholder’s duly authorized proxy, shall be entitled to one (1) vote for each share of voting stock standing registered in such stockholder’s name at the close of business on the record date. (b) Person Entitled to Vote. Except as otherwise provided in these Bylaws, all votes with respect to shares (including pledged shares) standing in the name of an individual at the close of business on the record date shall be cast only by that individual or such individual’s duly authorized proxy. With respect to shares held by a representative of the estate of a deceased stockholder, or a guardian, conservator, custodian or trustee, even though the shares do not stand in the name of such holder, votes may be cast by such holder upon proof of such representative capacity. In the case of shares under the control of a receiver, the receiver may vote such shares even though the shares do not stand of record in the name of the receiver but only if and to the extent that the order of a court of competent jurisdiction which appoints the receiver contains the authority to vote such shares. If shares stand of record in the name of a minor, votes may be cast by the duly appointed guardian of the estate of such minor only if such guardian has provided the Corporation with written proof of such appointment. (c) Shares Held by Entity. With respect to shares standing of record in the name of another corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other legal entity on the record date, votes may be cast: (i) in the case of a corporation, by such individual as the bylaws of such other corporation prescribe, by such individual as may be appointed by resolution of the board of directors of such other corporation or by such individual (including, without limitation, the officer making the authorization) authorized in writing to do so by the chair of the board of directors, if any, the chief executive officer, if any, the president or any vice president of such corporation; and (ii) in the case of a partnership, limited liability company or other legal entity, by


 
5 an individual representing such stockholder upon presentation to the Corporation of satisfactory evidence of his or her authority to do so. (d) Corporation’s Stock. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein and except for the Corporation’s shares held in a fiduciary capacity, the Corporation shall not vote, directly or indirectly, shares of its own stock owned or held by it, and such shares shall not be counted in determining the total number of outstanding shares entitled to vote. (e) Joint Shareholders. With respect to shares standing of record in the name of two or more persons, whether fiduciaries, members of a partnership, joint tenants, tenants in common, spouses as community property, tenants by the entirety, voting trustees or otherwise and shares held by two or more persons (including proxy holders) having the same fiduciary relationship in respect to the same shares, votes may be cast in the following manner: (i) If only one person votes, the vote of such person binds all. (ii) If more than one person casts votes, the act of the majority so voting binds all. (iii) If more than one person casts votes, but the vote is evenly split on a particular matter, the votes shall be deemed cast proportionately, as split. (f) Votes Required for Stockholder Action. If a quorum is present, unless the Articles of Incorporation, these Bylaws, the NRS, or other applicable law, rule or regulation (including, without limitation, the rules and regulations of any securities exchange on which any of the Corporation’s securities then trade) provide for a different proportion, action by the stockholders entitled to vote on a matter, other than the election of directors, is approved by and is the act of the stockholders if the number of votes cast in favor of the action exceeds the number of votes cast in opposition to the action, unless voting by classes or series is required for any action of the stockholders by the laws of the State of Nevada, the Articles of Incorporation or these Bylaws, in which case the number of votes cast in favor of the action by the voting power of each such class or series must exceed the number of votes cast in opposition to the action by the voting power of each such class or series. (g) Votes Required to Elect Directors. If a quorum is present, directors shall be elected by a plurality of the votes cast. Section 2.8. Proxies. (a) Proxies. At any meeting of stockholders, any holder of shares entitled to vote may designate, in a writing or electronic signature conforming to the requirements of the NRS and executed by the stockholder or his attorney, another person or persons, who need not be stockholders of the corporation, to act as a proxy or proxies. If a stockholder designates two or more persons to act as proxies, then a majority of those persons present at a meeting has and may exercise all of the powers conferred by the stockholder or, if only one is present, then that one has and may exercise all of the powers conferred by the stockholder, unless the stockholder’s designation of proxy provides otherwise. Each proxy is valid only at the meeting in respect of which it is given or any adjournment thereof. Any stockholder directly or indirectly soliciting proxies from other stockholders must use a proxy card color other than white, which shall be


 
6 reserved for the exclusive use by the Board of Directors. Such a proxy may otherwise be prepared, transmitted and delivered in any manner permitted by applicable law. (b) Time for Deposit of Proxies. The Board of Directors may fix a time not exceeding forty-eight (48) hours, excluding non-business days, preceding any meeting or adjourned meeting of stockholders before which time proxies to be used at the meeting must be deposited with the Corporation or its agent, and any time so fixed shall be specified in the notice calling the meeting. A proxy shall be acted on only if, before the time so specified, it has been deposited with the Corporation or its agent specified in the notice or if, no such time having been specified in the notice, it has been received by the Secretary of the Corporation or by the chair of the meeting before the time of voting. Section 2.9. No Action Without A Meeting. No action shall be taken by the stockholders except at an annual or special meeting of stockholders called and noticed in the manner required by these Bylaws. The stockholders may not in any circumstance take action by written consent. Section 2.10. Organization. (a) Chair of the Meeting. Meetings of stockholders shall be presided over by the Chair, or, in the absence of the Chair, by the Vice-Chair, if any, or if there be no Vice-Chair or in the absence of the Vice-Chair, by the CEO, if any, or if there be no CEO or in the absence of the CEO, or, in the absence of any of the foregoing persons, by a chair of the meeting designated by the Board of Directors, or by a chair chosen at the meeting by the stockholders entitled to cast a majority of the votes which all stockholders present in person or by proxy are entitled to cast. The individual acting as chair of the meeting may delegate any or all of his or her authority and responsibilities as such to any director or officer of the Corporation present in person at the meeting. The Secretary, or in the absence of the Secretary an Assistant Secretary, shall act as secretary of the meeting, but in the absence of the Secretary and any Assistant Secretary the chair of the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting. The order of business at each such meeting shall be as determined by the chair of the meeting. The chair of the meeting shall have the right and authority to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and to do all such acts and things as are necessary or desirable for the proper conduct of the meeting, including, without limitation, (i) the establishment of procedures for the maintenance of order and safety, (ii) limitation on participation in the meeting to stockholders of record of the Corporation, their duly authorized and constituted proxies and such other persons as the chairman of the meeting shall permit, (iii) limitation on the time allotted for consideration of each agenda item and for questions or comments by meeting participants, (iv) restrictions on entry to such meeting after the time prescribed for the commencement thereof and (v) the opening and closing of the voting polls. The Board of Directors, in its discretion, or the chair of the meeting, in such chair’s discretion, may require that any votes cast at such meeting shall be cast by written ballot. (b) Inspectors. The chair of the meeting may appoint one or more inspectors of elections. The inspector or inspectors may (i) ascertain the number of shares outstanding and the voting power of each; (ii) determine the number of shares represented at a meeting and the validity of proxies or ballots; (iii) count all votes and ballots; and (iv) certify the determination of the number of shares represented at the meeting and the count of all votes and ballots. (c) Election of Directors; Transaction of Business. Only such persons who are nominated in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.12 shall be eligible to be elected at any meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to serve as directors and only such business shall


 
7 be conducted at a meeting of stockholders as shall have been brought before the meeting in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.12. If any proposed nomination or business was not made or proposed in compliance with Section 2.12 (including proper notice under Section 2.13 and including whether the stockholder or beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the nomination or proposal is made solicited (or is part of a group which solicited) or did not so solicit, as the case may be, proxies in compliance with such stockholder’s representation pursuant Section 2.13), then the chair of the meeting shall have the power to declare that such nomination shall be disregarded or that such proposed business shall not be transacted. If such stockholder (or a qualified representative of such stockholder) does not appear at the annual or special meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to present a nomination or proposed business, such nomination shall be disregarded and such proposed business shall not be transacted, notwithstanding that proxies in respect of such vote may have been received by the Corporation. For purposes of this Section 2.10, to be considered a qualified representative of the stockholder, a person must be a duly authorized officer, manager or partner of such stockholder or authorized by a writing executed by such stockholder (or a reliable reproduction or electronic transmission of the writing) delivered to the Corporation prior to the making of such nomination or proposal at such meeting by such stockholder stating that such person is authorized to act for such stockholder as proxy at the meeting of stockholders. (d) Right to Attend Meetings. Except only to the extent of persons designated by the Board of Directors or the chair of the meeting to assist in the conduct of the meeting, and except as otherwise permitted by the Board of Directors or the chair of the meeting, the persons entitled to attend any meeting of stockholders may be confined to (i) stockholders entitled to vote thereat and (ii) the persons upon whom proxies valid for the purposes of the meeting have been conferred; provided, however, that the Board of Directors or the chair of the meeting may establish rules limiting the number of persons referred to in clause (ii) as being entitled to attend on behalf of any stockholders so as to preclude such an excessively large representation of such stockholder at the meeting as, in the judgment of the Board of Directors or the chair of the meeting, would be unfair to other stockholders represented at the meeting or be unduly disruptive to the orderly conduct of business at such meeting (whether such representation would result from fragmentation of the aggregate number of shares held by such stockholder for the purpose of conferring proxies, from the naming of an excessively large proxy delegation by such stockholder, or from the employment of any other device). A person otherwise entitled to attend any such meeting will cease to be so entitled if, in the judgment of the chair of the meeting, such person engages thereat in disorderly conduct impeding the proper conduct of the meeting in the interests of all stockholders as a group. Section 2.11. Waiver of Notice; Consent to Meetings. Notice of a meeting need not be given to any stockholder who signs a waiver of notice, in person or by proxy, either before or after such meeting; and a stockholder’s waiver shall be deemed the equivalent of giving proper notice. Attendance of a stockholder at a meeting, either in person or by proxy, shall constitute a waiver of notice and a waiver of any and all objections to the time or place of the meeting or the manner in which such meeting has been called or convened, except when the stockholder objects at the beginning of the meeting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called, noticed or convened and except that attendance at a meeting is not a waiver of any right to object to the consideration of matters not included in the notice, to the extent such notice is required, if such objection is expressly made at the time any such matters are presented at the


 
8 meeting. Neither the business to be transacted at nor the purpose of any regular or special meeting of stockholders need be specified in any written waiver of notice or consent, except as otherwise provided in these Bylaws. Section 2.12. Director Nominations and Business Conducted at Meetings of Stockholders. Nominations of persons for election to the Board of Directors and the proposal of business to be considered by the stockholders may be made at an annual meeting of stockholders (i) by or at the direction of the Board of Directors or the Chair or (ii) by any stockholder of the Corporation who is entitled to vote on such matter at the meeting, who complied with the notice procedures set forth in Section 2.13 of these Bylaws and who was a stockholder of record at the time such notice is delivered to the Secretary. Nominations of persons for election to the Board of Directors may be made at a special meeting of stockholders at which directors are to be elected pursuant to the Corporation’s notice of meeting (i) by or at the direction of the Board of Directors or the Chair or (ii) by any stockholder of the Corporation who is entitled to vote on such matter at the meeting, who complied with the notice procedures set forth in Section 2.13 of these Bylaws and who was a stockholder of record at the time such notice is delivered to the Secretary. Section 2.13. Advance Notice of Director Nominations and Stockholder Proposals by Stockholders. (a) For nominations or other business to be properly brought before an annual meeting by a stockholder and for nominations to be properly brought before a special meeting by a stockholder in each case pursuant to Section 2.12, the stockholder of record must have given timely notice thereof in writing to the Secretary, and, in the case of business other than nominations, such other business must be a proper matter for stockholder action. To be timely, a stockholder’s notice shall be delivered to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not later than the close of business on the ninetieth (90th) day, nor earlier than the close of business on the one hundred twentieth (120th) day, prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting; provided that in the event that the date of the annual meeting is more than thirty (30) days before or more than seventy (70) days after such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder to be timely must be so delivered not earlier than the close of business on the one hundred twentieth (120th) day prior to such annual meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of the ninetieth (90th) day prior to such annual meeting or the tenth (10th) day following the day on which public announcement (as defined below) of the date of such meeting is first made by the Corporation. In no event shall the public announcement of an adjournment or postponement of an annual meeting commence a new time period (or extend any time period) for the giving of a stockholder’s notice as described above. The notice must be provided by a stockholder of record and must set forth: (i) as to each person whom the stockholder proposes to nominate for election or re-election as a director (A) all information relating to such person that is required to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for election of directors, or is otherwise required, in each case pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Exchange Act, including such person’s written consent to being named in the proxy statement as a nominee and to serving as a director if elected; and (B) a written representation and agreement (in the form to be provided by the Secretary upon written request of any stockholder of record within ten (10) days of such request) that such proposed nominee (1) is not and will not become a party to any agreement, arrangement or understanding with, and has not given any commitment or assurance to, any individual or entity as to how such proposed nominee, if elected as a director of the Corporation, will act or vote on any issue or


 
9 question that has not been disclosed to the Corporation or that could limit or interfere with such proposed nominee’s fiduciary duties under applicable law, (2) is not and will not become a party to any agreement, arrangement or understanding with any person or entity other than the Corporation with respect to any direct or indirect compensation, reimbursement or indemnification in connection with service or action as a director that has not been disclosed to the Corporation, and (3) would be in compliance, if elected as a director of the Corporation, and will comply with, all applicable publicly disclosed corporate governance, code of conduct and ethics, conflict of interest, confidentiality, corporate opportunities, trading and any other policies and guidelines of the Corporation applicable to directors; (ii) as to any other business that the stockholder proposes to bring before the meeting, a brief description of the business desired to be brought before the meeting, the text of the proposal or business (including the text of any resolutions proposed for consideration and in the event that such business includes a proposal to amend the Bylaws, the language of the proposed amendment), the reasons for conducting such business at the meeting and any substantial interest (within the meaning of Item 5 of Schedule 14A under the Exchange Act) in such business of such stockholder and the beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the proposal is made; (iii) as to the stockholder giving the notice and the beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the nomination is made or the business is proposed: (A) the name and address of such stockholder, as they appear on the Corporation’s books, and the name, age, principal occupation or employment, citizenship, and business address and residence address of such beneficial owner, (B) the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation which are owned of record by such stockholder and such beneficial owner as of the date of the notice, and a representation that the stockholder will notify the Corporation in writing within five (5) business days after the record date for such meeting of the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation owned of record by the stockholder and such beneficial owner as of the record date for the meeting, (C) a description of all direct and indirect compensation and other material monetary agreements, arrangements and understandings during the past three years, and any other material relationships, between or among such stockholder and beneficial owner, if any, and their respective affiliates and associates, or others acting in concert therewith, on the one hand, and each proposed nominee, and his or her respective affiliates and associates, or others acting in concert therewith, on the other hand including, without limitation, all information that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to Rule 404 promulgated under Regulation S-K (or any successor rule) if the stockholder making the nomination and any beneficial owner on whose behalf the nomination is made, if any, or any affiliate or associate thereof or person acting in concert therewith, were the “registrant” for purposes of such rule and the nominee were a director or executive officer of such registrant; (D) a representation that the stockholder is a stockholder of record of the stock of the Corporation at the time of the giving of the notice, will be entitled to vote at the meeting, and intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to propose such nomination or business; (E) with respect to each nominee for election or reelection to the Board of Directors, include a completed, dated and signed questionnaire, representation and agreement and any other information required by Section 2.13(b) below and (F) a representation whether or not the stockholder intends to solicit proxies in support of director nominees other than the Corporation’s nominees in accordance with Rule 14a-19 promulgated under the Exchange Act; (iv) as to the stockholder giving the notice or, if the notice is given on behalf of a beneficial owner on whose behalf the nomination is made or the business is proposed, as to such beneficial owner, and if such stockholder or beneficial owner is an entity, as to each


 
10 director, executive, managing member or control person of such entity (any such person, a “control person”) in addition to the information required above: (A) the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation which are beneficially owned (as defined below) by such stockholder or beneficial owner and by any control person as of the date of the notice, and a representation that the stockholder will notify the Corporation in writing within five (5) business days after the record date for such meeting of the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation beneficially owned by such stockholder or beneficial owner and by any control person as of the record date for the meeting, (B) a description of any agreement, arrangement, proxy, relationship or understanding with respect to the nomination or other business between or among such stockholder or beneficial owner or control person and any other person including, without limitation, any agreements that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 5 or Item 6 of Exchange Act Schedule 13D (regardless of whether the requirement to file a Schedule 13D is applicable to the stockholder, beneficial owner or control person) and a representation that the stockholder will notify the Corporation in writing within five (5) business days after the record date for such meeting of any such agreement, arrangement, proxy, relationship or understanding in effect as of the record date for the meeting, (C) a description of any option, warrant, convertible security, stock appreciation right, or similar right with an exercise or conversion privilege or a settlement payment or mechanism at a price related to any class or series of shares of the Corporation or with a value derived in whole or in part from the value of any class or series of shares of the Corporation, whether or not such instrument or right shall be subject to settlement in the underlying class or series of capital stock of the Corporation or otherwise (a “Derivative Instrument”) directly or indirectly owned beneficially by such stockholder and any other direct or indirect opportunity to profit or share in any profit derived from any increase or decrease in the value of shares of the Corporation and a representation that the stockholder will notify the Corporation in writing within five (5) business days after the record date for such meeting of any such Derivative Instrument in effect as of the record date for the meeting, (D) a description of any proxy, contract, arrangement, agreement, understanding or relationship pursuant to which such stockholder has a right to vote or direct the voting of any shares of the Corporation and a representation that the stockholder will notify the Corporation in writing within five (5) business days after the record date for such meeting of any such proxy, contract, arrangement, agreement, understanding or relationship in effect as of the record date for the meeting, (E) a description of any short interest in any security of the Company (for purposes of this Section 2.13, a person shall be deemed to have a short interest in a security if such person, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship or otherwise, has the opportunity to profit or share in any profit derived from any decrease in the value of the subject security), (F) a description of any rights to dividends on the shares of the Corporation owned beneficially by such stockholder that are separated or separable from the underlying shares of the Corporation, (G) any proportionate interest in shares of the Corporation or Derivative Instruments held, directly or indirectly, by a general or limited partnership in which such stockholder is a general partner or, directly or indirectly, beneficially owns an interest in a general partner, (H) a description of any performance-related fees (other than an asset-based fee) that such stockholder is entitled to based on any increase or decrease in the value of shares of the Corporation or Derivative Instruments, if any, as of the date of such notice including, without limitation, any such interests held by members of such stockholder’s immediate family sharing the same household (which information shall be supplemented by such stockholder and beneficial owner, if any, not later than five (5) days after the record date for the meeting to disclose such ownership as of the record date) and (I) a representation whether the stockholder or the beneficial owner, if any, and any control person will engage in a solicitation with respect to the nomination or business and, if so, the name of each participant (as defined in Item 4 of Schedule 14A under the Exchange Act) in such solicitation and whether such person intends or is part of a group which intends to deliver a proxy statement and/or form of proxy to holders of at least the percentage of the Corporation’s outstanding stock required to approve or adopt the business to be proposed (in person or by proxy) by the stockholder; and (v) a certification that the stockholder giving the notice and the


 
11 beneficial owner(s), if any, on whose behalf the nomination is made or the business is proposed, has or have complied with all applicable federal, state and other legal requirements in connection with such stockholder’s and/or each such beneficial owner’s acquisition of shares of capital stock or other securities of the Corporation and/or such stockholder’s and/or each such beneficial owner’s acts or omissions as a stockholder of the Corporation, including, without limitation, in connection with such nomination or proposal. (b) To be eligible to be a nominee for election or reelection as a director of the Corporation, a person must deliver (in accordance with the time periods prescribed for delivery of notice under this Section 2.13) to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation a written questionnaire with respect to the background and qualification of such person and the background of any other person or entity on whose behalf the nomination is being made (which questionnaire shall be provided by the Secretary upon written request) and a written representation and agreement (in the form provided by the Secretary upon written request) that such person (i) is not and will not become a party to (A) any agreement, arrangement or understanding with, and has not given any commitment or assurance to, any person or entity as to how such person, if elected as a director of the Corporation, will act or vote on any issue or question (a “Voting Commitment”) that has not been disclosed to the Corporation or (B) any Voting Commitment that could limit or interfere with such person’s ability to comply, if elected as a director of the Corporation, with such person’s fiduciary duties under applicable law, (ii) is not and will not become a party to any agreement, arrangement or understanding with any person or entity other than the Corporation with respect to any direct or indirect compensation, reimbursement or indemnification in connection with service or action as a director that has not been disclosed therein, and (iii) in such person’s individual capacity and on behalf of any person or entity on whose behalf the nomination is being made, would be in compliance, if elected as a director of the Corporation, and will comply with all applicable publicly disclosed corporate governance, conflict of interest, confidentiality and stock ownership and trading policies and guidelines of the Corporation. The Corporation may also require any proposed nominee to furnish such other information as may reasonably be required by the Corporation to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as a director of the Corporation, including information relevant to a determination whether such proposed nominee can be considered an independent director. (c) For purposes of this Section 2.13, a “public announcement” shall mean disclosure in the United States in a press release reported by the Dow Jones News Service, Associated Press or a comparable national news service or in a document publicly filed by the Corporation with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Sections 13, 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. For purposes of this Section 2.13, shares shall be treated as “beneficially owned” by a person if the person (or any of such persons affiliates or associates) beneficially owns, or is the beneficial owner of, such shares, directly or indirectly, for purposes of Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and Regulations 13D and 13G thereunder or has or shares pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding (whether or not in writing): (i) the right to acquire such shares (whether such right is exercisable immediately or only after the passage of time or the fulfillment of a condition or both), (ii) the right to vote such shares, alone or in concert with others and/or (iii) investment power with respect to such shares, including the power to dispose of, or to direct the disposition of, such shares. (d) Only such persons who are nominated in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.13 shall be eligible to serve as directors and only such other business shall be conducted at a meeting of stockholders shall have been brought before the meeting in


 
12 accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.13. Except as otherwise provided by law, the Articles of Incorporation or these Bylaws, the chairman of the meeting shall have the power and duty to determine whether a nomination or any other business proposed to be brought before the meeting was made proposed as the case may be, in accordance with procedures set forth in this Section 2.13 and, if any proposed nomination or business is not in compliance with this Section 2.13, to declare that such defective proposal or nomination shall be disregarded. This Section 2.13 shall not apply to notice of a proposal to be made by a stockholder if the stockholder has notified the Corporation of his or her intention to present the proposal at an annual or special meeting only pursuant to and in compliance with Rule 14a- 8 under the Exchange Act and such proposal has been included in a proxy statement that has been prepared by the Corporation to solicit proxies for such meeting. (e) If the stockholder does not provide the information required under this Section 2.13 to the Corporation within the time frames specified herein, or if the stockholder (or a qualified representative of the stockholder) does not appear at the annual or special meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to present a nomination or proposed business, such nomination shall be disregarded and such proposed business shall not be transacted, notwithstanding that proxies in respect of such vote may have been received by the Corporation. The chair of the meeting shall have the power to determine whether notice of a nomination or of any business proposed to be brought before the meeting was properly made in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.13. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions hereof, a stockholder shall also comply with all applicable requirements of the NRS, and the rules and regulations thereunder with respect to the matters set forth herein. Section 2.14. Meetings Through Electronic Communications. Stockholders may participate in a meeting of the stockholders by any means of electronic communications, videoconferencing, teleconferencing or other available technology permitted under the NRS (including, without limitation, a telephone conference or similar method of communication by which all individuals participating in the meeting can hear each other or any other means permitted by NRS §78.320) and utilized by the Corporation. If any such means are utilized, the Corporation shall, to the extent required under the NRS (including, without limitation, NRS §78.320), implement reasonable measures to (a) verify the identity of each person participating through such means as a stockholder and (b) provide the stockholders a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and to vote on matters submitted to the stockholders, including an opportunity to communicate, and to read or hear the proceedings of the meeting in a substantially concurrent manner with such proceedings. Participation in a meeting pursuant to this Section 2.14 constitutes presence in person at the meeting. Section 2.15. Universal Proxy Rules. In addition to the requirements of Section 2.8 and Section 2.13 with respect to any nomination proposed to be made at a meeting, (i) the stockholder providing the notice of the nomination proposed to be made at the meeting, (ii) the beneficial owner or beneficial owners, if different, on whose behalf the notice of the nomination proposed to be made at the meeting is made, and (iii) any affiliate or associate of such stockholder or beneficial owner (each of (i), (ii) and (iii), a “Nominating Person”) shall comply with all applicable requirements of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, with respect to any such nominations. Unless otherwise required by law, (i) no Nominating Person shall solicit proxies in support of director nominees other than the Corporation’s nominees unless such stockholder has complied with Rule 14a-19 promulgated under the Exchange Act in connection with the solicitation of such proxies, including the provision to the Corporation of notices required thereunder in a timely manner, and (ii) if such stockholder (1) provides notice pursuant to Rule


 
13 14a-19(b) under the Exchange Act and (2) subsequently fails to comply with all applicable requirements of Section 2.8, Section 2.13 and this Section 2.15 of these Bylaws and Rules 14a- 19(a)(2) and 14a-19(a)(3) promulgated under the Exchange Act, then the Corporation shall disregard any proxies or votes solicited for such stockholder’s director nominees. Upon request by the Corporation, if any such stockholder provides notice pursuant to Rule 14a-19(b) under the Exchange Act, such stockholder shall deliver to the Corporation, no later than five (5) business days prior to the applicable meeting, reasonable evidence that it has met the requirements of Rule 14a-19(a)(3) under the Exchange Act. ARTICLE III DIRECTORS Section 3.1. General Powers; Performance of Duties. The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of the Board of Directors, except as otherwise provided in Chapter 78 of the NRS or the Articles of Incorporation. Section 3.2. Number, Tenure, and Qualifications. The Board of Directors shall consist of at least one (1) but no more than seven (7) directors. No member of the Board of Directors need be a stockholder of the Corporation or resident of the State of Nevada. The number of directors may be changed from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors without amendment to these Bylaws or the Articles of Incorporation. Each director shall hold office until his or her successor shall be elected or appointed and qualified or until his or her earlier death, retirement, disqualification, resignation or removal. No reduction of the number of directors shall have the effect of removing any director prior to the expiration of his or her term of office. No provision of this Section 3.2 shall restrict the right of the Board of Directors to fill vacancies or the right of the stockholders to remove directors, each as provided in these Bylaws. Section 3.3. Chair. The Board of Directors may elect a Chair of the Board of Directors from the members of the Board of Directors, who shall preside at all meetings of the Board of Directors and stockholders at which such Chair is present and shall have and may exercise such powers as may, from time to time, be assigned to such Chair by the Board of Directors, these Bylaws or as provided by law. Section 3.4. Vice-Chair. The Board of Directors may elect a Vice-Chair of the Board of Directors (“Vice-Chair”) from the members of the Board of Directors who shall preside at all meetings of the Board of Directors and stockholders at which such Vice-Chair is present and the Chair is not present and shall have and may exercise such powers as may, from time to time, be assigned to him or her by the Board of Directors, these Bylaws or as provided by law. Section 3.5. Removal and Resignation of Directors. Subject to any rights of the holders of preferred stock, if any, and except as otherwise provided by applicable law, any director may be removed from office with or without cause by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the voting power of the issued and outstanding stock of the Corporation entitled to vote generally in the election of directors (voting as a single class) excluding stock entitled to vote only upon the happening of a fact or event unless such fact or event shall have occurred. In addition, the Board of Directors, by majority vote, may declare vacant the office of a director who has been (a) declared incompetent by an order of a court of competent jurisdiction or (b) convicted of a felony. Any director may resign effective upon giving written notice, unless the notice specifies a later time for effectiveness of such resignation, to the Chair, if any, the CEO or the Secretary, or


 
14 in the absence of all of them, any other officer of the Corporation. Section 3.6. Vacancies; Newly Created Directorships. Subject to any rights of the holders of preferred stock, if any, any vacancies on the Board of Directors resulting from death, resignation, retirement, disqualification, removal from office, or other cause, and newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the authorized number of directors, may be filled by a majority vote of the directors then in office or by a sole remaining director, in either case though less than a quorum, and the director(s) so chosen shall hold office for a term expiring at the next annual meeting of stockholders and when their successors are elected or appointed, at which the term of the class to which he or she has been elected expires, or until his or her earlier resignation or removal. No decrease in the number of directors constituting the Board of Directors shall shorten the term of any incumbent directors. Section 3.7. Annual and Regular Meetings. Within two (2) business days before or after the annual meeting of the stockholders or any special meeting of the stockholders at which directors are elected (and within two (2) business days after such meeting if any individual first becomes a director by way of such election), the Board of Directors, including directors newly elected, if any, shall hold its annual meeting without call or notice other than this Section 3.7, to transact such business as the Board of Directors deems necessary or appropriate. The Board of Directors may provide by resolution the place, date, and hour for holding regular meetings between annual meetings, and if the Board of Directors so provides with respect to a regular meeting, notice of such regular meeting shall not be required. Section 3.8. Special Meetings. Subject to any rights of the holders of preferred stock, if any, and except as otherwise required by law, special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called only by the Chair, if any, or if there be no Chair, by the CEO, if any, or by the President or the Secretary, and shall be called by the Chair, if any, the CEO, if any, the President, or the Secretary upon the request of at least a majority of the Board of Directors. If the Chair, or if there be no Chair, each of the CEO, the President, and the Secretary, fails for any reason to call such special meeting, a special meeting may be called by a notice signed by at least a majority of the Board of Directors. Section 3.9. Place of Meetings. Any regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors may be held at such place as the Board of Directors, or in the absence of such designation, as the notice calling such meeting, may designate. Section 3.10. Notice of Meetings. Except as otherwise provided in Section 3.7, there shall be delivered to each director at the address appearing for such director on the records of the Corporation, (x) not less than forty-eight (48) hours before the time of such meeting if the notice is mailed or (y) not less than twenty-four (24) hours before the time of such meeting if such notice is given personally, is delivered or sent by any means of transmitted or recorded communication, a copy of a written notice of any meeting as provided in this Section 3.10. Notices of meetings may be sent (i) by delivery of such notice personally, (ii) by mailing such notice postage prepaid, (iii) by facsimile, (iv) by overnight courier, or (v) by electronic transmission or electronic writing, including, without limitation, e-mail. If mailed to an address inside the United States, the notice shall be deemed delivered two (2) business days following the date the same is deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid. If mailed to an address outside the United States, the notice shall be deemed delivered four (4) business days following the date the same is deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid. If sent via overnight courier, the notice shall be deemed


 
15 delivered the business day following the delivery of such notice to the courier. If sent via facsimile, the notice shall be deemed delivered upon sender’s receipt of confirmation of the successful transmission. If sent by electronic transmission (including, without limitation, e-mail), the notice shall be deemed delivered when directed to the e-mail address of the director appearing on the records of the Corporation and otherwise pursuant to the applicable provisions of Chapter 75 of the NRS. If the address of any director is incomplete or does not appear upon the records of the Corporation it will be sufficient to address any notice to such director at the registered office of the Corporation. Any director may waive notice of any meeting, and the attendance of a director at a meeting and oral consent entered on the minutes of such meeting shall constitute waiver of notice of the meeting unless such director objects, prior to the transaction of any business, that the meeting was not lawfully called, noticed or convened. Attendance for the express purpose of objecting to the transaction of business thereat because the meeting was not properly called or convened shall not constitute presence or a waiver of notice for purposes hereof. Section 3.11. Quorum; Adjourned Meetings. (a) A majority of the directors in office, at a meeting duly assembled, is necessary to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. (b) At any meeting of the Board of Directors where a quorum is not present, a majority of those present may adjourn, from time to time, until a quorum is present, and no notice of such adjournment shall be required. At any adjourned meeting where a quorum is present, any business may be transacted which could have been transacted at the meeting originally called. Section 3.12. Manner of Acting. Except as provided in Section 3.13, the affirmative vote of a majority of the directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present is the act of the Board of Directors. Section 3.13. Meetings Through Electronic Communications. Members of the Board of Directors or of any committee designated by the Board of Directors may participate in a meeting of the Board of Directors or such committee by any means of electronic communications, videoconferencing, teleconferencing or other available technology permitted under the NRS (including, without limitation, a telephone conference or similar method of communication by which all individuals participating in the meeting can hear each other or any other means contemplated by NRS §78.320) and utilized by the Corporation. If any such means are utilized, the Corporation shall, to the extent required under the NRS, implement reasonable measures to (a) verify the identity of each person participating through such means as a director or member of the committee, as the case may be, and (b) provide the directors or members of the committee a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and to vote on matters submitted to the directors or members of the committee, including an opportunity to communicate, and to read or hear the proceedings of the meeting in a substantially concurrent manner with such proceedings. Participation in a meeting pursuant to this Section 3.13 constitutes presence in person at the meeting. Section 3.14. Action Without Meeting. Any action required or permitted to be taken at a meeting of the Board of Directors or of a committee thereof may be taken without a meeting if, before or after the action, a written consent thereto is signed by all of the members of the Board of Directors or the committee. The written consent may be signed manually or electronically (or by any other means then permitted under the NRS), and may be so signed in counterparts, including, without limitation, facsimile or email counterparts, and shall be filed with the minutes of the


 
16 proceedings of the Board of Directors or committee. Section 3.15. Powers and Duties. (a) Except as otherwise restricted by Chapter 78 of the NRS or the Articles of Incorporation, the Board of Directors has full control over the business and affairs of the Corporation. The Board of Directors may delegate any of its authority to manage, control or conduct the business of the Corporation to any standing or special committee, or to any officer or agent, and to appoint any persons to be agents of the Corporation with such powers, including the power to subdelegate, and upon such terms as it deems fit. (b) The Board of Directors, in its discretion, or the chair presiding at a meeting of stockholders, in his or her discretion, may submit any contract or act for approval or ratification at any annual meeting of the stockholders or any special meeting properly called and noticed for the purpose of considering any such contract or act, provided a quorum is present. Section 3.16. Committees. The Board of Directors may, by resolution, designate one or more committees, each committee to consist of one or more of the directors of the Corporation. The Board of Directors may adopt charters for one or more of such committees. With respect to all meetings of any such committee, to the extent permitted by applicable law and to the extent provided in the resolution of the Board of Directors designating such committee or the charter for such committee, at all meetings of such committee, a majority of the then authorized members of the committee shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the vote of a majority of the members of the committee present at any meeting at which there is a quorum shall be the act of the committee. Each committee shall keep regular minutes of its meetings. Unless the Board of Directors otherwise provides, each committee designated by the Board of Directors may make, alter and repeal rules for the conduct of its business. In the absence of such rules, each committee shall conduct its business in the same manner as the Board of Directors conducts its business pursuant to this Article III. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no committee shall have authority to act on behalf of the Board of Directors and any action of a committee shall be submitted to and approved by the Board of Directors before becoming an action of the Committee or the Board of Directors. Section 3.17. Compensation. The Board of Directors, without regard to personal interest, may establish the compensation of directors for services in any capacity. In addition, directors may be paid such sums in respect of their out-of-pocket expenses incurred in attending board, committee or shareholders’ meetings or otherwise in respect of the performance by a director in such director’s duties as the Board of Directors may from time to time determine. If the Board of Directors establishes the compensation of directors pursuant to this Section 3.17, such compensation is presumed to be fair to the Corporation unless proven unfair by a preponderance of the evidence. Section 3.18. Organization. Meetings of the Board of Directors shall be presided over by the Chair, or in the absence of the Chair, by the Vice-Chair, if any, or in absence of a Chair or Vice-Chair, by a chair chosen at the meeting. The Secretary, or in the absence, of the Secretary an Assistant Secretary, shall act as secretary of the meeting, but in the absence of the Secretary and any Assistant Secretary, the chair of the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting. The order of business at each such meeting shall be as determined by the chair of the meeting.


 
17 ARTICLE IV OFFICERS Section 4.1. Election. The Board of Directors shall elect or appoint a CEO, President, a Secretary and a Treasurer or the equivalents of such officers. Such officers shall serve until their respective successors are elected and appointed and shall qualify or until their earlier resignation or removal. The Board of Directors may from time to time, by resolution, elect or appoint such other officers and agents as it may deem advisable, who shall hold office at the pleasure of the Board of Directors, and shall have such powers and duties and be paid such compensation as may be directed by the Board of Directors. Any individual may hold two or more offices. Section 4.2. Removal; Resignation. Any officer or agent elected or appointed by the Board of Directors may be removed by the Board of Directors with or without cause. Any officer may resign at any time upon written notice to the Corporation. Any such removal or resignation shall be subject to the rights, if any, of the respective parties under any contract between the Corporation and such officer or agent. Section 4.3. Vacancies. Any vacancy in any office because of death, resignation, removal or otherwise may be filled by the Board of Directors for the unexpired portion of the term of such office. Section 4.4. Chief Executive Officer. The Board of Directors may elect a CEO who, subject to the supervision and control of the Board of Directors, shall have the ultimate responsibility for the management and control of the business and affairs of the Corporation, and perform such other duties and have such other powers which are delegated to him or her by the Board of Directors, these Bylaws or as provided by law. Section 4.5. President. The President, subject to the supervision and control of the Board of Directors, shall in general actively supervise and control the business and affairs of the Corporation. The president shall keep the Board of Directors fully informed as the Board of Directors may request and shall consult the Board of Directors concerning the business of the Corporation. The President shall perform such other duties and have such other powers which are delegated and assigned to him or her by the Board of Directors, the CEO, if any, these Bylaws or as provided by law. In the absence of a CEO, or if the Board of Directors should fail to appoint a CEO, the President shall be the chief executive officer of the Corporation. Section 4.6. Executive Vice Presidents. The Board of Directors may elect one or more Executive Vice Presidents. In the absence or disability of the President, or at the President’s request, the Executive Vice President or Executive Vice Presidents, in order of their rank as fixed by the Board of Directors, and if not ranked, the Executive Vice Presidents in the order designated by the Board of Directors, or in the absence of such designation, in the order designated by the President, shall perform all of the duties of the President, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of, and be subject to all the restrictions on the President. Each Executive Vice President shall perform such other duties and have such other powers which are delegated and assigned to him or her by the Board of Directors, the President, these Bylaws or as provided by law. Section 4.7. Secretary. The Secretary shall attend all meetings of the stockholders, the Board of Directors and any committees thereof, and shall keep, or cause to be kept, the minutes of proceedings thereof in books provided for that purpose. The Secretary shall keep, or cause to be


 
18 kept, a register of the stockholders of the Corporation and shall be responsible for the giving of notice of meetings of the stockholders, the Board of Directors and any committees, and shall see that all notices are duly given in accordance with the provisions of these Bylaws or as required by law. The Secretary shall be custodian of the corporate seal, if any, the records of the Corporation, the stock certificate books, transfer books and stock ledgers, and such other books and papers as the Board of Directors or any appropriate committee may direct. The Secretary shall perform all other duties commonly incident to his or her office and shall perform such other duties which are assigned to him or her by the Board of Directors, the CEO, if any, the President, these Bylaws or as provided by law. Section 4.8. Assistant Secretaries. An Assistant Secretary shall, at the request of the Secretary, or in the absence or disability of the Secretary, perform all the duties of the Secretary. Such Assistant Secretary shall perform such other duties as are assigned to him or her by the Board of Directors, the CEO, if any, the President, these Bylaws or as provided by law. Section 4.9. Treasurer. The Treasurer, subject to the order of the Board of Directors, shall have the care and custody of, and be responsible for, all of the money, funds, securities, receipts and valuable papers, documents and instruments of the Corporation, and all books and records relating thereto. The Treasurer shall keep, or cause to be kept, full and accurate books of accounts of the Corporation’s transactions, which shall be the property of the Corporation, and shall render financial reports and statements of condition of the Corporation when so requested by the Board of Directors, the Chair, if any, the CEO, if any, or the President. The Treasurer shall perform all other duties commonly incident to his or her office and such other duties as may, from time to time, be assigned to him or her by the Board of Directors, the CEO, if any, the President, these Bylaws or as provided by law. The Treasurer shall, if required by the Board of Directors, give bond to the Corporation in such sum and with such security as shall be approved by the Board of Directors for the faithful performance of all the duties of the treasurer and for restoration to the Corporation, in the event of the Treasurer’s death, resignation, retirement or removal from office, of all books, records, papers, vouchers, money and other property in the Treasurer’s custody or control and belonging to the Corporation. The expense of such bond shall be borne by the Corporation. If a chief financial officer of the Corporation has not been appointed, the Treasurer may be deemed the chief financial officer of the Corporation. Section 4.10. Assistant Treasurers. An Assistant Treasurer shall, at the request of the Treasurer, or in the absence or disability of the Treasurer, perform all the duties of the Treasurer. He or she shall perform such other duties which are assigned to him or her by the Board of Directors, the CEO, if any, the President, the Treasurer, these Bylaws or as provided by law. The Board of Directors may require an Assistant Treasurer to give a bond to the Corporation in such sum and with such security as it may approve, for the faithful performance of the duties of the Assistant Treasurer, and for restoration to the Corporation, in the event of the Assistant Treasurer’s death, resignation, retirement or removal from office, of all books, records, papers, vouchers, money and other property in the Assistant Treasurer’s custody or control and belonging to the Corporation. The expense of such bond shall be borne by the Corporation. Section 4.11. Execution of Negotiable Instruments, Deeds and Contracts. All (i) checks, drafts, notes, bonds, bills of exchange, and orders for the payment of money of the Corporation, (ii) deeds, mortgages, proxies, powers of attorney and other written contracts, documents, instruments and agreements to which the Corporation shall be a party and (iii) assignments or endorsements of stock certificates, registered bonds or other securities owned by the Corporation shall be signed in the name of the Corporation by such officers or other persons as the Board of


 
19 Directors may from time to time designate. The Board of Directors may authorize the use of the facsimile signatures of any such persons. Any officer of the Corporation shall be authorized to attend, act and vote, or designate another officer or an agent of the Corporation to attend, act and vote, at any meeting of the owners of any entity in which the Corporation may own an interest or to take action by written consent in lieu thereof. Such officer or agent, at any such meeting or by such written action, shall possess and may exercise on behalf of the Corporation any and all rights and powers incident to the ownership of such interest. ARTICLE V CAPITAL STOCK Section 5.1. Issuance. Shares of the Corporation’s authorized capital stock shall, subject to any provisions or limitations of the laws of the State of Nevada, the Articles of Incorporation or any contracts or agreements to which the Corporation may be a party, be issued in such manner, at such times, upon such conditions and for such consideration as shall be prescribed by the Board of Directors. (a) The capital stock of the Corporation, after the fixed consideration therefore has been paid, shall not be subject to assessment, and the holder thereof is not individually liable for the debts and liabilities of the Corporation. (b) Shares in the capital stock of the Corporation shall not be issued until the consideration for the shares is fully paid in money or in property or past services that are not less in value than the fair equivalent of the money that the Corporation would have received if the share had been issued for money. In determining whether property or past services are the fair equivalent of money consideration, the Board of Directors may take into account reasonable charges and expenses of organization and re- organization and payments for property and past services reasonably expected to benefit the Corporation. Section 5.2. Stock Certificates and Uncertificated Shares. (a) Every holder of stock in the Corporation shall be entitled to have a certificate signed by or in the name of the Corporation by (i) the CEO, if any, the President, or an Executive Vice President, and (ii) the Secretary, an Assistant Secretary, the Treasurer or the chief financial officer, if any, of the Corporation (or any other two officers or agents so authorized by the Board of Directors), certifying the number of shares of stock owned by such holder in the Corporation; provided that the Board of Directors may authorize the issuance of uncertificated shares (as provided in NRS §78.325) of some or all of any or all classes or series of the Corporation’s stock. Any such issuance of uncertificated shares shall have no effect on existing certificates for shares until such certificates are surrendered to the Corporation, or on the respective rights and obligations of the stockholders. Whenever any such certificate is countersigned or otherwise authenticated by a transfer agent or a transfer clerk and by a registrar (other than the Corporation), then a facsimile of the signatures of any corporate officers or agents, the transfer agent, transfer clerk or the registrar of the Corporation may be printed or lithographed upon the certificate in lieu of the actual signatures. In the event that any officer or officers who have signed, or whose facsimile signatures have been used on any certificate or certificates for stock cease to be an officer or officers because of death, resignation or other reason, before the certificate or certificates for stock have been delivered by the Corporation, the certificate or certificates may nevertheless be adopted by the Corporation and be issued and delivered as though the person or


 
20 persons who signed the certificate or certificates, or whose facsimile signature or signatures have been used thereon, had not ceased to be an officer or officers of the Corporation. (b) Within a reasonable time after the issuance or transfer of uncertificated shares, the Corporation shall send to the registered owner thereof a written statement certifying the number and class (and the designation of the series, if any) of the shares owned by such stockholder, in the Corporation and any restrictions on the transfer or registration of such shares imposed by the Articles of Incorporation, these Bylaws, any agreement among stockholders or any agreement between the stockholders and the Corporation, and, at least annually thereafter, the Corporation shall provide to such stockholders of record holding uncertificated shares, a written statement confirming the information contained in such written statement previously sent. Except as otherwise expressly provided by the NRS, the rights and obligations of the stockholders of the Corporation shall be identical whether or not their shares of stock are represented by certificates. (c) Each certificate representing shares shall state the following upon the face thereof: the name of the state of the Corporation’s organization; the name of the person to whom issued; the number and class of shares and the designation of the series, if any, which such certificate represents; the par value of each share, if any, represented by such certificate or a statement that the shares are without par value. Certificates of stock shall be in such form consistent with law as shall be prescribed by the Board of Directors. No certificate shall be issued until the shares represented thereby are fully paid. In addition to the foregoing, all certificates evidencing shares of the Corporation’s stock or other securities issued by the Corporation shall contain such legend or legends as may from time to time be required by the NRS or such other applicable federal, state, local or foreign laws or regulations then in effect. Section 5.3. Surrendered; Lost or Destroyed Certificates. All certificates surrendered to the Corporation, except those representing shares of treasury stock, shall be canceled and no new certificate shall be issued until the former certificate for a like number of shares shall have been canceled, except that in case of a lost, stolen, destroyed or mutilated certificate, a new one may be issued therefor. However, any stockholder applying for the issuance of a stock certificate in lieu of one alleged to have been lost, stolen, destroyed or mutilated shall, prior to the issuance of a replacement, provide the Corporation with his, her or its affidavit of the facts surrounding the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation and, if required by the Board of Directors, an indemnity bond in an amount determined by the Board of Directors of up to twice the current market value of the stock, and upon such terms as the Treasurer or the Board of Directors shall require which shall indemnify the Corporation against any loss, damage, cost or inconvenience arising as a consequence of the issuance of a replacement certificate. Section 5.4. Replacement Certificate. When the Articles of Incorporation are amended in any way affecting the statements contained in the certificates for outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation or it becomes desirable for any reason, in the discretion of the Board of Directors, including, without limitation, the merger of the Corporation with another Corporation or the conversion or reorganization of the Corporation, to cancel any outstanding certificate for shares and issue a new certificate therefor conforming to the rights of the holder, the Board of Directors may order any holders of outstanding certificates for shares to surrender and exchange the same for new certificates within a reasonable time to be fixed by the Board of Directors. The order may provide that a holder of any certificate(s) ordered to be surrendered shall not be entitled to vote, receive distributions or exercise any other rights of stockholders of record until the holder has complied with the order, but the order operates to suspend such rights only after notice and until compliance.


 
21 Section 5.5. Transfer of Shares. No transfer of stock shall be valid as against the Corporation except on surrender and cancellation of any certificate(s) therefor accompanied by an assignment or transfer by the registered owner made either in person or under assignment. Whenever any transfer shall be expressly made for collateral security and not absolutely, the collateral nature of the transfer shall be reflected in the entry of transfer in the records of the Corporation. Section 5.6. Transfer Agent; Registrars. The Board of Directors may appoint one or more transfer agents, transfer clerks and registrars of transfer and may require all certificates for shares of stock to bear the signature of such transfer agents, transfer clerks and/or registrars of transfer. Section 5.7. Miscellaneous. The Board of Directors shall have the power and authority to make such rules and regulations not inconsistent herewith as it may deem expedient concerning the issue, transfer, and registration of certificates for shares of the Corporation’s stock. Section 5.8. Acquisition of Controlling Interest Provisions. The provisions of NRS §§ 78.378-78.3793, inclusive, shall not apply to the Corporation. ARTICLE VI DISTRIBUTIONS Section 6.1. Distributions. Distributions may be declared, subject to the provisions of the laws of the State of Nevada and the Articles of Incorporation, by the Board of Directors and may be paid in money, shares of corporate stock, property or any other medium not prohibited under applicable law. The Board of Directors may fix in advance a record date, in accordance with and as provided in Section 2.5, prior to the distribution for the purpose of determining stockholders entitled to receive any distribution. ARTICLE VII RECORDS AND REPORTS; CORPORATE SEAL; FISCAL YEAR Section 7.1. Records. All original records of the Corporation shall be kept at the principal office of the Corporation by or under the direction of the Secretary or at such other place or by such other person as may be prescribed by these Bylaws or the Board of Directors. Section 7.2. Corporate Seal. The Board of Directors may, by resolution, authorize a seal, and the seal may be used by causing it, or a facsimile, to be impressed or affixed or reproduced or otherwise. Except when otherwise specifically provided herein, any officer of the Corporation shall have the authority to affix the seal to any document upon which it may be required. Section 7.3. Fiscal Year-End. The fiscal year-end of the Corporation shall be such date as may be fixed from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors.


 
22 ARTICLE VIII INDEMNIFICATION Section 8.1. Indemnification and Insurance. (a) Indemnification of Directors and Officers. (i) For purposes of this Article VIII, (A) “Indemnitee” shall mean each director, officer, agent and employee, now or hereafter serving the Corporation, each former director, officer, agent and employee, and each person who may now or hereafter serve or who may have heretofore served at the Corporation’s request as a director, officer, agent or employee of another corporation or other business enterprise, and the respective heirs, executors, administrators and personal representatives of each of them who was or is a party to, or is threatened to be made a party to, or is otherwise involved in, any Proceeding (as hereinafter defined), by reason of the fact that he or she is or was a director, officer, employee or agent (including, without limitation, as a trustee, fiduciary, administrator or manager) of the Corporation or any predecessor organization or affiliate of such organization or is or was serving in any capacity at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent (including, without limitation, as a trustee, fiduciary administrator, partner, member or manager) of, or in any other capacity for, another corporation or any partnership, joint venture, limited liability company, trust, or other enterprise; and (B) “Proceeding” shall mean any threatened, pending, or completed claim, action, suit or proceeding (including, without limitation, a claim, action, suit or proceeding by or in the right of the Corporation) and any settlement or compromise thereof, whether civil, criminal, administrative, or investigative. (ii) Each Indemnitee shall be indemnified and held harmless by the Corporation to the fullest extent permitted by the laws of the State of Nevada and any other applicable law, against all expenses, liabilities, costs, and losses (including, without limitation, attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines, taxes, penalties, arbitration awards, costs of arbitration and amounts paid or to be paid in settlement) reasonably incurred or suffered by the Indemnitee in connection with any Proceeding if such Indemnitee either is not liable pursuant to NRS §78.138 or acted in good faith and in a manner such Indemnitee reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation and, with respect to any Proceeding that is criminal in nature, had no reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful. The termination of any Proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent, does not, of itself, create a presumption that the Indemnitee is liable pursuant to NRS §78.138 or did not act in good faith and in a manner in which he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, or that, with respect to any criminal proceeding he or she had reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful. The Corporation shall not indemnify an Indemnitee for any claim, issue or matter as to which the Indemnitee has been adjudged by a court of competent jurisdiction, after exhaustion of all appeals therefrom, to be liable to the Corporation or for any amounts paid in settlement to the Corporation, unless and only to the extent that the court in which the Proceeding was brought or other court of competent jurisdiction determines upon application that in view of all the circumstances of the case, the Indemnitee is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such amounts as the court deems proper. Except as so ordered by a court and for advancement of expenses pursuant to this Section 8.1, indemnification may not be made to or on behalf of an Indemnitee if a final adjudication establishes that his or her acts or omissions involved intentional misconduct, fraud or


 
23 a knowing violation of law and was material to the cause of action. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in these Bylaws, no director or officer may be indemnified for expenses incurred in defending any threatened, pending, or completed action, suit or proceeding (including without limitation, an action, suit or proceeding by or in the right of the Corporation), whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, that such director or officer incurred in his or her capacity as a stockholder. (iii) Indemnification pursuant to this Section 8.1 shall continue as to an Indemnitee who has ceased to be a director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation or any predecessor organization or affiliate of such organization or a director, officer, employee, agent, partner, member, manager or fiduciary of, or to serve in any other capacity for, another corporation or any partnership, joint venture, limited liability company, trust, or other enterprise and shall inure to the benefit of his or her heirs, executors and administrators. (iv) The expenses of Indemnitees must be paid by the Corporation or through insurance purchased and maintained by the Corporation or through other financial arrangements made by the Corporation, as such expenses are incurred and in advance of the final disposition of the Proceeding, upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such Indemnitee to repay the amount if it is ultimately determined by a court of competent jurisdiction that he or she is not entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation. To the extent that an Indemnitee is successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any Proceeding, or in the defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, the Corporation shall indemnify such Indemnitee against expenses, including attorneys’ fees, actually and reasonably incurred by such Indemnitee in connection with the defense. (b) Non-Exclusivity of Rights. The rights to indemnification provided in this Article VIII shall not be exclusive of any other rights that any person may have or hereafter acquire under any statute, provision of the Articles of Incorporation or these Bylaws, agreement, vote of stockholders or directors, or otherwise. (c) Insurance. The Corporation may purchase and maintain insurance or make other financial arrangements on behalf of any Indemnitee for any liability asserted against such Indemnitee and liability and expenses incurred by such Indemnitee such Indemnitee’s capacity as a director, officer, employee or agent, or arising out of such Indemnitee’s status as such, whether or not the Corporation has the authority to indemnify such Indemnitee against such liability and expenses. (d) Other Financial Arrangements. The other financial arrangements which may be made by the Corporation may include the following (i) the creation of a trust fund; (ii) the establishment of a program of self-insurance; (iii) the securing of its obligation of indemnification by granting a security interest or other lien on any assets of the Corporation; and (iv) the establishment of a letter of credit, guarantee or surety. No financial arrangement made pursuant to this Section 8.1(d) may provide protection for a person adjudged by a court of competent jurisdiction, after exhaustion of all appeals therefrom, to be liable for intentional misconduct, fraud, or a knowing violation of law, except with respect to advancement of expenses or indemnification ordered by a court. (e) Other Matters Relating to Insurance or Financial Arrangements. Any insurance or other financial arrangement made on behalf of a person pursuant to this Section 8.1


 
24 may be provided by the Corporation or any other person approved by the Board of Directors, even if all or part of the other person’s stock or other securities is owned by the Corporation. In the absence of fraud, (i) the decision of the Board of Directors as to the propriety of the terms and conditions of any insurance or other financial arrangement made pursuant to this Section 8.1 and the choice of the person to provide the insurance or other financial arrangement is conclusive; and (ii) the insurance or other financial arrangement is not void or voidable and does not subject any director approving it to personal liability for his action; even if a director approving the insurance or other financial arrangement is a beneficiary of the insurance or other financial arrangement. Section 8.2. Amendment. Notwithstanding any other provision of these Bylaws relating to their amendment generally, any repeal or amendment of this Article VIII which is adverse to any director, officer, employee or agent shall apply to such director or officer only on a prospective basis, and shall not limit the rights of an Indemnitee to indemnification with respect to any action or failure to act occurring prior to the time of such repeal or amendment. Notwithstanding any other provision of these Bylaws (including, without limitation, Article IX), no repeal or amendment of these Bylaws shall affect any or all of this Article VIII so as to limit or reduce the indemnification in any manner unless adopted by the unanimous vote of the directors of the Corporation then serving; provided that no such amendment shall have a retroactive effect inconsistent with the preceding sentence. ARTICLE IX GENERAL Section 9.1. Changes in Law. References in these Bylaws to the (i) laws of the State of Nevada, (ii) the NRS, (iii) the laws of any foreign, national, state or local government or (iv) any other applicable law, or to any provision thereof shall be to such law as it existed on the date these Bylaws were adopted or as such law thereafter may be changed; provided that (x) in the case of any change which expands the liability of directors or officers or limits the indemnification rights or the rights to advancement of expenses which the Corporation may provide in Article VIII, the rights to limited liability, to indemnification and to the advancement of expenses provided in the Articles of Incorporation and/or these Bylaws shall continue as theretofore to the extent permitted by law; and (y) if such change permits the Corporation, without the requirement of any further action by stockholders or directors, to limit further the liability of directors or limit the liability of officers or to provide broader indemnification rights or rights to the advancement of expenses than the Corporation was permitted to provide prior to such change, then liability thereupon shall be so limited and the rights to indemnification and the advancement of expenses shall be so broadened to the extent permitted by law. Section 9.2. Amendment or Repeal of Bylaws. In furtherance of and not in limitation of the powers conferred by law, the Board of Directors is expressly authorized to amend or repeal these Bylaws, subject to the right of stockholders entitled to vote by law with respect thereto and amend or repeal such Bylaws as adopted or amended by the Board of Directors. Section 9.3. Forum for Adjudication of Disputes. To the fullest extent permitted by law, and unless the Corporation consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the state and federal courts located in Bexar County, Texas, shall be the sole and exclusive forum for (a) any derivative action or proceeding brought in the name or right of the Corporation or on its behalf, (b) any action asserting a claim for breach of any fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation to the Corporation or the Corporation’s stockholders, (c) any


 
25 action arising or asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of Chapters 78 or 92A of the NRS or any provision of the Articles of Incorporation or these Bylaws or (d) any action asserting a claim governed by the internal affairs doctrine, including, without limitation, any action to interpret, apply, enforce or determine the validity of the Articles of Incorporation or these Bylaws. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of capital stock of the corporation shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the provisions of this Section 9.3. * * * *


 
v3.23.3
Cover
Oct. 31, 2023
Cover [Abstract]  
Document Type 8-K
Document Period End Date Oct. 31, 2023
Entity Registrant Name XPEL, INC.
Amendment Flag false
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31
Entity Central Index Key 0001767258
Soliciting Material false
City Area Code (210)
Pre-commencement Tender Offer false
Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer false
Title of 12(b) Security Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share
Trading Symbol XPEL
Security Exchange Name NASDAQ
Entity Emerging Growth Company false
Written Communications false
Local Phone Number 678-3700
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code NV
Entity File Number 001-38858
Entity Tax Identification Number 20-1117381
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 78215
Entity Address, Address Line One 711 Broadway St., Suite 320
Entity Address, State or Province TX
Entity Address, City or Town San Antonio

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