Aterian, Inc. (Nasdaq: ATER) (“Aterian” or the “Company”) today announced results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2023. 

Second Quarter Highlights

  • Second quarter 2023 net revenue declined 39.5% to $35.3 million, compared to $58.3 million in the second quarter of 2022.
  • Second quarter 2023 gross margin declined to 42.2%, compared to 53.8% in the second quarter of 2022, primarily reflecting the impact of our strategy of liquidating high-cost inventory.
  • Second quarter 2023 contribution margin declined to (3.6)% from 9.7% in the second quarter of 2022, primarily reflecting consumer softness and higher competitive pricing pressure in cooling and air quality product categories and an increased inventory obsolescence reserve.
  • Second quarter 2023 operating loss of ($36.4) million increased compared to a loss of ($10.1) million in the second quarter of 2022. Second quarter 2023 operating loss includes ($3.2) million of non-cash stock compensation, a non-cash loss on impairment of intangibles of ($22.8) million, and restructuring costs of $(1.2) million, while second quarter 2022 operating loss included a gain of $1.7 million from the change in fair value of earn-out liabilities and ($6.0) million of non-cash stock compensation.
  • Second quarter 2023 net loss of ($34.8) million increased from ($6.3) million loss in the second quarter of 2022. Second quarter 2023 net loss includes ($3.2) million of non-cash stock compensation, a non-cash loss on impairment of intangibles of ($22.8) million, restructuring costs of ($1.2) million, and a gain on fair value of warrant liability of $2.2 million, while second quarter 2022 net loss included ($6.0) million in net charges from the changes in fair value of warrants, ($6.0) million of non-cash stock compensation and a gain of $1.7 million from the net change in fair value of earn-out liabilities.
  • Second quarter 2023 adjusted EBITDA loss of ($8.0) million increased from ($3.7) million in the second quarter of 2022.
  • Total cash balance at June 30, 2023 was $28.9 million.

Third Quarter 2023 Outlook

For the third quarter, taking into account the current global environment and inflation, we believe that net revenue will be between $32.5 million and $37.5 million and expect an adjusted EBITDA loss of between ($4.5) million to ($5.5) million.

The Company’s third quarter 2023 guidance is based on a number of assumptions that are subject to change, many of which are outside the Company’s control. If actual results vary from these assumptions, the Company’s expectations may change. There can be no assurance that the Company will achieve these results.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

For more information on our non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures, please see the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section below. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure for EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA is net loss and we expect to report a net loss for the three months ending September 30, 2023, due primarily to our operating losses, which includes stock-based compensation expense, and interest expense. We are unable to reconcile the forward-looking statements of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA in this press release to their nearest GAAP measures because the nearest GAAP financial measures are not accessible on a forward-looking basis and reconciling information is not available without unreasonable effort.

Webcast and Conference Call Information

Aterian will host a live conference call to discuss financial results today, August 8, 2023, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time, which will be accessible by telephone and the internet. To access the call, participants from within the U.S. should dial (833) 636-1351 and participants from outside the U.S. should dial (412) 902-4267 and ask to be joined into the Aterian, Inc. call. Participants may also access the call through a live webcast at https://ir.aterian.io. The archived online replay will be available for a limited time after the call in the Investors Relations section of the Aterian website.

About Aterian, Inc.

Aterian, Inc. (Nasdaq: ATER) is a leading technology-enabled consumer product company that builds, acquires, and partners with leading e-commerce brands by harnessing proprietary software and an agile supply chain to create top selling consumer products. The Company’s cloud-based platform, Artificial Intelligence Marketplace Ecommerce Engine (AIMEE™), leverages machine learning, natural language processing and data analytics to streamline the management of products at scale across the world's largest online marketplaces with a focus on Amazon, Shopify and Walmart. Aterian owns and operates a number of brands and sells its products in multiple categories, including home and kitchen appliances, health and wellness, beauty and consumer electronics.

Forward Looking Statements

All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this press release that address activities, events or developments that we expect, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements including, in particular, the statements regarding our projected third quarter revenue and adjusted EBITDA, the current global environment and inflation. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties and other factors, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control and could cause actual results to differ materially and adversely from those described in the forward-looking statements. These risks include, but are not limited to, those related to our ability to continue as a going concern, our ability to meet financial covenants with our lenders, our ability to create operating leverage and efficiency when integrating companies that we acquire, including through the use of our team’s expertise, the economies of scale of our supply chain and automation driven by our platform; those related to our ability to grow internationally and through the launch of products under our brands and the acquisition of additional brands; those related to consumer demand, our cash flows, financial condition, forecasting and revenue growth rate; our supply chain including sourcing, manufacturing, warehousing and fulfillment; our ability to manage expenses, working capital and capital expenditures efficiently; our business model and our technology platform; our ability to disrupt the consumer products industry; our ability to maintain and to grow market share in existing and new product categories; our ability to continue to profitably sell the SKUs we operate; our ability to generate profitability and stockholder value; international tariffs and trade measures; inventory management, product liability claims, recalls or other safety and regulatory concerns; reliance on third party online marketplaces; seasonal and quarterly variations in our revenue; acquisitions of other companies and technologies and our ability to integrate such companies and technologies with our business; our ability to continue to access debt and equity capital (including on terms advantageous to the Company) and the extent of our leverage; and other factors discussed in the “Risk Factors” section of our most recent periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), all of which you may obtain for free on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are reasonable, we do not know whether our expectations will prove correct. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof, even if subsequently made available by us on our website or otherwise. We do not undertake any obligation to update, amend or clarify these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.

 
 
ATERIAN, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
    December 31,2022   June 30,2023
ASSETS        
Current assets:        
Cash   $ 43,574     $ 28,867  
Accounts receivable, net     4,515       4,782  
Inventory     43,666       36,683  
Prepaid and other current assets     8,261       5,326  
Total current assets     100,016       75,658  
Property and equipment, net     853       839  
Other intangibles, net     54,757       12,429  
Other non-current assets     813       543  
Total assets   $ 156,439     $ 89,469  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
Current Liabilities:        
Credit facility   $ 21,053     $ 15,748  
Accounts payable     16,035       11,821  
Seller notes     1,693       1,206  
Accrued and other current liabilities     14,254       11,978  
Total current liabilities     53,035       40,753  
Other liabilities     1,452       1,556  
Total liabilities     54,487       42,309  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)        
Stockholders' equity:        
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized and 80,752,290 and 88,014,844 shares outstanding at December 31, 2022 and June 30, 2023, respectively     8       9  
Additional paid-in capital     728,339       733,878  
Accumulated deficit     (625,251 )     (685,838 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (1,144 )     (889 )
Total stockholders’ equity     101,952       47,160  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $ 156,439     $ 89,469  

 
ATERIAN, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
    Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
      2022       2023       2022       2023  
Net revenue   $ 58,268     $ 35,264     $ 99,941     $ 70,143  
Cost of good sold     26,917       20,368       44,982       36,151  
Gross profit     31,351       14,896       54,959       33,992  
Operating expenses:                
Sales and distribution     31,866       20,557       54,840       40,783  
Research and development     1,730       1,709       2,877       2,956  
General and administrative     9,571       6,281       19,112       12,240  
Impairment loss on goodwill                 29,020        
Impairment loss on intangibles           22,785             39,445  
Change in fair value of contingent earn-out liabilities     (1,691 )           (4,466 )      
Total operating expenses     41,476       51,332       101,383       95,424  
Operating loss     (10,125 )     (36,436 )     (46,424 )     (61,432 )
Interest expense, net     338       346       1,138       717  
Gain on extinguishment of seller note                 (2,012 )      
Loss on initial issuance of equity                 5,835        
Change in fair value of warrant liability     6,014       (2,197 )     7,893       (1,843 )
Other (income) expense, net           176       (25 )     229  
Loss before income taxes     (16,477 )     (34,761 )     (59,253 )     (60,535 )
Provision (benefit) for income taxes     (168 )     26       (168 )     52  
Net loss   $ (16,309 )   $ (34,787 )   $ (59,085 )   $ (60,587 )
Net loss per share, basic and diluted   $ (0.26 )   $ (0.45 )   $ (0.94 )   $ (0.78 )
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding, basic and diluted     63,947,069       77,625,304       62,749,520       77,181,388  

 
ATERIAN, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
 
    Six Months Ended June 30,
      2022       2023  
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:        
Net loss   $ (59,085 )   $ (60,587 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used by operating activities:        
Depreciation and amortization     3,894       2,964  
Provision for sales returns     226       (170 )
Amortization of deferred financing cost and debt discounts     213       213  
Stock-based compensation     8,913       5,539  
Gain from decrease of contingent earn-out liability fair value     (4,466 )      
Change in inventory provisions           262  
Loss in connection with the change in warrant fair value     7,893       (1,843 )
Gain in connection with settlement of note payable     (2,012 )      
Loss on initial issuance of equity     5,835        
Impairment loss on goodwill     29,020        
Impairment loss on intangibles           39,445  
Allowance for doubtful accounts and other     127        
Changes in assets and liabilities:        
Accounts receivable     3,304       (267 )
Inventory     (13,071 )     6,721  
Prepaid and other current assets     2,108       2,469  
Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities     (5,010 )     (3,603 )
Cash used in operating activities     (22,111 )     (8,857 )
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:        
Purchase of fixed assets     (16 )     (66 )
Purchase of Step and Go assets           (125 )
Cash used in investing activities     (16 )     (191 )
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:        
Proceeds from equity offering, net of issuance costs     27,007        
Repayments on note payable to Smash     (1,778 )     (501 )
Payment of Squatty Potty earn-out     (3,983 )      
Borrowings from MidCap credit facilities     71,914       38,060  
Repayments for MidCap credit facilities     (70,972 )     (43,572 )
Insurance obligation payments     (719 )     (534 )
Cash provided (used) by financing activities     21,469       (6,547 )
Foreign currency effect on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash     (602 )     255  
Net change in cash and restricted cash for the year     (1,260 )     (15,340 )
Cash and restricted cash at beginning of year     38,315       46,629  
Cash and restricted cash at end of year   $ 37,055     $ 31,289  
RECONCILIATION OF CASH AND RESTRICTED CASH:        
Cash     34,781       28,867  
Restricted Cash—Prepaid and other current assets     2,145       2,293  
Restricted cash—Other non-current assets     129       129  
TOTAL CASH AND RESTRICTED CASH   $ 37,055     $ 31,289  
         
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION        
Cash paid for interest   $ 828     $ 1,038  
Cash paid for taxes   $ 58     $ 80  
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:        
Non-cash consideration paid to contractors   $ 1,137     $ 321  
Fair value of warrants issued in connection with equity offering   $ 18,982     $  
Issuance of common stock related to exercise of warrants   $ 767     $  
Exercise of prefunded warrants   $ 15,039     $  
                 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We believe that our financial statements and the other financial data included in this Quarterly Report have been prepared in a manner that complies, in all material respects, with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”). However, for the reasons discussed below, we have presented certain non-GAAP measures herein.

We have presented the following non-GAAP measures to assist investors in understanding our core net operating results on an on-going basis: (i) Contribution Margin; (ii) Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue; (iii) EBITDA (iv) Adjusted EBITDA; and (v) Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue. These non-GAAP financial measures may also assist investors in making comparisons of our core operating results with those of other companies.

As used herein, Contribution margin represents gross profit less e-commerce platform commissions, online advertising, selling and logistics expenses (included in sales and distribution expenses). As used herein, Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue represents Contribution margin divided by net revenue. As used herein, EBITDA represents net loss plus depreciation and amortization, interest expense, net and provision for income taxes. As used herein, Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA plus stock-based compensation expense, changes in fair-market value of earn-outs, profit and loss impacts from the issuance of common stock and/or warrants, changes in fair-market value of warrant liability, litigation settlements, impairment on goodwill and intangibles, gain from extinguishment of debt, restructuring expenses and other expenses, net. As used herein, Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue represents Adjusted EBITDA divided by net revenue. Contribution margin, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not represent and should not be considered as alternatives to loss from operations or net loss, as determined under GAAP.

We present Contribution margin and Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue, as we believe each of these measures provides an additional metric to evaluate our operations and, when considered with both our GAAP results and the reconciliation to gross profit, provides useful supplemental information for investors. Specifically, Contribution margin and Contribution margin as a Non-GAAP Financial Measure percentage of net revenue are two of our key metrics in running our business. All product decisions made by us, from the approval of launching a new product and to the liquidation of a product at the end of its life cycle, are measured primarily from Contribution margin and/or Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue. Further, we believe these measures provide improved transparency to our stockholders to determine the performance of our products prior to fixed costs as opposed to referencing gross profit alone.

In the reconciliation to calculate contribution margin, we add e-commerce platform commissions, online advertising, selling and logistics expenses (“sales and distribution variable expense”) to gross profit to inform users of our financial statements of what our product profitability is at each period prior to fixed costs (such as sales and distribution expenses such as salaries as well as research and development expenses and general administrative expenses). By excluding these fixed costs, we believe this allows users of our financial statements to understand our products performance and allows them to measure our products performance over time.

We present EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue because we believe each of these measures provides an additional metric to evaluate our operations and, when considered with both our GAAP results and the reconciliation to net loss, provide useful supplemental information for investors. We use these measures with financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, such as sales and gross margins, to assess our historical and prospective operating performance, to provide meaningful comparisons of operating performance across periods, to enhance our understanding of our operating performance and to compare our performance to that of our peers and competitors. We believe EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue are useful to investors in assessing the operating performance of our business without the effect of non-cash items.

Contribution margin, Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue should not be considered in isolation or as alternatives to net loss, loss from operations or any other measure of financial performance calculated and prescribed in accordance with GAAP. Neither EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue should be considered a measure of discretionary cash available to us to invest in the growth of our business. Our Contribution margin, Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue may not be comparable to similar titled measures in other organizations because other organizations may not calculate Contribution margin, Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue in the same manner as we do. Our presentation of Contribution margin and Adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by the expenses that are excluded from such terms or by unusual or non-recurring items.

We recognize that EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue, have limitations as analytical financial measures. For example, neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA reflects:

• our capital expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or mergers and acquisitions;

• the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest expense or principal payments, associated with indebtedness;

• depreciation and amortization, which are non-cash charges, although the assets being depreciated and amortized will likely have to be replaced in the future, or any cash requirements for the replacement of assets;

• changes in cash requirements for our working capital needs; or

• changes in fair value of contingent earn-out liabilities, warrant liabilities, and amortization of inventory step-up from acquisitions (included in cost of goods sold).

Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA excludes non-cash expense for stock-based compensation, which is and is expected to remain a key element of our overall long-term incentive compensation package.

We also recognize that Contribution margin and Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue have limitations as analytical financial measures. For example, Contribution margin does not reflect:

• general and administrative expense necessary to operate our business; •research and development expenses necessary for the development, operation and support of our software platform;

• the fixed costs portion of our sales and distribution expenses including stock-based compensation expense; or

• changes in fair value of contingent earn-out liabilities, warrant liabilities, and amortization of inventory step-up from acquisitions (included in cost of goods sold).

Contribution Margin

The following table provides a reconciliation of Contribution margin to gross profit and Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue to gross profit as a percentage of net revenue, which are the most directly comparable financial measures presented in accordance with GAAP:

  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2022       2023       2022       2023    
  (in thousands, except percentages)  
Gross Profit $ 31,351     $ 14,896     $ 54,959     $ 33,992    
Less:                
E-commerce platform commissions, online advertising, selling and logistics expenses   (25,703 )     (16,164 )     (45,479 )     (33,193 )  
Contribution margin $ 5,648     $ (1,268 )   $ 9,480     $ 799    
Gross Profit as a percentage of net revenue   53.8 %     42.2 %     55.0 %     48.5 %  
Contribution margin as a percentage of net revenue   9.7 %     (3.6 )%     9.5 %     1.1 %  
                                 

Adjusted EBITDA

The following table provides a reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to net loss, which is the most directly comparable financial measure presented in accordance with GAAP:

  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2022       2023       2022       2023    
  (in thousands, except percentages)  
Net loss $ (16,309 )   $ (34,787 )   $ (59,085 )   $ (60,587 )  
Add:                
Provision (benefit) for income taxes   (168 )     26       (168 )     52    
Interest expense, net   338       346       1,138       717    
Depreciation and amortization   2,048       1,202       3,894       2,964    
EBITDA   (14,091 )     (33,213 )     (54,221 )     (56,854 )  
Other (income) expense, net         176       (25 )     229    
Change in fair value of contingent earn-out liabilities   (1,691 )           (4,466 )        
Impairment loss on goodwill               29,020          
Impairment loss on intangibles         22,785             39,445    
Gain on extinguishment of seller note               (2,012 )        
Change in fair market value of warrant liability   6,014       (2,197 )     7,893       (1,843 )  
Loss on original issuance of equity               5,835          
Litigation reserve               800          
Restructuring expense         1,216             1,216    
Stock-based compensation expense   6,048       3,223       8,913       5,539    
Adjusted EBITDA $ (3,720 )   $ (8,010 )   $ (8,263 )   $ (12,268 )  
Net loss as a percentage of net revenue   (28.0 )%     (98.6 )%     (59.1 )%     (86.4 )%  
Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue   (6.4 )%     (22.7 )%     (8.3 )%     (17.5 )%  
                                 

Each of our products typically goes through the Launch phase and depending on its level of success is moved to one of the other phases as further described below:

i.    Launch phase: During this phase, we leverage our technology to target opportunities identified using AIMEE (Artificial Intelligence Marketplace e-Commerce Engine) and other sources. This phase also includes revenue from new product variations and relaunches. During this period of time, due to the combination of discounts and investment in marketing, our net margin for a product could be as low as approximately negative 35%. Net margin is calculated by taking net revenue less the cost of goods sold, less fulfillment, online advertising and selling expenses. These primarily reflect the estimated variable costs related to the sale of a product.

ii.   Sustain phase: Our goal is for every product we launch to enter the sustain phase and become profitable, with a target of positive 15% net margin for most products, within approximately three months of launch on average. Net margin primarily reflects a combination of manual and automated adjustments in price and marketing spend.

iii.  Liquidate phase: If a product does not enter the sustain phase or if the customer satisfaction of the product (i.e., ratings) is not satisfactory, then it will go to the liquidate phase and we will sell through the remaining inventory. Products can also be liquidated as part of inventory normalization especially when steep discounts are required.

The following tables break out our second quarter of 2022 and 2023 results of operations by our product phases (in thousands):

      Three months ended June 30, 2022
    Sustain   Launch   Liquidation/ Other   Fixed Costs   Stock Based Compensation   Total
Net revenue   $ 54,080   $ 1,342   $ 2,846   $     $   $ 58,268  
Cost of goods sold     24,259     742     1,916               26,917  
Gross profit     29,821     600     930               31,351  
Operating expenses:                        
Sales and distribution expenses     22,635     632     2,435     3,281       2,883     31,866  
Research and development                 1,097       633     1,730  
General and administrative                 7,038       2,533     9,571  
Change in earn-out liability                 (1,691 )         (1,691 )
                         
      Three months ended June 30, 2023    
    Sustain   Launch   Liquidation/ Other   Fixed Costs   Stock Based Compensation   Total
Net revenue   $ 30,985   $ 42   $ 4,237   $     $   $ 35,264  
Cost of goods sold     16,505     20     3,843               20,368  
Gross profit     14,480     22     394               14,896  
Operating expenses:                        
Sales and distribution expenses     13,841     33     2,290     3,302       1,091     20,557  
Research and development                 1,286       423     1,709  
General and administrative                 4,572       1,709     6,281  
Impairment loss on intangibles                 22,785           22,785  
                                         
      Six months ended June 30, 2022    
    Sustain   Launch   Liquidation/Other   Fixed Costs   Stock BasedCompensation   Total
Net revenue   $ 92,044   $ 2,179   $ 5,718   $     $   $ 99,941  
Cost of goods sold     40,008     1,153     3,821               44,982  
Gross profit     52,036     1,026     1,897               54,959  
Operating expenses:                        
Sales and distribution expenses     40,114     1,167     4,197     6,133       3,229     54,840  
Research and development                 1,970       907     2,877  
General and administrative                 14,335       4,777     19,112  
Impairment loss on goodwill                 29,020           29,020  
Change in earn-out liability                 (4,466 )         (4,466 )
                         
      Six months ended June 30, 2023
    Sustain   Launch   Liquidation/Other   Fixed Costs   Stock BasedCompensation   Total
Net revenue   $ 59,616   $ 200   $ 10,327   $     $   $ 70,143  
Cost of goods sold     28,183     111     7,857               36,151  
Gross profit     31,433     89     2,470               33,992  
Operating expenses:                        
Sales and distribution expenses     27,194     152     5,847     5,829       1,761     40,783  
Research and development                 2,099       857     2,956  
General and administrative                 9,319       2,921     12,240  
Impairment loss on intangibles                 39,445           39,445  
Investor Contact:

Ilya Grozovsky
Director of Investor Relations & Corp. Development
Aterian, Inc.
ilya@aterian.io
917-905-1699 
aterian.io
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